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Old Sunday, January 01, 2023
hammadtahir hammadtahir is offline
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1972 Precis Passage
Up to a point the Second German War resembled the first. Each began with a German bid for power which almost succeeded in spite of the opposition of France and Great Britain. In each the United States came to the rescue after year of neutrality. Each ended with a German defeat. But the differences were easier to see than the resemblances. The powers were differently grouped: Italy and Japan were on the German side, Russia was neutral until the Germans attacked across what had been, to begin with, Poland and Baltic States. The second war lasted even longer than the other. It pressed harder on the civilian population. After a period of restraint, perhaps, intended to conciliate American opinion, both sides dropped bombs from the air, without respect for the nature of the targets, wherever the officers concerned expected to cause the greatest effect. In Great Britain 60,000 civilians were killed. Though the Island was not invaded, the population was more directly involved than it was in any former war. Children and others were evacuated from towns into the country. Food supplies ran so short that, at the worst, even potatoes were rationed. Of all the states opposed to Germany, Great Britain was the only one which fought throughout the war. The resources of the nation were concentrated in the war effort more completely than those of any other nation on either side. Labour for women as well as men, became compulsory. Nevertheless, once the war reached its full severity in the west, eight months after it was declared, there was less disunion between classes and interests than in any other five years within living memory. Fighting spread all over the world. The Pacific was as vital a theatre as Europe. Scientists, especially Physicists, made revolutionary discoveries during the war, not only in the fields of weapons and defence against them, but in supply, transport, and control in action. Strange to say the fight services suffered fewer casualties than in 1914-18: 300,000 of the armed forces and 35,000 of the navy were killed. There was nothing like the trench warfare of former war, though there was almost every other sort of warfare, from mechanized war of movement in the North African desert to hand to hand jungle fighting in Burma. Both sides experimented and built up stocks for gas warfare and biological warfare, but neither side used them. (George Clark: English History: a survey)
Total Words 398

My Precis
Both world wars were similar up to a certain extent: Germany was eyeing global supremacy, and the war concluded with Germany’s defeat. There were, however, some stark differences. The powers allied differently; Russia was hesitant to join until her surrounding region came under attack; the second war was prolonged much longer. Non-combatants, on both sides, suffered many casualties from air bombings. The paucity of food was widely observed. England, unlike all the other states, was involved throughout the war. Everyone, regardless of gender or social status, was united and involved in war efforts in some way. Weapons and defence systems were upgraded through scientific advancement. Owing to these developments, the combatants’ casualties were considerably lower than in the first war. Both sides tested and prepared a variety of biochemical weapons, but none were ever used.
Title: The Two World Wars: Similarities and Differences
Words in Precis: 135
Required Words: 133
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