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Pakistan Affairs A 100 marks paper divided into mainly two zones: Pre-Partition and Post-Partition

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Old Friday, November 05, 2010
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Question How to do a critical comparison in this case?

Make a critical comparison of the Nehru Report and the Quaid-e-Azam's Fourteen Points

should we write down both the nehru and Quaid's points?? its not making a sense then how to deal with this kind of questionz??

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Old Saturday, November 06, 2010
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Default comparision nehru report 14points

Simiilarities Political constitution in nature,Reforms in n.w.f.p,extension of democratic principles,Reforms in balochistan DISIMILARITIES,Nehru report,fed form of gov but not uniform degree of autonomy to fed units,14 points equal degree of autonomy,1/4muslim reprsentation in nehru vs1/3 in 14points,nehru ignored the issue of protection of minorities while jinnah placed much emphasis,Nehru discarded separate electrorate contrary to 14 points,nehru report Full constitution while 14points Minimum charter of muslim demands,Nehru limited acceptance of separation of sind from bombay jinnah clear cut demand,Nehru representating hindu point of view while jinnah championing minority rights,Nehru rejected nivel idea that Muslims should dominate at least in some parts of india while 14 oints contained this idea
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Old Saturday, November 06, 2010
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Default comparision of nehru report jinnah 14 points

i want to add some insight into this Q..

a critical analysis demands not just the comparison with the nehru report but look into the background of the long standing demands of the muslim community.. as critics pointout that 14 points are just the brain-child of jinnah..

jinnah was also bluntly reminded at the all party muslim conference at delhi on jan, 1929. that he merely represented a small fraction of a community...
and congress is the only one representing all the communities..
nehro report came in this background...
congress had encroached over the rights of the muslims and denied all the previous commitments made in lucknow pact..
nehro report also came at a time when congress was dominated by extremist hindu mind-set..

in the light of such political situation, a critical analysis is:

14 points

1.the future constitution shall be federal...(delhi proposal jan 1929)

2.al legislatures and local bodies...effective representation of minorities... (congress accepted in Lcknow pact 1916... jinnah was refferring to bengal and punjab)

3. muslims shall be granted 1/3rd representation.. ( lucknow pact , act of 1919 and delhi proposal)

5. representation of communal groups.. by means of separate electorates... ( propounded by sir syed ahmad khan followed by ML leaders)

comments
there is nothing new in 14 points with the exception of two or three twists in the points..
this was an elaboration of long standing demands of muslim community
it was also systematic draft of delhi muslim proposals
jinnah has given a it concrete shape.

regards
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Old Saturday, November 06, 2010
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Comparison of Jinnah's Fourteen Points & Nehru Report

1. Minority Question
The reccomendations in the Nehru Report were in the benefit og the Hindu majority. It rejected weightage for minorities because it thought that minority question is a British creation and would disappear as India attains the dominion status. While Jinnah viewed that minority question is real and based upon fundamental historical and political differences.

2. Separate Electorates
Nehru Report rejected the Muslim demand for separate electorates on the ground that all Indians belog to one nation. Whereas, Jinnah favored Muslim separate electorate because Muslims regarded themselves a separate nation.

3. Representation in the Central Legislature
Nehru Report reserved 1/4th seats for Muslims at the center and in provinces in which they are in minority so that minority must remain minority. Mr. Jinnah, on the other hand, favored that in the Central legislature Muslim representation shall not be less than 1/3rd.

4. Autonomy
Nehru favored that autonomy should remain at the center unlike Mr. Jinnah who proposed that uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.

5. Majority Government
Nehru demanded full independence and majority rule and refused to discuss the communal issue. While Mr. Jinnah refused to accept the majority government at the center.

These differences were really very wide and unbridgeable. The Nehru report and Quaid-e-Azam's Fourteen Points were just like a chasm political field which could not be filled. The reasonable and moderate demands contained in the Fourteen Points were rejected by the leaders of Congress. This further widened the gulf between the two communities. The political attitude of Muslims of India was shaped on the basis of Fourteen Points after 1930. As these points also contained the germs of the idea of Pakistan, they postulated the Muslims as a separate identity.

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