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Old Wednesday, November 14, 2018
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Post Please Review Outline: Education Systems in Pakistan

ESSAY: Critical Analysis of Education Systems in Pakistan

Thesis Statement: Education plays central role in nation building; be it economic development, national integration, or creating informed citizenry. State of education in Pakistan is not promising, its reliance on outdated curriculum, rote learning and lack of research has done more harm than good. Education systems in Pakistan need a radical revision based on state-of-the-art technological, social and economic needs.


1) Introduction
i) Importance of education
ii) Article 25-A of constitution
iii) Government spending on education
iv) Economic divide resulting in multiple education systems in Pakistan
v) Social and cultural divide as an outcome of multiple system
vi) Thesis Statement

2) Multiple Education Systems in Pakistan

i) Issues in Public/ Private Education System
(a) Outdated curriculum
(b) Low Govt Spending
(c) Public Educational Policy Flaws
(d) Lack of Infrastructure
(e) Lack of Professional Teachers
(f) Lack of International Collaboration
(g) Flaws in Examination System
(h) Lack of Applied research at national level

ii) Issues in International System of Education
(a) Different moral values
(b) Preparing students based on purely European/ American curriculum
(c) Creating social Divide
(d) Creating cultural divide
(e) Ignoring Islamic values

iii) Issues in Madressah Education System
(a) Madressah for the poor
(b) Providing only religious education
(c) Students binded to memorise text
(d) No place for research and reasoning
(e) Lack of proper policy and planning
(f) No defined curriculum for madressah education

3) Recommendations for Education Reforms
i) Reforming educational policy in Pakistan
(a) Unifying curriculum for whole country
(b) Increasing government spending on education
(c) Integrating IT in Education system
(d) Educational System Accountability
(e) Licensing of Teachers
ii) Introducing competitive Screening at Secondary School Level
iii) Making English Compulsory

iv) Enhancing Industrial Collaboration
(a) Academic / Industrial Collaboration
(b) Revising curriculum based on industrial needs
(c) Focusing on Technical Education/ Diploma Certification for Skilled Labor

v) Enhancing International Collaboration
(a) Collaboration with both Asian Countries/ Western Countries in Science & Technology

4) Conclusion
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