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Old Wednesday, April 02, 2008
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need help regarding following topics

1)National integration in pakistan......... Suggestions

2)Suicide Bombings a challenge for pakistan

3)War against Terrorism and pakistan role
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Old Thursday, April 03, 2008
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National integration
Introduction.

Causes of disintegration...

1-linguistic and cultural differences(Punjab,Baluchistan,sindh,N.W.F.P)
2-Regional Political parties.....PML in Punjab, NAP in NWFP,...etc a little bit countrywide popular is PPP bt nt so helpful in national integration
3-Problem of provincial autonomy.
4-Tussle between developed and underdeveloped provinces/regions
5-Military's involvement in politics/lack of democracy
6-Influence of one province in military and civil bureaucracy
7-Numerous socio-economic ills...poverty,illitracy,unemployment......utilize d by the anti state elements as a tool to infuse differences among provinces or cause national disintegration
8-Problem of NFC award(division of federal revenue based on population and Punjab gets benefit ...other province are at loggers head with pu njab)
9-Water sharing problem......reservations of other provinces..
10-Role of neighbouring countries ...(Afghanistan affecting affeliation of NWFP with Pakistan,India is financing miscreants in Baluchistan to creat problem here)
11-Weak Law and order apparatus with weak intelligence agencies
12-Unfavourable Constitutional amendments...8th amendment, 17th amendment....A blow to provincial autonomy.....provincial adin. undr the control of federally nominated GOVERNOR....He has descretion to sack the provincial govt. A feeling of anger among the provinces against the federal govt.Ultimately affecting the National Integretion

How affecting the country:
1-Giving chance to enemy countries to fish in troubled water
2-Tarnished image of Pakistan
3-Economic underdevelopment...unpalatable for investors

Remedies/suggestions

1-Democracy/wishes of the people be materialized.... own the political dispensation and do not involve in activities which are harmful for ntegration on the country.
2-Provincial autonomy to provinces
Legislative autonomy(problem of concurrent list ...be removed or reduced to few subjects)
Administrative autonomy......(influence of federl govt in provincial admin. be limitized)
3-Equitable and Justified NFC award....population be not the sole criteria to distribute the revenues
4-Underdeveloped regions be brought in the main stream of development
5-Strong and well equipped law and order apparatus with well trained intelligence agencies personals.
6-Quota system be observed in order to give chance to the natives of other provinces to enjoy their role in militry and civil bureauracy.....less frictions as they would have share here.
7-Addressal of different socio-economic ills
8-Repaling of Unfavourable constitutional amendments...to give it a shape of atractive federal structure....(proinces should have say in amending those articles which are affecting their autonomy as has been provided by the constitution)
9-Just solution to water sharing problems.....
10-Country wide popular politivcal parties (political parties should include the demands of other provinces in their manifestoes so that they dont remain regional...contribute in enhancing national integration)
11-Good neighbourly relations...

Conclusion:
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