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Old Thursday, February 23, 2023
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shahzad ayub is an unknown quantity at this point
Arrow Planning Process In Public Administration

Different thinkers in the realm of Public Administration has divided the process of planning into different steps; usually most of them overlap being concise or elaborative in nature. Break down of planning processes from some major thinkers are given below:

John D. Millet (3 steps):
1 Set goals
2 Assess Resources
3 Prepare Programme

Seckler Hudson (6 steps):
1. Define Problem
2. Explore info
3. Possible solutions
4. Pilot
5. Evaluate
6. Reconsideration (Revise or implement on full scale)

Harold F. Gortner (8 steps):

1 Identify Need for proble,
2 Set Objectives: Clear and Concise,
3 Forecast Future: Identifying Factors affecting, obstructions, possible changes
4 Setting Priorities: limited resources,
5 Develop Action Plans: Steps, PERT, CPM
6 Implement:
7 Evaluate: Identify flaws, Loopholes, Gauge success,
8 Revise the Plan: New ideas, respond to changes, Avoid prior mistakes,
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