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Old Thursday, August 28, 2014
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Default Treaty of Kalat in 1758 Between Kandahar Afghanistan and Kalat Balochistan

TREATY OF KALAT IN 1758 BETWEEN KANDAHAR
Afghanistan and KALAT Balochistan AND ITS IMPACT

ABSTRACT

The main objectives
behind this study are to search and explore the reasons
events, clause and impacts of very famous treaty of Kalat 1758. No doubt this treaty
was opened new ways of development and projection for Balochistan, but, majority
of the historians, specially Afghan
writers deliberately ignored this important treaty
in their books, because this treaty was not only prove the complete independence of
Balochistan but also it shown the failure of Afghan monarch about their
Balochistan’s policy.
This treaty was confirmed
the position of the Khanate of Kalat,
and Balochistan became a complete independent country on the globe. If one side
this treaty was good for the Khanate, than the other side it’s provided many
confidence and cooperation to the Afghans monarch for his
Conquest in east (India
and Punjab) and west (Iran). This treaty was also established the relations between
Baloch and Afghan nations. No, doubt the Afghan and Baloch have every kind relations,
political, fiscal, and geographical, based on this treaty. The British
and Baloch
Writers support this treaty and discussed it in their books, but not in detail. This
treaty means “the backbone of Baloch Afghan relations”, if it skipped from the
history, the history of both countries cannot be defined.

Mir Naseer Khan Baloch was the best commander of Ahmed Shah Abdali. He took part in several
expeditions with his baloch army to help the Afghans against the Iranians in Khurasan in 1759,the battle of Panipat
India against Marhatas in 1761 and in Punjab against the
Sikhs in 1765. Baloch troops successfully
participated in these battles under the command of Mir Naseer Khan Baloch”


The Treaty of Kalat or Treaty of Non
Interference 1758 A.D


After three battles and forty days blockade of Kalat
fort balochistan and withdrawal of afghan forces in 1758 a treaty was singed between both
countries.all those historians who researched on Balochistan, majority of them accepted
these reasons and events and as well as the treaty of Kalat 1758 A.D. like, Mason, Hennery
Pottinger, Ganda Singh, Elphinston
e and Akhund Mohammad Siddique.The main points of the
treaty were following


1) Khan - e- Baloch, Mir Naseer Khan Baloch will not pay any tribute to Shah-e-Afghan in the furure

2) Khan -e-Baloch will not supply San (Military assistance) to Ahmed Shah Durrani. But
provided he is at war against external enemies, the Khan will supply a military
contingent as a token of help, on the condition that the Afghan King provide annually
Rs. 100,000 and military weapons and provide for the expenditure of the army as rewards

3) Khan -e- Baloch will not provide any help or asylum to rebel princes of the Sadozai or
Afghan Chiefs. On the other hand, the Afghan King also will not give any help or
refuge to prince of the Royal family of Kalat -e- Ahmedzai

4 ) Shah-e-Afghan in future will never interfere
in the internal affairs, disputes and matters
of Balochistan

5 ) all those areas of Khan -e- Baloch, which are in the possession of Shah-e-Afghan will be handed over today to Khan -e-Baloch

Dr. Ganda Singh tribute to the diplomacy and wisdom of Mir Naseer Khan in the following words,

This Treaty shows the political and diplomatic wisdom of Mir Naseer Khan Baloch. He stress
Ahmed Shah Durrani to sign an agreement


Mir Nasir khan baloch organized the Baloch tribes and their country and formed a constitutional Government in
the whole Country. Moreover, he participated with his baloch army in many other battles against the
enemies
of Ahmed Shah Durrani, like Iranians, Sikhs of Punjab, the
Kalhoras of Sindh, Marathas of India, after the treaty of Kalat Ahmed Shah defeated his every enemy with
the help of Mir Naseer Khan baloch along with his baloch troops and occupied a huge area of Punjab, Sindh, India and
Iran
and formed an Afghan Kingdom. This is fact that these achievements were not possible
without the treaty of Kalat in1758 between Baluchistan and Afghanistan After which balochistan became a completely independent State



this is how Ahmed Shah Abdali established the durrani empire


PLEASE READ THIS TREATY Completely EVERYONE This is with lot of references http://www.uob.edu.pk/Journals/TREAT...%20IMPACTS.pdf



REFERENCE

1. Akhund Muhammad Siddiqui,1984, Akhbar-ul-Abrar, (Tarikh-e-Khawanin-e-Kalat), Translated by: Mir Gul Khan Naseer, Nisa Traders, Quetta
2. Baloch, Inayatullah,1987, The Problem of Greater Balochistan, GMBH, Stuttgart, Germany
3. Dames, Long Wroth, 1988, Popular Poetry of Baloches, Balochi Academy, Quetta
4. Dehwar, Muhammad Saeed, 1990, Tarikh-e-Balochistan, Nisa Traders, Quetta
5. Durrani. Ashiq Muhammad Khan, Prof. Dr. 1999, Tarikh-e-Afghansitan, Sang-e-Meel Publications, Lahore
6. Elphinstone, Mont Stuart, 1990, 2nd Edition, The Kingdom of Caboul, Vol-II, Gosha-e-Adab, Quetta
7. Ganda Singh, Ahmed Shah Durrani, 1990, Gosha-e-Adab, Quetta
8. Ganjabvi, Noor Mohammad, 1990 Jang Nama, Tohfatul-Naseer, Pakistan Study Centre, University of Balochistan, Quetta
9. Hart, Lawrance Lak, , 2007, Nadir Shah, (Translated by: Tahir Mansoor Farooqui) Takhliqat Lahore
10. Hittu, Ram, N.D. Tarikh-e-Balochistan, Sang-e-Meel Publications, Lahore
11. Hughes, A. W. reprint, 2002, The Country of Balochistan, Sales and Services, Quetta
12. Khan, Ahmed Yar, Mir, 2007 Tarikh-e-Qaum-o-Khawanin-e-Baloch, Al-Asar Publications, Lahore
13. Marri, Shah Muhammad, 2000, Baloch Qaum Aed-e-Qadeem say Asre Hazir Tak, Takhliqat, Lahore
14. Naseer, Gul Khan, Mir, 1984, Balochi Razmia Shairi, Balochi Academy, Quetta
15. Naseer, Gul Khan, Mir, 2000, 4th Edition, Tarikh-e-Balochistan, Kalat Publisher, Quetta
16. Pottinger, Henry, 1986,Travel in Sindh and Balochistan, Indus Publications, Karachi
17. Sykes, Persi Monsorth, 1940, A History of Afghanistan, Vol -II, London
18. Sykes, Persi Monsorth, 1940, A History of Persia, Vol-II, London
19. G.P. Tate, 1973, Kingdom of Afghanistan, Indus Publications, Karachi
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Old Monday, October 27, 2014
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Nope kalat was not granted independence. Mir naseer khan baruhi's rebellion failed and he was pardoned and reconciled by Ahmad shah abdali. Kalat had to pay annual tribute to Afghans and had to provide a contingent of baloch soldiers for the military expeditions of afghans. Ahamd shah abdali was generous and he took the cousin of mir naseer khan as wife and granted Quetta and dhadar to kalat as gift.
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