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Old Wednesday, July 10, 2019
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Default Public Administration paper 2019 part 1/8

Q.1 Define Public Administration. Discuss the relationship between politics and public administration.

Marx defines administration as - Administration is determined action taken in pursuit of a conscious purpose. It is the systematic ordering of affairs and the calculated use of resources aimed at making those happen which one wants to happen.
According to L D White, Public administration consists of all those operations having for their purpose the fulfillment or enforcement of public policy.
Discuss the relationship between politics and public administration.
In the initial days, both Politics and Administration are under the stream of Political Science but with increasing functionalities and with the growing importance it was established as a different discipline.

Woodrow Wilson in 1887 through his essay, “The Study of Administration” came up with theory that politics and administration are inherently different and should be approached differently and thus he was credited with Politics-administration dichotomy.

Coming to the relationship between politics and public administration.

Politics in its broadest view has many facets and to examine the relationship between politics and public administration. We can be concerned with the view that, Politics as the art of governing the state. Usually called as Legislature.

By definition, Politics is the study or practice of the distribution of power and resources within a country. It also deals with the theory and practice of political systems and political behavior.

Politics is actually how a government is functioning as per its declaration, by adhering to the constitution of the nation. But, Even the policies framed by politicians take the inputs from the administration.

whereas, Public Administration is the visible part of the government. We can call it the Executive.

By definition, Public Administration is detailed systematic execution of public law. Every particular application of law is an act of administration. It is the determined action taken in pursuit of a conscious purpose.

Whether giving inputs regarding policies or executing through bureaucracy, it is actually how a policy reaches to the masses.

Simple words, Even though they have interlinking nature regarding framing and implementation of policies. It is widely accepted that Public Policies are framed by Legislature or the actual politics with the help of executive of the government whereas implemented by the Executive or administrative part through the Legislative process.
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