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Old Wednesday, August 29, 2007
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Sureshlasi Sureshlasi is offline
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Future Perfect Tense

The future perfect tense is quite an easy tense to understand and use. The future perfect tense talks about the past in the future.

How do we make the Future Perfect Tense?

The structure of the future perfect tense is:

subject + auxiliary verb WILL + auxiliary verb HAVE + main verb (V3)

Look at these example sentences in the future perfect tense:

subject ______ auxiliary verb _______ auxiliary verb ______ main verb

+ ______ I ____________ will ____________ have ____________finished by 10am.
+ ____ You ___________ will ____________ have ____________forgotten me by then.
- ____ She _________ will not ____________ have ____________ gone to school.
- ____ We __________ will not __________ have ________________ left.
? _____ Will you ______________________ have ____________ arrived?
? _____ Will they ______________________ have __________ received it?

In speaking with the future perfect tense, we often contract the subject and will. Sometimes, we contract the subject, will and have all together:

I will have _____ I'll have _____ I'll've
you will have _____ you'll have _____ you'll've
he will have _____ he'll have _____ he'll've
she will have _____ she'll have _____ she'll've
it will have _____ it'll have _____ it'll've
we will have _____ we'll have _____ we'll've
they will have _____ they'll have _____ they'll've

How do we use the Future Perfect Tense?

The future perfect tense expresses action in the future before another action in the future. This is the past in the future. For example:

The train will leave the station at 9am. You will arrive at the station at 9.15am. When you arrive, the train will have left.

"The train will have left when you arrive."

Look at some more examples:

You can call me at work at 8am. I will have arrived at the office by 8.
They will be tired when they arrive. They will not have slept for a long time.
"Mary won't be at home when you arrive."
"Really? Where will she have gone?"

to be continued (future perfect continous tense)
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