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Q.2: Why were the Muslim rulers of pre-Mughal India called Sultans? What were the prerequisites for the appointment/selections of a Sultan?

Q.3: Write a detailed essay on the administrative structure of Sher Shah Suri.

Q.4: Evaluate the political role of Shah Wali Ullah in 18th century India

Q.5: What factors led to the failure of Syed Ahmad Barailvi’s Jihad Movement in the North-West Frontier?

Q.6: What is imperialism? How is the Mughal Rule in India, not the ‘Imperialist Rule’ and the British rule in India known as ‘Imperialist Rule’ Argue?

Q.7: What issues delayed the Constitution-making process in Pakistan?

Q.8: Determine the factors that led Pakistan to opt to join the Western Bloc.


Q.2: Analyse in detail the life and times of Allama Mohammad Iqbal, particularly focusing on his transition from Indian nationalism to the concept of Pan-Islamism.

Q.3: Analyze Pakistan’s foreign policy during Cold War Era, focusing upon its relations with the neighboring states and its effects on South Asia.

Q.4: Critically analyze the various steps taken by General Ziaul Haq towards Islamization in Pakistan and its impact on the society.
“Verily, with hardship, there is relief.” – Quran 94:5
Q.5: Critically evaluate various facts of Pakistan’s Afghan policy and its Socio-Political impact on the domestic front.

Q.6: What was Balban’s Theory of Kingship? How far did he succeed in its implementation in India and with what results?

Q.7: Analyse the various steps taken by the Sultans of Delhi in repulsing the Mongols from India. Did they succeed in their objectives?

Q.8: It is generally believed that refusal to transfer of power to the majority party i.e Awami League, after their success in the general elections of 1970, resulted in the dismemberment of Pakistan in 1971. Discuss

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Q. No. 2. Write a detailed note on the public administration under Muslim rule in India.

Q. No. 3. Critically examine the origin and growth of the East India Company as an imperialist power in India.

Q. No. 4. Give an historical account of the growth of Hindu nationalism during 1858-

Q. No. 5. Evaluate the causes and effects of the Khilafat Movement on the Muslim struggle for independence.

Q. No. 6. Discuss the outcomes of the three sessions of the Round Table Conference.

Q. No. 7. Critically evaluate the role of political parties in the separation of East
Pakistan in 1971.
“Worship Allah as if you see Him, for if you don’t see Him, He sees you.” – Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Q. No. 8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following. (10 each)
a) Kargil War
b) 1984 Referendum
c) Allahabad Address 1930


Q. No. 2. Elaborate upon the causes of Muslim’s success in India against the local Hindu Rulers which greatly helped in the consolidation of Muslim rule in South Asia.

Q. No. 3. What was the Mongol threat to India and how far the Sultans of Delhi succeeded in repulsing them from the frontiers of India.

Q. No. 4. Analyze the Muslim politics in the Muslim majority provinces during 1940-1947 and its impact upon the South Asia.

Q. No. 5. Elaborate on the Charismatic leadership o Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, particularly his efforts in political mobilization of the Muslims in India during 1936-1947.

Q. No. 6. Evaluate the Centre-Province relations in Pakistan during 1947-1956 and its impact upon the Pakistan State and Society.

Q. No. 7. Critically analyze the fall of Dhaka, particularly the cause which led to the dismemberment of Pakistan in December 1971.

Q. No. 8. Critically analyze Pakistan’s relation with Afghanistan in the wake of Pashtoonistan issue during the Cold War Era.

“The best of you are those who learn the Quran and teach it.” – Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Q. No. 2. Discuss the sway of Sufism in 13th Century AD.

Q. No. 3. Estimate the Hindu Reformist and Political Movements of 19th and 20th Century AD and also their impact on Muslim Society and Politics.

Q. No. 4. Explain in detail the sufferings of the Muslims under the Congress ministries’ rule. How did the Muslims celebrate their resignation in 1939?

Q. No. 5. Examine those provisions of Nehru Report which affected Muslims. What was Muslim response to these provisions?

Q. No. 6. “East Pakistan was the Test of Pakistani Leadership”. Discuss.

Q. No. 7. Akbar failed to establish “Nationalism” in the subcontinent. Discuss.

Q. No. 8. Examine Indo-Pak relations in the wake of Kashmir Issue. Give your recommendations to resolve this issue.


Q. No. 2. Discuss in detail the role of Persian language in influencing cultures in precolonial India.

Q. No. 3. How did the institution of Sufi Shrines influence socio-cultural and economic structures in Mughal India?

Q. No. 4. In Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s struggle for uplifting the conditions of the Muslims, we see a conflict between Indian and European traditions and knowledge systems. Explain.
“Spread love everywhere you go.” – Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
Q. No. 5. How did colonial legacies influence Pakistan’s political and social structures in the 1950s and 1960s?

Q. No. 6. While considering the Pakistan’s current financial crisis, how would you compare the economic policies of General Ayub Khan with Z.A. Bhutto?

Q. No. 7. Explain the propaganda strategies of Pakistani and Indian states and the separatist Bengali leadership during the crisis of East Pakistan.

Q. No. 8. Compare the political strategies used by Pakistan Muslim League-N, Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarian and Pakistan Tahreek-e-Insaaf since 2008, to establish their governments.


Q. No. 2. ‘Internal consolidation rather than territorial expansion was the keynote of Bulban’s policy’. Elucidate.

Q. No. 3. ‘Akbar fully realized the absence of national spirit in the Mughal Empire and tried to build one, but history of his dynasty records that he failed in the task’. In this context discuss Akbar’s policy towards non-Muslims.

Q. No. 4. ‘By his political reforms and policy of religious toleration Sher Shah laid the foundation of an enlightened government’. Discuss.

Q. No. 5. How and why the concept of Basic Democracies was evolved in Pakistan and with what results?

Q. No. 6. Elaborate legal frame work order of 1970 and its far reaching impact on the politics of Pakistan.
Q. No. 7. Write notes on the following: (10 each)
i. Movement for the Restoration of Democracy (MRD)
ii. Hussain Shaheed Suharwardy and his Ministry (1956-57)
“Love for others what you love for yourself.” – Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
Q. No. 8. Give brief but composed answers of the following. (5 each)
a. What do you know about Democratic Action Committee?
b. What was Operation Fair play?
c. Describe the main reforms of Prime Minister Moeen Qureshi.
d. Incident of Ojhri Camp.
Q. No. 2. Analyze and elucidate the institutional structure of the Sultanate of Delhi.

Q. No. 3. “Akbar and not Babur was the real founder of the Mughal Empire”. Comment.

Q. No. 4. Are you agree with the statement that “The Third Battle of Panipat was paved the way for the Colonial Rule in India”.

Q. No. 5. How reconciliation developed between the Indian National Congress and All India
Muslim League during 1913-1916?

Q. No. 6. The Congress Rule in the provinces (1937-39) paved the way for the Pakistan
Movement. Comment.

Q. No. 7. In what sense the Elections of 1970 are unique in nature and important in the electoral history of Pakistan.

Q. No. 8. Highlight the factors that create obstacles in the smooth functioning of the Parliament in contemporary history of the country.
Q. No. 2. “Conquest of Sindh in 712 opened the corridor to both Islam and Trade”. Discuss.

Q. No. 3. Analyze Allauddin Khilji’s economic reforms and measure its impact on the state and society.
“Do good to others, and goodness will come back to you.” – Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

Q. No. 4. Discuss the sway of Sufism in 13th and 14th century AD.

Q. No. 5. Examine the Religious Policy of Mughal Kings.

Q. No. 6. Estimate the Hindu Reformist and Political Movements of 19th and 20th century AD and also their impact on Muslim Society and Politics.

Q. No. 7. “Lucknow Pact 1916 was forerunner to the creation of Pakistan.” Discuss.

Q. No. 8. Discuss the pros and cons of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
Q.No.2. “Conquest of Sindh produced everlasting results not only in Sindh but all over South Asia”. Discuss

Q.No.3. Briefly explain the merits and de-merits of price control policy of Ala-ud-Din Khaliji.

Q.No.4. Later Mughals were responsible for the decline of Mughal Empire. Discuss in detail.

Q.No.5. Examine Aligarh movement and the services rendered by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan to uplift the educational services for the awaking of Muslim of Sub-Continent.

Q.No.6. “Lahore Resolution 1940 was a turning point in the history of Sub-Continent”. Take a position and support your argument by historical facts, if any.

Q.No.7. Objective resolution made constitutional process slow or it helped in making the 1st Constitution of Pakistan. Develop your own argument.
Q.No.8. Political Parties are responsible for the imposition of Marshal Laws in Pakistan. Comment.
“Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave.” – Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

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