Originally Posted by xaara~hussain
yeh to koi baat na hui, glaciers and water resource..hahahahah kya significance dhoondi
Xaara, the Climate Change question was not irrelevant. According to the World Bank, Pakistan will be one of the top 6 countries to be impacted due to climate change.
The possible impacts Pakistan faces due to climate change include:
- increased likelihood of floods and droughts
- Receding of glaciers
- Reduced water availability through increased evapo-transpiration
- Increased temperatures (impact on crops and agriculture)
At Independence, Water Availability per capita in Pakistan was more than 3000 cm3 while today it is less than 1000cm3. A country with less than 1000cm3 is considered a water stressed country.
Water is important as 40% of it is used in the Agriculture sector of Pakistan. The sector provides food to the entire population, employs 45% of labor force and contributes 21% of GDP.
About 40% of the Indus System Riverflow is through melting of glaciers. If the glaciers eventually melt through climate change, Pakistan will be in deep deep trouble.
The population of the country is expected to rise to 350 million in 2050, This will reduce water available per capita further while also pushing demand for agricultural produce.
Hence, Water and Climate CHange go hand in hand. Taking this into account, Pakistan needs to preserve its water resources. This can be done through conservation and through conserving Pakistan's rights over water against India. You could mention the Indus Water Treaty here and the three Indian projects on the Chenab and Jehlum.
I hope this finally answers your question. Cheers