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Old Wednesday, June 25, 2014
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Pakistan Penal Code...
The Pakistan Penal Code usually called PPC is a penal
code for all offences charged in Pakistan. It was originally
prepared by Lord Macaulay with a great consultation in
1860 on the behalf of the Government of British India as the
Indian Penal Code. After the partition of India in 1947,
Pakistan inherited the same code and subsequently after
several amendments in different governments,it is now
mixture of Islamic and English Law.
History...
The draft of the (British) Indian Penal Code was prepared by
the First Law Commission and it was chaired by Lord
Macaulay. Its basis is the law of England freed from
superfluities, technicalities and local peculiarities.
Suggestions were also derived from the French Penal Code
and from Livingstone's Code of Louisiana. The draft
underwent a very careful revision at the hands of Sir Barnes
Peacock, Chief Justice, and puisne Judges of the Calcutta
Supreme Court who were members of the Legislative
Council, and was passed into law in 1860, unfortunately
Macaulay did not survive to see his masterpiece enacted
into a law.
Though it is principally the work of a man who had hardly
held a brief, and whose time was devoted to politics and
literature, it was universally acknowledged to be a
monument of codification and an everlasting memorial to
the high juristic attainments of its distinguished author. For
example even cyber crimes can be punished under the
code.
Important Features of PPC
Jurisdiction
Section 1. Title and extent of operation of the Code. This Act
shall be called the Pakistan Penal Code, and shall take
effect throughout Pakistan.
Section 4
The provisions of this Code apply also to any offence
committed by:-
(1) any citizen of Pakistan or any person in the service of
Pakistan in any place without and beyond Pakistan;
(4) any person on any ship or aircraft registered in Pakistan
wherever it may be.
Explanation: In this section the word "offence" includes
every act committed outside Pakistan which, if committed
in Pakistan, would be punishable under this Code.Extension
of Code to extraterritorial offences.
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