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(Omayad Period). He came to Sindh with 12 thousand men.
• Mohd: bin Qasim conquered Sindh during Ummayads.
• Siskar was Waziir of Dahir.
• Mohd: bin Qasim tortured to death in Iraq by Sulaiman.
• The Abbasid governor Hisham came to Sindh in 757 A.D.
• Shabudding Ghori was the founder of Islamic State in India.
• Qutubudin Aibk was the founder of slave dynasty after Ghoris.
• Shuddi and Sangathan movement was started at the end of Tahreek Khilafat.
• Sangathan movement was started by Pandit Malavia.
• Treaty of Lausanne was signed in 1923.
• Mustafa Kamal: first president of Turkey on 23rd Oct: 1923.
• Atta Turk means the father of Turks.
• Khilafat was abolished in 1924.
• Last caliph of Turkish State was Abdul Majeed Afandi.
• Hijrat Movement took place in 1924
• Reshimi Roomal movement of 1915 started by Maulana Mehmood-ul-Hassan.
• Lord Rippon is associated with the Hunter Commission.
• Lord Dalhousie is associated with Wood‘s Dispatch.
• Lord Cornwalls is associated with permanent settlement of Bengal.
• Delhi proposals presented by Quaid-e-Azam in March 1927.
• Nehru Report was produced by Motilal Nehru in 1928.
• Shoaib Qureshi was one muslim member who took part in writing the Nehru Report.
• Fourteen-Points-of-MA Jinnah came in March 1929 from Delhi.
• Simon-Commission-1927 visited India in 1928 and consisted of 7 members.
• British cabinet minister Cripps came to India in March 1942.
• Civil Disobedience Movement started by Gandhi on 12th March, 1930.
• Simon Commission submitted its report in 1930.

Islamiat-General Knowledge

Islam definaion

The word Islam is derived from the Arabic Word "salam" is to obedience or the peace it is named Islam because it commands obedience and submission to the will of Allah.

[U]Important Articles of Islam[/U

There are five fundamentals of Islam namely:-
1. TOuheed (believe in Oneness of Allah)
2.Salat (Namaz)
3.Zakat
4.fasting/Saum (Roza)
5.Hajj.

Kalimas
There are six Kalimas
1.Kalima Tayab
2.Kalma Shahdat
3.Kalma Tamjeed
4.Kalma Tauheed
5.Kalma Istighfar
6.Kalma Rad-e-Kufr

Rakats in Namaz

1. Fajr ( 4 Rakats) 2 Sunnat+ 2 Farz = total =4
2.Zuhr= 4 SUNNAT+4 FARZ+2SUNNAT+ 2 NAFL = 12 RAKATS
3..ASR= 4 SUNNAT + 4 FARZ = 8 RAKATS
4.MAGHRIB= 3 FARZ + 2 SUNNAT+ 2 NAFAL
5.ISHA= 4 SUNNAT+ 4 FARZ+ 2 SUNNAT+ 2NAFL+ 3 WITR + 2 FARZ = 17

SOURCES OF ISLAMIC LAWS

1. QURAN
2.HADITH
3.IJMA
3.IJTEHAD
4.QIYAS

INFORMATION ABOUT QURAN
1. No of surahas in Quran 114 surahas

2.NO of Paras in Holy Quran = 30 Paras

3.No of Ayats= 6666

4.First Surah of Quran = Surah-e-Fatiha

5.Last Surah of Quran= Surah-e-Nas

6.Longest Surah of Quran= Surah-e- Bakar

7.Shortest Surah of Quran= Surah-e- Kausar

8.First Reavled surah = Surah Al- ALaq

9.years to COmplete Quran= Approximately 23 years

10.Rukoos= 558 Rukoos

11. Number of Makis Suraha= 87 surahs

12.Number of Madni Surhas= 27

13. subject of Holy Quran= Human Being is the subject of HOly Quran
Largest in Pakistan

Airline= Pakistan International Airlines

2.Airport:- Quaid-e-Azam Internationl Airport Karachi

3.Tallest buiding= MCB tower II chundrigar Road Karachi

4.Barrage= Sukkur Barrage

5.City= Karachi

6.Largest Canal= Lloyd Barrage Canal

7.Dam= Tarbela Dam

8.Desert= Thar Desert

9. Largest District= Khuzdar Balouchistan

10.Largest Division(Adminstrative) Kalat Division

11.Fort= Rani Kot SIndh

12.Hospital= Nishtar Hospital Multan

13.Industerial Unit= Pakistan Steel Mills

14.Island= Manora

15.Jungle= Changa Manga (Kasur)

16.Lake(Artificial) = Keenjhar Lake (SIndh)

17. Lake( Natural) = Manchar Lake (sindh)

18.Library= The Punjab Public Library Lahore

19.Largest Mausoleum= Quaid-e-Azam Mausolem Karachi

20. Largest Mine = Khewra Mines (salt Mines) Punjab

21. Monument= Minar-e-Pakistan

22.Mosque= Faisal Masjid

23.Motorway= Lahore-Islamabad Motorway

24.Largest Urdu Published Newspaper= Jang

25.Largest English Published Newspaper= The News.

26.Nuclear Reactor= Karachi Nuclear power Plant

27. Largest Park= Ayoub National Park Rawalpindi

28.Largest Province by Area= Balouchistan

29. Largest Province by Population= Punjab

30. Largest Railway station= Lahore Railway station.

31.Largest Radio station= Islamabd

32.Railway workshop= Mughalpura Railway Workshop Lahore

33.River= Indus River

34.Shipping Compony= Pakistan National Shipping Corporation

35.Stadium(Atheletics) =Islamabad

36.Stadium(Cricket) National Stadium Karachi

37.Stadium(Hockey) = National Stadium Lahore

38.Largest Tv booster= Tandiani( Islamabad)

Largest University= Punjab University
Millitary awards of diffrent countries

[B] FRANCE= Croix De Guerre

2.Germany= Knights cross of the iron cross

3. India= Param vir Chakra

4. Japan= Order of the Rising Sun

5. Pakistan= Nishan-e-Haider

6.United Kingdom= Victoria Cross

7. United states== Medel OF honour.
Important places of the world

1. ABUL SIMBAL= It is a Temple in Egypt.

2. AKAL-TAkKHT= It is a place in the Golden Temple of Amritsar

3. AL-AQSA MOSQUE= This masque in jerusalem.Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) stayed here during his miraj Journey.

4. BASTILLE= Sastille was a jail in Paris which was destroyed on 14h July 1789 during the French Revolution.

5. CAMP DAVID= It is a place located in USA where Egypt and Israel signed the Camp Accord.

6. DARDANELLES= It is a strait between Europe and Turkey in Black Sea.

7. Greenwhich= It is a town near London through which passes the Meriderian

8. HoLLYWOOD= Hollywood is a famous film Industry centre of USA

9. HONOLULU= It is the capital and an important sea port Hawaii Islands

10. PENTAGON= It is the headquarters of US army which is located in Washington (DC) USA.


• Persons included in Bait-e-Uqba Oola 12 and in Bait-e-Uqba Sani 75.
• Cave of Hira is 3 miles from Makkah.
• Hijra took place in 13th Nabvi.
• Second convent of Al-Aqba arrived at Makkah in 12th Nabvi.
• Medina is 448 Km from Makkah. (250 miles)
• Makkah conquest occurred in 8th year of Hijra.
• Prophet performed Hajj in 10th Hija.
• Prophet was buried in the hujra of Ayesha.
• Prophet was born in 1st Year of Elephant.
• Ambassadors sent to Arab& other countries in 7th Hijra.
• King of Iran tore away the message of Prophet.
• King of Byzantine in 7th Hijra was Hercules.
• After 6 years of the birth of Holy prophet Bibi Aamna died.
• After 8 years of the birth of Prophet Abdul Muttalib died.
• 632 A.D Charter of Madina.
The Jurisprudents
1. Imam Abu Hanifa (Persian)
Name: Noman ibn Sabit Zuta ibn Marzuban
Born: Kufa, 699
Died: Baghdad, 767
Works: Kitabul Asar, Figh al-Akbar

2. Imam Malik (Arab)
Name: Malik ibn Anas
Born: Medina, 711
Died: Medina, 795
Works: Al-Muwatta (the Approved)a

3. Imam Shafi’I (Arab)
Name: Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Idrees
Born: Gaza, 767
Died: Fustat, 820
Works: Al-Risala, Kitabul Umm

4. Imam Hanbal (Arab)
Name: Abu Abdullah Ahmed ibn Muhammad al-Shaibani
Born: Baghdad, 780
Died: Baghdad, 855
Works: Kitabul Iman, Kitabul Masail and others

• Imam Abu Hanifa learnt under the famous Imam Jafar al-Sadiq.
• Imam Malik is called ‘Imam Darul Hijrat’ (leader of the abode of migration).
• Imam Shafi’i was greatly influenced by Imam Malik.
• Imam Shafi’i is said to have memorized Quran at seven years, the ‘Muwatta’ of Imam Malik at ten years and became a religious judge at fifteen years.
1. Name the saint, who first came in Lahore.
b. Shaikh ismail
2.Ghiyas-ud-din Balban declared himself king of Delhi Sultanate in the year
b.1266
3. Who founded Daulatabad and shifted the capital of Delhi Sultanate?
b. Muhammad Tughluq
4.Who set up the chain of justice to redress the grievances of oppressed people?
a. Zaheer-ud-din Babar
b. Shahab-ud-din Shahjahan
c. Aurangzeb Alimgir
d. None of these
5.who was known in history as Mujaddid Alf Thani, the reformer of second millennium?
a .Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi
6. Who called the”spiritual guide”as shopkeepers?
b .Shah Waliullah
7. When Nadva-tul-Ulema came into being?
A.1873
b.1883
c.1893
d. None of these (1884)
8. Who initiated the cult of Shivaji against the Muslims of India?
A. Bal Ganga dher tilak
9. Who led Simla deputation in 1906?
a. Sir Agha Khan
10.when nehru committee was constituted to propose the future constitution of India?
b. Feb 1928
11. When the congress ministries resigned from their offices?
A. Nov 1927
b. Feb 1928
c. Feb 1929
d. None of these
12.Who first thought of the possibility of a Muslim republic embracing the present Central Asian states in north west of sub-continent?
b. Syed Jamal ud Din Afghani
13. When Simla Conference was concluded with failure?
b. July14,1945

14. Who negotiated with cabinet mission (1946) on behalf of All India National Congress?
c. A.K.Azad

15.when Abu ala Maududi was awarded death punishment by military court on” Qadiani issue”?
c. May 1953
16. Muhammad Ali Bogra, the then P.M of Pakistan, presented his constitutional formula to the Constituent Assembly on:
b. Oct7,1953
17. When was the 17th amendment bill ratified by the President, after getting passed by both houses of Majlis-e-Shura?
c. Dec31,2003
18. When was the local government system under the devolution of power plan, 2001, inaugurated?
b. Aug 14,2001
19.When was gas (natural) discovered at Sui Baluchistan?
b. 1952
20. The Suleman Mountain, one of the Western, is as high as:
a. 1100ft
b. 2200ft
c. 3300ft
d. None of these


• Largest dam is Terbela.
• Largest desert is Thar.
• Largest district is Khuzdar (Baluchistan).
• Largest industial unit is Pak: Steel Mill
• Largest industry is Textile.
• Largest island is Manora (Karachi)
• Largest Jungle is Changa Manga (Kasur).
• Largest lake (artificial) is Keenjhar.
• Largest lake (natural) is Manchar.
• Largest library is Pujab Public Library, Lahore.
• Largest mine is Salt Mines of Khewra.
• Largest motorway is Lahore-Islamabad.
• Largest museum is National Meseum, Karachi.
• Largest circulated urdu newspaper is Jang, Enghish is The News.
• Largest nuclear reactor is KANUPP, Karachi.
• Largest oil field is Dhurnal Oil Field.

Country Profile:

India
President: Pranab Mukherjee
Vice President: M Hamid Ansari
Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh (INC)
Speaker of the House: Meira Kumar (INC)
Defense Ministers: A. K. Antony
Minister for external Affairs: Salman Khurshed
Minister for Finance: Chidambaram Palaniappa
Minister for Home: Sushilkumar Shinde
Army Chief: General Bikram Singh
Chief Justice: Altamas Kabir
Seats in Lower House (Lok Sabha): 552
Next elections of Lok Sabha will held after 31st May 2014.

Bangladesh
President: Zillur Rahman
Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina
Next Elections with due on 26 October 2013 to 24 January 2014.

Afghanistan
President: Hamid Karzai
Vice President: Mohammed Fahim and Karim Khalili

China
President: Xi Jinping, 7th president– Fifth Generation Leadership.
Premier: Li Keqiang (7th Premier)

Russia
President: Vladimir Putin
Prime Minister: Dmitry Medvedev

Iran
Spiritual Leader of Iran: Ali Khamenei
President: Hassan Rouhani (7th President of Iran on 3rd August 2013)

Iraq
President: Jalal Talabani
Prime Minister: Nouri al-Maliki

Israel
Legislation House: Knesset
President : Shimon Peres
Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu

United Kingdom
Monarch: Elizabeth II
Prime Minister: David Cameron MP (Conservative Party)
Deputy PM: Nick Clegg MP (Liberal Democrats)
Upper House: House of Lords
Lower House: House of Commons

Italy
President: Giorgio Napolitano
Prime Minister : Enrico Letta


France
President: François Hollande (French Socialist Party)
Prime Minister: Jean-Marc Ayrault (French Socialist Party)

Germany
President : Joachim Gauck
Chancellor: Angela Merkel (Christian Democratic Union)
Parliament: Bundestag (Lower House) & Bundesrat (Federal Council and Upper House)

Canada
Monarch: Elizabeth II
Governor General: David Johnston
Prime Minister: Stephen Harper

Malaysia:
King: Abdul Halim
PM: Najib Tun Razak
Deputy PM: Muhyiddin Yassin

US Cabinet:
Vice President: Joe Biden
US envoy to Afghanistan-Pakistan: James Dobbins (4 May 2013)
Special Envoy for Middle East Peace: Ambassador David Hale
White House Chief of Staff: Denis McDonough
Secretary of State: Senator Jon Kerry
Chief of Staff of the Army: GEN Raymond T. Odierno.
Secretary of the Treasury: Jacob Lew.
Secretary of Defense: Chuck Hagel.
Attorney General: Eric Holder.
Secretary of the Interior: Ken Salazar.
Secretary of Commerce: John Bryson.
Secretary of Homeland Security: Janet Napolitano
Ambassador to the United Nations: Susan Rice
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: Gen. Martin Dempsey
Director of CIA: John Brennan

Japan:
Emperor: Akihito
Prime minister: Shinzo Abe

Egypt
Chairmen of Supreme council of armed forces: Abdel Fattah el- Sisi
Acting President: Adly Mansour
Acting Prime minister: Hazem Al Beblawi
Presidential elections: May 2012.
Morsi became 5th president of Egypt from 30 June 2012 to 3 July 2013.

Libya
President: Mohammed Magariaf
Prime minister: Ali Zeidan
Qaddafi assassination: 20 October 2011
General National Congress: 7 July 2012 elections. 200 seats (39 United Alliance, 120 Independents)

Sri-Lanka
President: Mahinda Rajapaksa
PM: D. M. Jayaratne

Bhutan:
King: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
PM: Tshering Tobgay

Nepal:
President: Ram Baran Yadav.
Chairmen of Interim Election Government: Khil Raj Regmi

Palestine
President: Mahmod Abbas
Prime Minister: Salam Fayad
On 29 November 2012, the UN General Assembly passed a motion changing Palestine's "entity" status to "non-member state" by a vote of 138 to 9, with 41 abstentio.

Quartet on Palestine: Tony Blair (Special Envoy), Russia, USA, EU, UN
__________________
-Verily, His command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says "Be!" - and it is! (Al-Quran)
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