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Old Saturday, August 30, 2008
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Post Famous Political and Social Terms..

1. APARTHEID:
Policy of racial segregation practiced by the South African Government.
2. ADJOURNMENT:
A motion moved by a member of a legislature to adjourn consideration of the issues in hand for discussing a matter of urgent public importance.
3. AMNESTY:
Grant of pardon or exemption from prosecution to political importance.
4. ARMISTICE:
Temporary cessation of hostilities pending formal negotiations for peace.
5. APPEASEMENT
The policy of gratifying one's enemy with concession and special grants by sacrificing even principles.
6. AUTONOMY:
Power to control internal affairs.
7. BILATERAL AGREEMENT:
An agreement between two countries.
8. BLOCKADES:
Imposing closure of ports and waterways to prevent ships from reaching or leaving it.
9. BOLSHEVISM:
The doctrine of Proletarian Dictatorship as propounded by Lenin.
10. BOURGEOISE:
Capitalist class in Marxian terminology.
11. BUFFER STATE:
A small neutral state between two big states.
12. BY-ELECTION:
A mid term election to fill a seat rendered vacant.
13. CASTING VOTE:
A vote casting of which decides the tie.
14. CAUCUS:
A powerful group of party.
15. CHARGED AFFAIRS:
The senior most diplomat after the head of the mission, officiating in his absence.
16. COALITION:
Combination of two or more parties with the purpose of forming a composite government.
17. CONFEDERATION:
Alliance of nations for some specific purpose our retaining the respective individual nation sovereignty.
18. COLD WAR:
The state of ideological or wordy warfare between two countries or blocks.
19. ENVOY:
A diplomatic emissary accredited to the country and holding position below that of an ambassador.
20. FIFTH COLUMN:
An anti-national clique of spies and saboteurs.
21. FLOOR CROSSING:
The act of changing political loyalty by a person or a group.
22. FRANCHISE:
Right to cast vote in the public elections.
23. GALLUP POLL:
An opinion poll-may be with the help of interview.
24. GENOCIDE:
Intention to destroy wholly or in part a religious, ethnic or political group.
25. GHERAO:
Encircling a person and rending him incapable of doing anything till he/she concedes demands.
26. GLOSNOST:
Means openness. Term used for reforms introduced in Russian society by M.Gorbachov.
27. HABEAS CORPUS:
A type of a writ issued by a High Court or Supreme court against illegal detention of a person.
28. HOT LINE:
A direct telephone link between the White House and Kremlin established in 1963.
29. IMPEACHMENT:
Trial by the Parliament.
30. LOBBYING:
Exercising influence or pressure on members of the legislative bodies in the lobby for supporting or opposing an issue in the House.
31. LOK PAL:
An official appointed by the President to investigate public complaints against ministers and high officials.
32. MANIFESTO:
A declaration of political party about its policies and programmes given at the time of elections.
33. NATIONALISATION:
The act of taking business undertakings an institutions by the state and controlling them.
34. NAXALITE:
A movement violent in character believing in Maoism: the term was first used for the peasants of Naxalbari (West Bengal) who rose against the landlords demanding land for the landless.
35. NEW DEAL:
The name given to the policy of Franklin D.Roosevelt to revive and boost American economy .
36. ORDINANCE:
An Act or decree promulgated by the Head of State in an emergency or when the legislative body is not in session.
37. PERESTROIKA:
Used for Gorbachov's move to restructure political and economical structure of the Russian society.
38. PLEBISCITE:
Voting on regional or national issue.
39. PERSONALITY CULT:
Too much adulation for a ruler or a political figure.
40. PRIVY PURSE:
Yearly allowances granted to the princes of Indian states after the merger of their states with the Indian Union. (New these purses are abolished).
41. PRIVILEGE MOTION:
A motion moved by a legislator drawing attention of the House towards a matter involving breach of privilege of the House or any of its members.
42. REFERENDUM:
People's verdict on some constitutional amendment and some other legislative issue of controversial nature.
43. SECULARISM:
Affirmation in all the faiths, showing no official patronage to any religions or religions.
44. SANCTIONS:
Penalty or reward imposed for disobedience or obedience attached to the law.
45. SOCIALISM:
Control of production and means of distribution in the hands of the State.
46. STATUTE:
Law made by the Parliament, enshrined in the statue book, which are binding on al subjects, of a particular country.
47. SUFFRAGE:
Right of voting in political elections.
48. SELF-DETERMINATION:
Right of a nation deciding its own form of government, its political destiny or independence.
49. TERRITORIAL WATERS:
Areas of the sea up to 12 km measured from the low water mark of the coast and within the executive control of an adjacent State.
50. UNICAMERAL:
A legislature having only one House.
51. VETO:
Right to reject any resolution or enactment passed by the legislature.
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