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  #21  
Old Tuesday, November 06, 2012
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Originally Posted by Neeni View Post
My Attempt: Please seniors evaluate and help us in improving.

What is the difference between human beings' fear of death and children's fear of darkness?

Ans: Unlike children's fear of darkness created by stories only, human beings' fear is the is aggravated by watching real life scenes of deaths of the people around.


What is a religious and sacred view of death?
Ans: People taking theological view of death explain it to be a punishment inflicted for sins committed during mundane life and an opening into the world hereafter.

What are the painful experiences described by the Monks in their books?
Ans:These painful experiences are the consequences of the self-inflicted torture to reach purification, the unpleasant nature of which is referred to explain the possible horrible pains of death.

What are the views of Seneca about death?
Sceneca is of the view that the fear of death is not mainly due to death itself but the nature of ceremonies performed at the time of death is the major source of death fear.

What are the facts that make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise?
Ans: watching deteriorating condition of a dying man and other death rituals including reaction of love ones of dying make death appear more horrible.
Well attempted But I don't agree to the answer of first question. The writer's emphasis is on similarity between the two. I am quoting the excerpt here again:

"Human beings are afraid of death just as children feel afraid of darkness. The fear of darkness of kids increased by the stories of the heard ghosts and thieves. In the same way, the fear of human being is increased by the stories which they heard about the agony of dying man."

In first sentence writer is presenting an analogy between DEATH and DARKNESS,as well as between human beings' and the children's fear;both being the same.

So according to the writer there is no difference between the two.
The question is very tactically asked. Read between the lines.
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  #22  
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Originally Posted by sikander kalhoro View Post
1. Children's Fear Is Same As Infant's Behavior Over Various Aspects Whereas Human Being's Fear Is Victim's Brutalizing . Children's Fear Personally Revealed And Human Being's Fear Is Publicly Hidden .
2. One's Religious & Sacred View Of Death Is Free Of Groaning And Faithful . He Or She Knows Death Wont Let Him Afraid and Will Let Him Go To Another World As Paradise .
3.Books Have Said About Physically Tortured That Human Being Is Oppressed By Fussing Over The Unreal World Which Make Him/Her More Conscious About Consequences .
4. Seneca's Views Are Human Being Fears Death Much More Than Death Itself . Its A World Of Experience That He Is Taught And Learned By Surroundings .
5.The Most Indispensable Thing Which Makes Death More Repulsive Is Person's Thinking Over Negative Thoughts About Those Things Which Make Him Debilitate After Looking Such Caustic .
Kindly Check These Answers
Your answers seem to be a compilation of words; these are not conveying your ideas properly. It looks like you were over conscious about vocabulary giving least attention to clarity of ideas which matters more.

  • Try to stick to writer's ideas, don't give your own explanations.
  • Try to write simple, comprehensive but to the point.
  • Make sure that you communicate your thoughts as better as possible.
  • Use vocabulary according to the demand of the sentence. Don't insert it forcefully.
By these statement I don't mean to discourage you, These are just suggestions so that you may improve your writing skill. You have ability just try to hit the main string.
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Originally Posted by siddiqui88 View Post
Well attempted But I don't agree to the answer of first question. The writer's emphasis is on similarity between the two. I am quoting the excerpt here again:

"Human beings are afraid of death just as children feel afraid of darkness. The fear of darkness of kids increased by the stories of the heard ghosts and thieves. In the same way, the fear of human being is increased by the stories which they heard about the agony of dying man."

In first sentence writer is presenting an analogy between DEATH and DARKNESS,as well as between human beings' and the children's fear;both being the same.

So according to the writer there is no difference between the two.
The question is very tactically asked. Read between the lines.
First of all, i am grateful to you for spending out of your precious time for making comments. ....

So, can i draw the inference, as your comment suggests, that question may be misleading in the sense that paragraph given in comprehension may not contain the answers to all the questions.
for instance, In the above given case, instead of trying to find the difference, which is asked in first question, we may choose to deny the very existence of the difference. is it safe to reply this way? Thanks
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Comprehension (2011) Please seniors evaluate and comment.
Q1. How is knowledge different from understanding?
Ans: The Basic difference between former and latter is that knowledge is obtained when we adjust the new experience in our past ideas while understanding is obtained when we abandon the old ideas and find the new achievable ways of life.

Q.2 Explain why understanding cannot be passed on?
Ans: Understanding is not based on ideas. Rather, it is a new practical thing which can be discussed but not transferred, because no one can understand the feelings of another. This is why understanding can not be passed on.

Q3. Is the knowledge of understanding possible? If it is, how may it be passed on?
Ans: Yes, knowledge of understanding is possible and it can be passed on by communication

Q4. How does the author explain that knowledge of understanding is not the same thing as the understanding?
Ans: Knowledge of understanding precedes the understanding. For one thing, when we have knowledge of understanding of something we could understand that particular thing.

Q5. How far do you agree with the author in his definitions of knowledge and understanding? Give reason for your answer.
Ans: yes I agree with the authored that knowledge is a basic thing. Because knowledge is usually obtain through personal idea or habits while understanding replaces the old ideas and we put these into practical use.
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Quote:
Originally Posted by SADIA SHAFIQ View Post
Q.3. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Use your own language. (20)

Human beings are afraid of death just as children feel afraid of darkness. The fear of darkness of kids increased by the stories of the heard ghosts and thieves. In the same way, the fear of human being is increased by the stories which they heard about the agony of dying man. If a human being regards death as a kind of punishment for his sins he has committed and if he looks upon death as a means of making an entry into another world, he is certainly taking a religious and sacred view of death. But if a human being looks upon death as a law of nature and then feels afraid of it, his attitude is of cowardice. However, even in religious meditations about death there is sometimes a mixture of folly and superstition. Monks have written books in which they have described the painful experiences which they underwent by inflicting physical tortures upon themselves as a form of self purification. Thus, one may think that the pains of death must be indescribably agonizing. Such books and such thoughts increase a man's fear of death.

Seneca, the Roman Philosopher is of the view that the circumstances and ceremonies of death frighten people more than death itself would do. A dyeing man is heard uttering groans; his body is seen undergoing convulsions; his face appears to be absolutely bloodless and pale; at his death his friends begin to weep and his relations put on mourning clothes; various rituals are performed. All such facts make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise.



What is the difference between human beings' fear of death and children's fear of darkness?


What is a religious and sacred view of death?

What are the painful experiences described by the Monks in their books?

What are the views of Seneca about death?

What are the facts that make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise?


Ans 1.Human fear is actualized from death`s scenes and children perceive it by listening horrific scenes.


Ans 2.Writer describes religious and sacred view of death , when men consider death punishment of his sins. He thinks death is not the end of life rather entry into another world.

Ans3.According to writer, it seems funny and ridiculous when Monks inflict physical pain in order to get salvation .So self –infliction increases man `s fear and lead them towards cowardice.


Ans 4.Sceneca is Roman philosopher, who describes painful experiences of death .Man face turns pale ,body undergoes convulsions and mournful groans make the death more tragic and terrible. Friends and relatives are weeping around the dead body.

Ans 4.people have over-emphasized death scenes. Monks description about death and self infliction and ceremonies tragic- description are the facts which make the death more horrible then it is.




What is the difference between human beings' fear of death and children's fear of darkness?
Ans. There is no difference between human beings’ fear of death and children’s fear of darkness. Both are the same.

What is a religious and sacred view of death?
Ans. To consider death a kind of punishment of one’s sins and a bridge to cross into the other world, is a religious and sacred view of death.

What are the painful experiences described by the Monks in their books?
Ans. The Monks have described their experiences of self-torturing and the pains they inflicted upon their own bodies in order to achieve self-purification.

What are the views of Seneca about death?
Ans. Seneca blames the situation at death-ceremonies to present death as the most painful event of a person’s life; where people take an impression of death as a horrible condition in which a person groans, his body convulses, his face gets pale and dark and his friends and relatives mourn over the person.

What are the facts that make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise?
The stories about the miserable and painful condition of a dying person, the description of the physical agonies in the books of Monks and the death-ceremonies; where people see and hear the dying person groaning; his body convulsing and his dark and bloodless face; make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise.
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  #26  
Old Monday, November 19, 2012
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Originally Posted by Neeni View Post
First of all, i am grateful to you for spending out of your precious time for making comments. ....

So, can i draw the inference, as your comment suggests, that question may be misleading in the sense that paragraph given in comprehension may not contain the answers to all the questions.
for instance, In the above given case, instead of trying to find the difference, which is asked in first question, we may choose to deny the very existence of the difference. is it safe to reply this way? Thanks
Yes, question may be misleading; all one needs to do is comprehending the paragraph in first place. Sometimes, it may not suggest a direct answer but at least one can infer.
As far answering this way being safe, I don't know; Examiner may do Anyhow, its the way I answered this question in exams. I hope it was correct.
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Old Monday, November 19, 2012
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Quote:
Originally Posted by SADIA SHAFIQ View Post
Q.3. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Use your own language. (20)

Human beings are afraid of death just as children feel afraid of darkness. The fear of darkness of kids increased by the stories of the heard ghosts and thieves. In the same way, the fear of human being is increased by the stories which they heard about the agony of dying man. If a human being regards death as a kind of punishment for his sins he has committed and if he looks upon death as a means of making an entry into another world, he is certainly taking a religious and sacred view of death. But if a human being looks upon death as a law of nature and then feels afraid of it, his attitude is of cowardice. However, even in religious meditations about death there is sometimes a mixture of folly and superstition. Monks have written books in which they have described the painful experiences which they underwent by inflicting physical tortures upon themselves as a form of self purification. Thus, one may think that the pains of death must be indescribably agonizing. Such books and such thoughts increase a man's fear of death.

Seneca, the Roman Philosopher is of the view that the circumstances and ceremonies of death frighten people more than death itself would do. A dyeing man is heard uttering groans; his body is seen undergoing convulsions; his face appears to be absolutely bloodless and pale; at his death his friends begin to weep and his relations put on mourning clothes; various rituals are performed. All such facts make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise.



What is the difference between human beings' fear of death and children's fear of darkness?


What is a religious and sacred view of death?

What are the painful experiences described by the Monks in their books?

What are the views of Seneca about death?

What are the facts that make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise?


Ans 1.Human fear is actualized from death`s scenes and children perceive it by listening horrific scenes.


Ans 2.Writer describes religious and sacred view of death , when men consider death punishment of his sins. He thinks death is not the end of life rather entry into another world.

Ans3.According to writer, it seems funny and ridiculous when Monks inflict physical pain in order to get salvation .So self –infliction increases man `s fear and lead them towards cowardice.


Ans 4.Sceneca is Roman philosopher, who describes painful experiences of death .Man face turns pale ,body undergoes convulsions and mournful groans make the death more tragic and terrible. Friends and relatives are weeping around the dead body.

Ans 4.people have over-emphasized death scenes. Monks description about death and self infliction and ceremonies tragic- description are the facts which make the death more horrible then it is.




Please check it out and comment. Thanks.

Q-1: What is the difference between human beings' fear of death and children's fear of darkness?

And: The difference between human beings' fear of death and children's fear of death is that human fears while he sees people in actual death in whereas children fears when they listen a horrific stories of ghosts.


Q-2: What is a religious and sacred view of death?

Ans: The religious and scared view of death is that when a human thinks about life after death and its punishments which would be given due to bad deeds.

Q-3: What are the painful experiences described by the Monks in their books?

Ans: The painful experiences described by the monks in their books are written that they hurt themselves in order to be purified.


Q:4-What are the views of Seneca about death?
Ans: The views of Seneca about death is that when a people looks toward a dead body and becomes feel sorry for it, however, the relatives and friends of the dead body make it more terrible and horrific while weeping over it.
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  #28  
Old Tuesday, November 20, 2012
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Engr Shahid View Post
Comprehension of 2011 passage : KNOWLEDGE


Ans.1 Understanding means getting information about something by exploring new horizon. While Knowledge rely on old concept, experience, facts and figure to know about any thing, that is why Knowledge is different from Understanding.

2. Understanding is achieved through on the spot experience, feeling and practical observation. Every person attain it differently based over his unique personality therefore, it can not be passed on.

3. Yes Knowledge of understanding is possible and it can be passed on through verbal and non verbal means viz speech, writing and through gesture and symbols.

4. Understanding is person's own experience and his observation by heart in the form of raw material. While knowledge of understanding is the expression of that experience. Therefore, both are not the same thing as in the case of different prescription by doctor for pencitin and penicillin.

5. Author is right in his different stance towards knowledge and understanding. Every body has knowledge that parent loves their children too much. However, child get real understanding of this knowledge when he himself become father or mother.
According to my opinion one should has to manipulate answers from given paras ,not from his understanding.This thing deduct marks.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Engr Shahid View Post
Comprehension of 2010 passage


Ans.1 Harsh inquiry and Prejudice investigation compel Galileo to with draw his opinion.

Ans.2 The oppression of Galileo by conservative are still in practice now a days.

Ans.3 Those who are innovative and want to make this world Prosperous for the evolution of life, customs and traditions are suppress by elite to follow their guideline is nothing but the betrayal of trust.

Ans.4 Human being have instinct of Curiosity and adventure in nature and he keeps exploring new avenues in knowledge and affairs of life. Our ancestor sacrifices their lives for what we have today and now its our duty to carry on their mission to solve problem of the present day humanity.
@answers ,it needs correction.Read question again please .

Quote:
Originally Posted by ProgressiveError View Post
Sadia, please comment on my comprehension.

human fear of death


1. The main difference between human beings' fear of death and children’s' fear of darkness is that human fear is just a creation of the rituals and believes associated with human death whereas, children’s' fear is associated more with the darkness than the associated stories. Moreover, human fear increases with time whereas children’s' fear decreases with time as they grow up.

2. The religious view relates death as a punishment for a human being because of his acts in this world which let him enters in a new world.


3. Monks described in their books that after death the body experiences miserable tortures in order to purify soul from the sins that it made in the world.

4. Seneca describes death is that the ceremony of death is one of the major cause of human fear from death. Mourning dresses, weeping and lifeless face of the dead body increase the death fears.

5. The funeral ceremony is always full of tears and sorrow. The bloodless face of the dead body, colorless clothes and weeping of family and friends make death more horrible than it would be otherwise.
@3,3,5

these all need revision.

Quote:
Originally Posted by shan khan View Post
ans1:the tortures of excessive questions had driven him to say the truths he knew.
ans2:the heritage being alluded in the 1st paragraph is all progress that has been done on the planet to make the life easier and comfortable.
ans3:when we will be settled down to all the discoveries that has been made on the planet that will be the betrayal of our trust.
ans4:we need to question the old truths and work for the new ones for the sake of future generation ,as had been done for us in the past.
you do not have read the comprehension carefully or do not comprehend it.Your answers are totally wrong .

Quote:
Originally Posted by soft rock View Post
ans 1.
* Human fear of death is because of hearing about the conditions of a dying person while that of a child of darkness is because of hearing the stories of ghosts & thieves.
* Human fear of death increases as he ages towards his death,, while that of a child of darkness deminishes as he grows into adulthood.
* Human fear of death is almost permanant till his death ,while that of a child of darkness is episodic.
* Human [/B]can not neglect[/B] death while a child can be encouraged to neglect darnkness.

ans 2.
Religious & sacred view of death is the consideration of death as a route to another life.

ans 3,
painfull experiences described by monks in their books are a variety of bodily punishment.

ans4.
Seneca, the Roman Philosopher is of the view that the stories heard by peple about death make them overestimate the hardships of a dying person.

ans5.
the facts that make death appear more horrible include,
1. uttering groans of a dyeing man.
2. his body convulsions
3. his face appearing bloodless and pale
4. at his death his friends begin to weep.
5. his relatives put on mourning clothe to form various rituals.
All such facts make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise.
good work ! keep it up.

Quote:
Originally Posted by sikander kalhoro View Post
1. Children's Fear Is Same As Infant's Behavior Over Various Aspects Whereas Human Being's Fear Is Victim's Brutalizing . Children's Fear Personally Revealed And Human Being's Fear Is Publicly Hidden .
2. One's Religious & Sacred View Of Death Is Free Of Groaning And Faithful . He Or She Knows Death Wont Let Him Afraid and Will Let Him Go To Another World As Paradise .
3.Books Have Said About Physically Tortured That Human Being Is Oppressed By Fussing Over The Unreal World Which Make Him/Her More Conscious About Consequences .
4. Seneca's Views Are Human Being Fears Death Much More Than Death Itself . Its A World Of Experience That He Is Taught And Learned By Surroundings .
5.The Most Indispensable Thing Which Makes Death More Repulsive Is Person's Thinking Over Negative Thoughts About Those Things Which Make Him Debilitate After Looking Such Caustic .
Kindly Check These Answers
do not write in capitals alphabets and read forum rules please.

Quote:
Originally Posted by SA Haider View Post
1- Fear of torture during interrogation lead him to abjure the truth he knew.

2- It refers to the Galileo`s theory of Copernicus that the earth is immovable and revolves around the sun. It was against the belief of Catholics and they brought Galileo to Rome in 1933 where he was threatened to abandon his theory.

3- It implies that heritage of knowledge passed to the generations must not be neglected by the generations rather use them for peace of the world.

4- To know the truths of the world and make life more worthy and happy.

I can`t see any highlighted or underlined words.
your answers are quite comprehensive .But @2nd ,dear you have to extract answers keeping in mind above mentioned fact and no need to allude here ,because these are not writer`s saying.

you may say..

note that writer after the example have used word',''all"

Writer wanted to say discoveries done for the welfare of humans are not applied because we want to continue old customs and traditions .Because new ones are not accepted .
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Q.3. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. (20)


Comprehension 2009.





It is very nature of helicopter that is great versatility is found. To begin with, the helicopter is the fulfillment of tone of man’s earliest and most fantastic dreams. The dream of flying – not just like a bird – but of flying as nothing else flies or has ever flown. To be able to fly straight up and straight down – to fly forward or back or sidewise, or to hover over and spot till the fuel supply is exhausted.

To see how the helicopter can do things that are not possible for the conventional fixed-wing plane, let us first examine how a conventional plane “works”. It works by its shape – by the shape of its wing, which deflects air when the plane is in motion. That is possible because air has density and resistance. It reacts to force. The wing is curved and set at an angle to catch the air and push it down; the air, resisting, pushes against the under surface of the wing, giving it some f its lift. At the same time the curved upper surface of the wing exerts suction, tending to create a lack of air at the top of the wing. The air, again resisting, sucks back, and this give the wing about twice as much lift as the air pressure below the wing. This is what takes place when the wing is pulled forward by propellers or pushed forward by jet blasts. Without the motion the wing has no lift.

Questions:

(i) Where is the great versatility of the helicopter found?
(ii) What is the dream of flying?
(iii) What does the wing of the conventional aircraft do?
(iv) What does the curved upper surface of the wing do?
(v) What gives the wing twice as much lift?
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ans1:knowledge is different from understanding because knowledge is acquired when we add the new experiences in the system of old experiences and understanding is independent from old experiences.
ans2: understanding cannot be passed on because it is abstract and it is the new immediate experience
ans3:yes,the knowledge of understanding is possible and it may be passed on by speech,writing or symbols.
ans 4:according to author knowledge of understanding is acquired while understanding is the emotions of the person.
ans 5:i agree with the author,because understanding is not acquired as these are the emotions of a person while knowledge is acquired because it is in the form of concepts

Sadia please check my comprehension

ans1:The great versatility of the helicopter is found in flying straight in all the directions.
ans2:the dream of flying is not the conventional type of flight,but flying in the way that no one has ever flown,not even bird.
ans3:the wing of conventional aircraft deflects the air when it is in motion.
ans4:the upper surface of the wing decreases the pressure of air above it by suction.thus air from lower surface moves upward.
ans5:the curved shape of the wings gives plane twice as much lift.
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