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International Relations Notes on IR


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Old Monday, October 12, 2009
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Default question about diplomacy!

hi all

my question is about diplomacy modes and kinds.is there any difference btw modes of diplomacy and kinds of diplomacy.?

thankyou
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Old Monday, October 12, 2009
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Originally Posted by sonu.monu View Post
hi all

my question is about diplomacy modes and kinds.is there any difference btw modes of diplomacy and kinds of diplomacy.?

thankyou
well dont remeber exactly bcoz its a lengthy topic of INTERNATIONAL LAW
so u may consult a book of international law or click this link:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diplomacy

i hope it will help u out.
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Old Tuesday, October 13, 2009
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no i dun think so that there is any difrnce b/t these two,
but in most of the books of i.r we can find juz the types of diplomacy, types and modes are the same
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Old Tuesday, October 13, 2009
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somebody else plz clear my concept.i am not clear abt its concept .
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Old Tuesday, October 13, 2009
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@ snu monu

Different kinds of diplomacy take their forms due to the prevalent different 'modes'. For example a summitry diplomacy is the norm these days, in this diplomacy , the mode is that the head of states meet together to discuss problems and try to reach a conclusion. This has also given rise to multilateral diplomacy.

So in essence modes and types are one in same !
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Old Tuesday, October 13, 2009
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Default Diplomacy:-

Diplomacy:-

Art of conducting relationships for gain without conflict. It is the chief instrument of foreign policy. Its methods include secret negotiation by accredited envoys (though political leaders also negotiate) and international agreements and laws. Its use predates recorded history. The goal of diplomacy is to further the state's interests as dictated by geography, history, and economics. Safeguarding the state's independence, security, and integrity is of prime importance; preserving the widest possible freedom of action for the state is nearly as important. Beyond that, diplomacy seeks maximum national advantage without using force and preferably without causing resentment.

Objectives:

Diplomacy is an important means by which sates execute policies. It is largely designed to enable states to secure the objective of their foreign policies by interacting with the other states preferably without a resort to force in war. The main purpose of this course is to acquaint the students not only about the linkage between foreign policy and diplomacy of a country but also to teach them about the means and methods of achieving the aims and objectives of foreign policy through various kinds of diplomacy. In addition, important matters related to diplomacy will be covered in the course in its theoretical and applied dimensions.

Types of Diplomacy:
Old versus New Diplomacy; Open versus Secret, Formal versus Informal

Kinds of Diplomacy:
Summit Diplomacy, Conference Diplomacy, Preventive Diplomacy, Quiet/Silent Diplomacy, Gunboat Diplomacy, Islamic Approach to Diplomacy

Multi-track Diplomacy

Modes of Diplomacy:
Unilateral, Bilateral, and Multilateral.

Informal Channels of Diplomacy:
Media and NGOs

SEE ALSO:-

Track I Diplomacy:-
Actors:-Official Representatives, Governments, Multi-national Organizations, Elites, Adversarial Leaders
Methods:-Positive or Negative Incentives, Mediation, Political or Economic Support
Stages of Conflict:-Present in all stages but of particular importance during Peacemaking and Peacekeeping when official actors determine cease-fires, peace accords and terms to negotiated agreements.
Track-II Diplomacy:-
Actors:-Unofficial Representatives, Nongovernmental Organizations, Regional and Local Leaders, Grassroots Groups
Methods:-Back-channel Discussions,
Education Programs Workshops, Grassroots Reconciliation
Stages of Conflict:- Present in all stages but of particular importance during Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding when local and regional actors can detect early warning signs of violence and can help foster personal reconciliation Techniques between adversarial parties.

BACK CHANNEL DIPLOMACY:-
A back channel diplomacy is an unofficial channel of communication between states or other political entities, used to supplement official channels, often for the purposes of discussing highly sensitive policy issues.

PING PONG DIPLOMACY:-
Ping Pong Diplomacy refers to the exchange of ping pong players of the United States and People's Republic of China (PRC) in the 1970s. The event marked a thaw in U.S.–China relations that paved the way to a visit to Beijing by President Richard Nixon
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