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Old Tuesday, December 20, 2011
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PSYCHOLOGY PART-II


DEVELOPMENT AND IRREGULARITIES:


How do biological factors interact with environmental experiences to determine the course of development? (2000)

What is meant by “developmental irregularities?” How does heredity contribute to chromosomal abnormalities? (2000)

What are different methods of Developmental Psychology and how do psychologists employ theory and research to answer questions and hypothesis of interest? (2001)


Explain major highlights of physical, perceptual and social development after birth of a child. (2001)


Compare and contrast Piaget’s theory of cognitive development with information-processing theory. (2001)

Discuss the growth, maturation and learning is considered important to our understanding of human development. (2002)

Compare and contrast Longitudinal and cross sectional methods, identifying the advantages and limitation s of each. (2002)

What is chromosomal abnormality? Discuss the cause and consequences of chromosomal abnormalities for later development. (2002)

Describe Piaget’s view of the cognitive development process, and define the roles of schemes, assimilation and equilibrium in the process. (2002)

Highlight the self-evident milestones in the process of development of logical thinking stage in early childhood. (2003)

Differentiate between growth and development. Describe the influence of nature on development. (2004)

Describe the principles and stages of Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development. (2004)

Highlight and describe the Developmental irregularities during pre-natal period of development and their probable causes.(2005)

During early childhood significant Emotional Development begins to manifest. Describe the characteristics pattern of development.(2005)

How do biological factors interact wityh environmental experiences to determine the course of development? (2006)

What is meant by "developmental irregularities"? How does heredity contribute to chromosomal abnormalities?(2006)

Define Developmental Psychology. Describe the characteristics of Growth, Development and maturation in the light of methods of Developmental Psychology.(2007)

Explain the concepts of Genetic Factors, Heredity transmission and chromosomal abnormality with reference to developmental irregularities in children. (2007)

Describe in brief the distinguishing features of any TWO of the following(2007)
(a) Physical Development and Emotional Development
(b) Sensory and Motor Development.
(c) Intellectual and Personality Development
(d) Perceptual and Cognitive Development

Discuss Piaget's view of how mind develops and describe his cognitive stages.(2008)

Explain the environmental influences adversely affecting the development of neonate.(2008)

What are the chromosomal abnormalities that can take place in prenatal stage? What measures can be taken to prevent them? .(2008)

define growth , development and maturation and explain the role of biological and sociological factors in the process of development.(2009)

differenciate between ANY TWO of the following development area: .(2009)
1. physical development- social development
2. sensory development- intellectual development
3. perceptual development- emotional development
4. personality development- fine motor development


Define growth and development and discuss the basic processes and stages of development highlighting the nature nurture theory..(2010)

Explain the prenatal development and infancy period of development. Write down the role of genetics and heredity in chromosomal disorder or abnormality.. ..(2010)

What are the various areas of human development. Define and describe the significance of intellectual development in comparison with other areas of development in child development. ..(2010)

Differentiate between maturation and development. Identify several factors that can be harmful to the developing foetus. 10+10 (2011)

Discuss different viewpoints regarding abnormality. (2011)

Describe Jean Piaget's four stages of development ; and discuss the process of organization,adaptation ,assimilation and accommodation. (2011)

List three stages of pre-natal development and discuss the important
developmental events that occur during each stage (2012)

Differentiate between maturation and growth and also explain different methods of developmental psychology. (2012)

Describe cognitive skills that develop during each of Piaget's stages (2012)

Explain how psychological abnormality is defined. What are the advantages of DSM classification system of disorder? (2012)

Short Note: (2012)
1.Hereditary (5 marks),
2.Perceptual Development

Give your valuable comments on the importance of Developmental Psychology. (2013)

What do you know about various methods of studying infant behavior? Discuss. (2013)

Describe significant socio-cultural factors important for child development. Highlight those which are more relevant in our culture. (2014)

Describe Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Critically evaluate the theory too.(2014)

Describe periods of prenatal development. What prenatal diagnoistic tests are available?(2014)





Industrial Psychology: Job Satisfaction


Identify the important determinants of job satisfaction for workers in an industry.(2000)

What is job-satisfaction? Describe the role of Intrinsic and Extrinsic factors as determiners of job-satisfaction or dissatisfaction (2003)

What in your opinion, needs to be looked into by an industrial psychologist to ensure the smooth functioning of an industrial organization? Discuss.(2005)

Identify the important determinants of job satisfaction for workers in an industry. (2006)

What is the role of Psychology in an industrial setting? Write down the significance of group dynamics in improving work situation.(2007)

SHORT Note (2011)
1.Job satisfaction

What are various factors related to job satisfaction and also describe the relationship between job satisfaction and productivity? (2012)

Short Note: (2013)
1.Job Satisfaction

Short Notes - (2014)
1.Work environment
2. group dynamics


Anti-social Disorder (Crime and Drug Addiction)


Discuss the role of biological and sociological factors in crime and drug addiction.(2000)

Give a critical appraisal of biological and sociological factors contributing to maladjustment of youth and crime in our society.(2002)

What psycho-sociological factors can be identified as mainly responsible for juvenile delinquent behavior with reference to Pakistan? Discuss and suggest practical remedies.(2003)

List the components that interact to influence drug addiction in Pakistan. Suggest practical remedies.(2004)

What is implied by Maladjustment? Can increasing rate of crime be attributed to this factor alone? Discuss.(2005)

Discuss the role of biological and sociological factors in crime and drug addiction.(2006)

What is drug addiction? What are the factors that instigate an adolescent?(2008)

describe the role of biological and sociological factors in development of maladujustment and criminal behaviour and explain the treatment strategies.(2009)

Describe what do you know about biological and sociological factors
relationg to maladjustment and crime psychology?.(2010)

SHORT NOTE (2011)
1.Drug addiction

Short Note: (2012)
1.Drug Addiction
2.Juvenile Delinquency

Many theories have been advanced to explain the causes of Juvenile Delinquency. To your mind how our society may come to deal preventively with this problem? (2013)

Short Notes -
(2014)
1.J
uvenile delinquency


Intelligence:


Define intelligence and Mental Retardation. Differentiate between IQ and EQ.(2001)

What do you understand by Intelligence? How can be intelligence assessed?(2004)

Comment on mental retardation and describe as to what best can be done to cope with? Discuss.(2005)

Define intelligence. Emphasize the role of IQ testing in identification of Mental Retardation referring to a few tests of intelligence testing.(2007)

Discuss both genetic and environmental influences on intelligence. Support your answer with evidence.(2008)

define intelligence in refrence to factors factors of intelligence and write how intelligence test can be used for identification of disablitiy in general and mental regardation in specific.(2009)

Discuss several different approaches to defining intelligence.(2011)


Short Note: (2012)
1.Intelligence
2. Mental Retardation

“The study and measurement of intelligence has been an important topic for nearly hundred years.” Discuss in length the topic. Also describe briefly the main reasons of Mental Retardation?” (2013)

Short Note:
(2013)
1.
Creativity

Differentiate between traditional concept of intelligence and emotional intelligence. How emotional intelligence is important for a CSP officer? (2014)

Short Note: (2014)
1.
Creativity




Therapies:


What ar the underlying principles and assumptions of behavior therapies? Discuss the role of behavior therapy in behavior modification.(2000)

Describe basic milestones of Gestalt therapy and Humanistic-Existential therapy. In your opinion which therapy you would employ for treatment?(2001)

Give a critical appraisal of Rational Emotive Behavior therapy highlighting its merits and limitations.(2003)

What are the underlying principles and assumptions of behavior therapies? Discuss the role of behavior therapy in behavior modification?(2006)

4. Briefly explain any THREE of the following:
(a) Somatic Therapies
(b) Environmental Therapies
(c) Psychoanalytic Therapies
(d) Gestalt Therapy
(e) Cognitive Therapies
(f) Behavior Therapies

Discuss Sigmund Freud's Psychotherapy in detail, also give its name.(2008)

list various therapies used in psychogical treatment and write about any two in detail.(2009)

Define therapy. List various therapies used in psychology and write about any one briefly..(2010)

List and briefly describe different techniques of behaviour therapy.(2011)

Discuss the essential characteristics of client-centered therapy (2012)

Short Note: (2012)
1.
Group Therapy


Short Note: (2013)
1.Behavior Modification

“Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is a form of psychotherapy and a philosophy of living created by Albert Ellis in 1950’s.” In your opinion to what extent can it be judged successful in the contemporary psychotherapies? (2013)

Elaborate behavioural approach to therapy for psychological disorders. Which is the most suitable behavioural technique for handling phobia? (2014)

Short Notes -
(2014)
1.Psychoanalytic therapy



Clinical Psychology:


Describe the criteria that can be used distinguish between “normal” and “abnormal” behavior. What are the different sources of information that you will recommend for clinical diagnosis?(2000)

How will you differentiate between psychoneurotic and psychosomatic disorders? Give an account of anxiety disorders?(2000)

What are the different sources of information in clinical diagnosis? Why training and official permission is essential for a practicing psychotherapist? (2002)

Elucidate the sources of information used in clinical diagnosis.(2003)

Briefly describe as each of the following as being identified characteristically distinct from each other.(2003)
• Psychosomatic
• Psychosis
• Character disorders
• Psychosomatic disorders


Discuss the ways in which abnormal behavior has been defined.(2004)

Discuss biological and psychosocial theories that attempt to explain schizophrenia. State the major criticism for each theory. .(2004)

Describe the potential, sources of information on which Reliable Clinical Diagnosis can be based.(2005)

6. Briefly describe the distinguishing features of each of the following.(2005)
• Psychoneurotic disorder
• Psychosis
• Psychosomatic disorder
• Character disorder


Describe the criteria that can be used to distinguish between "normal" and "abnormal" behavior. What are the different sources of information that you will recommend for clinical diagnosis? (2006)

How will you differentiate between psychoneurotic and psychosomatic disorders? Give an account of anxiety disorders.(2006)

List the various Psychoneurotic disorders and write in detail about any TWO of them.(2007)

Describe the Symptoms of Schizophrenia Disorders and discuss the causes of Schizophrenia.(2008)

list the different types of assessment procedcures\tools used for clinical diasgnosis and explain the significance of clinical judgment in the process of assessment.(2009)

Explain the concept of abnormality. Briefly describe the goals of clinical diagnosis and write about either personality or behavioral assessment..(2010)

Show your familiarity with psychosomatic disorders.(2011)

Explain how psychological abnormality is defined. What are the advantages of DSM classification system of disorder? (2012)

Short Note:
(2012)
1.Anxiety

Why did American Psychiatric Association adopt multi-axial system of diagnosis in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)? What are the distinguishing features of depression and generalized anxiety of virtue of which the two disorders have discrete diagnosis? (2013)

How would you define abnormal behaviour? Compare and contrast any two psychological perspectives for explaining this concept. (2014)

Short Notes -
(2014)
1.Psychosomatic disorders

Last edited by Amna; Wednesday, January 14, 2015 at 03:46 AM. Reason: Updated
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