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Old Monday, September 15, 2008
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Post Writing Basics

1.Writing Basics

Getting Started

  • Let your prewriting guide you.
  • Focus on your ideas and how to organize them.
  • Write rapidly and use your natural writing voice.
Understanding the Parts

Your first draft will have three parts. Here are your goals for each part:
  • Beginning: Capture your reader's attention and state your focus.
  • Middle: Provide your main points and details.
  • Ending: Bring the writing to a thoughtful close.
1.The Beginning
Writing Your Beginning Paragraph

When you write your beginning, do the following things:
  • Capture your reader's attention.
  • State your focus.
Writing Basics-3.jpg

Capturing the Reader's Attention

Here are several strategies for capturing the reader's attention:
  • Start with a question.
  • Start with a surprising fact.
  • Start with a quotation.
  • Start with an anecdote (perhaps how you became interested in the subject).
Writing Basics-4.jpg

Stating Your Focus

Most writing has a focus statement, a sentence that tells what the writing is about.
  • A narrative essay, an expository essay, or a research report has a thesis statement.
  • A persuasive essay has an opinion statement.
(Fictional narratives create a focus by establishing a setting, main characters, and a conflict.)

Writing Basics-5.jpg

1.The Middle

Writing Your Middle Paragraphs

Each middle paragraph presents one main point (or reason). Here’s how to write each middle paragraph:
  • Start with a topic sentence.
  • Add supporting details.
  • Use transitions to connect ideas.
  • Provide an ending sentence.
Let your outline guide you as you write your middle paragraphs.

Writing Basics-6.jpg

Understanding Transitions

Transitions are words or phrases that connect ideas. They can do the following:
  • Show location
  • Show time
  • Compare ideas
  • Contrast ideas
  • Emphasize a point
  • Conclude or summarize
  • Add information
  • Clarify
Using Transitions

You can use transitions both within and between paragraphs.
  • Within paragraphs, transitions connect supporting details.
  • Between paragraphs, transitions connect main ideas.
Writing Basics-8.jpg

1.The End

Writing Your Ending Paragraph

When you write your ending paragraph, do the following three things:
  • Restate your focus.
  • Summarize main points or reasons.
  • Leave the reader with something to think about.
If you are writing a persuasive essay, include a call to action.

Writing Basics-9.jpg

1.Tips and Tricks

Getting Unstuck

If you're having trouble getting started, try some of these techniques.
  • Start by writing about your topic nonstop for five minutes. This is called freewriting.
  • Write as if you were talking about your topic to friends.
  • Talk about your topic into a tape recorder and play it back, writing down what you like.
After you finish your first draft, set it aside for a little while before beginning the next step in the process—revising.

(Hope its more helpful then its size)
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