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  #31  
Old Friday, October 11, 2013
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Abrahm Lincoln View Post
Social Media and its Role in the Modern Age

1. Introduction and Contention
The social media has become a major part of the modern civilization. It is surely a defining factor that how integrated the human social interactions have become. Despite bringing the people together and virtually shrinking or removing all the distances among the people, the social media has brought about a variety of socio-political, legal, and moral challenges in the society. (Introduction is not up to the mark, You must have have to focus on "its role" and impact upon the masses broadly"

Electronic and Print Media's Role in contemporary world you have missed this important point

2. Functions of Social Media
a. Social interaction
b. News and information dissemination
c. Business’s promotion
d. Shaping public opinion
e. Entertainment Advertisements, Breaking News & updating

3. Social Media Today
a. Over 62% of adults worldwide use social media
b. Top five countries with largest portion of population online
i. UK with over 53 million (85% of population)
ii. Germany with over 67 million (82% of population)
iii. France with over 52 million (80% of population)
iv. Japan 102 million (80% of population)
v. USA with over 244 million (79% of total population)
c. facebook is the largest social network with over 1.1 billion users worldwide
d. twitter is the world’s second largest social network with over 140 million active users
e. YouTube is the world’s largest video network with over more than 800 million news users every month Could you please give me the link from where you have got these facts and figures, I would be thinkful to you...

4. Benefits of Social Media.....Function and benefits must be placed together, as most of the things are overlapping
a. Freedom of expression
b. Free publicity
c. Promotion of entrepreneurship
d. Free and immediate communication
e. Online education
f. Integration of societies
i. Through promotion of culture, traditions, history, heritage and so on
g. Global harmony

Now you have again missed the impartant 'negative role of media' because it contains both positive and negative roles, for example, hype media, sensasionalization, yellow journalism, fake and unbalanced news, biased and unbiased news, Rating trend among the news channels specifically, and many other things related to print media, and its role

5. Challenges of Social Media Here, you have nicely pointed out the flaws in media as per contemporary trend
a. Data protection and privacy
b. Decreasing reliability
c. Wider anonymity of the users
d. Misuse by the terrorist organizations (world security challenge)
e. Psychological cost of using social media
i. Perpetuation of loneliness (a research study: “Facebook Makes Us Sadder And Less Satisfied” at university of Michigan)
ii. Adverse impacts on relationships
f. Spread of ‘hate speech’
i. E.g. blasphemous video on YouTube last year

6. Dealing with the Social Media Challenges
a. Protection of privacy
i. Through technology
ii. Through legislation (local and international laws)
b. Proper management codes in business organizations
c. Intelligence surveillance
d. Reduction in the use of social networks – targeted at individuals
e. Public awareness campaigns on social media use

You have missed the PEMRA role, ethics of journalism, IB's role to catch corrupt media person, controling of character assassinations



7. Conclusion


Everybody is requested to comment and suggest.

Jazaak-Allah

Your essay contains every thing required by topic. I can say it is a passing essay, but make it much better to fetch more than 50+ marks ...

Thanks...
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  #32  
Old Friday, October 11, 2013
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Excellent attempt you secure at least 45 marks and if you conclude eassy in a perfect manner.Role of pemera must be highlight to control unethical data or unmoral data and information which makes the humans beings mentally or physically demoralize their character.plz must highlight the control authorities who dealings with mence.overall excellent grip.
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  #33  
Old Tuesday, October 15, 2013
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Quote:
Originally Posted by exclusively View Post
Your essay contains every thing required by topic. I can say it is a passing essay, but make it much better to fetch more than 50+ marks ...

Thanks...




Loads of thanks dear for your valuable comments and suggestions, here is my view in reference to the areas pointed out by you:
1. This essay does not emphasize on the ‘electronic media’ rather its center of focus is ‘social media’.
2. The data that I have mentioned in the outline is taken from an infographic video that I downloaded from the www.torrents.net.
3. The reason why I have mentioned the ‘benefits and functions’ of social media separately is that the 'functions' spell out the standard or objectives for which the social media channels were/are introduced. However, the benefits may exceed the already pointed out functions as the people find their own way to deal with their newly created problems through the social media. We may say that the social media use goes through an evolution with the passage of time. For example, now the facebook is being used by many new businesses for free of cost promotion which was not the initial purpose of the creation of the said social network.
4. Sir, there is no role of media persons in the management of the social media as it is managed by the users of it. However, the media persons can share their opinion that can be rated by the people’s reactions to it as because of the interactive feature of the social media.


Hope that I have made my point clear properly.


Humblest Regards
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  #34  
Old Thursday, December 12, 2013
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Default Crisis of Governance in Pakistan

Crisis of Governance in Pakistan


Outline

1. Introduction and Contention
Pakistan is facing a number of crises presently. Each crisis has its own wide and far reaching negative impacts on the progress of the country. Of all the crises, the crisis of governance is the leading one which has adversely affected the political, social, and economic development of the country.
a. Good governance defined by World Bank
(The manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources)
b. Good governance defined by Commission on Global Governance
(The sum of the many ways in which individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs)
c. According to Wikipedia
(How public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources)

2. Characteristics of Good Governance
(According to the United Nations, there are eight important characteristics that ensure good governance in a country)
a. Consensus-orientation
b. Participation
c. Rule of law
d. Effectiveness and efficiency
e. Accountability
f. Transparency
g. Responsiveness
h. Equitability and inclusiveness

(According to Nayef A-Rodhan, a philosopher, neuroscientist, geostrategist, and author, good governance can be ensured with eight factor criteria)
a. Participation, equity and inclusiveness
b. Rule of law
c. Separation of powers
d. Free, independent, and responsible media
e. Government legitimacy
f. Accountability
g. Transparency
h. Prevented distorting effect of money in politics


3. Status of governance in Pakistan
a. Pakistan still ranks 139 from 127 in 177 list of countries with the highest corruption level (TI, 2013 report)
b. Abuse of power and misuse authority continues (e.g. unjustified termination order of NADRA chairman by govt. later reinstated by High Court Islamabad, handing over of responsibility to head to Youth Development Program to a non-parliamentarian, PM’s daughter, etc.)
c. Government’s indifference on handling the major issue of terrorism
d. Majority of population is deprived of basics i.e. healthcare, education, clean water, affordable food, etc. (above 60% population lives below the poverty line, World Bank report 2013)
e. Week foreign policy which is increasing Pakistan’s isolation globally and in the region – specially in the context of India, Afghanistan, Iran and the US
f. Dead-slow and inconclusive process of legislation on major domestic issues i.e. corruption, religious and ethnic extremism, women persecution, tax-evasion etc.

4. Causes of bad governance in Pakistan
a. Political Causes
i. Lack of Political Will
ii. Incapable and Inefficient Leadership
iii. Political Patronage
iv. Interprovincial conflicts
v. Nepotism and Dynastic Politics

b. Socio-economic Causes
i. Dominant feudal, bureaucratic, and capitalist culture
ii. Illiteracy, and Ignorant Majority of Public
iii. Declining economy – with low GDP and GNP, trade deficit, low FDI etc.
iv. Rampant Corruption

c. Administrative Causes
i. Institutional Weaknesses
ii. Absence of Merit
iii. Lack of Accountability, Policymaking, and Policy implementation

5. Dealing with Bad Governance
a. Education Emergency
b. Media Trial – of Corrupt political and bureaucratic figures
c. Strict Legislation against abuse of power
d. Timely resolution of issue of terrorism
e. Civil society and media’s watch
f. Transfer of power to the local level
g. Converting the youth bulge into skilled labor force
h. An effective foreign policy – exploiting the geostrategic position of the country

6. Conclusion



Please do point out gray areas and suggest for the improvemment


Regards
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  #35  
Old Saturday, January 11, 2014
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Arabham lincolin make outline judicial activism and latest eassy about energy crisis and global warming.If you have time.Because i don't to waste your time.
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  #36  
Old Wednesday, January 15, 2014
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good effort
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Old Friday, February 07, 2014
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its a good attempt. keep it up
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  #38  
Old Tuesday, February 11, 2014
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thanks
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  #39  
Old Friday, February 14, 2014
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PLs provide the Outline on Co education- its merits and demerits
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