CSS Forums Wednesday, April 23, 2014
02:11 PM (GMT +5)
 
 
Home   Beginner's Guide   Rules   Syllabus   Past Papers   CSP Members  

Go Back   CSS Forums > CSS Compulsory Subjects > Pakistan Affairs

Pakistan Affairs A 100 marks paper divided into mainly two zones: Pre-Partition and Post-Partition


Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
  #1  
Old Wednesday, October 13, 2010
Ali Ahmad Syed's Avatar
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2010
Location: In The Blessings of God
Posts: 825
Thanks: 362
Thanked 1,085 Times in 487 Posts
Ali Ahmad Syed is a splendid one to beholdAli Ahmad Syed is a splendid one to beholdAli Ahmad Syed is a splendid one to beholdAli Ahmad Syed is a splendid one to beholdAli Ahmad Syed is a splendid one to beholdAli Ahmad Syed is a splendid one to beholdAli Ahmad Syed is a splendid one to behold
Default SUPARCO to launch Paksat 1R satellite next year

Pakistan will launch its telecommunication satellite “PakSat 1R” on August 14, 2011. The satellite will replace the current telecommunication satellite developed by Hughes System.

This was stated by Secretary SUPARCO, Arshad H Siraj on Monday. Talking to Dawn.com, Siraj said that the satellite will replace the existing PakSat 1 which will be inactive and outdated next year. The satellite already has shown signal eclipse of 88 days in a year. In PakSat 1R, the “R” means replacement.

Paksat 1 and R: the History
Telecommunication satellites are put in orbit 35,700 km above the equator, and on that particular altitude they move in-sync with Earth, thus completing the rotation in 24 hours and remaining stationary with respect to a particular position on the ground, which is why they are also called “geostationary satellites”. However, only a limited number of satellites can be placed in that particular orbit because only one satellite can be put on each degree. Hence, 360 satellites can be placed in an imaginary circle above the globe.

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) allocates the satellite place in geostationary orbit on a first-come-first-serve basis. But after allotment of a position, a deadline is needed for a party to launch its satellite in a given time and incase of failure, the allotment is handed over to other nations or parties who were in queue.
According to Secretary SUPARCO, in the 1980s, Pakistan booked eight slots in the orbit. In mid 90s Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) inked an agreement with Alcatel for a satellite. But in the mean time, a few telecommunication satellites launches failed worldwide and other problems halted the launch of the Pakistani satellite, causing Alcatel to cancel the agreement. Pakistan then also lost its allotted slots in orbit.

The deadline of the only slot left, 38° East, was April 19, 2003 and after that Pakistan also lost this space. The Former President of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf asked the authorities to find a solution. A high level committee reported that buying and replacing a satellite of Hughes is the only option to secure the slot.
So Pakistan bought the Hughes satellite designed for Indonesia and moved it in the occupied slot in December 2002.

Paksat 1R

A hallmark of Pak-China joint venture, Paksat 1R will be launched on August 14, 2011, the Independence Day of Pakistan, which also happens to be the date for the 50th anniversary of SUPARCO. Working on this project will also give experience and confidence to Pakistani scientists and engineers. Many of the testing elements have been developed by experts of SUPARCO.
But the question is that why is Pakistan developing a telecommunication satellite rather than taking advantage of many commercially available satellites?

Siraj answered that it is not only important for capacity building but for self-reliance purposes as well in case of an embargo or other hurdles from advance countries as seen in past.

Siraj said that the Paksat 1R data and signals will be received by satellite ground stations located in Karachi and Lahore. Paksat 1R will have 26 transponders which will carry dozens of digital TV channels.
__________________
“There is no God but You (Allah Almighty), You are far exalted and above all weaknesses, and I was indeed the wrongdoer”. AL-QURAN
Reply With Quote
The Following User Says Thank You to Ali Ahmad Syed For This Useful Post:
nafees khattak (Wednesday, October 13, 2010)
Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Overview Of The Economy free thinker Pakistan Affairs 5 Tuesday, February 11, 2014 01:24 PM
development of pakistan press since 1947 Janeeta Journalism 13 Wednesday, December 18, 2013 11:24 PM
G.K objectives for all terminator Topics and Notes 16 Saturday, August 17, 2013 11:41 PM
Pak-Affairs Notes Predator Pakistan Affairs 61 Monday, July 11, 2011 09:57 PM
International Observance ravaila General Knowledge, Quizzes, IQ Tests 12 Thursday, September 03, 2009 04:47 PM


CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: This is not the official website of Federal Public Service Commission Pakistan. This is a non-commercial website helping individuals who intend to join civil service of Pakistan. The material on this website is provided for informational purposes only. We do not claim that the site is an exhaustive compilation of information about Civil Service of Pakistan neither represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any information, content contained on, or linked, downloaded or accessed from any page of this website. These materials are intended, but not promised or guaranteed to be current, complete or up to date. However, honest efforts have been made to provide comprehensive information for the benefit of users. The documents and material displayed or mentioned on this site are not official copies. Please contact FPSC for updated rules and regulations governing CSS examination.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2014, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.