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Old Tuesday, May 31, 2011
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Default Essay Writing: An Easy and Complete Guide


Here is what I got from my teacher about essay writing.

Essay topics

There are two types of essay topics
1-Open topics
2-Close topics

1-Open topics

In open topics, you have the choice to write whatever you want to, means no restriction but stick to the topic.
For example, if the essay topic is "terrorism" then you can write its any angle like terrorism is increasing day by day, terrorism is Haraam in Islam, terrorism can be eradicated, ways to eradicate terrorism, terrorism in history, etc.

2-Close topics
While in close topics, you have only two options whether to write in the favour of statement or write against.
For example, In CSS 2011 Essay paper, the topic "The time we live in is the winter of the world" is a close topic. You have only two options here, whether to accept that the time we live in is the winter of the world OR the second available option is to deny it by negating that the time we live in is not the winter of the world.
Like in CSS 2010 paper, one of the topics was "Dialogue is the best course to combat terrorism." this is also a close topic and you have only two options, first is to accept that really dialogue is the best way to end terrorism and the second option is to deny it by saying that war is the best way to combat terrorism.
Another example is “Global Warming: a fact or fiction”. Here you have to prove that whether global warming is a fact or a fiction.
In close topics, you have to develop thesis statement. You can only write in the favour of statement or against the statement. But in both cases you have to prove your stance (thesis statement) with arguments and examples.


Take these two topics “Terrorism in Pakistan” and “Status of women in Islam”
The underlined words are the keywords of these essays. In essay writing, you have to stick to the keywords.

Outline is the map of the essay that tells the reader, before reading, the path you are going to follow. Outline is written mostly in points.

Example :

(In 1 to 2 lines, write your opinion/thesis statement here that you are going to prove.)
2- ……………….
3- ……………….
  • (i)-…………..
  • (ii)- …………
4- ……………….
5- ……………….
  • (i)-…………..
    • (a)-……
    • (b)-…..
  • (ii)- …………
    • (a)-……
    • (b)-…..
7- ……………….
8- Conclusion


The Essay consists of mainly three parts
1-Introduction (The objective of this paragraph is to make an opinion/thesis statement (i.e. whether to write in favour or topic or against the topic)
2-Body (here you have to prove the opinion)

How to write Introduction:
There are two ways to start introductory paragraph
1-Direct way
Start directly with keyword and state your opinion about the essay statement

2-Indirect way
Start with a quotation, Verse or story and then state your opinion about essay statement.

1. Introduction should start generally
2. It should end specifically
3. It should be brief.
4. It must contain opinion.
5. Introduction’s end should be an opinion.
6. Paragraph’s length is about 10 to 12 lines.

Body of the essay:

Here, you have to prove your opinion/thesis statement with examples and arguments.
There can be many paragraphs in the body, but every paragraph must contain only a single idea or view to prove the essay.
Every paragraph must contain the essay keyword.
And every paragraph must prove the thesis statement.

To rephrase the opinion in different words, to end essay with a long lasting effect is the conclusion of the essay.
Its length is almost equal to the introduction paragraph i.e., 10 to 12 lines.
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