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Old Friday, September 16, 2011
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Default Repeated Questions Of Psychology

Repeated Questions Of Psychology

The Foundations of Psychology

Critically evaluate different schools and systems of psychology. Discuss their scientific status in contemporary psychology. (2001)

How did behaviourism differ from earlier schools of psychology? What were the main objections of Gestalt Psychologists about behaviourism? (2002)

What makes Structuralism stand out as different from other schools and how it fits in recent trends in Psychology? Discuss. (2003)

Describe the aims and methods of Structuralism and Functionalism (2004)

Comment on recent trends in Psychology as viewed by Behaviourists. (2005)

Comment on RECENT TRENDS IN PSYCHOLOGY, duly supported by factual data. (2006)

Define Psychology, give its scope and write in brief about various schools of Psychology.(2007)

What are the major approaches or perspectives in modern psychology? (2008)

Define psychology and describe in brief about various schools of psychology (2009)

Define Psychology as a science of behaviour. List various schools and systems used in psychology. (2010)

State the definition of psychology as a science. Show your familiarity with the scope of Psychology. (2011)

How did theorists belonging to functionalism define psychology? How did functionalism influence psychology as the science of behavioral and mental processes? (2013)

What are the major perspective of psychology and which one you prefer the most and why? (2014)

Nervous System

All of our thoughts, feelings and behaviour can ultimately be traced to the activity of neurons. Discuss. (2000)

Short Note: Endocrine disorder (2000)

Describe central and peripheral nervous system and their impact on human behaviour. (2001)

What is the endocrine system? Discuss the role of various hormones in regulating normal human development (2002)

Describe and explain the role of peripheral nervous system in determining the overt behaviour of an organism. (2003)

Name and define the three major subdivisions of Brain and describe their functions. (2004)

Role of ENDOCRINE GLAND in human body. (2006)

Write down the function of central and peripheral nervous system, and briefly give the structure and function of cell. (2007)

Identify and describe the major structures and functions of hind brain, mid brain and fore brain. (2008)

Describe the development of Nervous System with special refrence on the central nervous system (2009)

Short Note: peripheral nervous system (2009)

Short Note: Brain (2009)

Describe structures and function of brain emphasizing the role of neurons as a unit of nervous system. (2010)

Describe briefly the structure and functions of central nervous system.(2011)

Short Notes: (2011)
1. Homeostasis
2. Endocrine system

Define the endocrine system. What are the functions of hormones? (2012)

Short Note:
1.Neuron (5 marks),
2.Cerebrum (5 marks),
3.Homeostasis (5 marks)

Discuss role of brain in the experience of emotions. (2013)

Describe structure of brain and function of lobes of brain. (2014)

Short Notes -
1.endocrine gland
2. cerebellum


It is believed that learning is any relatively permanent change in behaviour, capability or attitude that is acquired through experience. How far do you agree with it? Discuss with reference to the theories of learning. (2000)

How would you define learning? Also compare and contrast different views about reinforcement. In your option which one is significant? Give reasons. (2001)

How is “Shaping” used to condition a new response? In what ways principles of operant conditioning can be used for improving educational techniques? (2002)

Give a comprehensive account of primary (major) and secondary parameters for including a desired response through Conditioning. (2003)

Compare and contrast the principles of Operant and Classical conditioning and describe the impact of classical conditioning on everyday life. (2004)

What is AVOIDANCE CONDITIONING? Describe as to how, if at all, this can be used to reduce the alarming rate of road accidents. (2006)

Describe the significance of learning in life of an individual referring to different theories of learning. (2007)

Describe the process of classical conditioning and recognize the principles in real life situations. (2008)

Short Note: Reinforcement (2008)

Introduce the various theories of learning and Explain the concepts of classical conditioning. (2009)

Differentiate between classical conditioning and operant conditioning in context of human learning. (2010)

Define learning. Discuss the principle of reinforcement as related to both classical and operant conditioning. (2011)

Define learning. Describe acquisition, extinction and incentives explain motivated behavior. (2012)

Short Note:
1.Latent learning

Define operant conditioning. How the processes involved in operant conditioning influence our everyday learning experiences? Justify your argument with examples. (2013)

Short Notes:- (2013)
1.Latent Learning
2.Interference theory of learning

What do you understand by conditioning? How would you differentiate classical and operant conditioning?(2014)


Elucidate this type of motive where the person is strongly motivated with “the desire to perform an act to gain a reward or to avoid undesirable consequences.” (2000)

In what ways biogenic motives differ with socio-genic motives? Support your views in the light of theoretical and experimental researches conducted recently.(2001)

Elucidate the differences between biogenic and socio-genic motives. How does Maslow’s hierarchy of Motives explain the relative standing of these motives? Give examples. (2002)

Describe how and what secondary motives determine one’s source of action in practical life. (2003)

Critically evaluate the theories of emotions. (2004)

Highlight and describe the main Motivational Factors which regulate the degree and quality of Learning. (2005)

How do you conceptualize “self-actualization?” What stages, according to Maslow, it has to pass through to reach the goal? Discuss (2005)

Give a comparative account of various theories of MOTIVATION. (2006)

Define Motivation. List the various theories of Motivation and explain any one of them. (2007)

Differentiate between motivation and emotions. Critically evaluate different theories of emotions (2008)

Short Note: Endocrine System (2008)

describe the nature of Emotions in reflection to different approaches for understanding Emotions. (2009)

Short Notes: (2009)
1. Maslow, theory of motivation
2. Emotions and characters

Describe the significance of motivation in human life referring to any one theory of motivation. (2010)

Critically examine Maslows hierarchy of need theory.(2011)

Define motivation and discuss instincts, drives and incentives explain motivated behavior. (2012)

Short Note (2013)
1.Affiliation motive

Give a detailed account of theories of emotions and expressions. (2014)

Short Note -
1.Masslows theory of motivation


Amongst the theories of personality, which theory explains the long lasting effects on individual’s personality? Discuss. (2000)

Critically evaluate Freud’s theory of personality development. (2002)

Describe the role of socio-cultural factors in the development of personality. (2003)

Define Personality. Discuss in detail different type of personality tests. (2004)

Describe the role of Home and School Environment in shaping of one’s personality. (2005)

Describe the determining role of various factors in the development and grooming of PERSONALITY.(2006)

Define personality. Write in detail the Psychoanalytic theory of personality(2007)

Personality Tests (SHORT NOTE 2008)

List the various theories of personality and write about the best one in detail (2009)

Short Note: defence mechanism (2009)

Explain the psychoanalytic perspective of personality, giving details of Freud’s psychosexual stages of personality development.(2010)

Define personality. Discuss the Factors in development of personality.(2011)

Short Note: Personality test (2011)

Discuss Freud's psychoanalytic theory, including levels of consciences and three structure of personality. (2012)

What is the rationale behind using projective tests of personality? How TAT and Rorschach Ink Blot test are different in terms of their structure and psychometric qualities? (2013)

Short Note: (2013)
1.Defense mechanisms

Define personality in the context of different theories of personality. Give an account of objective and projective tests used to assess personality. (2014)

Sensation and Perception:

Discuss the major determinants of sensations. (2000)

Explain “what takes place in the perceptual process once the information from the situation is received by the individual.” (2001)

What are the main determinants of perception? Explain the effects of learning and motivation on perception. (2002)

Elucidates determinants of perception (any 5 out of listed 7) lodged within the individual alone. (2003)

. Define perceptual constancy. Explain the influences that allow us to perceive constant size, shape and brightness. (2004)

What is meant by Determinants of Perception? Describe at least 5 out of 8 such major factors. (2005)

Highlight and describe the role of SUBJECTIVE and OBJECTIVE factors in the perception of objects in space. (2006)

Explain how a person's needs, beliefs, emotions and expectations can influence his or her perceptions? (2008)

Define perception and sensation and explain how five senses specially vision and hearing operate. (2010)

Distinguish between sensation and perception. Explain determinants of perception. (2011)

Define perception and consciousness. Explain how the types of perceptual constancy operate? (2012)

Short Note:
2. Illusions

How do individual and cultural factors influence our perception? Discuss with examples. (2013)

Short note: (2013)
1.Causes of illusions

Short note-
1.Depth perception


Discuss how political attitudes are formed, with specific reference of our cultural scenario.(2000)

short notes (2000)
o Ethnicity
o Growing rate of suicide in Pakistan
o Socialization process

Critically examine the theories of prejudice with special reference to social learning, and motivational approaches. Also suggest two social psychological techniques for reducing various aspects of prejudice and stereotyping.(2001)

Discuss nature of groups. Also explain riots, and social loafing.(2001)

Write short notes on any TWO of the following.(2002)
•Formation of opinions and attitudes
•International tension
•Group norms

How Prejudices are formed/ what role media can play in minimizing the hostile feelings? Discuss(2003)

How attitudes are formed? Discuss the role of learning and direct experience in formation of attitudes.(2004)

What is Group Dynamics? Describe the role, in your opinion, it can play in diffusing the tension at national and international level. Discuss.(2005)

What is implied by the process of Socialization? Enumerate and describe the impact of major agents of Social Change.(2005)

What is SOCIALIZATION? Can the process of monitored socialization help to reduce the sectarian / ethnic group feelings? Discuss. (2006)

Explain the process of socialization. Write down the stages involved in formation of opinions, attitudes and prejudice(2007)

What is group dynamics? Write down the structure and function of Group referring to the group norms.(2007)

Define attitude. Discuss the relationship between attitude and behaviour(2008)

short note: Socialization (2008)

write down the components that comprise attitudes, specially in reflection to the cognitive and affective reactions to social Events.(2009)


Group norms
Inter group tension

Define attitude, its components and how attitudes are formed? (2012)

Short Note:

Compare and contrast any two theories of attitude formation. Highlight their drawbacks as well. (2013)

Short Note:- (2013)
1.Agents of socialization

What is the significance of attitudes and prejudices in current wave of terrorism and violence in Pakistan? Suggest measures to eradicate prejudices which might help reduce terrorism in Pakistan. (2014)

Short notes - (2014)
1.Agents of socialization
2.Attitude formation

Last edited by Amna; Wednesday, January 14, 2015 at 03:23 AM. Reason: Updated
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