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Old Sunday, June 07, 2015
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Default Syllabus and Recommended Books of Criminology


Section-I (25 Marks)

I. Introduction
Basic concepts used in understanding crime, criminality and criminal.

II. Understanding Criminology
Definition, meaning and scope of criminology, Criminology and criminal law, Crime as social problem, Crime and social organization, related concepts: Deviance, Sin and Vice

III. Crime and Criminals
Occasional criminals, Habitual criminals, Professional criminals, White-collar crime, Organized crime, corporate crimes.

IV. Crime and Criminality: Theoretical Perspectives

Early explanation of criminal behavior

  • Classical School
  • Positivist School (Biological and Psychological Explanations)
  • Positivist School (Sociological Explanation)
  • Social Disorganization theory
  • Strain theory
  • Social Control theory
  • Learning theory
  • Labeling Theory
  • Islamic perspective

Section-II (25 Marks)

V. Juvenile Delinquency :-Meaning, definitions (Behavioral Vs Legal), Juvenile delinquent Vs status offender, Official statistics of juvenile delinquency

VI. Juvenile Justice System
  • Role of police
  • Juvenile court process:
  • pretrial, trial and sentencing
  • Role of prosecutor, defense counsel, juvenile judge, juvenile probation officer
  • Juvenile correctional institutions, probation and non-punitive alternatives
VII. The Criminal Justice System:
  • Police and its role
  • Trial and Conviction of Offenders
  • Agencies: formal and informal
  • Criminal courts: procedures and problems
  • Role of prosecutors
  • Prisons, Probation and Parole
VIII. Punitive and Reformative Treatment of Criminals
Corporal punishment, Imprisonment, Rehabilitation of criminals.

Section-III (25 Marks)

IX. Criminal Investigation :-Principles of criminal investigation, Manual of preliminary investigation, Intelligence operations, Data base investigation, Electronic investigation, Forensic Investigation

X. Techniques of Investigations:- Gathering information from persons, Interviewing and interrogation techniques, Criminal investigation analysis,

XI. Legal and Ethical Guidelines for Investigators:- Stop and frisk operations, Arrest procedures, Search and seizure.

XII. International Policing Criminal Justice Monitoring Organizations :-UNAFEI, INTERPOL, EUROPOL, UNODC, UNICEF, IPA, etc.

Section-IV (25 Marks)

XIII. Modern Concepts in Contemporary Criminology
  • Terrorism, Radicalism and War on Terror
  • Media’s representation of Crime and the Criminal Justice System
  • Modern Law Enforcement and Crime Prevention
  • Intelligence-led Policing
  • Community Policing
  • Private Public Partnership
  • Gender and Crime in Urban and Rural Pakistan
  • Crime and Urbanization, Organized Crime and White-Collar Crime
  • Human Rights Abuses and Protection, especially Children, Women and Minorities and the role of civil society and NGOs
  • Money-laundering
  • Cyber Crime
  • Role of NAB, FIA, ANF


1. New Perspectives in Criminology-------------------------------------------------------Conklin, J.E

2. Criminal Interrogation and Confessions. -----------------------------------------------Fred, E.I., John, E.R., Joseph, P.B. and Brian, C.J.

3. Theoretical Criminology----------------------------------------------------------------George B. Vold, Thomas J. Bernard, Jeffrey B. Snipes

4. Modern Criminology: Crime, Criminal Behavior and its Control------------------------------Hagan, J.

5. Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach-----------------------------------------James, B.

6. Security Studies: An Introduction------------------------------------------------------Paul, D.W.

7. Crime,Justice and Society: An Introduction to Criminology------------------------------Ronald, J.B., Marvin, D.F. and Patricia, S.

8. Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law-------------------------------------------Seigel, L.J.

9. Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice----------------------------------------------------Stephen, S.

Suggested Websites

10. International Society of Criminology (ICS): http://www.isc-sic.org

11. American Society of Criminology (ASC): http://www.asc41.com/

12. British Society of Criminology (BSC): http://www.britsoccrim.org/

13. European Society of Criminology (ESC):http://www.esc-eurocrim.org/

14. International Police Executive Symposium (IPES); http://www.ipes.info/

15. Asian Criminological Society (ACS): http://www.ntpu.edu.tw/college/e4/acs/home.php

16. Asian Association of Police Studies (AAPS):http://www.aaps.or.kr/

17. Campbell Library: http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/library.php

18. UNAFEI (Japan): http://www.unafei.or.jp/english/

19. Pakistan Society of Criminology (PSC): www.pakistansocietyofcriminology.com

20. South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV): http://www.sascv.org/
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