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-   -   Chengez Khan or Halaqu Khan converted to Islam? (http://www.cssforum.com.pk/css-optional-subjects/group-iv/history-pakistan-india/9183-chengez-khan-halaqu-khan-converted-islam.html)

asim sial Wednesday, April 25, 2007 03:02 AM

Chengez Khan or Halaqu Khan converted to Islam?
 
please tell me who was converted to muslim,chengez khan or halaqu khan?

DNA Wednesday, April 25, 2007 06:57 AM

halaqu or changiz
 
salam

as far as my knowledge is concerned both of them didnt convert to Islam

Muhammad T S Awan Wednesday, April 25, 2007 09:55 AM

AOA

Genghis Khan or Temüjin (1162–1227) united many tribes of Mongols and made a decisive battle force. When Genghis Khan died, a major potential weakness of the system he had set up manifested itself. It took many months to summon the kurultai (council), as many of its most important members were leading military campaigns thousands of miles from the Mongol heartland. And then it took months more for the kurultai to come to the decision that had been almost inevitable from the start — that Genghis's choice as successor, his third son Ögedei, should become Great Khan. Ögedei was a rather passive ruler and personally self-indulgent, but he was intelligent, charming and a good decision-maker whose authority was respected throughout his reign by apparently stronger-willed relatives and generals whom he had inherited from Genghis.

On Ögedei's death in 1241, however, the system started falling apart. Pending a kurultai to elect Ögedei's successor, his widow Toregene Khatun assumed power and proceeded to ensure the election of her son Guyuk by the kurultai. Batu was unwilling to accept Guyuk as Great Khan, but lacked the influence in the kurultai to procure his own election. Therefore, while moving no further west, he simultaneously insisted that the situation in Europe was too precarious for him to come east and that he could not accept the result of any kurultai held in his absence. The resulting stalemate lasted four years. In 1246 Batu eventually agreed to send a representative to the kurultai but never acknowledged the resulting election of Guyuk as Great Khan.

Guyuk died in 1248, only two years after his election, on his way west, apparently to force Batu to acknowledge his authority, and his widow Oghul Ghaymish assumed the regency pending the meeting of the kurultai; unfortunately for her, she could not keep the power. Batu remained in the west but this time gave his support to his and Guyuk's cousin, Möngke, who was duly elected Great Khan in 1251.

Möngke Khan unwittingly provided his brother Kublai, or Qubilai, with a chance to become Khan in 1260, assigning Kublai to a province in North China. Kublai expanded the Mongol empire and became a favorite of Möngke. Kublai's conquest of China is estimated by Holworth, based on census figures, to have killed over 18 million people.

Later, though, when Kublai began to adopt many Chinese laws and customs, his brother was persuaded by his advisors that Kublai was becoming too Chinese and would become treasonous. Möngke kept a closer watch on Kublai from then on but died campaigning in the west. After his older brother's death, Kublai placed himself in the running for a new khan against his younger brother, and, although his younger brother won the election, Kublai defeated him in battle, and Kublai became the last true Great Khan.

He proved to be a strong warrior, but his critics still accused him of being too closely tied to Chinese culture. When he moved his headquarters to Beijing, there was an uprising in the old capital that he barely staunched. He focused mostly on foreign alliances, and opened trade routes. He dined with a large court every day, and met with many ambassadors, foreign merchants, and even offered to convert to Christianity if this religion was proved to be correct by 100 priests.

By the reign of Kublai Khan, the empire was already in the process of splitting into a number of smaller khanates. After Kublai died in 1294, his heirs failed to maintain the Pax Mongolica and the Silk Road closed. Inter-family rivalry compounded by the complicated politics of succession, which twice paralyzed military operations as far off as Hungary and the borders of Egypt (crippling their chances of success), and the tendencies of some of the khans to drink themselves to death fairly young (causing the aforementioned succession crises), hastened the disintegration of the empire.

Another factor which contributed to the disintegration was the decline of morale when the capital was moved from Karakorum to modern day Beijing by Kublai Khan, because Kublai Khan associated more with Chinese culture. Kublai concentrated on the war with the Song Dynasty, assuming the mantle of ruler of China, while the more Western khanates gradually drifted away.

The four descendant empires were the Mongol-founded Yuan Dynasty in China, the Chagatai Khanate, the Golden Horde that controlled Central Asia and Russia, and the Ilkhans who ruled Persia from 1256 to 1353. Of the latter, their ruler Ilkhan Ghazan was converted to Islam in 1295 and actively supported the expansion of this religion in his empire.

plz follow the following link for complete information: [url]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_Empire[/url]

Najabat Wednesday, April 25, 2007 02:53 PM

Superb elucidation by dear brother Tabassum.Bravo brother.

Well its very right that neither Changez nor Halaku Khan embraced Islam.In addition I want to share here an incident that really turns the tables on Mangols and pave the way for Islam in Mangols who basically came to destruct Islam.

After burning and pillaging entire Baghdad and killing thousands of Muslims, Halaku ordered his army to arrest and gather all the Islamic scholars in a huge field in which he was to enjoy the scene of them beheaded in front of him. When all the Islamic scholars were gathered in the field, Halaku came galloping on his beautiful horse in the field while holding the reins in one hand and repeatedly throwing a lemon in the air and catching it (as it was his habit) in the other hand. He then stopped at the front of the assembly of prisoners where his generals were waiting for him. He stayed seated on his horse and started addressing the scholars with scornful arrogance while still playing with the lemon:
[B]
"Today no power will save you from my wrath. Where is your Allah? If He really exists then why don't you call Him to come to your help?" [/B]
This insult to Allah really infuriated an old Islamic scholar named Imam Yusuf who was physically very weak and thin. However, he was endowed with a great religious zeal and fervor. When he heard Halaku saying that, he moved forward, his body trembling with anger, and his face turned red with rage. Imam Yusuf spoke in his fearsome loud trembling voice:

[B]"You ruthless! You are the one who spreaded rape, pillage, and destruction in this land. How did you dare to insult my Allah like that. My Allah is so power that if He wills, He can take your life even before this lemon that you have just thrown in the air falls in you hand!" [/B]

Halaku started sweating profusely, he never heard anyone talking to him like that - this man was feared by all for his ruthlessness. The lemon fell on the ground. He bend down while still seated on his horse to pick up the lemon from the ground. The horse took it as a signal to gallop at her maximum speed. This shook Halaku who fell on the ground on his back but his one foot got stuck in the saddle. The horse was running like wind while Halaku was mercilessly dragged all over the place. Then he started to bleed profusely and when the horse stopped, Halaku had died a miserable and painful death. The man who loved to inflict painful deaths on innocent people, himself died that way.
When Tatar generals saw this, they started trembling with fear. Imam Yusuf's faith in Allah had convinced them more them enough that Allah indeed exists and is not oblivious to what the transgressors do. The huge fearsome- looking Tatar generals wept and apologized to Imam Yusuf and converted to Islam on his hand. Because of these Tatar generals, the entire Tatar nation converted to Islam. Within just 40 Years of Halaku Invasion in Islamic world,the whole Mangol invaded tribe embraced Islam.

Zeerak Yousafzay Wednesday, April 25, 2007 03:47 PM

Neither of them converted to Islam. They had their own mongol-paganism as their religion.

bravo_99 Wednesday, April 25, 2007 09:39 PM

Hmmmmmm.we Are Muslims So This Seems To Be Very Good Incident But It Is Not Based On Truth....history Depicts That Halako Returned To His Native Area And Died There Not As Mentioned In The Thread

Muhammad T S Awan Thursday, April 26, 2007 09:40 AM

@ bravo 99; dear brother, history seldom depicts any thing, historians narrate the events. Its very easy to get to the bottom line, search for diffirent narations on death of Halagu Khan and you would find the truth. It would be highly appreciated if you share that information with us.

An expeditious endeavour would be highly appreciated.


02:49 PM (GMT +5)

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