Observations of Examiners on performance of candidates in Written Part of CSS Examination
7.25. Following are observations of the examiners on performance of candidates in optional as well as compulsory subjects offered in written part of the Competitive Examination, 2005:
7.26. Accountancy & Auditing-I & II
Overall performance of the candidates was good. 48 percent candidates secured 60% or above marks, which indicate their level of preparation for the subject. The candidates should further improve their understanding, and follow proper format in producing answers in the subject.
The performance of the candidates was satisfactory. However, they could not perform well in the compulsory question based on objective type items.
7.28. Applied Math-I & II
On the whole, the performance of the candidates was satisfactory. But it appeared that the knowledge of learning Mathematics at college level is deteriorating. It is suggested that competent and able teachers need to be deputed to teach mathematic classes regularly to impart quality education in the subject.
7.29. Arabic-I & II
The general performance of the candidates in the discipline of Arabic literature was satisfactory. However, the candidates need depth of knowledge to comprehend the exact literary spirit of the primary Arabic sources and references. Expression in writing Arabic was comparatively weak due to lack of modern Arabic vocabulary and acquaintance with morphology, syntax, eloquence and Rhetoric of the Arabic language. Relentless efforts may be made to create reading habits and literary culture in the students to think freely with creative mind.
It was observed that candidates were well versed in Balochi literature but they could not express their knowledge in proper Balochi language. Some candidates showed sufficient knowledge in Balochi language but they could not express Balochi literature, particularly on the famous writers, poets and folk tales etc.
7.31. Botany I & II
Majority of the candidates did not know about basic principle of ‘Taxonomy’ which is extremely important subject in Bio-sciences. They did not realise diagrammatic explanation of answers of the questions at all and those who tried to draw the diagram miserably failed.
7.32. British History.
The statistics of the overall result showed that the performance of the candidates was not appreciable. Out of total 315 candidates who appeared in the subject, only 6 percent got above 65% marks, while 30 percent candidates got less than 43% marks which was not satisfactory performance. Majority of the candidates failed or got low scores due to lack of expression in English language.
7.33. Business Administration.
The overall performance of the candidates was satisfactory. It was observed that knowledge of the subject was based on limited number of books, which needed more references on Management,Marketing and Financial Management. Linguistic skills of the candidates also need to be improved.
The performance of the candidates was average. It was observed that majority of the candidates had studied guide books/ready made notes prepared for the purpose, instead of thorough and detailed study of the standard books/material. Grasp of the subject is essential for securing good marks especially in objective type question.
Almost all the candidates performed poorly. The result showed lack of interest among young Pakistani Scientists and improper teaching (theoretical as well as practical) in the Colleges and Universities. The candidates should select only those optional subjects which they have studied at Graduation level at least in natural and physical sciences.
7.36. Computer Science.
The result showed a very poor performance of the candidates in contrast with exigent requirements of the Competitive Examination. Only 16 percent of the candidates secured 60% or above marks. Whereas 25 percent candidates could not even qualify in the subject.
Computer Science has diversified areas of study and requires a thorough study of the subject to appear in the exam with full justification. The weak areas of the candidates were Algorithm, Design, Networking and Programming in the subject.
7.37. Constitutional Law.
Almost every candidate attempted questions on American Constitution but in an informative and pithy manner. They lacked even about basic knowledge about Constitution of Pakistan. Some of the candidates appeared to have studied only guidebooks.
The performance of the candidates was average. Majority of the candidates have depended upon ready made notes, and tried to memorise the available material for qualifying the examination. The candidates could not produce answers as per requirement of the questions given in the paper. They filled pages with unwanted information which had no link with the questions.
7.39. English (Précis & Composition)
The performance of the candidates was simply deplorable as only 23 percent of the candidates could obtain qualifying marks i.e. 33%. The ability of the candidates to express in English remained very poor inspite English being a compulsory subject up to Graduation level. Majority of the candidates had little or no idea of grammatical structures and sequence of tenses. The standard displayed by the candidates in the subject indicated that the best graduates are no longer attracted by the Civil Services.
7.40. English Literature-I
The performance of the candidates was satisfactory.
7.41. English Literature-II
The overall standard/quality of the scripts was poor. The language was of the poor quality with the exception of few candidates. The English grammar and spelling were very poor. There was no logical sequence and unity in their wording. This drawback cannot be considered in isolation from the overall quality/standard of education provided by Education System of Pakistan.
Overall performance of the candidates was quite unsatisfactory, which indicate the deteriorating academic standard of Education in Pakistan. Candidates lacked analytical ability and miserably failed to create organic unity. The ideas expressed in the Essays were trite and backward. Mistakes of sentence structure and spellings marred the beauty of Essays. The students should be imparted lessons in grammar and in the art of composition in Educational Institutions.
7.43. European History-I & II
The candidates had understanding of the philosophy of the question paper and produced convincing answers. Their knowledge and expression of answers was satisfactory.
The performance of the candidates was below average. Majority of the candidates generally depended on low standard short books and avoid struggle in learning. Majority of the answers indicated memorised material showing a common trend to present bulk rather than quality and writing answers without seriously understanding the questions theme.
7.45. G.K-I(Every Day Science)
The performance of the candidates has shown that the candidates who have graduation in Social Sciences give more importance to English language. They normally write lengthy answers to short questions. Sequence/order of the question must be observed in writing the answers.
7.46. G.K-II(Current Affairs)
Most of the candidates lack the ability of analysing the issues and just narrate the event in quite descriptive manner. Out of total 3564, only 40 to 50 candidates secured 60 to 70% marks in compulsory question (MCQ) which clearly showed that they had little knowledge of current issues and current affairs of Pakistan.
7.47. G.K-III (Pakistan Affairs)
Majority of the candidates secured marks in the range of 40-49% in the subject. It was observed that awareness of the candidates regarding Muslim Role in the Sub-Continent, its downfall and efforts for renaissance was rather bleak. However, the concept of Muslim Nationalism and political development in Pakistan since 1947 reflected specific strategies discussed by the candidates in the subject.
The performance of the candidates who studied in English Medium Schools was far better as compared to those who have studied in Urdu Medium Schools, as their knowledge of the subject, ability to understand the question and techniques of answering the question was satisfactory.
The performance of the candidates was not up to the mark as majority of the candidates had no grasp of the subject even lacked in basic knowledge. They had no foundation of the subject because they did not study Geography at secondary level.
7.50. Geology-I & II
The performance of the candidates was satisfactory. They had prepared well for the exam and had good knowledge of the subject. However, their answers were rather long and included unnecessary details.
7.51. History of Pakistan & India-I
The overall performance of the candidates was satisfactory. 36 percent candidates secured above 60% marks in the subject, while 36 percent candidates got marks in the range of 44-59%. Only 20 percent candidates obtained 33-43 marks and remaining 8 percent failed in the subject.
7.52. History of Pakistan & India-II
The performance of the candidates was almost sub-standard. They wrote irrelevant stuff in their answers. Only a few
candidates presented solid and relevant answers. Expression, punctuation and sentence structure of most of the candidates were faulty. A detailed History of Pakistan Movement especially Two- Nation Theory should be taught at Colleges and University levels.
7.53. International Law.
The general standard of the candidates was average. A few of the candidates attempted very well and were placed in good category. Majority of the candidates secured marks in the range of 44-59%,while remaining were just at passing stage. It was observed, that majority of the candidates had adequate knowledge of the subject but they could not express their knowledge in English effectively. They must know how to refer the appropriate case of International issues and how to attempt the paper as a whole. Teaching as well as paper attempting in the examinations needs to be improved at the University and College levels.
7.54. International Relation.
Majority of the candidates had selected the subject I.R for Competitive Examination without having in-depth study of this
subject. They lacked the techniques of expression and argumentation. They had not enough vocabulary and accuracy in expression of their views in English.
Majority of the candidates showed good performance in objective type question. They appeared to had studied the Quranic portion as well as the whole syllabus thoroughly. The majority of the candidates also tried their best to attempt the subjective type questions seriously.
7.56. Islamic History & Culture-I
The performance of the candidates was satisfactory. However, in some cases the quality of answers was very low
which reflected an impression that the candidates neither had the ideas of the subject nor the ability to express their idea in simple English. Moreover, the construction of sentences and spellings of certain common words were horrible and alarming.
The performance of candidates was quite satisfactory. 48 percent candidates secured above 60 % marks, while 11 percent candidates got marks in the range of 33-40% and remaining 21 percent candidates had failed in the subject.
7.58. Muslim Law & Jurisprudence
. The performance of the candidates was satisfactory. Some of the candidates expressed a good knowledge of the subject and they had supported their answers with reference to the Quranic Versus.
The performance of the candidates was not satisfactory as majority of them secured marks in the range of 33-50% in the subject. The
answer scripts of the candidates showed that they had no interest and understanding of the subject. The reason behind this dismal picture was general decline in the standard of education, absence of curiosity for literature/knowledge and no longer use of Persian language in our educational institutions as well as social life.
The general performance of the candidates had decreased as compared to the previous years. Their mind’s aptitude was confined to notes, guides and specific portions of the concerned syllabus. Thorough study of the books and in-depth knowledge of the subject was not expressed in the answer scripts .It appeared that the candidates simply relied on short cut methods to achieve their goals which was a stigma on the part of education.
7.61. Physic-I & II
The performance of the candidates was not satisfactory. Their concepts and understanding of the subject were poor, which indicated
the deterioration of standard of higher education, especially in Natural Sciences, in Pakistan.
7.62. Political Science-I
The candidates could not get good marks due to selective study of the subject. Majority of the candidates obtained below 60% marks, which indicated lack of interest and poor knowledge of the candidates. The candidates desirous to appear in the Competitive Examination should study the subject thoroughly and prepare themselves fully to achieve good marks and position for competition.
7.63. Political Science-II
The performance of the candidates in paper-II was not so good but it was satisfactory.
7.64. Public Administration.
Majority of the candidates lacked conceptional knowledge about the issues and areas of the subject. The candidates who
studied this subject in their academic career expressed solid/concrete arguments/facts and performed better as compared to those who picked up this subject for CSS Competitive Examination only.
Majority of the candidates seemed appeared in this paper with full preparation. However, a good number of the candidates did not know the
writing and spelling of Punjabi words.
7.66. Pure Math-I & II
The performance of the candidates was very poor. They did not have clear concepts about the questions. Majority of the candidates did not know the logical steps for solving the problems. It appeared that either the subject concerned was losing its popularity among the candidates or teaching in the subject in Colleges and Universities is not up to the mark. The candidates select the subject of Mathematics with the impression to get better marks as compared to other subjects, but it is not possible unless concept are clear in the subject.
The performance of the candidates was good as 63 percent of the candidates secured above 65% marks. 21 percent candidates got marks in the range of 60-64% and 13 percent candidates obtained 44-59% marks. 02 percent candidates got 33-43% marks while only 0.35 percent candidates had failed in the subject.
The performance of the candidates was good. They had indepth knowledge regarding history of literature, history of language and origin
of Sindhi Language.
Only few candidates attempted their papers according to the standard of Competitive Examination. Majority of the candidates relied on
guides/test papers and did not have proper understanding of the subject as they were well acquainted with the names of the founders of Sociology but did not know about their contribution in the subject/discipline.
The performance of the candidates was just satisfactory. 50 percent of them secured less then 60% marks. While 16 percent candidates
could not even qualify in the subject. The candidates appearing in Competitive Examination are advised to take an active tutorship in the subject which could enable them to solve the numerical questions, considered to be an integral part for the subject applications.
Majority of the candidates lacked the ability to understand the actual theme asked in the questions. They produced answers as memorised
by them without understanding the concept of the questions. On the whole, the standard of scripts was not satisfactory.
The performance of the candidates was satisfactory in paper-II as compared to paper-I.
7.73. Zoology-I & II
The performance of the candidates was satisfactory.Paper-II was attempted by the candidates better as compared to paper-I. A gradual shift from the basic Zoology to general Zoology was observed. Only 7 percent candidates got above 60% marks in the subject. While 32 percent candidates obtained marks in the range 44-59% marks and 36 percent in the range 33-43% marks. Whereas, 25 percent candidates failed in the subject.
Majority of the candidates had tried to fill pages with long/undesired introduction and irrelevant material and repeating the same stuff time and again. Their answers scripts largely lacked comprehension and understanding of the subject.
Performance in Compulsory Subjects
7.24. The study showed that in the subject of Every-Day Science, 13 percent of the candidates got 60% and above marks in the written exam. While candidates who secured 60 and above marks in Pakistan Affairs were10 percent, English (Pr
écis & Composition) 05 percent, Islamiat 04 percent and Current Affairs 04 percent respectively. The analysis showed that on the average 6.1% candidates got above 60% marks in all compulsory subjects.