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Pakistan Affairs A 100 marks paper divided into mainly two zones: Pre-Partition and Post-Partition


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Old Monday, November 16, 2009
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==Objective Resolution==

After the death of Quaid-e-Azam on 11th September 1948, the responsibility of framing the constitution fell on the shoulders of the first Prime Minister, Liaquat Ali Khan.This resolution was passed by the First Constituent Assembly in March 1949 under the leadership of Liaquat Ali Khan.

==Salient Features of Objective Resolution==

The salient features of the Objective Resolution are as follows:

===Sovereignty Belongs to Allah===
The resolution clearly laid down that sovereignty over the entire universe belongs o Almighty Allah alone and the authorities to be exercised by the people of Pakistan as a sacred trust.

===Federal System===
Federal System of Government will be introduced in Pakistan.

===Golden Principles of Islam===
Principles of democracy, equality, freedom and social justice as laid down by Islam shall be fully observed.

===Supreme Authority of the People===
The sovereignty of the state will be established through the elected representative of the people.

===Life According to the Teachings of Islam===
The Muslims shall be provided with opportunity to order their lives in accordance with the teachings and requirements of Islam.

===Protection of the Rights of Minorities===
The rights and interests of the minorities to freely profess and practice their religion will be protected.

===Equal Rights to Citizens===
All citizens will enjoy their rights on the principle of equality.

===Development of Under Developed Areas===
All efforts will be made for the development and progress of the under developed areas.

===Independence Judiciary===
Judiciary will be independent.

<google>GUESSPAPERS</google>

==Objective Resolution and Liaquat Ali Khan==

While introducing the resolution in the Constituent Assembly, Liaquat Ali Khan said:

'''''"The ideals that promised the demand for Pakistan should form the corner stone of the state. When we use the word 'Democracy' in the Islamic sense it pervades all aspects of life. It relates to
the system of government and to our society will equal validity because one of the greatest contributions of Islam has been the equality of men."'''''

==Importance of the Objective Resolution==

This resolution is of fundamental importance in the history of constitutions making in Pakistan because from the first constitution of 1956 till the constitution of 1973 (present constitution) whatever constitution was framed it was based on this objective resolution. It contains those steps and principles which were to be taken for the fulfillment of the basic aim of the freedom struggle that is the establishment of an Islamic society in Pakistan. Hence, it is a significant document in the constitutional history of Pakistan.

When Liaquat Ali Khan visited America, in the course of his speech at New Orleans, he said,

'''''"We believe in God and his Supreme sovereignty because we believe that civic life must have an ethical content and a higher purpose. But democracy, social justice, equality of opportunity and equality before the law of all citizens irrespective of their race and creed are also aspects of faith with us."'''''

==Basic Principles Committee==

After passing the Objective Resolution, the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan set up a "Basic Principle Committee" to spell out proposals for the constitution in accordance with the guidelines contained in the Objective Resolution.

==Conclusion==

All the above mentioned principles were present in the Objective Resolution that is why this resolution is considered an important event in the constitutional history of the country. It was accepted by all classes of people. It provided a guide line for the future constitutions of Pakistan which were passed in 1956, 1962 and 1973. It consisted of such principles which revealed that
character of constitution shall be Islamic.




plz comment on this attempt plz.........!!!!

give me marks ?
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Last edited by Princess Royal; Monday, November 16, 2009 at 11:46 PM.
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Old Monday, November 16, 2009
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well as far as the objective resolution is concerned, u have presented it very well but like most of the aspirant, u have missed one most important thing and that is critical analysis. Examiner didnt want to judge Ur abilities to cram the topic. what he wants to see is how well prepared ur opinion and understanding are regarding the topic. so Analyze every topic in your own words at the end

Marks 5/10
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Old Monday, November 16, 2009
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good attempt just missing a few things, Intro could have been better like defining the objective resolution.
You could start like this After the independence of Pakistan, the first hurdle was the formation of its own constitution !! then you could write what objective resolution is bla bla

Main thing which you are missing is the Critical Analysis. What did you understand from this resolution. You just jotted down the main points of the resolution but you have to give your own analysis on it. Overall nice attempt i would still give you 5.5/10

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waqarj
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Old Monday, November 16, 2009
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Default y.rahman and waqarj..

plz write your crytical analysis of the question.let me see how to write crytical analysis?
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Old Monday, November 16, 2009
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a.o.a. kindly use the word 'Objectives'' instead of Objective.
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Old Tuesday, November 17, 2009
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Default The objectives Resoultion

Quote:
Originally Posted by mashal khan View Post
plz write your crytical analysis of the question.let me see how to write crytical analysis?
The following link may be helpful for you.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/4050310/Th...ves-Resolution
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Old Wednesday, November 18, 2009
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Default criticism on the Objectives Resolution(O.R)

You have touched a very important topic of Pakistan Affairs.According to my experience,Pak.Aff can be scoring if u learn the art of producing and presenting an answer marked by your logical and critical analysis.
when you talk about the O.R,after defining and explaining its main points just forget that you are a Muslim and a definite subcriber to the two-nation theory.you must also take the view point of the critics of the O.R e.g(Hindus and some Muslims like Iftikhar ud Din) who vehemently opposed the very rationale of the O.R.And you see that even today there are certain scholars and historians who believe that the O.R. was nothing but just an attempt to appease the religious class of the country.These critics opine that the O.R.confused religion with polity unnecessarily.In the end u can simply conclude that inspite of all the opposition and criticism of the O.R.,the fact remains that the O.R proved first step in the constitution making of Pakistan and set a tone for future Constitutions of the country.Infact,it serves as the Magna carta of the constitutional history of Pakistan.
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