Saturday, July 20, 2024
03:46 PM (GMT +5)

Go Back   CSS Forums > CSS Compulsory Subjects > Current Affairs

Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
  #1  
Old Monday, December 14, 2015
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Jun 2010
Location: Multan.
Posts: 20
Thanks: 3
Thanked 23 Times in 11 Posts
Prophyro is on a distinguished road
Default Ca. Mcq,s

Dedicated to all respected Moderators


1. Which is the most powerful supercomputer in the world currently?
[A]Titan
[B]Tianhe-2
[C]Sequoia
[D]Mira

Answe
rTianhe-2 According to a biannual Top500 list of supercomputers, China’s Tianhe-2 supercomputer has maintained its position as the world’s most powerful system for the 6th consecutive time. Tianhe-2 (or Milky Way 2) was developed by China’s National University of Defence Technology and deployed at the National Supercomputer Center in Guangzhou. Its performance is 33.86 petaflops per second (Pflop/s), .It has held the title since June 2013. The Chinese system is almost twice as fast as the next on the list, Titan of the US Department of Energy

2. Which day is observed as the International Day of Persons with Disabilities?
[A]November 17
[B]November 20
[C]November 26
[D]December 3

Answer
rDecember 3 December 3 is observed as the International Day of Persons with Disabilities. The annual observance was proclaimed in 1992 by the United Nations. The theme for 2015 is-‘Inclusion matters: access and empowerment of people of all abilities’. The present Modi government has launched ‘Accessible India Campaign’ also known as Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan to provide universal accessibility to persons with disabilities.

3. What is WT1190F?
[A]Humanoid Robot
[B]Space Junk
[C]Super Computer
[D]A Type of Virus
Answer Space Junk The space junk WT1190F (WTF) has successfully landed near southern coast of Sri Lanka on November 13. Most of WTF burned up in the atmosphere. Initially, it was believed as some form of extra-terrestrial related object.
4. What is the India’s rank in 2015 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report?
[A]55
[B]65
[C]70
[D]80
Answer
80 India is ranked 80th out of 104 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2015. This report’s GHI scores are based on a new, improved formula that reflects the multidimensional nature of hunger by combining four indicators related to undernourishment, wasting, stunting, and child mortality. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) was first released by the International Food Policy Research Institute and Welthungerhilfe in 2006.

5. The term ‘Doha Round of Negotiations’, is related to which of the following organisations?
[A]G20
[B]IAEA
[C]WTO
[D]ASEAN

Answer
WTO The Doha Round of Negotiations are the latest round of trade negotiations among the WTO membership. The negotiations are aimed to achieve major reforms of the international trading system by way of low trade barriers and revised trade rules. The Round was started in 2001 in Doha, Qatar during the WTO’s fourth Ministerial Conference.

6. Who is set to become the India’s next Permanent Representative to UN?
[A]Arun Kumar Singh
[B]Syed Akbaruddin
[C]Subrahmanyam Jaishankar
[D]Sujatha Singh

Answer
Syed Akbaruddin Syed Akbaruddin (1985 batch IFS officer) has been appointed as India’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations. He will succeed Asoke Mukerji. Earlier, he had served at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Geneva and is considered an “expert” on the West Asia where he had served in various capacities.

7. Which one of the following alert is introduced by Interpol on a pilot basis to locate and seize illicit assets of criminals globally?
[A]Black Notice
[B]Orange Notice
[C]Silver Notice
[D]Purple Notice

Answer.
Silver Notice Interpol has introduced a new international alert called “Silver Notice” on a pilot basis to assist its 190 member countries to identify, monitor, freeze and confiscate assets of criminals globally. Other alerts issued by Interpol are – Red Notice, Blue Notice, Green Notice, Yellow Notice, Black Notice, Orange Notice, Purple Notice and UN Special Notice. Click here to know about types of Interpol notices.

8. On which date, The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for Tolerance is observed?
[A]November 10
[B]November 16
[C]November 21
[D]November 24
Answer
November 16 The United Nations (UN) International Day for Tolerance is observed annually on November 16 to help people understand the importance of tolerance worldwide. In 1996, the UN General Assembly invited the Un Member States to observe the International Day for Tolerance on 16 November. This action followed on the UN Year for Tolerance, 1995, proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993 at the initiative of UNESCO.

9. Which country is considered to have the largest reserve of recoverable uranium in the world?
[A]Canada
[B]Australia
[C]Russia
[D]Kazakhstan
Answer
Australia Australia is considered to have the largest reserve of recoverable uranium in the world. However, Australia ranks third in terms of production of uranium. Kazakhstan and Canada produce more than Australia. Recently, India and Australia have concluded their civil nuclear agreement. India is the first country to buy Uranium from Australia without being a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

10. Who has won the 2015 Brazilian Grand Prix title of Formula-1?
[A]Mark Webber
[B]Nico Rosberg
[C]Sebastian Vettel
[D]Jenson Button
Answer
Nico Rosberg Mercedes driver Nico Rosberg from Germany has won the 2015 Brazilian Grand Prix title of Formula One (F1) by beating his teammate Lewis Hamiliton. It was Rosberg’s fifth win of 2015 and the 13th of his career.
11. Which country is set to host the 2015 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders’ summit?
[A]Australia
[B]Thailand
[C]Philippines
[D]Indonesia
Answer
Philippines For the first time in nearly two decades, Philippines will host the 2015 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders’ summit in Manila The first time the Philippines hosted the summit was in 1996. This year, under the theme of “Building Inclusive Economies, Building a Better World”, Manila will push for inclusive growth, highlighting the role of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), which account for more than 97 per cent of businesses in APEC economies.
12. On which date, World Diabetes Day is observed?
[A]November 10
[B]November 12
[C]November 14
[D]November 16
Answer
November 14 November 14 is observed as World Diabetes Day. It is jointly organized by the World Health Organisation and the International Diabetes Federation. The logo of World Diabetes Day is a blue circle, which symbolizes life and health. November 14 marks the birthday of the man who co-discovered insulin, Frederick Banting. Insulin is a critically important medication for individuals with Type 1 diabetes.

13. Aung San Suu Kyi led National League for Democracy (NLD) party has won the election in which country?
[A]Cambodia
[B]Myanmar
[C]Thailand
[D]Indonesia

Myanmar Myanmar’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s party has won the recent election conducted in Myanmar. The party has ousted the military-linked present government. This win will take the Myanmar closer to full democracy. Suu Kyi and her party are the long time antagonists to the generals who ruled Myanmar from a coup in 1962 until 2011, when they handed power to their political arm after a 2010 vote that was tainted by allegations of fraud and boycotted by the opposition.

14. Comac C919 aircraft is developed by which among the following countries?
[A]China
[B]Japan
[C]France
[D]Australia
Answer
China C919, developed by Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (COMAC) is the first plane produced by a Chinese initiative to compete in the market for large passenger jetliners. China is one of the biggest aviation markets but relies on Boeing and Airbus aircraft. The C919 is one of several initiatives launched by the ruling Communist Party to transform China from the world’s low-cost factory into a creator of profitable technology.

15. Which country was provisionally suspended from International athletics on doping charges?
[A]China
[B]Russia
[C]Ukraine
[D]Mexico
Answer
Russia Recently, Russia’s athletics federation was provisionally suspended from international competition – including the Olympic Games – for its alleged involvement in widespread doping. The Council of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) took action after the publication of an independent World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) report that alleged “state- sponsored doping”.

16. Which country won highest number of medals in the recent World Youth Chess Championships?
[A]Russia
[B]China
[C]India
[D]Japan
Answer
India India won as many as 11 medals, including five gold, three silver and three bronze at the World Youth Chess Championships at Porto Carras in Greece. The World Youth Chess Championships is amongst the biggest event in the world with participation of players from across the globe.

17. Which country hosted the International Summit on Migration between EU and African leaders ?
[A]Egypt
[B]Greece
[C]Malta
[D]Italy
Answer
Malta Recently, an international summit on migration between EU and African leaders was held in Valleta, Malta. The summit was held to ease the Europe’s migration crisis. The summit was attended by 63 European and African heads of state and government, as well as representatives of international and regional organizations.

18. Who is the winner of the 2015 International Children’s Peace Prize?
[A]Om Prakash Gurjar
[B]Abraham M Keita
[C]Malala Yousafzai
[D]Neha Gupta
Answer
Abraham M Keita Abraham M Keita (17) of Liberia was awarded with the prestigious International Children’s Peace Prize 2015. He won the prize for his role in demanding justice for children who are victims of physical or sexual violence. The International Children’s Peace Prize is awarded annually to a child who has made a significant difference in improving children’s rights. The prize was launched by KidsRights during the 2005 World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates at the Capitol in Rome, chaired by Mikhail Gorbachev. Since then, the prize has been presented every year by a Nobel Peace Laureate.

19. Which day is celebrated as World Science Day for Peace and Development 2015?
[A]6th November
[B]8th November
[C]10th November
[D]12th November
Answer
10th November World Science Day is celebrated worldwide on 10 November each year. It was started in 2001 by UNESCO. It is celebrated to demonstrate the importance of science in our daily life. The theme of World Science Day 2015 is Science for a Sustainable Future.

20. Which among the following organisations published the report titled – ‘World Energy Outlook 2015’?
[A]World Bank
[B]International Energy Agency (IEA)
[C]International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
[D]International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Answer
International Energy Agency (IEA) The World Energy Outlook report is published annually by International Energy Agency (IEA). The International Energy Agency (IEA) was established in the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1974. It acts as a policy adviser to its member states. The World Energy Outlook 2015, points that the global energy use is set to grow by one-third over the next 25 years, driven mostly by emerging economies.

21. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of UN has declared the year 2016 as the __?
[A]International Year of Soils
[B]International Year of Family Farming
[C]International Year of Quinoa
[D]International Year of Pulses
Answer
International Year of Pulses The 68th UN General Assembly has declared 2016 as the International Year of Pulses (IYP). The IYP 2016 aims to increase the public awareness about the nutritional benefits of pulses as part of sustainable food production aimed towards food security and nutrition. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been nominated to facilitate the implementation of the Year in collaboration with all stakeholders.

22. Recently, which partially recognized states’s proposal for membership was rejected by UNESCO?
[A]Somaliland
[B]Palestine
[C]Sahrawi
[D]Kosovo
Answer
Kosovo Kosovo’s proposal for membership was narrowly rejected by the UNESCO members. According to UNESCO rules, the support of two—thirds of those voting was required to allow membership for a new state. Kosovo’s proposal got less than two-thirds of votes. Kosovo has been recognized by 111 countries since it declared independence from Serbia in 2008. Russia backed Serbia in Kosovo’s 1998—99 war for independence. Russia has used its U.N. Security Council veto to block Kosovo from becoming a full U.N. member.

23. Which among the following countries will host the World Humanitarian Summit in 2016?
[A]France
[B]Russia
[C]Germany
[D]Turkey
Answer
Turkey The first World Humanitarian Summit will be held in early 2016 in Istanbul of Turkey. The summit aimed at setting a forward-looking agenda for humanitarian action to collectively address future humanitarian challenges. It also aimed to build a more inclusive and diverse humanitarian system committed to humanitarian principles.

24. Which of the following countries launched the satellite named Yaogan-28?
[A]South Korea
[B]North Korea
[C]Japan
[D]China
Answer
China China launched Yaogan-28, a remote sensing satellite from Taiyuan launch site in Shanxi province. Long March-4B rocket carried the satellite into space. It will be used for land surveys, crop yield estimates and disaster relief etc. China launched the first “Yaogan” series satellite, Yaogan-1, in 2006.

25. Which country has been declared free of Ebola by the World Health Organisation (WHO) on 7th November, 2015?
[A]Guinea
[B]Liberia
[C]Sierra Leone
[D]Nigeria
Answer
Sierra Leone World Health Organisation (WHO) declared Sierra Leone as Ebola free on 7th November after 18 months of first reported case in the country. Sierra Leone recorded its first Ebola infection in May 2014. It is one of the three worst effected countries due to Ebola virus. The other two are Liberia and Guinea. On September 3, Liberia achieved Ebola-free status. Guinea is still reporting few new cases.

26. Which country is World No. 1 in FIFA latest rankings?
[A]Brazil
[B]Belgium
[C]Germany
[D]Argentina
Answer
Belgium Belgium topped the FIFA World rankings for the first time in history. It surpassed the world champions Germany by two points. Argentina slipped down to third ahead of Portugal, while Chile climbed up to the fifth place. India’s rank is 167.

3. China -Taiwan summit was held in which country?
[A]Indonesia
[B]Singapore
[C]Thailand
[D]Vietnam
Answer
Singapore Chinese President Xi Jinping and Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou held their historic talks in Singapore – their first in more than 60 years on November 7, 2015. The two countries split in 1949 when the Kuomintang lost to the Chinese Communist Party in the civil war and set up a new government in Taiwan. Relations between China and Taiwan have improved under Mr. Ma Ying- jeou since he took office in 2008, with better economic ties and improving tourism links.

27. Which country is sending its largest warship against Islamic State (IS) in Syria and Iraq?
[A]France
[B]Britain
[C]Canada
[D]USA
Answer
France France is sending its largest warship Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier to fight against Islamic State (IS) in Syria and Iraq. The Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier is the largest warship in Western Europe and is also the only nuclear-powered carrier in service outside of the US Navy. France is joining the USA-led military operation against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.

28. Who is the new Prime Minister of Canada?
[A]Vivian Barbot
[B]Denis Lebe
l [C]David Johnston
[D]Justin Trudeau
Answer
Justin Trudeau Justin Trudeau of Liberal Party has been elected as 23rd Prime Minister of Canada. He is eldest son of Canada’s former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau who was in office for 16 years and led the country till 1984. He became the second youngest Prime Minister of Canada and the first to follow a parent into office.

29. Which of the following has been named as World’s healthiest country?
[A]Italy
[B]Singapore
[C]Australia
[D]Switzerland
Answer
Singapore Singapore has topped the list of World’s healthiest countries, while India has secured the 103rd position. The list ranks countries using data from the United Nations, the World Bank and the World Health Organisation

30. Who among the following is current Chinese Vice President?
[A]Wang Yong
[B]Li Yuanchao
[C]Yang Jing
[D]Li Keqiang
Answer
Li Yuanchao Recently, Chinese Vice President Li Yuanchao visited India to sign two agreements including one in the field of water resources on sharing hydrological data on the Sutlej river. Li is the first Chinese Vice president to visit India in more than six decades.

31. Which country topped the 2015 Global Prosperity Index?
[A]Switzerland
[B]Norway
[C]Denmark
[D]Sweden
Answer
Norway The annual Legatum Prosperity Index ranks 142 countries across eight categories: the Economy, Entrepreneurship & Opportunity, Governance, Education, Safety & Security, Personal Freedom, Health, and Social Capital. Norway ranked top in the recent list. Switzerland is ranked 2nd in the Index for the third year in a row. India ranked 99 position.

32. Which was the host country of recent ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting (ADMM)-Plus?
[A]Malaysia
[B]Indonesia
[C]Vietnam
[D]Singapore
Answer
Malaysia The ADMM is a gathering of the defence ministers from the 10 Asean nations. The ADMM-Plus includes the ASEAN members along with eight dialogue partners — Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Russia and the US. Recently the ADMM-Plus was held in Malaysia.

33. Which of the following countries plane crashed recently in Sinai peninsula of Egypt killing all people aboard?
[A]Germany
[B]France
[C]Russia
[D]Indonesia
Answer
Russia The Russian plane heading to St Petersburg, likely carrying tourists returning from holidays in Egypt’s popular Sharm el-Sheikh resort was crahed in Sinai region of Egypt. All the passengers including crew are reported to be killed in the crash. Till now, the real cause for the plane crash is unknown.

34. Recently, which two countries of Europe have conducted a joint session of both governments after a conflict of 25 years?
[A]Bosnia and Slovenia
[B]Bosnia and Serbia
[C]Ukraine and Croatia
[D]Croatia and Serbia
Answer
Bosnia and Serbia The Serbian and Bosnian governments held their first post-war joint session in Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina on November 4, 2015. Both the countries are trying to improve their relations for economic development and stabilization of Western Balkan region. Both the countries are aspiring to become members of European Union (EU). The joint session was held after their conflict began 25 years ago during the dissolution of Yugoslavia. During the joint session, the two governments has signed agreements on various issues including protection of cultural heritage, telecommunications, finding of mission persons and sustainable development.

35. Which country was most hit by the rare and historic cyclone Chapala, recently?
[A]Yemen
[B]Omen
[C]Somalia
[D]Malaysia
Answer
Yemen Recently, the deadly tropical cyclone Chapala has made landfall on the desert nation of Yemen, causing widespread floods in coastal regions. The cyclone made landfall in the south eastern provinces of Hadramawt and Shabwa along the Gulf of Aden coast of Yemen in Arabian Sea bringing winds of speed more than 100 kms per hour. Cyclone Chapala was formed after a low pressure was formed over the Arabian Sea with deep depression intensity. The low pressure was formed due to record warm water believed to be associated with an El Niño event and low vertical wind shear.

36. Which among the following Asian countries has imposed national emergency due to internal security issues, recently?
[A]Indonesia
[B]Maldives
[C]Nepal
[D]Sri Lanka
Answer
Maldives President of Maldives Abdulla Yameen has declared state of emergency for 30 days on grounds of threat to national security. The declaration with effect to emergency has been made on November 4, 2015 as per article 253 of the constitution of Maldives. The constitution of Maldives gives president powers to declare emergency and suspend certain rights of the citizens.

37.Visa Inc., the world’s largest payments network is based in ____________?
[A]Russia
[B]USA
[C]Canada
[D]Europe
Answer
USA Visa Inc. is an American based payment company. Recently it has announced to buy Visa Europe.

38. Which among the following countries is the world’s largest cotton producer?
[A]USA
[B]China
[C]Australia
[D]India
Answer
China China is the world’s largest producer of cotton. China is followed by India and USA.

39. According to the ‘Freedom on the Net 2015’ report, which among the following country is the world’s worst abuser of internet freedom?
[A]Iran
[B]China
[C]Syria
[D]North Korea
Answer
China According to the report ‘Freedom on the Net 2015’, released by Freedom House, China country was the worst abuser of internet freedom in the world. China was followed by Syria and Iran. Whereas in India, Internet freedom is improved for the second consecutive year in 2015. The report is based on internet-related developments in 65 countries across the world since June month of 2014. According to the report, internet freedom is most improved in Sri Lanka and Zambia because of recent change in governments of those countries. Freedom house is a non-profit organisation that supports democracy and freedom and advocates for human rights.

40.Tallest mountain in North America, Mount McKinley renamed as Denali

United States has changed the name of tallest mountain in North America Mount McKinley to its original native name Denali. It was announced by US President Barack Obama ahead of his three-day visit to Alaska to highlight the issue of climate change. It was renamed following the lead of the state of Alaska, US Department of the Interior (USDoI) in conjunction with the US Board on Geographic Names (USBGN). Key facts The summit elevation of Mount Denali is 6,190 m above sea level. It is located in the Alaska Range and Denali National Park in the US state of Alaska. Till 1896, it was named as Denali (meaning as High One or Great One) among the natives of Alaska, but was renamed as Mount McKinley in the honour of William McKinley after he was nominated to become the US President.

41. Which organisation signed Moscow Declaration for partnership in addressing common regional and global socio-economic challenges by utilising science, technology and innovation (STI)?
[A]BRICS
[B]SAARC
[C]ASEAN
[D]SCO
Answer
BRICS BRICS nations Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa signed Moscow Declaration for partnership in addressing common regional and global socio-economic challenges by utilising science, technology and innovation (STI). It was signed at the third meeting of the BRICS Ministers for Science, Technology and Innovation held in Moscow, Russia.

42.Recently, which former British PM has concedes rise of Islamic State is due to Iraq war?
[A]Edward Heath
[B]John Major
[C]Gordon Brown
[D]Tony Blair
Answer
Tony Blair British former Prime Minister Tony Blair has apologised for mistakes made over the Iraq War. He conceded that the war has caused the rise of Islamic State militant group.

43. Which is the world’s largest man-made lake and reservoir by volume?
[A]Lake Volta
[B]Lake Kariba
[C]Lake Tanzania
[D]Lake Harike
Answer
Lake Kariba Lake Kariba is the world’s largest man-made lake and reservoir by volume. It lies along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

44. Which country is building the Asia’s first big database for International shipping?
[B]China
[C]Japan
[D]Sri Lanka
Answer
China A big data base for International shipping, which is said to be first in Asia, will be established in east China’s port city of Quingdao. The 5 billion yuan project includes a big data exchange, a research academy, an industrial park and a big data centre.

45. Which country has recorded the largest number of Tuberculosis cases in the World in 2014?
[A]Indonesia
[B]China
[C]India
[D]South Africa
Answer
India As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), India has recorded the largest number of Tuberculosis cases in the world last year. Tuberculosis killed 1.5 million people in 2014 which ranks alongside HIV as a leading killer worldwide. As per the report, India, Indonesia and China had largest number of cases at 23 per cent, 10 per cent and 10 per cent respectively of the global total in 2014. India and Nigeria accounted for about one-third of global TB deaths.

46. Which country has won the Rugby World Cup, recently?
[A]Australia
[B]Netherland
[C]New Zealand
[D]USA
Answer
New Zealand New Zealand team overwhelmed Australia 34-17 to clinch the Rugby World cup for a record third time. It became the first nation to retain the Webb Ellis cup.

47. Which is the world’s largest man-made lake and reservoir by volume?
[A]Lake Volta
[B]Lake Kariba
[C]Lake Tanzania
[D]Lake Harike
Answer
Lake Kariba Lake Kariba is the world’s largest man-made lake and reservoir by volume. It lies along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

48.Which country is planning to build world’s most powerful particle collider?
[A]China
[B]Sweden
[C]France
[D]Russia
Answer
China China is planning to design of a super giant particle collider which will be bigger and more powerful than any particle accelerator on earth. Chinese scientists have completed an initial conceptual design of collider. With a circumference of 50 to 100 km, the proposed Chinese accelerator Circular electron Positron Collider will generate millions of Higgs bosons particles, allowing a more precise understanding.

49.. Which country has over taken the US to become the world’s largest online retail market?
[A]India
[B]Singapore
[C]China
[D]Japan
Answer
China China over took the US to become the world’s largest online retail market as its e-commerce revenues grossed $439 million last year constituting 7% of its GDP. According to US journal Statista, US online sales last year accounted to about $290 billion. In 2014, the number of online shoppers in China climbed to 361 million, representing 55.7% of the nation’s shoppers.

50. Which two countries will host the Asian Cup cricket in 2016 and 2018, respectively?
[A]Bangladesh and Sri Lanka
[B]Sri Lanka and India
[C]Bangladesh and India
[D]Pakistan and India
Answer
Bangladesh and India The 2016 Asia Cup T20 tournament will be held in Bangladesh in February. India will host 2018 edition of Asia Cup.

51. Who has won the European Union’s prize for human rights and freedom of thought?
[A]Syed Kamal
[B]Raif Badawi
[C]Edward Snowden
[D]Malala Yousafzai
Answer
Raif Badawi Saudi blogger Raif Badawi has been chosen for the prestigious European Union’s prize for human rights and freedom of thought. Badawi was well known for insulting Islam and for cyber crime. Named in honour of Soviet scientist and dissident Andrei Sakharov, the prize has been awarded by the European Parliament annually since 1998. The first recipients were Nelson Mandela and Russian author and dissident Anatoly Marchenko.

52. Who has won the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, 2015?
[A]Raif Badawi
[B]Denis Mukwege
[C]Ensaf Haidar
[D]Martin Schulz
Answer
Raif Badawi The Saudi Arabian blogger and author of the website Free Saudi Liberals, Mr. Raif Badawi won 2015 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought for courageously expressing his ideas and openly raising his doubts on the rules of his country which he deemed overtly restrictive. Currently, he is serving a 10-year sentence and 1,000 lashes for insulting Islam. The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought has been awarded by the European Parliament since 1988 to individuals or organisations for their contribution to the fight for human rights and democracy.

53. Who is the new President of Tanzania?
[A]Edward Lowassa
[B]Samia Suluhu
[C]Asha-Rose Migiro
[D]John Pombe Magufuli
Answer
John Pombe Magufuli Dr. John Pombe Magufuli (56) is the fifth President of Tanzania, who won the 2015 Tanzanian general election. He was the candidate from ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party.

54. As per the WEF’s Global Shapers Annual Survey 2015, who is the most admired leader in the world?
[A]Bill Gates
[B]Mahatma Gandhi
[C]Pope Francis
[D]Nelson Mandela
Answer
Nelson Mandela As per World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Shapers Annual Survey 2015, late South African President Mr. Nelson Mandela is the most admired leader of the world followed by Pope Francis(2nd), Tesla Motors’ CEO Elon Musk (3rd) , Mahatma Gandhi (4th), Microsoft Founder Bill Gates(5th), US President Barack Obama (6th), Virgin Group Founder Mr. Richard Barson (7), Apple Founder Mr. Steve Jobs (8), Nobel laureate Mohammad Yunus (9), Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi (10th) and US investor Mr.Warren Buffett (11).

55. As per the Global Tuberculosis Report 2015 which country has the largest cases of Tuberculosis (TB) in the world?
[A]China
[B]India
[C]South Africa
[D]Vietnam
Answer
India The 12th Global Tuberculosis Report 2015 is published by the World Health Organization (WHO). As per the report, India, Indonesia and China had the largest number of cases: 23%, 10% and 10% of the global total, respectively. India is among 9 high-burden countries viz. Brazil, Cambodia, China, Ethiopia, India, Myanmar, the Philippines, Uganda and Vietnam, where all 2015 targets for mortality, prevalence and incidence were met.

56. Who is the first Woman President of Nepal?
[A]Bidhya Devi Bhandari
[B]Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
[C]Onsari Gharti Margi
[D]Kul Bahadur Gurung
Answer
Bidhya Devi Bhandari The Communist leader, Ms. Bidhya Devi Bhandari (54) has been elected as the first woman President of Nepal,. Ms. Bhandari succeeded Mr. Ram Baran Yadav who was elected as the country’s first President in 2008 after Nepal was declared a Republic following the abolition of a 240-year-old monarchy. Previously, Ms. Bhandari was the vice-chairperson of the Unified Marxist–Leninist party of Nepal and chair of the All Nepal Women Association.

57. The world’s first 3D blood vessel bio printer has been invented by which country, recently?
[A]China
[B]India
[C]Japan
[D]USA
Answer
China The world’s first 3D blood vessel bio-printer has been invented by Chinese biotechnological firm Sichuan Revotek. This 3-D blood vessel bio-printer makes it easy to produce personalised functional organs. With this innovation, the stem based 3D bio-printing technology has been plastered. Blood vessel carry nutrients to organs and play a vital role in organ formation. The research team developed a new bio-ink called “Biosynsphere”, whose primary goal is the personalised stem cell bio-printing to pave the way for organ regeneration.

58. Recently, which country has launched the Tianhui-1C mapping satellite?
[A]China
[B]North Korea
[C]Japan
[D]South Korea
Answer
China The Tianhui-1C mapping satellite of Tianhui-1 series has been launched by Long March 2D carrier rocket from the Jiuquan launching base located in the China’s northwestern Gansu province.The satellite has been developed and produced under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp (CASTC) which is China’s primary launch vehicle and satellite contractor. It will be used for scientific experiments, land resource surveys, mapping, crop yield estimation and disaster relief.

59. The 2015 Formula 1 United States Grand Prix has been won by which sportsman?
[A]Nico Rosberg
[B]Sergio Perez
[C]Sebastian Vette
l [D]Lewis Hamilton
Answer
Lewis Hamilton The Mercedes driver, Mr. Lewis Hamilton won the 2015 Formula 1 United States Grand Prix title. It was the third title for Hamilton at the Circuit of the Americas in Elroy, Texas of the USA where championship is being held annually. With this, he became only the second British driver after Sir Jackie Stewart to achieve the feat.

60. On which date the World Polio Day has been observed?
[A]October 24
[B]October 26
[C]October 21
[D]October 29
Answer
October 24 The World Polio Day has been observed on 24 October 2015. The day was observed to create awareness about the hazards of the crippling disease.The Day was established by Rotary International over a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis.

61. First World Indigenous Games were held in __?
[A]Russia
[B]USA
[C]Brazil
[D]China
Answer
Brazil The first edition of World Indigenous Games 2015 are a multi-sport event that took place from October 23 to November 1, 2015 in Palmas, Brazil. Approx, two thousand athletes from many indigenous ethnic groups and 30 countries are taking part in the first World Indigenous Games. The Games are governed by the Inter Tribal Council, a Brazilian indigenous peoples NGO that has staged Brazil’s national Indigenous Games since 1996.

62.Recently, Robert Mugabe won the 2015 Confucius Peace Prize. He is the President/Prime Minister of which country?
[A]Egypt
[B]South Africa
[C]Tunisia
[D]Zimbabve
Answer
Zimbabve The President of Zimbabve, Mr. Robert Gabriel Mugabe (91) won the 2015 Confucius Peace Prize by China for working tirelessly to build the political and economic stability of his country, bringing peace to the people of Zimbabwe, strongly supporting pan-Africanism and African independence and making unparalleled contributions for the renaissance of African civilisation. The Prize is a Chinese alternative to the Nobel Peace Prize established in 2010 by the Association of Chinese Indigenous Arts. The award is bestowed for promotion of world peace from the 21st-century interpretation of Confucianism i.e. Universal harmony in the world.

63. According to latest findings, which chemical in sunscreen killing coral reefs around the world?
[A]Oxybenzone
[B]Benzophenone
[C]Isopropyl alcohol
[D]Diethanolamine
Answer
Oxybenzone Oxybenzone, a common UV-filtering compound found in sunscreen killing coral reefs around the world. The chemical not only kills the coral, it causes DNA damage in adults and deforms the DNA in coral in the larval stage, making it unlikely they can develop properly. Oxybenzone also caused coral bleaching, which is prime cause of coral mortality worldwide.

64.An APSTAR-9 communication satellite has been launched by which country, recently?
[A]China
[B]India
[C]Pakistan
[D]Indonesia
Answer
China China has successfully launched the APSTAR-9 communications satellite on a Long March 3B rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan province. The satellite is expected to deliver telecommunications and broadcasting services to customers across the Asia-Pacific region.

65. Richard Heck, who died recently, was a Nobel laureate in which field?
[A]Chemistry
[B]Medicine
[C]Economics
[D]Physics
Answer
Chemistry Richard Heck won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 2010. He won the award along with Japanese Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki for inventing new ways to bind carbon atoms that were used in research to fight cancer and produce thin computer screens.

66. Which country is set to become the first ever cashless country in the world?
[A]Sweden
[B]Netherland
[C]Austria
[D]Singapore
Answer
Sweden Sweden is set to become the first ever cashless country in the world. As per the study by the KTH Royal Institute of Technology, today five of six major banks in Sweden are already refusing to operate cash. As a result, and considering the latest Authority guidelines, Bitcoins has the potential to become a commonly used currency in Sweden.

67.Which country commissioned the world’s high altitude hydropower station, recently?
[A]China
[B]Japan
[C]Russia
[D]Canada
Answer
China China commissioned the world’s high altitude hydropower station on Brahmaputra river. The Zam Hydropower Station is considered the world’s highest-altitude hydropower station and the largest of its kind in Tibet. The Zangmu dam, on which construction began in 2010, raised attention in India as the first major hydropower project on the middle reaches of the Brahmaputra, which has its source in Tibet, where it is known as the Yarlung Tsangpo (or Zangbo in Chinese).

68. With which country Pakistan signed a major agreement to build a 1,100 kilometre gas pipeline?
[A]Russia
[B]China
[C]Iran
[D]Afghanistan
Answer
Russia Pakistan signed a major agreement with Russia to build a 1,100 kilometre gas pipeline from Lahore to Karachi. The 1,100 kilometre pipeline with a capacity of 12.4 billion cubic metre per annum will connect Karachi’s liquefied natural gas terminals with those in Lahore. Russia will invest 2 $ billion in the project, the first phase of which is expected to conclude by December 2017.

69.Recently, Onsari Gharti Magar became first woman parliament speaker of which country?
[A]Sri Lanka
[B]Nepal
[C]Belarus
[D]Argentina
Answer
Nepal Onsari Gharti Magar has become the first woman parliament speaker of Nepal after she was unanimously elected by the parliament. Gharti was earlier served as Deputy Speaker in parliament.

70.The Andes Mountains does not pass through which one of the following countries?
[A]Argentina
[B]Peru
[C]Switzerland
[D]Chile
Answer
Switzerland The Andes Mountains line the western edge of South America, from Venezuela all the way along Chile to South America’s southern tip (about 9,000 km in all), making them the longest mountain range in the world. Along that route, they cross through Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. By width, they cross into Argentina, which borders with Chile. The Andes are one of the tallest mountain ranges, too, trailing only the Himalayas of Asia in height. Many summits (tops of the mountains) reach higher than 20,000 feet.

71.. Valfajr is a smart torpedo system design and develop by which country?
[A]Japan
[B] China
[C]Iran
[D] Pakistan
Answer
Iran Valfajr is a smart torpedo system that was design and develop by Iran. Torpedo has high speed and destructive explosive warheads approximately 220 kg. Valfajr can destroy naval targets in different weather and depth.

72.. In which country is located Peninsula Valdes, an important and significant natural habitats for the in-situ conservation of several threatened species of outstanding universal value?
[A]Chile
[B]Argentina
[C]Peru
[D]Mexico
Answer
Argentina The Valdes Peninsula is a peninsula on the Atlantic coast in the Viedma Department in the north east of Chubut Province, Argentina. Is a site of global significance for the conservation of marine mammals. It is home to an important breeding population of the endangered southern right whale as well as important breeding populations of southern elephant seals and southern sea lions.

73. In context to latest astronomical findings, what is KIC 8462852?
[A]Asteroid
[B]Star
[C]Comet
[D]Meteorite
Answer
Asteroid KIC 8462852 is an F-type main-sequence star located in the constellation Cygnus approximately 454 parsecs (1,480 ly) from Earth. In September 2015, several astronomers published a paper analyzing the unusual light fluctuations of the star as measured by the kepler space telescope, a probe that records changes in the brightness of distant orbiting stars to detect exoplanets. The star’s large irregular changes in brightness is consistent with a large mass (or many small masses together) orbiting the star in “tight formation”.

74. The National Dialogue Quartet (NDQ) of which country won the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize?
[A]Uganda
[B]Belarus
[C]Tunisia
[D]Ireland
Answer
Tunisia The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet (NDQ) won prestigious 2015 Nobel Peace Prize for helping the country’s transition to democracy. It has been selected for its decisive contribution in building pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the 2011 Jasmine Revolution. The Quartet is credited with creating a national dialogue between the country’s Islamist and secular coalition parties amid deepening political and economic crisis in 2013. It was established in 2013 as an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when Tunisia was on the brink of civil war aftermath of revolution.

75. In which country the Vulnerable 20 (V20) countries meeting held recently?
[A]India
[B]Peru
[C]Vietnam
[D]Bangladesh
Answer
Peru The Vulnerable Twenty (V20) finance ministers inaugural meeting held at Lima, Peru. In it all the V20 members agreed to study the creation of a sovereign V20 Climate Risk Pooling Mechanism to distribute economic and financial risks, improve recovery after climate-induced weather disasters and enhance the security of jobs, livelihoods, businesses and investors. The V20 is a bloc consists of countries most threatened by climate change including’s members are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Costa Rica, East Timor, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Kiribati, Madagascar, the Maldives, Nepal, the Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Tanzania, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Vietnam.


76.Who has been elected as the new head of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)?
[A]Lee Hoi-chang
[B]Rajendra Pachauri
[C]Hoesung Lee
[D]Jean-Pascal van Ypersele
Answer
Hoesung Lee The South Korean economist, Dr. Hoesung Lee (69) has been elected as the new chairperson of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of United Nations. He succeeded India’s Rajendra Pachauri, who served as IPCC chair for 13 years and resigned in February 2015 amid a sexual harassment scandal. Prof Lee, an expert on climate economics and sustainable development, is a professor at the Graduate School of Energy and Environment of Korea University in Republic of Korea. He is also part of the president advisory board on climate change of Asian Development Bank (ADB). He is the fourth person to lead the IPCC in its 27-year history.

77.The Jilin-1 satellite has been launched by which country recently for commercial remote sensing services?
[A]USA
[B]Japan
[C]Russia
[D]China
Answer
China For commercial remote-sensing services, China launched “Jilin-1” satellites from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in China’s Gansu province, included one optical remote-sensing satellite, two satellites for video imaging and another for imaging technique testing. All four satellites were developed and produced by Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd. The company will also take charge of commercial operations of the satellites to provide remote-sensing data and relevant products, which may be used for the monitoring, development and surveying of resources as well as mapping and disaster prevention for domestic and overseas clients.

78. Who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2015?
[A]Angus Deaton
[B]Samuel Wilson
[C]Caleb Henry
[D]Steve Jurczyk
Answer
Angus Deaton The Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2015 has been awarded to Angus Deaton of Princeton University, New Jersey, USA. Mr Deaton won the prestigious award for his analysis of consumption, poverty and welfare. The economics award officially known as the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel wasn’t created by Nobel, but by Sweden’s central bank in 1968. Though it’s handed out along with the other prizes and the criteria for selecting winners are the same, it’s not a Nobel Prize in the same sense.

.79. The Wilson disease is caused due to accumulation of which chemical in tissues?
[A]Magnesium
[B]Copper
[C]Iron
[D]Silicon
Answer
Copper Wilson’s disease or hepatolenticular degeneration is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder in which copper accumulates in tissues; this manifests as neurological or psychiatric symptoms and liver disease. It is treated with medication that reduces copper absorption or removes the excess copper from the body, but occasionally a liver transplant is required.

80.For which of the following discovery, Nobel Prize for 2015 Chemistry was awarded?
[A]for discoveries in RNA repair
[B]for discoveries in kidney repair
[C]for discoveries in lungs repair
[D]for discoveries in DNA repair
Answer
for discoveries in DNA repair The 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly awarded to Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar for having mapped, at a molecular level, how cells repair damaged DNA and safeguard the genetic information. Tomas Lindahl is from the Francis Crick Institute, UK; Paul Modrich is from Duke University School of Medicine, USA and Aziz Sancar belongs to University of North Carolina School of Medicine, USA. Their work provided fundamental knowledge of how a living cell functions and how it is used for the development of new cancer treatments. The winners will share the 8 million Swedish kronor (about $960,000) prize money. Each winner will also get a diploma and a gold medal at the annual award ceremony on Dec. 10, the anniversary of the death of prize founder Alfred Nobel.

81. Who among the following is the winner of 2015 PEN Pinter Prize?
[A]David Hare
[B]Tom Stoppard
[C]Salman Rushdie
[D]James Fenton
Answer
James Fenton For speaking “truth to power – forcefully, fearlessly, and beautifully, the 2015 PEN Pinter Prize has been won by British poet and journalist Mr. James Fenton. Beside this award, the Saudi blogger and activist Mr. Raif Badawi won the 2015 International Writer of Courage Award. Though, due to Mr. Badawi’s imprisonment, his award was accepted by Jimmy Wales, co-founder of Wikipedia and campaigner for Raif Badawi.

82. Which of the following organizations releases World Economic Outlook from time to time?
[A]World Economic Forum
[B]World Bank
[C]International Monetary Fund
[D]World Trade Organization
Answer
International Monetary Fund The World Economic Outlook (WEO) October 2015 Update titled ‘Adjusting to Lower Commodity Prices’ has been released by International Monetary Fund (IMF). The report projects global growth for 2015 at 3.1 %, which is 0.3 % point lower than in 2014, and 0.2 % point below the forecasts in the July 2015 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Update. India’s growth is expected to strengthen from 7.3 % 2015 and last year to 7.5 % in 2016.

83. The winner of 2015 FIDE World Chess Cup is __?
[A]Peter Svidler
[B]Garry Kasparov
[C]Sergey Karjakin
[D]Viswanathan Anand
Answer
Sergey Karjakin The Russian chess player, Mr. Sergey Karjakin won the 2015 FIDE World Chess Cup held at Baku, Azerbaijan. The Chess World Cup is the highly regarded tournaments in chess after the World Championship and the Candidates Tournament.

84. The International Day of the Girl Child is observed on which of the following days?
[A]6 October
[B]8 October
[C]11 October
[D]12 October
Answer
11 October The International Day of the Girl Child is celebrated on 11 October every year. In 2011, the United Nations General Assembly declared October 11 as the International Day of the Girl Child, to recognize girl’s right and the unique challenges they face around the world.

85. Who among the following is current Prime Minister of Nepal?
[A]Sushil Koirala
[B]K P Sharma Oli
[C]Girija Prasad Koirala
[D]Manmohan Adhikari
Answer
K P Sharma Oli CPN-UML Chairman K P Sharma Oli was elected as the next Prime Minister of Nepal. Oli defeated incumbent Sushil Koirala. Oli has secured 338 votes, 39 more than the 299 that he needed to be elected as the prime minister while Nepali congress president Koirala could only secure 249 votes.

86. Which country successfully tests the Emad missile, a new generation long-range ballistic missile?
[A]China
[B]Iran
[C]Iraq
[D]Japan
Answer
Iran Iran has successfully test-fired the Emad a new generation long-range ballistic missile. The Emad surface-to-surface missile, designed and built by Iran. It is Iran’s first long-range missile that can be precision-guided until it reaches its target. The liquid propelled rocket had a range of 1,700 kilometers and was accurate to within 500 meters of the target.

87. Which among the following has been ranked top in terms of brand value, globally?
[A]Google
[B]Coca Cola
[C]Apple
[D]Samsung
Answer
Apple According to the annual report compiled by Interbrand, American tech giant Apple topped the list with its brand value estimated at $170.3 billion, up 43 percent from a year earlier. Google Inc. Ranked second at $120.3 billion, up 12 percent from the previous year. The top ten brands in the list, after Apple and Google, were Coca Cola ($78 billion), Microsoft ($67 billion), IBM ($65 billion), Toyota ($49 billion), Samsung ($45 billion), General Electric ($42 billion), McDonald’s ($39 billion) and Amazon ($37 billion).

88. Which type of cloud most often produces severe thunderstorm and hail storms?
[A]Cumulus
[B]Cirrus
[C]Cumulonimbus
[D]Stratus
Answer
Cumulonimbus Cumulonimbus, from the Latin cumulus (“heap”) and nimbus (“rainstorm”, “storm cloud”), is a dense towering vertical cloud associated with thunderstorms and atmospheric instability, forming from water vapour carried by powerful upward air currents. Cumulonimbus can form alone, in clusters, or along cold front squall lines. These clouds are capable of producing lightning and other dangerous severe weather, such as tornadoes.

89. In October 2015, which country / territory flag was raised at United Nations for the first time?
[A]Timor
[B]Palestine
[C]Syria
[D]Jordan
Answer
Palestine Palestine president Mahmoud Abbas raised the flag of the state of Palestine at United Nations for the first time. The Palestinians campaigned for a General Assembly resolution that was overwhelmingly approved on September 10 allowing the UN observer states to fly their flag alongside those of the 193 UN member states.

90.Cotopaxi, a beautiful snow covered volcano is located in which country?
[A]Cuba
[B]USA
[C]Ecuador
[D]Chile
Answer
Ecuador Cotopaxi is an active stratovolcano in the Andes Mountains, located in the Latacunga canton of Cotopaxi Province, Ecuador, in South America. It is the second highest summit in Ecuador, reaching a height of 5,897 m (19,347 ft).

91.In which year, India will chair the prestigious G20 forum?
[A]2016
[B]2017
[C]2018
[D]2019
Answer
2018 India will chair the G20 forum in 2018 and New Delhi could host the prestigious annual G20 summit. China is chairing the G20 this time, following which Germany will in 2017 and then the Chair will pass on to India for 2018. One of the G20 countries is selected to hold the Chair in rotation, also known as ‘G20 presidency’.

92. The ARSAT2 is a communication satellite launched by which country?
[A]Australia
[B]Argentina
[C]South Korea
[D]Angola
Answer
Argentina ARSAT2 is a second communication satellite launched by Argentina on 1 October 2015. The country’s previous telecommunications satellite, ARSAT1, was sent up nearly a year ago, when Argentina became the first Latin American country to develop and launch a telecommunications satellite into orbit.

93.Recently, which country has been severely affected by Super typhoon Dujuan?
[A]Philippines
[B]Japan
[C]China
[D]Bangladesh
Answer
China Super typhoon Dujuan has caused heavy losses in China’s coastal provinces of Zhejiang and Fujian. Dujuan, the 21st typhoon of the year, made landfall in Fujian on Tuesday morning. It killed two people and injured 324 in Taiwan previously. In Fujian, Dujuan affected over a million people, with 430,200 evacuated. Four-hundred houses were destroyed and about 31,000 hectares of crops were damaged across seven cities and 51 counties in the province.

94. Who among the following has been crowned the prestigious UK Crime Writer’s Association Gold Dagger award?
[A]JK Rowling
[B]Robert Galbraith
[C]Michael Robotham
[D]Rolf Harris
Answer
Michael Robotham Australian author Michael Robotham has won the year’s best crime writer after he received the prestigious UK Crime Writer’s Association Gold Dagger award. Robotham’s novel, titled ‘Life or Death’, beat other shortlisted authors that included The Silkworm by JK Rowling, and sci-fi writer Stephen King’s Mr Mercedes. ‘Life or Death’ tells the story of a Texan prisoner who escapes jail a day before he is due to be released.

95. Which country has been ranked number one in the recently launched ICC women’s team ranking?
[A]India
[B]Bangladesh
[C]Australia
[D]New Zealand
Answer
Australia Australia is ranked number one in the recently launched ICC women’s team ranking following its success in the ICC Women’s World Cup 2013 in India and the ICC Women’s World Twenty20 2014 in Bangladesh. England is ranked second in the 10-team table, 10 points behind Australia, followed by New Zealand (109), India (105), West Indies (99), South Africa (92), Pakistan (81), Sri Lanka (74), Bangladesh (57) and Ireland (26).

96.. On which of the following days International Day of Older Persons is celebrated?
[A]September 30
[B]September 29
[C]October 1
[D]October 2
Answer
October 1 International Day of Older Persons is observed on 1 October every year. On 14 December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly designated 1 October the International Day of Older Persons. This was preceded by initiatives such as the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing which was adopted by the 1982 World Assembly on Ageing and endorsed later that year by the UN General Assembly. The theme of the 2015 commemoration is “Sustainability and Age Inclusiveness in the Urban Environment”.

97. The Champions of the Earth award is the highest environmental award given by which organization?
[A]United Nations
[B]World Bank
[C]World Trade Organisation
[D]European Union
Answer
United Nations The Champions of the Earth award is the United Nations highest environmental honour recognizing visionary people and organisations all over the world that exemplify leadership and advocate action on sustainable development, climate change and a life of dignity for all. The award was established in 2004.

98. Currently, which among the following countries have space observatory?
Answer
So far only US, Russia and Japan have own space observatory. After successful launching of ASTROSTAT India became the fourth country globally to have space observatory.

99. What is the theme of World Tourism Day-2015?
[A]One billion tourist’s one billion opportunities
[B]Sustainable tourism for future
[C]Tourism Linking Cultures
[D]Tourism and Energetic Sustainability
Answer
One billion tourist’s one billion opportunities The World Tourism Day celebration was started by the United Nations World Tourism Organization in the year 1980 which is celebrated every year at 27th September. This day is celebrated every year having particular theme for making aware the people all over the world. The theme of this year tourism day is One billion tourist’s one billion opportunities.

100. Mina, the city of tents is located in which of the following country?
[A]Jordan
[B]Saudi Arabia
[C]Mexico
[D]Syria
Answer
Saudi Arabia Mina is a small city located inside a low lying valley in the province of Makkh, in western Saudi Arabia. Inside the 20 square km valley, tents cover every open space, as far as the eye can see, neatly arranged, row after row. It is in these tents Hajj pilgrims stay overnight during the five days of each Haj season. For the rest of the year, Mina remains pretty much deserted. There are more than 100,000 air-conditioned tents in Mina providing temporary accommodation to 3 million pilgrims.

101. Which one of the following birds is often regarded as the “Farmers of the Forest”?
[A]Great Indian Bustard
[B]Hornbills
[C]Myna
[D]Toucans
Answer
Hornbills Hornbills are unique birds. They get their name from the horn-like projection called a casque on top of their beak. Hornbills are often called as the ‘farmers of the forest’ as they disperse the seeds of many tropical trees and keep the forest alive. Unfortunately, most hornbill species are threatened by habitat loss and hunting.

102. Which planet has largest planetary magnetosphere in the solar system?
[A]Earth
[B]Jupiter
[C]Mars
[D]Neptune
Answer
Jupiter The magnetosphere of Jupiter is the largest planetary magnetosphere in the Solar system, extending up to 7,000,000 kilometres on the dayside and almost to the orbit of Saturn on the nightside. Jupiter’s magnetosphere is stronger than Earth’s by an order of magnitude, and its magnetic moment is approximately 18,000 times larger.

103. Which country has recently adopted Cow as national animal?
[A]Sri Lanka
[B]Bhutan
[C]Nepal
[D]Singapore
Answer
Nepal Cow, which is sacred to Hindus, has been declared the animal of Nepal. Now, the animal has constitutional protection and cow slaughter has also been banned in Nepal.

104. The Lapis Lazuli is a historic corridor connects Afghanistan with which region of the world?
[A]Europe
[B]South Asia
[C]Africa
[D]North America
Answer
Europe The Lapis Lazuli corridor connects Afghanistan through Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia to the Black Sea and ultimately through Turkey to the Mediterranean Sea and Europe. The Lapis Lazuli corridor is a historic corridor. Some 2,000 years back, lapis lazuli stone was exported from Badakhshan in north-eastern Afghanistan through this route to Europe.

105. The chemical used in indelible ink (Election ink) is _____?
[A]Sodium Nitrate
[B]Potassium Nitrate
[C]Silver Nitrate
[D]Silver Iodide
Answer
Silver Nitrate Indelible ink typically contain Silver Nitrate which stains the skin on exposure of ultraviolet light, leaving a mark that is impossible to wash off and is only removed on external skin cells are replaced.

106. The “Ease of Doing Business Index” is prepared and published by _____?
[A]World Trade Organisation
[B]World Bank Group
[C]United Nations
[D]European Union
Answer
World Bank Group The ease of doing business index is prepared by World Bank Group. The index ranks economies from 1 to 189, with first place being the best. A high ranking means that the regulatory environment is conducive to business operation. The index averages the country’s percentile rankings on 10 topics covered in the World Bank’s Doing Business.

107.Which of the following is the first developing country to prepare a Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan and to set up its own Climate Change Trust Fund?
[A]India
[B]Bangladesh
[C]Nepal
[D]Sri Lanka
Answer
Bangladesh Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has been named as one of the winners of the UN’s highest environmental accolades – Champion of the Earth in recognition of Bangladesh’s far-reaching initiatives to address climate change. According to UNEP: Bangladesh is the first developing country to prepare a Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan and to set up its own Climate Change Trust Fund in 2009.It has one of the world’s largest solar home energy systems covering over 10% of its off-grid population, and earmarks 6% of its annual budget for climate change adaptation. Previous winners include National Geographic Society, South Africa’s Black Mamba Anti-Poaching Unit and Brazil’s cosmetic firm Natura.

108.The Long March-6 rocket was launched by which among the following countries recently?
[A]United States
[B]China
[C]France
[D]India
Answer
China China has successfully launched a newly-developed carrier rocket Long March-6, capable of taking satellites into the orbit, as part of the country’s space program. The 29.3-meter- long rocket carried 20 micro satellites into the space, which are due to be used for experiments in technology and new products, adding that the new carrier rocket uses a fuel composed of liquid oxygen and kerosene, which is purportedly free of toxicity and pollution. Based on a 2011 policy paper, the Long March-6 rockets are expected to be capable of putting not less than one ton of payload into the orbit at an altitude of 700 kilometres.

109. The Parchin military site, which was recently making news is in which country?
[A]Iran
[B]Iraq
[C]Syria
[D]Libya
Answer
Iran International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has recently taken environmental samples from the sensitive military site in Iran. Parchin is a military complex located some 30 kilometres South of Iran’s capital Tehran. It has also served as a missile test range.

110. The Syriza party has recently won third national election in which of the following European countries recently?
[A]Netherlands
[B]Belgium
[C]Croatia
[D]Greece
Answer
Greece In Greece, Alexis Tsipras’ left-wing Syriza party won country’s third national vote this year despite a party rebellion over his acceptance of a painful third international bailout. Though Syriza fell short of a governing majority in the 300-member parliament and was projected to win 145 seats, however it was expected to form a coalition government with ease.
6. Which of the following countries has world’s highest household broadband penetration in 2015? [A]Qatar [B]United States [C]South Korea [D]Japan Hide Answer South Korea According to the State of Broadband 2015 report by the United Nations, Republic of Korea continues to have the world’s highest household broadband penetration, with 98.5 per cent of homes connected.


111. Which of the following countries has world’s highest household broadband penetration in 2015?
[A]Qatar
[B]United States
[C]South Korea
[D]Japan
Answer
South Korea According to the State of Broadband 2015 report by the United Nations, Republic of Korea continues to have the world’s highest household broadband penetration, with 98.5 per cent of homes connected.

112. The FARC rebels are members of a terrorist organization which is in conflict with which of the following governments?
[A]Brazil
[B]Panama
[C]Colombia
[D]Venezuela
Answer
Colombia Recently Colombian government and FARC rebels have agreed to sign a definitive peace deal within six months to end half a century of conflict.

113. Which day has been proclaimed by United Nations as “International Genocide Commemoration Day”?
[A]December 9
[B]November 12
[C]October 25
[D]September 22
Answer
December 9 The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the resolutions that proclaimed December 9 as International Day of Commemoration & Dignity of the Victims of the Crime of Genocide and of the Prevention of this Crime. The day marks the anniversary of the signing of the 1948 Genocide Convention.

114. Which of the following countries was earlier known as Republic of Upper Volta?
[A]Zimbabwe
[B]Burkina Faso
[C]Niger
[D]Ghana
Answer
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso is a land-locked West African state surrounded by six countries. It has a population of just over 17 million people. Formerly known as the Republic of Upper Volta, the official language is French. It is an important ally for the US and France in the fight against militants in the Sahel region. A military coup was held here recently.

115.Which among the following is the National flower of the newly adopted constitution of Nepal?
[A]Lali gurans
[B]Chrysanthemum
[C]Lotus
[D] Blue water lily
Answer
Lali gurans With reference of the newly adopted constitution of Nepal, the list of national symbols of Nepal are a) National Bird: Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus). b) National Flag: World’s only non-quadrilateral national flag. c) National Emblem: Coat of arms. d) National Dress: Daura-Suruwal. e) National Anthem: Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka. f) National Animal: Cow. g) National Flower: Rhododendron (or lali gurans). h) National Language: Nepali.

116. Which drug/ painkiller has been responsible for large scale decline in the vulture population?
[A]Paracetamol
[B]Codeine
[C]Morphine
[D]Diclofenac


Answer
Diclofenac On the request of Union Environment Ministry, the Union Health Ministry banned the sale of multiple-dose vials of a painkiller “diclofenac” whose use in the veterinary sector has pushed vultures in India to the brink of extinction. The commonly-used anti-inflammatory drug for cattle is considered the chief cause for the steep decline in the number of vultures in recent years. The drug is harmless to the cattle it is administered to, but is fatal for the vultures, who routinely feed on the carcass of dead cattle. Studies have shown that the drug causes kidney and liver failure in vultures.

117. Who among the following is current Prime Minister of Sri Lanka?
[A]Maithripala Sirisena
[B]Ranil Wickremesinghe
[C]Chandrika Kumaratunga
[D]Mahinda Rajapaksa
Answer
Ranil Wickremesinghe Recently, Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe had visited India. He is holding the office of Prime Minister of Sri Lanka since 9 January 2015. He is also the leader of the United National Front. This is his third term as Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.

118. What would be the number of bytes, transferred at the rate of 1 Kilobit per second?
[A]100
[B]108
[C]125
[D]128
Answer
125 kilobit per second (kbps) is a unit of data transfer rate equal to 1,000 bits per second and 125 bytes per second.

119. With reference to United Nations, which among the following status is applicable to Vatican?
[A]Member State
[B]Non-Member Non-sovereign State
[C]Observer State
[D]Non-member observer state
Answer
Non-member observer state Palestine became an observer state in 2012. The Vatican has been a non-member observer state since 1964.

120. Which city of China will host the 2022 Asian Games?
[A]Dongguan
[B]Guangzhou
[C]Hangzhou
[D]Shanghai
Answer
Hangzhou Hangzhou, the capital city of Zhejiang Province in east China has been chosen by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) to host the 2022 Asian Games. It will be the third time that the Asian games will be held in a Chinese city after Beijing in 1990 and Guangzhou in 2010. Hangzhou is best known for the West Lake, a placid and tourist attraction and is also home base of Chinese Internet (ecommerce) giant Alibaba.

121. Recently, Tropical Storm Etau caused extensive and destructive floods in which of the following countries?
[A]Australia
[B]Japan
[C]China
[D]Sri Lanka
Answer
Japan On September 2, 2015, the Tropical Storm Etau caused extensive and destructive floods across eastern Japan. It originated near Guam and made a landfall in Honshu, Japan.

122. Which African city will host the 2022 Commonwealth Games?
[A]Pretoria
[B] Kimberley
[C]Johannesburg
[D]Durban
Answer
Durban The South African city of Durban is selected as the host for the 2022 Commonwealth Games at the Federation’s general assembly in Auckland, New Zealand.

123. Which among the following country in South Asia has highest GDP per capita (current prices)?
[A]India
[B]Bangladesh
[C]Sri Lanka
[D]Maldives
Answer
Maldives GDP per capita (current prices) in USD

124. Which of the following countries celebrate Independence Day on August 31?
[A]Trinidad and Tobago
[B]Malaysia
[C]Kyrgyzstan
[D]All of the above
Answer
All of the above On August 31, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia and Trinidad and Tobago celebrate their Independence Day. On August 31, 1991 Kyrgyzstan became an independent nation after the break up of Soviet Union. Trinidad and Tobago got independence from the United Kingdom on August 15, 1962 and Malaysia got independence from the United Kingdom on August 31,1957.

125. Which of the following cosmonauts currently holds record for having spent maximum time in Space?
[A]Gennady Padalka
[B]Sergei Krikalev
[C]Alexandr Kaleri
[D]Sergei Avdeyev
Answer
Gennady Padalka In September 2015, the Russian astronaut Gennady Padalka has returned to Earth with the record for having spent the most time in space. The 57-year-old’s latest mission lasted 168 days, bringing his total to 879 days in space over five trips; which is more than anyone else so far.
126. With reference to United Nations, which among the following status is applicable to Vatican?
[A]Member State
[B]Non-Member Non-sovereign State
[C]Observer State
[D]Non-member observer state
Answer
Non-member observer state Palestine became an observer state in 2012. The Vatican has been a non-member observer state since 1964.

127. Recently demolished “Temple of Baalshamin” was located in __?
[A]Afghanistan
[B]Syria
[C]Turkey
[D]Iraq
Answer
Syria The Temple of Baalshamin was an ancient temple in the city of Palmyra, Syria, dedicated to the Canaanite deity Baalshamin. On August 2015, the temple was demolished by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) after the capture of Palmyra during the Syrian Civil War.

128. Which country will host the World’s First International Controlled Bank of low-enriched Uranium?
[A]Russia
[B]Kazakhstan
[C]Turkmenistan
[D]Australia
Answer
Kazakhstan To ensure fuel supplies for power stations and prevent nuclear proliferation, the world’s first International Controlled Bank of low-enriched Uranium will be hosted by the ex-Soviet nation, Kazakhstan.

129. The NASA’s spacecraft which discovered the presence of neon on the moon’s atmosphere is__?
[A]LADEE
[B]LADER
[C]LADAE
[D]LADSE
Answer
LADEE The NASA’s spacecraft, Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) founded the presence of glowing neon gas on the moon’s atmosphere. Neon gas commonly used in electric signs on Earth because of its intense glow.

130. Which is the first country to receive funds from the United Nations (UN) for Solar Home Systems?
[A]South Korea
[B]Srilanka
[C]Bangladesh
[D]Singapore
Answer
Bangladesh Bangladesh became the first country to receive funds from the United Nations (UN) for its fast growing solar home systems. The UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention for Climate Change) has issued carbon credits worth $ 3.56 million to two Bangladeshi organisations viz. Grameen Shakti and Infrastructure Development Company Ltd (IDCOL).

131. The 2015 James Tait Black Award has been won by Zia Haider Rahman, recently. He belongs to which country?
[A]Bangladesh
[B]Sri Lanka
[C]Iran
[D]Pakistan
Answer
Bangladesh The Bangladesh Novelist Zia Haider Rahman won the UK’s oldest literary award, James Tait Black Award 2015, for his debut novel “In the Light of What We Know”. The novel is based on a disillusioned banker who is reunited with an old friend before embarking on an epic journey.
Reply With Quote
The Following 3 Users Say Thank You to Prophyro For This Useful Post:
princeling (Saturday, January 23, 2016), Shafi Edwardian (Tuesday, December 15, 2015), sparkofighter (Monday, December 14, 2015)
Reply

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
MCQs of MS-Word and MS-Excel required RAKSHAN Computers and Technology 11 Monday, January 29, 2018 10:54 AM
Islamiat MCQ,s In English ? Ebullient Engr Islamiat 1 Tuesday, February 26, 2013 12:38 AM
most repeated mcq,s in exams musmanhussain Other Examinations 2 Saturday, June 09, 2012 10:13 PM


CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: All messages made available as part of this discussion group (including any bulletin boards and chat rooms) and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of CSSForum.com.pk (unless CSSForum.com.pk is specifically identified as the author of the message). The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. This forum is not monitored 24/7.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2024, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.