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Old Sunday, August 18, 2019
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Lightbulb Please assess my answer -

Question: The Holy Prophet (PBUH) is the prophet of peace and security. Explain with arguments. (CSS 2018)

Arguments/points:
Peace-wise:
1- He preferred treaties to warring.
2- All wars were defensive and preceded by appeasement/diplomacy.
3- He was the prophet of a religion which appealed to logic, not coercion.
4- He led by role-model. Led from the front. (Wasn't having malafide intent, otherwise he would have stayed a good distance away from wars and life threatening situations)
5- Rejected the angel's offer at Taif to bring a mountain down on the people.
6- Account of Prophet's (PBUH) attitude towards the less privileged and sub-ordinates e.g. women, children, prisoners of war, defeated tribal cheifs; showing his magnanimity and chivalry. (Pointing towards Islam being peaceful during the most the dangerous times of war; one can thus well imagine how it is during non-war times)

Security-wise:
1- Stringent war rules. Imagine having rules for such a ruthless activity. This shows how much importance this prophet's religion attaches to security.
2- Inter-faith harmony and strict regard for minorities and other faiths.
3- Respect and regard for envoys and messengers
4- Jihad ordained as a means of securing rights of God and rights of His creation. (Islam is concerned about it's followers' due/rightful security)
5- Islam ordains and lays down rules for social security
6- Back-biting, plundering, lying and injustice severely shunned.
7- Despite pacifist approach of Islam, bravery and valor are ordained in Jihad where right of God involved.
8- Prohibition of breach of treaties (declaring war openly is mandatory, before any aggression)
9- A brief account of the disposition and attitude of the Prophet (PBUH) during non-war straitened/tough times e.g. while facing boycott, persecution in pre-Hijrat days and other non-war confrontations.
...........................................

I have gathered this material from Hafiz Karim Dad Chugtai's Islamiat book mainly.
.
I would request you all to please point out whether these points are in line with the requirements of the question.
What did I miss out?
What does the material suggest? Did I grasp the question properly?
Does the question only demand the above points or also how Islam is peaceful for Muslims and those within its folds?
Any any any other criticism, suggestion, advice would be deeply appreciated!
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Old Monday, August 19, 2019
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Okay first of all let's look at the answer as a whole and then break it down. Do I think you have grasped the essence of it? Most definitely. The answer is fairly thorough and covers many facets.

I would suggest adding a few points in maybe the introductory paragraph about how Islam itself preaches peace and safeguards the due rights of the people. Here are a few Quranic verses that are relevant and that you could lace in; "God forbids you not , with regard to those who fight you not for your Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them” (Al-Mumtahana 8); “But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou also incline towards peace, and trust in God. For He is the One that heareth and knoweth all things” (Al-Anfal 61).


I don't think that portion should take up much of the space though it's just a good addition to round it off. It is important to remember when answering this question specifically how good of a diplomat/peace-keeper the Prophet (PBUH) actually was. This is acknowledged by western philosophers and historians as well.

Here is a quote from George Bernard Shaw in an interview with a Sufi Sheikh by the name of His Eminence Maulana Mohammed Abdul Aleem Siddiqui back in 1935 which was recorded and published in the periodical ‘The Genuine Islam’ “I have studied him [Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) — the wonderful man and in my opinion far from being an anti-Christ — he must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness.”

In “Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet” Karen Armstrong concludes: “Far from being the father of jihad, [Prophet] Mohammad was a peacemaker, who risked his life and nearly lost the loyalty of his closest companions because he was determined to effect a reconciliation with Makkah.”


Back to the arguments on peace and security.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Acidius View Post
Arguments/points:
Peace-wise:
1- He preferred treaties to warring.
2- All wars were defensive and preceded by appeasement/diplomacy.
Add the specific names of the treaties and diplomacy missions. It'll give a better impression. e.g the Treaty of Hudaibiya, the first Migration to Abyssinia was of prominent and wealthy newly converted Muslims (it was an important strategic move backed up by the fact that as soon as those first Muslims left, the pagans sent their own ambassadors to counter any narrative the muslims would spread abroad), the Medina Constitution (the agreement under which all the tribes and groups living in Medina-including the Jews-promised to fight for each other to protect their home and also maintain economic ties), then there were also agreements made soon after migration with other tribes on cooperation most prominently with Banu Gifar and Banu Damra (both lived very close to Mecca and were also a strategic move to close off the Quraish's economic routes). Similar expressions are used in all these agreements: they guarantee that the parties will not attack each other, and that they will remain neutral or when one of the parties is attacked, they will help each other.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Acidius View Post
3- He was the prophet of a religion which appealed to logic, not coercion.
4- He led by role-model. Led from the front. (Wasn't having malafide intent, otherwise he would have stayed a good distance away from wars and life threatening situations)
5- Rejected the angel's offer at Taif to bring a mountain down on the people.
6- Account of Prophet's (PBUH) attitude towards the less privileged and sub-ordinates e.g. women, children, prisoners of war, defeated tribal cheifs; showing his magnanimity and chivalry. (Pointing towards Islam being peaceful during the most the dangerous times of war; one can thus well imagine how it is during non-war times)
All excellent points to back up the statement. I would like to suggest a few more points. The incident before prophet hood that concerned the right to erect the revered Hajar al-Aswad in the Holy Kaaba when it was feared that a civil war would break out, The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was the one to suggest the solution (i.e cloth with each end held by representatives of each clan so everyone would have a part in the event). Hence pointing to his ability to maintain peace and diffuse tense situations. There were also the countless murder conspiracies against the Prophet all of whom he forgave showing a love for peace rather than revenge. Also mention how no blood in revenge was spilled during the conquest of Mecca. If the Prophet wanted the city which he had been chased out of could have been plundered but instead peace and safety for ALL was declared. Also note that the Quraiysh were the one who broke the pact of Hudabiya despite the fact that most of the points were arguably not favorable for the Muslims-again pointing to the fact that the Prophet was inclined to a peaceful resolution rather than all out war.

Now lets tackle the security portion.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Acidius View Post
Security-wise:
1- Stringent war rules. Imagine having rules for such a ruthless activity. This shows how much importance this prophet's religion attaches to security.
2- Inter-faith harmony and strict regard for minorities and other faiths.
3- Respect and regard for envoys and messengers
4- Jihad ordained as a means of securing rights of God and rights of His creation. (Islam is concerned about it's followers' due/rightful security)
5- Islam ordains and lays down rules for social security
6- Back-biting, plundering, lying and injustice severely shunned.
7- Despite pacifist approach of Islam, bravery and valor are ordained in Jihad where right of God involved.
8- Prohibition of breach of treaties (declaring war openly is mandatory, before any aggression)
9- A brief account of the disposition and attitude of the Prophet (PBUH) during non-war straitened/tough times e.g. while facing boycott, persecution in pre-Hijrat days and other non-war confrontations.
I would like to add a few references/quotes and incidents to back the points you have already made. To reinforce the concept of security of life and this basic right the Prophet has said "The greatest sins are to associate something with God and to kill human beings." and then he has also further specified about the dhimmis (the non-Muslim citizens of the Muslim State): "One who kills a man under covenant (i.e. a dhimmi) will not even smell the fragrance of Paradise" (al-Bukhari and Abu Dawud) Similarly quotes and references could be added to each. The security portion is very well-rounded and complete and I don't have much to add to it.

Overall you have done a very good job tackling the question. My suggestions were merely add ons for the most part but I hope they were helpful.
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Quote:
Originally Posted by aishalam View Post
Okay first of all let's look at the answer as a whole and then break it down. Do I think you have grasped the essence of it? Most definitely. The answer is fairly thorough and covers many facets.



I would suggest adding a few points in maybe the introductory paragraph about how Islam itself preaches peace and safeguards the due rights of the people. Here are a few Quranic verses that are relevant and that you could lace in; "God forbids you not , with regard to those who fight you not for your Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them” (Al-Mumtahana 8); “But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou also incline towards peace, and trust in God. For He is the One that heareth and knoweth all things” (Al-Anfal 61).





I don't think that portion should take up much of the space though it's just a good addition to round it off. It is important to remember when answering this question specifically how good of a diplomat/peace-keeper the Prophet (PBUH) actually was. This is acknowledged by western philosophers and historians as well.



Here is a quote from George Bernard Shaw in an interview with a Sufi Sheikh by the name of His Eminence Maulana Mohammed Abdul Aleem Siddiqui back in 1935 which was recorded and published in the periodical ‘The Genuine Islam’ “I have studied him [Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) — the wonderful man and in my opinion far from being an anti-Christ — he must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness.”



In “Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet” Karen Armstrong concludes: “Far from being the father of jihad, [Prophet] Mohammad was a peacemaker, who risked his life and nearly lost the loyalty of his closest companions because he was determined to effect a reconciliation with Makkah.”





Back to the arguments on peace and security.







Add the specific names of the treaties and diplomacy missions. It'll give a better impression. e.g the Treaty of Hudaibiya, the first Migration to Abyssinia was of prominent and wealthy newly converted Muslims (it was an important strategic move backed up by the fact that as soon as those first Muslims left, the pagans sent their own ambassadors to counter any narrative the muslims would spread abroad), the Medina Constitution (the agreement under which all the tribes and groups living in Medina-including the Jews-promised to fight for each other to protect their home and also maintain economic ties), then there were also agreements made soon after migration with other tribes on cooperation most prominently with Banu Gifar and Banu Damra (both lived very close to Mecca and were also a strategic move to close off the Quraish's economic routes). Similar expressions are used in all these agreements: they guarantee that the parties will not attack each other, and that they will remain neutral or when one of the parties is attacked, they will help each other.







All excellent points to back up the statement. I would like to suggest a few more points. The incident before prophet hood that concerned the right to erect the revered Hajar al-Aswad in the Holy Kaaba when it was feared that a civil war would break out, The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was the one to suggest the solution (i.e cloth with each end held by representatives of each clan so everyone would have a part in the event). Hence pointing to his ability to maintain peace and diffuse tense situations. There were also the countless murder conspiracies against the Prophet all of whom he forgave showing a love for peace rather than revenge. Also mention how no blood in revenge was spilled during the conquest of Mecca. If the Prophet wanted the city which he had been chased out of could have been plundered but instead peace and safety for ALL was declared. Also note that the Quraiysh were the one who broke the pact of Hudabiya despite the fact that most of the points were arguably not favorable for the Muslims-again pointing to the fact that the Prophet was inclined to a peaceful resolution rather than all out war.



Now lets tackle the security portion.







I would like to add a few references/quotes and incidents to back the points you have already made. To reinforce the concept of security of life and this basic right the Prophet has said "The greatest sins are to associate something with God and to kill human beings." and then he has also further specified about the dhimmis (the non-Muslim citizens of the Muslim State): "One who kills a man under covenant (i.e. a dhimmi) will not even smell the fragrance of Paradise" (al-Bukhari and Abu Dawud) Similarly quotes and references could be added to each. The security portion is very well-rounded and complete and I don't have much to add to it.



Overall you have done a very good job tackling the question. My suggestions were merely add ons for the most part but I hope they were helpful.
Wow!
.
The extra perspective is so refreshing. The murder attempts and cloth/stone dispute resolution method. This was my main reason for sharing. To get an idea of how to think about approaching a question. You're quite good at this! Thankyou! ^^
.
Thankyou for sharing the references too!
.
Your response is eons beyond what I was expecting in feedback. Thankyou so very much. Jazakallah! Allah aapko world top 10 tourist destinations ki toufeeq atta farmaa'e!!

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Old Monday, August 19, 2019
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Acidius View Post
Wow!
.
The extra perspective is so refreshing. The murder attempts and cloth/stone dispute resolution method. This was my main reason for sharing. To get an idea of how to think about approaching a question. You're quite good at this! Thankyou! ^^
.
Thankyou for sharing the references too!
.
Your response is eons beyond what I was expecting in feedback. Thankyou so very much. Jazakallah! Allah aapko world top 10 tourist destinations ki toufeeq atta farmaa'e!!

Sent from my XT1058 using Tapatalk
I'm so glad you found my comments helpful! It's always useful to get a second opinion since as they say; two heads are better than one! Thank you so much for the well wishes! They are very apt since my Masters thesis that I just submitted mere days ago was on tourism and economic development so that was a nice coincidence. Anyway don't mind me and my rambling! Glad I could help.
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Old Wednesday, August 21, 2019
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Thanks again. That's a pleasant coincidence!
What is the topic of your thesis?

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Old Thursday, August 22, 2019
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Quote:
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Thanks again. That's a pleasant coincidence!
What is the topic of your thesis?

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Officially the title was: "The Tourism Industry, Its Contribution to Economic Development, and Factors which Influence this Relationship: An Empirical Study of Pakistan.”

It was a pretty interesting topic to cover though I had a hard time creating a viable model. The relationships of these variables are all fairly complex even if restricted to only economic influences. Overall had a good time with it.
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