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Old Saturday, December 11, 2021
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Default Precis 2018 (solved)


Write a précis of the following passage in about 120 words and also suggest a suitable title:


It is in the temperate countries of northern Europe that the beneficial effects of cold are most manifest. A cold climate seems to stimulate energy by acting as an obstacle. In the face of an insuperable obstacle our energies are numbed by despair; the total absence of obstacles, on the other hand leaves no room for the exercise and training of energy; but a struggle against difficulties that we have a fair hope of over-coming, calls into active operation all our powers. In like manner, while intense cold numbs human energies, and a hot climate affords little motive for exertion, moderate cold seems to have a bracing effect on the human race. In a moderately cold climate man is engaged in an arduous, but no hopeless struggles and with the inclemency of the weather. He has to build strong houses and procure thick clothes to keep himself warm. To supply fuel for his fires, he must hew down trees and dig coal out of the earth. In the open air, unless he moves quickly, he will suffer pain from the biting wind. Finally, in order to replenish the expenditure of bodily tissue caused by his necessary exertions, he has to procure for himself plenty of nourishing food.
Quite different is the lot of man in the tropics. In the neighbourhood of the equator there is little need of clothes or fire, and it is possible with perfect comfort and no danger to health, to pass the livelong day stretched out on the bare ground beneath the shade of a tree. A very little fruit or vegetable food is required to sustain life under such circumstances, and that little can be obtained without much exertion from the bounteous earth.
We may recognize must the same difference between ourselves at different seasons of the year, as there is between human nature in the tropics and in temperate climes. In hot weather we are generally languid and inclined to take life easily; but when the cold season comes, we find that we are more inclined to vigorous exertion of our minds and bodies.


Title: Weather Effects on Human Physiology

A temperate cold has positive effects on human physiology that can be observed in the North European countries. Unlike intense cold and hot climates, a moderate cold seemingly invokes human activity by acting as a hurdle. Herein, a man engages into strenuous but hopeful struggles. He strives incessantly for social security and livelihood. Contrarily, the tropic life is altogether different. Herein, a man lives comfortably, conveniently and safely without warm clothes and with a little energy to procure sustenance. Human agility varies with different seasons of a year in the tropic and temperate climates. In a hot weather, he becomes idle and reckless. However, he is more inclined towards vigorous mental and physical activities in a moderate cold season.
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Old Saturday, December 11, 2021
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Very nicely written precis. I tried to find some flaws, but couldn't. A minor suggestion may lie in the title, i.e. it could go like "Climate effects on humans". Anyhow it is a good one. Keep it up.
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Quote:
Originally Posted by New Student View Post
Very nicely written precis. I tried to find some flaws, but couldn't. A minor suggestion may lie in the title, i.e. it could go like "Climate effects on humans". Anyhow it is a good one. Keep it up.
Sir should not the precis be in the past tense?

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Thank you Sir for your valuable feedback.
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Thank you sir for your valuable feedback.
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Old Sunday, December 12, 2021
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No. Precis should follow the same tense as given in the passage. Also, it is evident that climate effects are the same in the past, present, and future. So in this specific case precis must follow the passage tense.
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This is a well written precis. One thing I think that you missed is that although hot climate comes without the same dangers as cold climate, it does induce lethargy in us as the passage states 'in hot weather we are generally languid' so essentially neither hot nor cold climate is beneficial to us; the writer prefers a 'moderately cold' climate.
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