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  #11  
Old Saturday, December 14, 2013
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Qurban Ali Qureshi View Post
A comprehension exercise consists of a passage , upon which questions are set to examine the student's ability to understands the contents of the given text and to infer information and meanings from it.
Here are few Hints;
1- Read the passage fairly quickly to get the general idea.
2- Read again , a little slowly ,so to know the details.
3-study the questions thoroughly .Turn to the relevant portion of the passages, read them again , then rewrite them in your own words,neatly and precisely.
4- sentences must be precise, neat, and complete. it should be in your own words. Do not write the sentences of the passage.
How long does an answer has to be or how precise?
Should unnecessary explanation be avoided?

Quote:
Originally Posted by Muhammad Ali Qureshi View Post
1- human fear of death because they observe the painful scenes of the dying people while children fear of darkness due to hearing horrible stories.
2- The author explain,religious and sacred view in which a religious man perceives death as penalties of his committed sins and gateway to another world.
3-According to the author the Monks tortures their bodies in order to feel the fear of death, and for their self-purification.
4- Seneca, the Roman Philosopher describes a dying man suffers pale, his body undergoes convulsions, his relatives weep and wear mourning clothes ,and perform religious rituals.
5- According to the writer the painful death scenes , Monks self-purification acts, and death's ceremonies appears more horrible than than it is.

Every body comment and evaluate it.
I think your first answer is wrong as most of the people.
The right answer is that one is inevitable and the other can be avoided. human being knows that death will come and he is afraid of it but cannot avoid that (from being happening) while children can avoid going into the darkness
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  #12  
Old Wednesday, February 26, 2014
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Qurban Ali Qureshi View Post
A comprehension exercise consists of a passage , upon which questions are set to examine the student's ability to understands the contents of the given text and to infer information and meanings from it.
Here are few Hints;
1- Read the passage fairly quickly to get the general idea.
2- Read again , a little slowly ,so to know the details.
3-study the questions thoroughly .Turn to the relevant portion of the passages, read them again , then rewrite them in your own words,neatly and precisely.
4- sentences must be precise, neat, and complete. it should be in your own words. Do not write the sentences of the passage.
Agreed!
Passages are choosen from intresting fields and if on have analytical ability and art/skill of converting authors words into ur own words while making sentence as concise as you can, you are done.
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  #13  
Old Wednesday, February 26, 2014
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Muhammad Ali Qureshi View Post
Q.3. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Use your own language. (20)

Human beings are afraid of death just as children feel afraid of darkness. The fear of darkness of kids increased by the stories of the heard ghosts and thieves. In the same way, the fear of human being is increased by the stories which they heard about the agony of dying man. If a human being regards death as a kind of punishment for his sins he has committed and if he looks upon death as a means of making an entry into another world, he is certainly taking a religious and sacred view of death. But if a human being looks upon death as a law of nature and then feels afraid of it, his attitude is of cowardice. However, even in religious meditations about death there is sometimes a mixture of folly and superstition. Monks have written books in which they have described the painful experiences which they underwent by inflicting physical tortures upon themselves as a form of self purification. Thus, one may think that the pains of death must be indescribably agonizing. Such books and such thoughts increase a man's fear of death.

Seneca, the Roman Philosopher is of the view that the circumstances and ceremonies of death frighten people more than death itself would do. A dyeing man is heard uttering groans; his body is seen undergoing convulsions; his face appears to be absolutely bloodless and pale; at his death his friends begin to weep and his relations put on mourning clothes; various rituals are performed. All such facts make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise.



1-What is the difference between human beings' fear of death and children's fear of darkness?
2-What is a religious and sacred view of death?
3-What are the painful experiences described by the Monks in their books?
4-What are the views of Seneca about death?
5-What are the facts that make death appear more horrible than it would be otherwise?


1- The difference between the fear of death in human being and children's fear of darkness relates to extent to which they have been feared off, but the point at which both differ is on is ambiguous and other is sure to happen any time.
2- According to religious point of view death is kind of punishment for a person's acts which he has performed and looks upon death as a means of making an entry into another world.
3-the painful experiences described by the monks is which they underwent by inflicting physical tortures upon themselves as a form of self purification.
4- Seneca's view about death is quiet liberal but she have quoted the circumstances and ceremonies of a dead person fears more than the death itself is.
5- According to passage those facts are, a dyeing man is heard uttering groans; his body is seen undergoing convulsions; his face appears to be absolutely bloodless and pale; at his death his friends begin to weep and his relations put on mourning clothes; various rituals are performed.
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Post Solve the comprehensin

A classless society does not mean a society without leaders. It means rather one in which every citizen becomes for the first time eligible for leadership, if he has the power to lead. It means a society in which everyone is given, as far as possible, the chance to develop this power by the widest diffusion of educational opportunities in the broadest sense, and by keeping the career wide open to talents of every useful kind. It is often said that a community of equals will not allow itself to be led. But, in fact, most men are, in most things, very willing to be led, and in danger of giving their leaders too rather than too little authority, especially if they are free to choose them, and assured that the leaders cannot exploit them for personal economic advantage; leadership so far from disappearing, will come into its own in a truly democratic society. But it is likely to be a more diffused leadership than we are used to; for a better nurtured people will have more citizens with strong wills and minds of their own wishful to lead, some in politics, some in industry, and some in the professions and arts of life.

This is the idea of the classless society. Some will reject it as contrary to their interests, some as Utopian and “against human nature”, for there are some who deny, indeed if not in word, that the aim of society should be to promote the greatest happiness and welfare of the greatest number, and others who hold, with pessimistic honesty, that most men must be driven and not led.

Read the above passage and answer the following questions in your own words:

Q.1. What is a “classless society” according to the writer of the above passage?
Q.2. Does the write believe that “a community of equals” will refuse to follow a leader?
Q.3. How will different types of people receive the idea of the classless society?
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