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Default Observations on Performance of Candidates in Written Part of CSS Examination 2008

Performance in Compulsory Subjects

7.29. Study of candidates who qualified in CSS written examination showed that 84% candidates in Every-Day Science, 45% each in Islamiat and Pakistan Affairs got above 60% marks. In Current Affairs and Essay 1% and 7%, candidates secured above 60%marks respectively. Analysis showed that performance of qualified candidates in written examination in subject of Every- Day Science, Islamiat and Pakistan Affairs was much better than other compulsory Subjects. (Appendix- XVI, Table-11, Page- 159).

Observations of Examiners on Performance of Candidates in Written Part of CSS Examination 2008

7.30. Following are observations of the examiners on performance of candidates in compulsory as well as optional subjects offered in written part of the Competitive Examination 2008.

Compulsory Subjects

7.31. Essay: The Essay Paper brings out the expression, current knowledge and the mental caliber of the candidates. Majority of the candidates lacked the natural flare of writing an English Essay. The basic structure was unknown to them i-e Introduction, Body of essay and the Final Conclusion. There was no continuity of thoughts, at times faulty language, forms and idioms were used, These flaws of expression marred the over all impact of the essay.

7.32. English (Précis & Composition): The grasp of the subject even the most fundamentals of language was deplorable. Majority of the candidates did not understand the simple mechanics of paragraph and précis-writing. The choice of style and lexical items did not match the contents. The range of their lexical competence also seemed highly restricted. On the whole, the level of competence in the English language must be improved.

7.33. GK-I (Everyday Science): General performance about 40 to 45% candidates was well, giving conceptual answers to some extent covering all microscopic details of the questions. While 20 to 25% candidates gave same traditional answers taken from help/guide books. Whereas remaining candidates did not show any interest even they could not qualify in the subject. Majority of the candidates did not bother to consult well reputed general material which may be helpful in broadening their views/enhancing capabilities to learn knowledge and, provide a strong grip over the current issues of Everyday Science.

7.34. G.K-II (Current Affairs): Majority of candidates failed to understand the contents of question and consequently detracted. Most of the candidates lacked analytical ability and followed descriptive method in their narrations. Very small number of candidates secured more than 50% marks in objective type question (MCQs) which manifested their poor general knowledge.

7.35. GK-III(Pakistan Affairs): The standard of the candidates was satisfactory. Some of the candidates were outstanding and performed well. Majority of the candidates got average marks. They appeared in the examination for the sake of CSS Examination and did not give due importance to the paper.

7.36. Islamiat: The performance of about 50 percent candidates was generally satisfactory. Majority of candidates required improvement in their knowledge. They should consult newspapers, magazines and foreign journals etc.

Optional Subjects

7.37. Accountancy & Auditing-I: The overall pass percentage was 79. Apart from compulsory questions, the most favourite question was of accounting ratios, but the candidates faced difficulty in calculating Debt/Equity ratio. Some candidates had no clear idea that Revenues were shown on the Credit side of an account and Expenses on the Debit side of it. Generally the quality of the short answers was not upto the mark. It is imperative that candidates should take keen interest in the subject and produce quality answers.

7.38. Accountancy & Auditing-II: The general performance of the candidates was satisfactory. The strength of the candidates includes their physical and mental abilities, educational qualification, experience and standard books relevant to the syllabus. The weakness of majority of the candidates was that they did not take care of recent changes in prescribed law (income tax) relating to this paper. The candidates who had command over the subject did well, whereas the others miserably failed in the subject.

7.39. Agriculture: Overall performance of the candidates was satisfactory.

7.40. Applied Mathematics I-II: Performance of the candidates was poor in paper-II as compared to paper-I. Majority of the candidates had more practice in manual and numerical calculations rather than the knowledge related to it and the concepts of the subject. They must have knowledge of Modern techniques for better performance in the subject.

7.41. Arabic-I: The overall performance of the candidates was satisfactory. However, general knowledge regarding Arabic literature must be improved as well as Essay writing skill and grammatical rules be followed.

7.42. Arabic-II: The overall performance of the candidates was good. In general, the candidate had knowledge about Arabic literature but not Arabic itself. The candidates generally did not have the capability of “creativity” in the answers which showed lack of their knowledge about direct access to Arabic language. The performance of the candidates can be improved by adopting direct method of teaching Arabic in Colleges and Universities level.

7.43. Balochi: The overall general performance of the candidates was satisfactory.

7.44. Botany I-II: The performance of the candidates was just satisfactory. However, majority of the candidates did not attempt the paper according to demand of questions. The answers should be focused on the main points being asked in the questions.

7.45. British History I-II: The performance of the candidates was poor. The main reasons were non-availability of good text /reference books, subject offered in very few Colleges/Universities at BA/MA level and lack of qualified teachers.

7.46. Business Administration: The overall performance of the candidates was unsatisfactory. Majority of the candidates had given general answers, based on their general knowledge. The candidates must concentrate more on practical application of concepts at this level.

7.47. Constitutional Law: The answers offered by majority of the candidates were not relevant which showed that they were not strong in terms of conceptual comprehension. In MCQs, the candidates had done well and such questions, thus enabled them to get through the paper. Overall performance of the candidate was lower than the required standard of the FPSC. Majority of the candidates were weak in English grammar and Writing skill.

7.48. Chemistry-I: The performance of the candidate was satisfactory.

7.49. Computer Science: The candidates did not make in-depth study and appeared in examination without thorough knowledge of the subject especially in Database, Networking, Programming and Computer Architecture.

7.50. Economics-I: The performance of candidates was deplorable. Out of total 261 candidates appeared in the subject, 222 (85%) got below 32% marks, 36 (14%) obtained 33-59% marks, while only 3 (1%) candidates secured between 60-79% marks. Majority of the candidates appeared to have
crammed the topics.

7.51. Economics-II: The performance of candidates was quite disappointing. Poor English, lack of general knowledge and ignorance towards the basic concepts of the subject were indeed lamentable. Most of the answers were irrelevant and the candidates were found in the habit of writing stories instead of addressing the question to the point. In addition, majority of the candidates did not even understand the questions. Hardly 4 to 6% candidates performance was found satisfactory to some extent. Performance in objective part of question paper, was quite poor which showed traditional ratta system prevailing in our educational institutions.

7.52. English Literature-I: Overall performance of the candidates was average. Majority of candidates could not produce answers as per requirement of questions, and their thoughts were fuzzy/confused and lacked ability to analyse the situation. The pathetic/below average answers were replete with errors of syntax, wrong spelling and incorrect statements.

7.53. English Literature-II: The candidates lacked originality and in-depth study of the subject. Their answers to questions reflected rote learning and reliance on notes/guide books. The candidates, securing 50-60% marks had good command over the language. Majority of the candidates had poor spellings, faulty structures and weak knowledge of grammar of the language. The candidates should be motivated to attend the libraries and be encouraged for originality and conceptual learning.

7.54. European History & Culture I&II: Majority of the candidates had indepth study of some of the aspects asked in the question paper. Moreover the significance of diplomacy in World affairs was discussed in an intelligent way by a number of candidates. Some of the candidates had the ability to appreciate the analytical nature of the various aspects covered in the questions.

7.55. Forestry: Majority of the candidates had average understanding of the subject. They are advised to be concise and to the point while answering the question instead of writing irrelevant material.

7.56. Geography-I: The performance of candidates revealed that precise knowledge of the subject was not strong. The candidates, who supported their answers with Maps, Diagrams and Tables, secured good marks. However, the improvement in the quality of English language, grammar, spellings and comprehension was much needed.

7.57. Geography-II: The performance of candidates was better as compared to paper-I. The candidates should have wider knowledge of regional Geography and not limited only to Asia and Pakistan. The candidates mostly suffered due to deficiency in English language.

7.58. Geology I-II: Majority of the candidates lacked conceptual clarity. They produced totally irrelevant material in replying even basic questions, which clearly showed their lack of interest in preparing the subject. 6 candidates (55%) failed in the subject while only one candidate got between 60-64% marks.

7.59. History of Pakistan & India-I&II: There was a steady decline in performance of the candidates due to poor quality of education. This can be attributed to; poor teacher training, out-dated curriculum and non-availability of good quality text books and reading material.

7.60. History of USA: The performance of the candidates was satisfactory. 25 percent candidates got 60% and above marks, 47 percent obtained between 44-59 marks, 20 percent candidates secured 33-43% marks, while 8 percent failed in the subject. Majority of the candidates seemed not prefamiliar with the subject. They relied on guide books and other second rated material available in the market. Most of them had faulty English language/structure of sentences and poor syntax which hampered their expression.

7.61. International Law: The performance of candidates was not fair. 30 percent got 33-43% marks. 32 percent candidates obtained 44-59% marks. 18 percent secured 60% and above marks in the subject.

7.62. International Relations: Majority of the candidates opted this subject without proper preparation and in-depth understanding of it. They could not develop common sense of the dynamics and factors of International Relations. Majority of candidates lacked techniques of expression, exactitude, methods of argumentation and even they faced difficulties of expression in English Language. In objective part of paper, several candidates marked the options without having confidence and accuracy.

7.63. Islamic History & Culture-I: Actually question paper was belonged to easy approach to the candidates but the standard of answers was not up to mark. It was observed that candidates did not study the subject properly and they were also handicapped due to poor English grammar and writing skill. The candidates are advised to have up to date knowledge of the subject.

7.64. Islamic History & Culture-II: The general performance of more than 80 percent candidates was not up to the mark. Lack of analytical and critical approach was the main and common concern of the candidates. They had no command in the language because majority of them studied in Urdu Medium Colleges. Out of 514,139 candidates failed in the subject while 17 candidates attained 60-64% marks; and only 2 candidates got 65-79% marks.

7.65. Journalism: Majority of the candidates relied on guide books/notes to achieve their goal which was a stigma on the part of education. They lacked ability to understand the actual theme of question and produced answers as memorized by them. The up-dated list of recommended readings should be provided to candidates to enhance exposure of subject knowledge and to get rid of stereotype method of attempting the question.

7.66. Law I-II: The candidates showed average performance in the subject. Majority of them had lack of expression and basic proficiency in English language. The candidates, securing below 60% marks in the subject, were not worthy of consideration for this examination.

7.67. Muslim Law & Jurisprudence: Majority of the candidates lacked power of expression in English. Instead of quoting Articles/ Sections of an Ordinance, their answers were found superficial and hypothetical. In objective part majority of candidates did not have overall knowledge of the subject. 12% candidates got 60% and above marks. 60 percent secured in the range of 44- 59% marks. 21 percent obtained 33-43% marks, while 7 percent failed in the subject.

7.68. Philosophy-I&II: Majority of the candidates lacked comprehension of the subject. Generally they had opted to answer straight forward questions rather than based on applied nature. They were mostly depended on notes, guides and selective study of the syllabus. Their answers were devoid of logical cohesion and technical terms were often misused.

7.69. Political Science-I: In MCQs, the candidates did well and better performance in these questions enabled many of them get through the paper. Overall, performance standard had still to match the corresponding calibre of the Commission. The conceptual question was not attempted well. Majority of the candidates were weak in English grammar and lacked writing skills. Answers of majority of candidates were not appropriate / relevant to the questions.

7.70. Political Science-II: General performance of the candidates was not up to the mark of CSS Examination. In majority cases the standard was even below BA/BSc level. 2 percent candidates were rated as very good. 10 percent were good, while remaining were satisfactory or not really satisfactory. The deteriorating standard of knowledge was alarming and thought provoking. Lack of original thinking and analytical approach was also observed which reflected the non serious and casual attitude of the youth towards life.

7.71. Physics-I&II: Majority of the candidates were poor in solving the numerical problems in Mechanics. Overall, performance of the candidates was very poor. 50 candidates out of 116 failed in the subject. They did not have basic concept of Physics. In objective part, they just tried to fill the square because they knew that there was no negative marking. The candidates are advised to go through general Physics books.

7.72. Psychology-I: Overall, the candidates’ performance was quite satisfactory with the impression that they had the knowledge of concepts but were not able to relate it with real life situation. Besides this, the candidates were not capable to express their knowledge in English properly.

7.73. Psychology-II: On the whole, performance of the candidates was satisfactory. It reflected that majority of candidates had never studied the subject in their entire academic career and neither prepared seriously for the examination. They had very poor knowledge and wrote irrelevant material in their answers. However, 32 percent candidates got 60% and above marks. 51 percent secured 33-59% marks and 17 percent candidates failed in the

7.74. Public Administration: The overall performance of the candidates was not much impressive. No candidate was able to get more than 14 marks in MCQs which clearly showed shallowness of their overall knowledge, selective study of the syllabi and dependency on get-through guides. The candidates were unable to manipulate their ideas. There was usually a big gap between discussion and the conclusions drawn by the candidates in their answers.

7.75. Punjabi: Majority of the candidates had studied guide books/ready made notes prepared for the purpose instead of thorough and detailed study of standard books/ materials and therefore could not produce answer as per requirement of the questions. They filled pages with unwanted information which had no link with the question. The grammar and spelling were very poor.

7.76. Pure Mathematics-I: The performance of the candidate was poor due to selective study of the subject. 73 percent candidates failed in the subject. 8 percent obtained 33-43% marks, 15 percent secured 44-59% marks, while 4 percent got 60-64% marks.

7.77. Pure Mathematics-II: The performance of the candidates was very weak as compared to paper-I. The knowledge of the subject was poor and no serious efforts were made. 81 percent candidates failed in the subject. 15 percent got 33-43% marks and 4 percent obtained 44-59% marks.

7.78. Pushto: The performance of the candidates was very good. Out of 532, 3 candidates got above 79% marks. 409 candidates obtained 65-79% marks. 108 secured 60-64 marks. 50 candidates got 44-59 marks while only one candidate secured between 33-43 marks, only one candidate failed in the subject. Majority of candidates had good knowledge.

7.79. Statistics: The result was not satisfactory as the candidates did not possess conceptual knowledge of the subject although question paper was exactly according to syllabus and emphasized more on application of Statistics in real life. The performance of the candidates would have been better if they had studied / prepared applied aspect of the subject.

7.80. Urdu-I: Candidates did not know the technical aspects and new trends of Urdu literature. However, overall pass percentage in Urdu (paper-I) was 94, 35 percent Candidates got 65 to 79% marks, 11 percent Candidates secured 60 to 64% marks, 57 percent Candidates attained 44 to 59% and 22 percent obtained 33to 43% marks, while 6 percent candidates did not qualify the paper.

7.81. Urdu-II: The performance of candidates was worse as compared to paper-I, only 74 percent candidates passed the paper. Overall literary and poetry interest is being declined. Positive steps should be taken for improvement. Only one percent candidates got between 65 to 79% marks and 3 percent secured 60 to 64% marks, 34 percent attained 44 to 59% marks, 36 percent secured 33 to 43% marks, while 26 percent candidates could not even pass the paper.

7.82. Zoology-I&II:The performance of the Candidate was generally satisfactory.
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