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Old Sunday, August 03, 2008
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21st century

1983 - 2008 [architectural engineering] Zaha Hadid is an award-winning Iraqi deconstructivist architect who has won the European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture, Pritzker Prize and Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture. She designed a number of famous postmodern architecture, including The Peak Club in Hong Kong, the Cardiff Bay Opera House, Guggenheim-Hermitage Vilnius, Eli and Edythe Broad Museum at Michigan State University, CMA CGM Tower, Bridge Pavilion, Kartal Urban Transformation at Istanbul, Riverside Museum, Glasgow Transport Museum, Eleftheria square, Nordkettenbahn (aerial tramway) at Innsbruck, Nuragic and Contemporary art museum, Maggie's centres, High speed train station of Afragola, BMW Central Building at Leipzig, Ordrupgaard annexe, Phaeno Science Center, Ursula (The Little Mermaid) at Hollywood, Bergisel Ski Jump, Price Tower extension hybrid project, Hoenheim-North Terminus & Car Park at Strasbourg, Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art, Vitra Fire Station, and the Z.CAR hydrogen-powered three-wheeled automobile.

2000 [computer science] Many of the core components of PayPal, including its real-time anti-fraud systems, is designed and implemented by Bangladeshi American software engineer Jawed Karim.

2000 - 2007 [chemistry, geometry, literature] In electrochemistry, Iranian scientist Ali Eftekhari is regarded as a founder of electrochemical nanotechnology, particularly for his development of carbon nanotubes. He also carries out scientific research on the field of fractal geometry and applies it to different aspects of science, thus pioneering the concepts of fractal electrochemistry, electrochemical reactions, and fractal geometry of literature.

2001 [astronautics, space exploration] Talgat Musabayev travels to the International Space Station as a commander aboard the Soyuz TM-31 and Soyuz TM-32 for over seven days. In total, he has spent over 339 days in space, making him one of the top 25 astronauts by time in space.

2001 [physics] Iranian physicist Mehran Kardar is awarded the Guggenheim Fellowship prize for his development of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation

2002 - 2007 [science and politics] Abdul Kalam serves as the twelfth President of India. A notable scientist and engineer, he is often referred to as the "Missile Man of India" for his work and is considered a progressive mentor, innovator and visionary in India. He is also popularly known as the People's President.

2004 [astronautics, space exploration] Anouseh and Amir Ansari set up the Ansari X Prize to encourage private spaceflight research.

2005 [computer science] PayPal is re-designed and upscaled to 63 million users by Jawed Karim.

2005 [computer science] Jawed Karim pioneered the idea of a video hosting service with a web browser-embedded video player and co-founded YouTube as a result.

2006 [economics] Bangladeshi banker and economist Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank receive the Nobel Peace Prize for their pioneering work on microcredit and microfinance banking.

2006 [nuclear physics] The United Nations Security Council demands that the nuclear program of Iran be suspended but Iran, the second Muslim nation with a nuclear program (after Pakistan), has rejected the demand

2006 [astronautics, space exploration] Anousheh Ansari becomes the first woman to travel to the International Space Station, the first Muslim woman in space, and the fourth space tourist

2006 [technology] Prodea Systems is founded by Hamid, Anouseh and Amir Ansari.

2007 [engineering] The Burj Dubai, currently under construction in Dubai, reaches 585.7 metres in height, surpassing the Sears Tower (previously constructed by Fazlur Khan) as the world's tallest building.

2007 [astronautics, space exploration] On October 10, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor travels to the International Space Station (ISS) with his Expedition 16 crew aboard the Soyuz TMA-11 as part of the Angkasawan program, and becomes the first Malaysian astronaut in space and the first Muslim astronaut in space during Ramadan. The National Fatwa Council writes the Guidelines for Performing Islamic Rites (Ibadah) at the International Space Station, giving him advice on issues such as how to pray in a low-gravity environment, how to locate Mecca from the ISS, how to determine prayer times, and issues surrounding fasting. On October 17, he celebrated Eid ul-Fitr aboard the station.

2007 [astronautics, biology, medicine, industry, orthopedic surgery, space exploration, technology] Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, who is both an astronaut and an orthopedic surgeon, becomes the first to perform biomedical research in space. His medical experiments aboard the ISS were mainly related to the characteristics and growth of liver cancer and leukemia cells, and the crystallisation of various proteins and microbes in space. The experiments relating to liver cancer, leukemia cells and microbes will benefit general science and medical research, while the experiments relating to the crystallisation of proteins, lipases in this case, will directly benefit local industries in Malaysia. Lipase are a type of protein enzymes used in the manufacturing of diverse range of products from textiles to cosmetics, and the opportunity to grow these in space will allow Malaysian scientists to producing these locally rather than importing them.

Last edited by Shooting Star; Saturday, June 30, 2012 at 02:31 AM.
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