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Old Tuesday, June 09, 2015
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Default Syllabus and Recommended Books of Anthropology


I. Anthropology
  • Definition of anthropology, its historical development and recent trends
II. Social Anthropology
  • Definition of culture, its characteristics and functions
  • Relationship of anthropology with other social sciences
  • Sub fields of anthropology that is Biological, archeological, linguistics
  • Institution of Family and Marriage (Definition, types, structure, functions, family organization)
  • Kinship and Social Organization (Definition, types, functions, kinship terminology etc)
  • Economic Organization: (Definition, evolution, substantivism versus formalism, reciprocity, production, consumption, redistribution, barter and primitive economic systems)
  • Political organization: (Definition, evolution of political system, characteristics of Band societies, tribal societies, Chiefdom, and State societies. Internal conflict theories, external conflict theories, origin of civilization, the politic of identity, ethnicity, nationalism modernism, post modernism etc
  • Religion: (Definition, evolution of primitive religions, functions of religion, comparison of divine religions and other world religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism etc
  • Contemporary human problems; such as poverty, social inequality, political instability, population problems and ethnic violence and terrorism etc
III. Urban Anthropology :-Rural-urban migration, expansion of cities, major environmental issues, and sanitation problems. Urbanization and development, establishment of slums and squatter settlements, refugees, Yankees, Betties, gypsies, wars and conflict. Conversion of power from feudal to industrialists, institutionalization, education system, and change in the mode of production: agriculture to Capitalistsí poverty: theories and remedies, psychological, cultural, economical, political, religious, physical, environmental, ecological, demographical, lingual, and city management. Conflict theory: Carl Marx, problems created by the mechanization and automation.

IV. Socio-Cultural Changes :-Definitions of socio-cultural Changes, various Dimensions of Social Change, barriers in socio-cultural and psychological change. Motivational factors for change, Population pressure, diffusion of innovation, socio-religious barriers in accepting the innovation and new ideas. Media and Cultural Change, Dynamics of change in Pakistan: Trends and Prospects

V. Ethnicity and race :-Ethnic Groups and Ethnicity: Origin of race and theories; Ethnic Groups, Nations and Nationality; Ethnic Conflict; Degree of Social Variation; Rank Societies; caste and Class Societies; Racism and Inequality, Ethnicity and Inequality, and Social Stratification etc.

VI. Anthropological Theories
  • Contributors: (Edward Burnett Taylor, Lewis Henry Morgan, James Frazer, Kari Marx, Edmund Leach, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Alfred Krobber, AR Radcliff-Brown, Malinowski, Clifford Geertz, Talal Asad, Akbar S Ahamd, ibne-Khaldoon, Shah Waliulah)
  • Classical Theories (Degenerations, Evolutionism, Diffusions)
  • Modern Theories ( Functionalism, Structural-functionalism, Class struggle, Structuralism, Historical Particularism, Feminism, Culture and personality)
  • Current Trends in Anthropological Thoughts: (Post Modernism, Romanticism,
  • Poetics and Political of Ethnography)
VII. Anthropological Research Methods
  • Meaning, definition, types and aims of social research
  • Qualitative and Quantitative research
  • Purpose of research, Research Question, Variables, Hypothesis, Research Objective, Research design, Sampling, field Data Collection, Tools of Data Collection (Questionnaire, Interview, Participant Observation), Data Classification, Data Analysis, and Report Writing.

1. Anthropology------------------------------------------------------------------------William A Haviland

2. Cultural Anthropology--------------------------------------------------------------Onrad Philip Kottak

3. Diffusion of Innovation------------------------------------------------------------Evert M. Roger

4. Socio Cultural Dynamics and impact of Technological Change----------
--------G. M. Foster

5. Pakistani Society--------------------------------------------------------------------Akber S. Ahmed

6. Economic Anthropology------------------------------------------------------------Sutti Ortiz

7. Political Anthropology: An introduction---------------------------------------
----Ted. C. Lawellen

8. Pukhtun economy and society----------------------------------------------------Akber S. Ahmed

9. Principles of Anthropology---------------------------------------------------------Eliot Dismore Chapple and Carleton Stevens Coon

10. Anthropology and Modern life-----------------------------------------------------Franz Boas

11. Anthropology and Contemporary Human Problem-----------------------------John H. Bodley

12. Sindh and the Races that inhabit the Valley of the Indus------------------------Richard Burton

13. The People of Pakistan------------------------------------------------------------Yu. V. Gankorvsky

14. Anthropology and Development----------------------------------------------------Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan

15. An Introduction to Theory in Anthropology----------------------------------------Robert Layton

16. Anthropological Theory ----------------------------------------------------------------John R. McGee and Richard L. Warms

17. Anthropology in Pakistan------------------------------------------------------------Stephen Pastner and Louis Flam

18. Anthropology (13th edition) ------------------------------------------------------ -Carol R. Ember, Melvin R Ember and Pet N Peregrine

19. Other Cultures------------------------------------------------------------------------ John Beattie

20. A Hand Book of Social Science Research------------------------------------------ -Bevelry R. Dixon, Gary D Bouma and G.B.J. Atiinson

21. Frontier Perspectives: Essays in Comparative Anthropology ----------- ---------- Clarlies Lindholm

22. Generosity and Jealousy: The Swat Pukhtun of Northern Pakistan---
---------- - -Clarlies Lindholm

23. Friend by Day and Enemy by Night: Organized Vengeance in a Kohistani Community-------Lincoin Keiser

24. A Punjabi Village in Pakistan-------------------------------------------------------- Zekiye Eglar

25. The social organization of the Marri Baluch--------------------------------------- Robert Niel Pehrson

26. Introducing Anthropology-----------------------------------------------------------Park, MA 2007

27. Peoples and Cultures of Asia -------------------------------------------------------Scupin, R 2005

28. Outlines and Highlights for Anthropology-----------------------------------------Scupin, R and Decorse, CR 2010

29. Economic Anthropology-------------------------------------------------------------Stuart plattner

30. Economies and Culture -------------------------------------------------------------Richard Wilk

31. Introduction
To succeed,look at things not as they are,but as they can be.:)
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