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Old Tuesday, June 09, 2015
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Default Syllabus and Recommended Books of Anthropology


PAPER: ANTHROPOLOGY (100 MARKS)


I. Anthropology
  • Definition of anthropology, its historical development and recent trends
II. Social Anthropology
  • Definition of culture, its characteristics and functions
  • Relationship of anthropology with other social sciences
  • Sub fields of anthropology that is Biological, archeological, linguistics
  • Institution of Family and Marriage (Definition, types, structure, functions, family organization)
  • Kinship and Social Organization (Definition, types, functions, kinship terminology etc)
  • Economic Organization: (Definition, evolution, substantivism versus formalism, reciprocity, production, consumption, redistribution, barter and primitive economic systems)
  • Political organization: (Definition, evolution of political system, characteristics of Band societies, tribal societies, Chiefdom, and State societies. Internal conflict theories, external conflict theories, origin of civilization, the politic of identity, ethnicity, nationalism modernism, post modernism etc
  • Religion: (Definition, evolution of primitive religions, functions of religion, comparison of divine religions and other world religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism etc
  • Contemporary human problems; such as poverty, social inequality, political instability, population problems and ethnic violence and terrorism etc
III. Urban Anthropology :-Rural-urban migration, expansion of cities, major environmental issues, and sanitation problems. Urbanization and development, establishment of slums and squatter settlements, refugees, Yankees, Betties, gypsies, wars and conflict. Conversion of power from feudal to industrialists, institutionalization, education system, and change in the mode of production: agriculture to Capitalistsí poverty: theories and remedies, psychological, cultural, economical, political, religious, physical, environmental, ecological, demographical, lingual, and city management. Conflict theory: Carl Marx, problems created by the mechanization and automation.

IV. Socio-Cultural Changes :-Definitions of socio-cultural Changes, various Dimensions of Social Change, barriers in socio-cultural and psychological change. Motivational factors for change, Population pressure, diffusion of innovation, socio-religious barriers in accepting the innovation and new ideas. Media and Cultural Change, Dynamics of change in Pakistan: Trends and Prospects

V. Ethnicity and race :-Ethnic Groups and Ethnicity: Origin of race and theories; Ethnic Groups, Nations and Nationality; Ethnic Conflict; Degree of Social Variation; Rank Societies; caste and Class Societies; Racism and Inequality, Ethnicity and Inequality, and Social Stratification etc.

VI. Anthropological Theories
  • Contributors: (Edward Burnett Taylor, Lewis Henry Morgan, James Frazer, Kari Marx, Edmund Leach, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Alfred Krobber, AR Radcliff-Brown, Malinowski, Clifford Geertz, Talal Asad, Akbar S Ahamd, ibne-Khaldoon, Shah Waliulah)
  • Classical Theories (Degenerations, Evolutionism, Diffusions)
  • Modern Theories ( Functionalism, Structural-functionalism, Class struggle, Structuralism, Historical Particularism, Feminism, Culture and personality)
  • Current Trends in Anthropological Thoughts: (Post Modernism, Romanticism,
  • Poetics and Political of Ethnography)
VII. Anthropological Research Methods
  • Meaning, definition, types and aims of social research
  • Qualitative and Quantitative research
  • Purpose of research, Research Question, Variables, Hypothesis, Research Objective, Research design, Sampling, field Data Collection, Tools of Data Collection (Questionnaire, Interview, Participant Observation), Data Classification, Data Analysis, and Report Writing.

SUGGESTED READINGS
1. Anthropology------------------------------------------------------------------------William A Haviland

2. Cultural Anthropology--------------------------------------------------------------Onrad Philip Kottak


3. Diffusion of Innovation------------------------------------------------------------Evert M. Roger


4. Socio Cultural Dynamics and impact of Technological Change----------
--------G. M. Foster

5. Pakistani Society--------------------------------------------------------------------Akber S. Ahmed


6. Economic Anthropology------------------------------------------------------------Sutti Ortiz


7. Political Anthropology: An introduction---------------------------------------
----Ted. C. Lawellen

8. Pukhtun economy and society----------------------------------------------------Akber S. Ahmed


9. Principles of Anthropology---------------------------------------------------------Eliot Dismore Chapple and Carleton Stevens Coon


10. Anthropology and Modern life-----------------------------------------------------Franz Boas


11. Anthropology and Contemporary Human Problem-----------------------------John H. Bodley


12. Sindh and the Races that inhabit the Valley of the Indus------------------------Richard Burton


13. The People of Pakistan------------------------------------------------------------Yu. V. Gankorvsky


14. Anthropology and Development----------------------------------------------------Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan


15. An Introduction to Theory in Anthropology----------------------------------------Robert Layton


16. Anthropological Theory ----------------------------------------------------------------John R. McGee and Richard L. Warms


17. Anthropology in Pakistan------------------------------------------------------------Stephen Pastner and Louis Flam


18. Anthropology (13th edition) ------------------------------------------------------ -Carol R. Ember, Melvin R Ember and Pet N Peregrine


19. Other Cultures------------------------------------------------------------------------ John Beattie


20. A Hand Book of Social Science Research------------------------------------------ -Bevelry R. Dixon, Gary D Bouma and G.B.J. Atiinson


21. Frontier Perspectives: Essays in Comparative Anthropology ----------- ---------- Clarlies Lindholm


22. Generosity and Jealousy: The Swat Pukhtun of Northern Pakistan---
---------- - -Clarlies Lindholm

23. Friend by Day and Enemy by Night: Organized Vengeance in a Kohistani Community-------Lincoin Keiser


24. A Punjabi Village in Pakistan-------------------------------------------------------- Zekiye Eglar


25. The social organization of the Marri Baluch--------------------------------------- Robert Niel Pehrson


26. Introducing Anthropology-----------------------------------------------------------Park, MA 2007


27. Peoples and Cultures of Asia -------------------------------------------------------Scupin, R 2005


28. Outlines and Highlights for Anthropology-----------------------------------------Scupin, R and Decorse, CR 2010


29. Economic Anthropology-------------------------------------------------------------Stuart plattner


30. Economies and Culture -------------------------------------------------------------Richard Wilk


31. Introduction
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