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Old Wednesday, December 24, 2014
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Compulsory Question: Year 2010


Paper I



1. ______________ psychologists work to improve efficiency of people in business:
a.cognitive
b.developmental
c.industrial/organizational
d.physiological
e. none of these

2. Psychology is the science of:
a. behaviour and mental processes
b. objective introspection
c. inductive reasoning
d. emotions
e. none of these

3. A hypothesis is:
a. the independent variable
b. an explanation of a phenomenon
c. a testable prediction derived from a theory
d. the dependant variable.
e. none of these

4. The research method used by Frued was:
a correlational method
b. naturalistic observation
c. survey research
d case study method
e. none of these

5. The amount of association between two or more variable is:
a. correlation
b. naturalistic observation
c. reliability
d. synchronicity
e. none of these

6. Gestalt theory emphasized:
a. a flow of consciousness
b. the atoms of thought
c. environmental stimuli
d. our tendency to see patterns
e. none of these

7. Short fibers that branch out from cell body and pick up the incoming message are called:
a. dendrites
b. axons
c. nerves.
d terminals
e. none of these

8. The thyroid gland controls:
a. glucose absorption
b. emotions
b. metabolism
d. sexuality
e. none of these

9. The ability of the eye to distinguish fine details is called:
a visual dilation
b visual acuity
c. visual sensitivity
d. adaptation
e. none of these

10. A disorder called ________ results when fluid presssure builds up inside the eye and causes damage to optic nerve:
a. prospagnia
b achromatospia
c dyslexia
d. glaucoma
e. none of these

11. Optical illusion result from distortion in:
a. transduction
b. sensation
c. perception
d. adaptation
e. none of these

12. Our general method for dealing with environment is known as:
a. intelligence
b. perceptual style
c. personality
d. cognitive style
e. none of these

13. External stimuli that lead to goal-directed behavior are called:
a. drives
b. needs
c. incentive
d. reciprocal

14. Most psychologist believe that aggressionis:
a. an innate biological response to frustration
b. linked to sexual drive
c. a learned response
d. a drive that builds up over time and must be released
e. none of these

15. The process of detecting ,translating and transmitting from external environment to brain is called:
a. perception
b. sensation
c. selective attention
d. adaptation
e. none of these.

16. According to Alfred Adler ,the prime motivating force in a person's life is:
a. physical gratification:
b. existential anxiety
c. striving for superiority
d. the need for power
e. none of these.

17. Which of the following learning mechanism dopes b.f.Skinner see as being the major means by which behavour is learned?
a. classical conditioning
b. operant conditioning
c. observational conditioning
d. insight learning
e. none of these.

18. Which of the following approaches to personality is least deterministic?
a. the humanistic approach
b. the psychoanalytical approach
c. skinner's approach
d. the behavioural approach
e. none of these.

19. Which of the following did Carl Rogers believe fosters a congruent self-concept?
a. conditional love
b. appropriate role models
c. immediate- need gratification
d. unconditional love
e. none of these.

20. Stereotypes are:
a. special types of schemas that are part of people's shared cultural background
b. widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of their membership in a particular group
c. equivalent to prejudice
d. both a and b
e. none of these.


Paper II


(i) In developmental psychology, the term nature refers to _____ factors that influence development.
(a) Biological
(b) Environmental
(c) Physical
(d) All of these
(e) None of these

(ii) In the study of development, the most important biological factor is __________ the systematic physical growth of the body, including the nervous system.
(a) Maturation
(b) Hormones
(c) Growth factors
(d) Environment
(e) None of these

(iii) A biologically determined period in the life of some animals during which certain forms of learning can take place most easily is called a:
(a) Stage
(b) Milestone
(c) Critical period
(d) Landmark
(e) None of these

(iv) ________ is distinguished for major stages of cognitive development, the sensorimotor, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage and the formal operational stage.
(a) Jean Piaget
(b) John Bowlby
(c) Sigmund Freud
(d) Harry Harlow
(e) None of these

(v) Kohlberg’s theory of moral development was criticized by Gilligan primarily because:
(a) The data did not support his conclusions
(b) It was based on a study of boys only
(c) It was done so long ago
(d) His subjects consisted of urban children only
(e) None of these

(vi) The rapid increase in weight and height that occurs around the onset of puberty is known as the:
(a) Maturation stage
(b) Physical development stage
(c) Adolescent growth spurt
(d) Menarche
(e) None of these

(vii) The ________ stage is characterized by an ability to use abstract concepts:
(a) Concrete operational
(b) Formal operational
(c) Preoperational
(d) Operational
(e) None of these

(viii) We are more likely to experience which of the following during adolescence than at any other time in our lives?
(a) Moodiness
(b) Parent-child conflicts
(c) Risky behaviour
(d) All of these
(e) None of these

(ix) A therapist who encourages clients to relate their dreams and searches for the unconscious roots of their problems is drawn from:
(a) Psychoanalysis
(b) Humanistic therapies
(c) Person-centered therapy
(d) Cognitive therapy
(e) None of these

(x) Compared to psychoanalytic therapists, humanistic therapists are more likely to emphasize:
(a) Hidden or repressed feelings
(b) Childhood experiences
(c) Psychological disorders
(d) Self-Fulfillment & growth
(e) None of these

(xi) Behaviour therapies apply learning principles to:
(a) Identify and treat the underlying causes of dysfunction
(b) Improve learning and insight
(c) Eliminate the unwanted behaviour
(d) Improve communication and social sensitivity
(e) None of these

(xii) An example of a cognitive therapy is rational-emotive therapy, which is developed by:
(a) Carl Rogers
(b) Joseph Wolpe
(c) Albert Ellis
(d) Allen Bergin
(e) None of these

(xiii) The explicit and implicit rules that a society establishes to govern conduct are referred to as:
(a) Norms
(b) Culture
(c) Morality
(d) Conventions
(e) None of these

(xiv) The violation of a society’s explicit and implicit norms can be viewed as not normal in the sense that the violation is:
(a) Deviant
(b) Distressful
(c) Dysfunctional
(d) A danger to one’s self or to others
(e) None of these

(xv) Which aspect of the definition of abnormality includes unhappiness?
(a) Distress
(b) Deviance
(c) Dysfunction
(d) Danger to self or others
(e) None of these

(xvi) Which of the following is not true regarding people with a mental illness?
(a) They frequently are in considerable distress
(b) Society views such people as in need of help
(c) They usually pose a danger to themselves or others
(d) They usually have behaviour that is in some way different
(e) None of these

(xvii) Dementia is a condition that is characterized by:
(a) General paresis
(b) Physical ailments
(c) A general intellectual decline
(d) The loss of contact with reality
(e) None of these

(xviii) The ancient Greek physicians characterized hysteria as:
(a) Euphoric behaviour
(b) Uncontrollable sobbing
(c) An inability to control emotional responses
(d) A physical ailment without any physical cause
(e) None of these

(xix) What model of mental illness did most people hold during the middle ages?
(a) The moral model
(b) The medical model
(c) The psychogenic model
(d) The supernatural model
(e) None of these (It was the demonology model)

(xx) The first medical practitioner to specialize in mental illness was:
(a) Johan Weyer
(b) William Tuke
(c) Benjamin Rush
(d) Sigmund Freud
(e) None of these
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  #12  
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Compulsory Question: Year 2011


Paper I



1-Psychology may best be described as the scientific study of _______ and ______.
a. Mental states, physical states
b. Thoughts, emotions
c. Behavior, mental processes
d. Mental health, mental illness
e. None of these

2-Freud believed that adult problems usually:
a. Result in Freudian slip
b. Result in bad dreams
c. Can be traced back to critical stage during childhood
d. Are the result of poor behavior
e. None of these

3-Gestalt theory emphasizes:
a. A flow of consciousness
b. The atoms of thought
c. Environmental stimuli
d. Our tendency to see pattern
e. None of these

4-Whereas the _______ asked what happens when an organism does something; the _____ asked how and why.
a. Functionalist, behaviorist
b. structuralist, introspectionist
c. structuralist, functionalist
d. Functionalist, structuralist
e. None of these

5-The _____ lobe is to hearing as the occipital lobe is to vision.
a. Frontal
b. Temporal
c. Parietal
d. cerebeller
e. None of these

6-Reflexes are usually controlled by the:
a. Medulla
b. Frontal lobe
c. Spinal cord
d. Hypothalamus
e. None of these

7-A part of the brain that sends signals “alert” to higher centers of the brain in response to incoming messages is:
a. Limbic system
b. Reticular formation
c. amygdala
d. Hippocampus
e. None of these

8-Perception of the brightness of a color in affected mainly by:
a. The amplitude of light waves
b. The wavelength of light waves
c. The purity of light waves
d. The saturation of light waves
e. None of these

9-Which of the following is not a clue for depth perception?
a. Interposition
b. Orientation
c. Linear perspective
d. Reduced clarity
e. None of these

10-Psychophysics is the study of:
a. Perceptual illness
b. The psychological perception of physical stimuli
c. Depth perception
d. Movement perception
e. None of these

11-Perceptual constancies are
a. Illusion in which we perceive something that does not correspond to the sensory information
b. Confusing to an individual rather than helping him determine what really exists
c. Likely inborn and not subject to leaning
d. An aid in perceiving a stable and consistent world
e. None of these

12-Which of the following is a subdivision of the autonomic nervous system?
a. Both the sympathetic and Para-sympathetic nervous system
b. Only sympathetic nervous system
c. Only the parasympathetic nervous system
d. Brain and spinal cord
e. None of these

13-Any stimulus that follows a behavior and increases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated is called a:
a. Cue
b. Situational stimulus
c. reinforcer
d. Punisher
e. None of these

14-Conditioned response may be eliminated by withdrawing reinforcement. This is known as:
a. Stimulus generalization
b. Extinction
c. Discrimination
d. Spontaneous recovery
e. None of these

15- The ability to learn by observing a model or receiving instructions, without reinforcement, is called_____
a. Cognitive learning
b. Contingency
c. Social learning
d. Instrumental learning
e. None of these

16-Analysis of avoidance learning suggest that many phobias are acquired through ______ conditioning.
a. Classical
b. Operant
c. Reinforcement
d. Intermittent
e. None of these

17-The James-Lange or body reaction theory of emotion says:
a. You feel emotion then a bodily reaction
b. You react with your body first then you feel emotion
c. The somatic nervous system is the seat of emotion
d. Emotions and visceral reactions are simultaneous
e. None of these

18-The frustration-aggression hypothesis:
a. Assume that aggression is basic instinct
b. Claims that frustration and aggression are both instinctive
c. Assumes that frustration produces aggression
d. Was developed by social learning theorist
e. None of these

19-In Freud’s theory of personality:
a. The ego obeys the reality principle
b. The id operates by secondary process
c. The superego obeys the pleasure principle
d. The ego operates by primary process thinking
e. None of these

20-Which of the following approaches to personality is least deterministic?
a. The humanistic approach
b. The psychoanalytic approach
c. The social learning approach
d. The behavioral approach
e. None of these


Paper II


1-The child’s increasing skill at using his muscles is due chiefly to:
a. Maturation
b. Learning
c. Pushing by parents
d. An opportunity to exercise
e. None of these

2-The stage of prenatal development during which the developing organism is most vulnerable to injury is the:
a. Zygotic stage
b. Germinal stage
c. Fetal stage
d. Embryonic stage
e. None of these

3-Which of the following is part of the psychosocial domain?
a. Motor skills
b. Memory
c. Judgment
d. Style of behaving
e. None of these

4-It would be more accurate to say that maturation:
a. Can be delayed by illness or poor nutrition
b. Is dramatically accelerated by good nutrition
c. Is greatly accelerated by good health care and delayed by illness
d. Is not affected by any environmental factors because it is genetic
e. None of these

5-The first two weeks of life are referred to as:
a. The period of infancy
b. The preoperational stage
c. Early childhood
d. The neonatal period
e. None of these

6-An individual becomes a member of social group through the process of:
a. Aging
b. Socialization
c. Learning
d. Maturation
e. None of these

7-When a researcher tests several groups of people at the same time each group at a different age, he is conducting a(n) ______ study.
a. Observational
b. Longitudinal
c. Cross-sectional
d. Sequential
e. None of these

8-Piaget’s stage for infancy is:
a. Concrete operations
b. Formal operation
c. Preoperational thought
d. Sensory motor thoughts
e. None of these

9-Job satisfaction is enhanced by tasks that are:
a. Challenging but not overwhelming
b. Very easy to accomplish
c. Overwhelming and rewarding
d. Unrelated to one’s personal needs
e. None of these

10-Basic characteristics of tasks that result in social loafing is that they are:
a. Additive
b. Subtractive
c. Multiplicative
d. Negative
e. None of these

11-The process by which a trained professional uses psychological methods to help people with psychological problem is known as:
a. Psychiatry
b. Psychoanalysis
c. Psychotherapy
d. Psychosurgery
e. None of these

12-Albert Ellis and Aron Beck are names associated with the ____ therapy approach.
a. Gestalt
b. Cognitive
c. Behavioral
d. Phenomenological
e. None of these

13-An affective disorder in which a person swings from one mood extreme to another is classified as:
a. Manic
b. Depressive
c. Unipolar
d. Bipolar
e. None of these

14-The leading cause of mental retardation is believed to be:
a. Fetal alcohol syndrome
b. Organic brain syndrome
c. Environmental factors
d. Inherited traits
e. None of these

15-People who consistently come up with _____ explanations of events are more prone to depression.
a. Overly optimistic
b. Pessimistic
c. Delusional
d. dysthemic
e. None of these

16-According to Piaget the process of building mental representation of the world through direct interaction with it is:
a. Adaptation
b. Egocentrism
c. metacognition
d. Conservation
e. None of these

17-Intelligence can be defined as:
a. Knowledge of a great many facts
b. The ability to get good grades in school
c. The ability to think abstractly and learn from experience
d. All the factors that make one person different from another
e. None of these

18-When people are _____ they have lost touch with reality.
a. Manic
b. Neurotic
c. Psychotic
d. Psychopathic
e. None of these

19-Which of the following clinical procedures are based, in part on classical conditioning?
a. Transference
b. Systematic desensitization
c. Token economy
d. Two chair technique
e. None of these

20-Illnesses that seem to result from an interaction of physical and psychological factors are called:
a. Hysterical
b. Psychosomatic
c. Somatic
d. Conversion disorder
e. None of these
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Compulsory Question: Year 2013


Paper I


1: In which way behaviour is different from mental processes?
a) Introspection
b) Observation right
c) Research
d) Psychoanalysis

2: Who is particularly intersted in studying patterns of behaviour, beliefs and values which are shared by people?
a) Social Psychologist
b) Experimental Psychologist
c) Clinical Psychologist
d) PsychoAnalyst

3: Who believed that mind is composed of senses, ideas, images and feelings?
a) William James
b) Titcher
c) Carl Rogers
d) Wundt

4: Which area of hypothalamus is responsible for satiety behaviour?
a) Lateral hypothalamus
b) Ventromedial hypothalamus
c) Hyper Phobia
d) Antidiuretic hormone

5: Which perspectives of psychology focuses on determining the extent to which psychological characteristics such as memory, intelligence are influenced by heredity?
a) Neuroscience
b) Biogenic
c) cognitive
d) socio-cultural

6: Which of the following relates to disorders in comprehension or production of speech?
a) Dysphasia
b) Aphasia
c) Broca's area
d) All of these

7: Which lobe of the brain is involved in planning, decision-making and some aspects of language?
a) Frontal
b) Parietal
c) Temporal
d) Occipital

8: Which neurotransmitter plays an important role in the experience of pleasure?
a) Serotonin
b) Dopamine
c) Nor-epinephrine
d) Acetylcholine

9: The hormone cortisol produced by adrenal gland is responsible for :
a) Reducing the body activity to take rest
b) Activating the body to prepare for stressful situation
c) Balancing the homeostasis
d) Planning and decision-making

10: The process through which a leaned response stops occuring due to the non-availability of reinforcement is called:
a) Generalization
b) Punishment
c) Spontaneous Recovery
d) Extinction

11: When a teacher appreciates his students every time they ask questions with the hope that this will enable them to handle more technical questions in future , he is using conditioning?
a) Classical conditioning
b) Shaping
c) Modeling
d) Reinforcing

12: IN classical conditioning, the organism creates an association between:
a) Two Situations
b) Two Consequences
c) Two Stimuli
d) Two Responses

13: Which of the following is not a characteristic of self-actualised people according to Maslow?
a) They live creatively and fully using their potentials
b) They have efficient perceptions of reality, self and others
c) They are sensitive to fake and dishonest
d) They feel ashamed of their negative emotions

14: According to Freud, the process through which individuals release their excessive aggressive energy is called:
a) Dream Work
b) PsychoAnalysis
c) Catharsis
d) Slips of toungue

15: A layer of nerve cells at the back of eye which converts light waves into electrical impulses is:
a) Fovea
b) Retina
c) Cornea
d) Iris

16: The process through which brain uses the two retinal images into one dimensional perception is called:
a) Depth perception
b) Stereopsis
c) Binocular cues
d) Retinal Disparity

17: Which of the following is not an attribute of extroversion in the BIG FIVE FACTORS theory of personality?
a) Sociable
b) Talkative
c) Self-conscious
d) Affectionate

18: Which part of personality opposes the irrational desires of id according to Freud's Psychoanalytic THeory of Personality?
a) Ego
b) Psychic energy
c) Super Ego
d) LIbido

19: A psychological test is good only when it meaures what it is supposed to measure. This statement refers to which of the following?
a) Degree to which it is objective, precise and short
b) Degree to which it is consistent across several administrations
c) Degree to which it is norm based
d) Degree to which it is psychometrically sound

20: Which aspect of social interactions is measured by the theory of planned behaviour?
a) Attachment
b) Socialization
c) Group formation
d) Attitudes


Paper II


1: A strategy used by the ego to defend itself against the anxiety provoked by the conflict of everyday life refers to:
a) Defense mechanism
b) Displacement
c) Rationalization
d) Ego-ideal
e) None of these

2: Development is about to:
a) Age
b) Gender
c) Change
d) Genes
e) None of these

3: The self-image formed during adolescence that integrates and individual's ideas of what he or she is and want to be refers to:
a) Ego-ideal
b) Ego-identity
c) Crisis
d) Ego
e) None of these

4: The theory of how people explain other's behaviour by attributing it either to internal disposition or to external situation refers to:
a) Attribution theory
b) Dispositional theory
c) Situational theory
d) Attributing causality
e) None of these

5: The behavioural approach is to reward and punishment as the cognitive approach is to:
a) Biological processes
b) The humanistic struggle for self fulfilment
c) individual genetic make up
d) Internal processes of the mind or mental events
e) None of these

6: Which of the following perspectives of psychology is most concerned with the individuals reaching their maximum potential?
a) Behavioural
b) Cognitive
c) Humanistic
d) Psychoanalysis
e) None of these

7: Jobs can by redesigned to make the work more interesting, challanging and to increase responsibility and opportunities for achievement:
a) Job Satisfaction
b) Job specification
c) Job enrichment
d) Job description
e) None of these

8: The basic difference between obsession and compulsion is:
a) The former involves preoccupation with certain throughts while the later involves preoccupation of certain actions
b) THe former is a mood disorder whereas the later is an anxiety disorder.
c) The former is diagnosed along with the Axis III of DSM-IV whereas the later is diagnosed along with Axis II of DSM-IV
d) Actually, there is no difference between the two disorders.
e) None of the above

9: The process by which egg is ripened and released is :
a) Mitosis
b) Fertilization
c) Ovulation
d) Implantation
e) None of these

10: The process by which we learn not to respond to similar stimuli in identical manner is :
a) Generalization
b) Extinction
c) Discrimination
d) All of these
e) None of these

11: Which method of gathering information about the brain indicates overall activity of the brain?
a) Positron Emission Tomography
b) Electroencephalogram
c) Electrical stimulation
d) Studying damage to the brain
e) None of these

12: The phsiological and psychological response to stress referred as:
a) Transition
b) Stressors
c) Strain
d) Hypertension
e) None of these

13: The behavioural technique for reducing anxiety in which patents paratice relaxation while visualising provoking situations of increasing intensity refers:
a) Symptom substitution
b) Time-out
c) Systematic Desensitization
d) Token economy
e) None of these

14: The ability to acquire information from the culture such as vocabulary and the kind of info learned in the schools is an example of :
a) Fluid intelligence
b) Componential intelligence
c) Crystallised intelligence
d) Contextual intelligence
e) None of these

15: Critics of Freudian psychoanalysis maintain that this form of threrapy:
a: does not put enough emphasis on sex
b) can be harmful by tolerating
c) is good mostly for treating phobias
d) is too quick to be effective
e) None of these

16: When Maya first saw violent movie, she was scared and disgusted. But now she has seen several such movies, she is barely affected by them. Maya has expericenced:
a) Habituation
b) Displacement
c) Cultivation
d) Catharsis
e) None of these

17: A person's IQ initially represented the ration of a persons'------------ age divided by his or her..................... age.
a) Chronological, mental
b) Mental, chronological
c) Real, Intentional
d) Chronological , neurological
e) None of these

18: Which of the following is true regarding the relative influence of genes and the environment of behaviour?
a) Environment is the primary influence throughout life
b) Genes are the primary influence before birth, and environment is the primary influence following birth.
c) Genes are primary infuence on the development of phsycal structures and environment factors are a great influence on the development of behavioural capacities.
d) In no sense can either genes or environment are dormant unit the approach of puberty.
e) None of these

19: Why do similarities in the IQ of raised-together siblings tend to disappear as the children grow older?
a) Sibling learn to over-compensate for deficiencies in each other's abilities
b) The genes that differentiate intellectual abilities are dormant until the appraoch of puberty
c) As children mature and become increasingly autonomous, they each tend to create a unique environment
d) ALL of these
e) None of these

20: The release of emotions is called:
a) Behaviour change
b) Insight
c) Mastery
d) Catharsis
e) None of these
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Quote:
Originally Posted by marwatone View Post
Compulsory Question: Year 2013


Paper I


1: In which way behaviour is different from mental processes?
a) Introspection
b) Observation right
c) Research
d) Psychoanalysis

2: Who is particularly intersted in studying patterns of behaviour, beliefs and values which are shared by people?
a) Social Psychologist
b) Experimental Psychologist
c) Clinical Psychologist
d) PsychoAnalyst

3: Who believed that mind is composed of senses, ideas, images and feelings?
a) William James
b) Titcher
c) Carl Rogers
d) Wundt

4: Which area of hypothalamus is responsible for satiety behaviour?
a) Lateral hypothalamus
b) Ventromedial hypothalamus
c) Hyper Phobia
d) Antidiuretic hormone

5: Which perspectives of psychology focuses on determining the extent to which psychological characteristics such as memory, intelligence are influenced by heredity?
a) Neuroscience
b) Biogenic
c) cognitive
d) socio-cultural

6: Which of the following relates to disorders in comprehension or production of speech?
a) Dysphasia
b) Aphasia
c) Broca's area
d) All of these

7: Which lobe of the brain is involved in planning, decision-making and some aspects of language?
a) Frontal
b) Parietal
c) Temporal
d) Occipital

8: Which neurotransmitter plays an important role in the experience of pleasure?
a) Serotonin
b) Dopamine
c) Nor-epinephrine
d) Acetylcholine

9: The hormone cortisol produced by adrenal gland is responsible for :
a) Reducing the body activity to take rest
b) Activating the body to prepare for stressful situation
c) Balancing the homeostasis
d) Planning and decision-making

10: The process through which a leaned response stops occuring due to the non-availability of reinforcement is called:
a) Generalization
b) Punishment
c) Spontaneous Recovery
d) Extinction

11: When a teacher appreciates his students every time they ask questions with the hope that this will enable them to handle more technical questions in future , he is using conditioning?
a) Classical conditioning
b) Shaping
c) Modeling
d) Reinforcing

12: IN classical conditioning, the organism creates an association between:
a) Two Situations
b) Two Consequences
c) Two Stimuli
d) Two Responses

13: Which of the following is not a characteristic of self-actualised people according to Maslow?
a) They live creatively and fully using their potentials
b) They have efficient perceptions of reality, self and others
c) They are sensitive to fake and dishonest
d) They feel ashamed of their negative emotions

14: According to Freud, the process through which individuals release their excessive aggressive energy is called:
a) Dream Work
b) PsychoAnalysis
c) Catharsis
d) Slips of toungue

15: A layer of nerve cells at the back of eye which converts light waves into electrical impulses is:
a) Fovea
b) Retina
c) Cornea
d) Iris

16: The process through which brain uses the two retinal images into one dimensional perception is called:
a) Depth perception
b) Stereopsis
c) Binocular cues
d) Retinal Disparity

17: Which of the following is not an attribute of extroversion in the BIG FIVE FACTORS theory of personality?
a) Sociable
b) Talkative
c) Self-conscious
d) Affectionate

18: Which part of personality opposes the irrational desires of id according to Freud's Psychoanalytic THeory of Personality?
a) Ego
b) Psychic energy
c) Super Ego
d) LIbido

19: A psychological test is good only when it meaures what it is supposed to measure. This statement refers to which of the following?
a) Degree to which it is objective, precise and short
b) Degree to which it is consistent across several administrations
c) Degree to which it is norm based
d) Degree to which it is psychometrically sound

20: Which aspect of social interactions is measured by the theory of planned behaviour?
a) Attachment
b) Socialization
c) Group formation
d) Attitudes


Paper II


1: A strategy used by the ego to defend itself against the anxiety provoked by the conflict of everyday life refers to:
a) Defense mechanism
b) Displacement
c) Rationalization
d) Ego-ideal
e) None of these

2: Development is about to:
a) Age
b) Gender
c) Change
d) Genes
e) None of these

3: The self-image formed during adolescence that integrates and individual's ideas of what he or she is and want to be refers to:
a) Ego-ideal
b) Ego-identity
c) Crisis
d) Ego
e) None of these

4: The theory of how people explain other's behaviour by attributing it either to internal disposition or to external situation refers to:
a) Attribution theory
b) Dispositional theory
c) Situational theory
d) Attributing causality
e) None of these

5: The behavioural approach is to reward and punishment as the cognitive approach is to:
a) Biological processes
b) The humanistic struggle for self fulfilment
c) individual genetic make up
d) Internal processes of the mind or mental events
e) None of these

6: Which of the following perspectives of psychology is most concerned with the individuals reaching their maximum potential?
a) Behavioural
b) Cognitive
c) Humanistic
d) Psychoanalysis
e) None of these

7: Jobs can by redesigned to make the work more interesting, challanging and to increase responsibility and opportunities for achievement:
a) Job Satisfaction
b) Job specification
c) Job enrichment
d) Job description
e) None of these

8: The basic difference between obsession and compulsion is:
a) The former involves preoccupation with certain throughts while the later involves preoccupation of certain actions
b) THe former is a mood disorder whereas the later is an anxiety disorder.
c) The former is diagnosed along with the Axis III of DSM-IV whereas the later is diagnosed along with Axis II of DSM-IV
d) Actually, there is no difference between the two disorders.
e) None of the above

9: The process by which egg is ripened and released is :
a) Mitosis
b) Fertilization
c) Ovulation
d) Implantation
e) None of these

10: The process by which we learn not to respond to similar stimuli in identical manner is :
a) Generalization
b) Extinction
c) Discrimination
d) All of these
e) None of these

11: Which method of gathering information about the brain indicates overall activity of the brain?
a) Positron Emission Tomography
b) Electroencephalogram
c) Electrical stimulation
d) Studying damage to the brain
e) None of these

12: The phsiological and psychological response to stress referred as:
a) Transition
b) Stressors
c) Strain
d) Hypertension
e) None of these

13: The behavioural technique for reducing anxiety in which patents paratice relaxation while visualising provoking situations of increasing intensity refers:
a) Symptom substitution
b) Time-out
c) Systematic Desensitization
d) Token economy
e) None of these

14: The ability to acquire information from the culture such as vocabulary and the kind of info learned in the schools is an example of :
a) Fluid intelligence
b) Componential intelligence
c) Crystallised intelligence
d) Contextual intelligence
e) None of these

15: Critics of Freudian psychoanalysis maintain that this form of threrapy:
a: does not put enough emphasis on sex
b) can be harmful by tolerating
c) is good mostly for treating phobias
d) is too quick to be effective
e) None of these

16: When Maya first saw violent movie, she was scared and disgusted. But now she has seen several such movies, she is barely affected by them. Maya has expericenced:
a) Habituation
b) Displacement
c) Cultivation
d) Catharsis
e) None of these

17: A person's IQ initially represented the ration of a persons'------------ age divided by his or her..................... age.
a) Chronological, mental
b) Mental, chronological
c) Real, Intentional
d) Chronological , neurological
e) None of these

18: Which of the following is true regarding the relative influence of genes and the environment of behaviour?
a) Environment is the primary influence throughout life
b) Genes are the primary influence before birth, and environment is the primary influence following birth.
c) Genes are primary infuence on the development of phsycal structures and environment factors are a great influence on the development of behavioural capacities.
d) In no sense can either genes or environment are dormant unit the approach of puberty.
e) None of these

19: Why do similarities in the IQ of raised-together siblings tend to disappear as the children grow older?
a) Sibling learn to over-compensate for deficiencies in each other's abilities
b) The genes that differentiate intellectual abilities are dormant until the appraoch of puberty
c) As children mature and become increasingly autonomous, they each tend to create a unique environment
d) ALL of these
e) None of these

20: The release of emotions is called:
a) Behaviour change
b) Insight
c) Mastery
d) Catharsis
e) None of these
Part 2
MCQ no 9......its ovulation..{egg is ripened and released eithert due to menstraution or fertilization}
Mcq no 12 its None of these as hypertention is not a psychological response.
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Quote:
Originally Posted by marwatone View Post
Compulsory Question: Year 2013


Paper I


1: In which way behaviour is different from mental processes?
a) Introspection
b) Observation right
c) Research
d) Psychoanalysis

2: Who is particularly intersted in studying patterns of behaviour, beliefs and values which are shared by people?
a) Social Psychologist
b) Experimental Psychologist
c) Clinical Psychologist
d) PsychoAnalyst

3: Who believed that mind is composed of senses, ideas, images and feelings?
a) William James
b) Titcher
c) Carl Rogers
d) Wundt

4: Which area of hypothalamus is responsible for satiety behaviour?
a) Lateral hypothalamus
b) Ventromedial hypothalamus
c) Hyper Phobia
d) Antidiuretic hormone

5: Which perspectives of psychology focuses on determining the extent to which psychological characteristics such as memory, intelligence are influenced by heredity?
a) Neuroscience
b) Biogenic
c) cognitive
d) socio-cultural

6: Which of the following relates to disorders in comprehension or production of speech?
a) Dysphasia
b) Aphasia
c) Broca's area
d) All of these

7: Which lobe of the brain is involved in planning, decision-making and some aspects of language?
a) Frontal
b) Parietal
c) Temporal
d) Occipital

8: Which neurotransmitter plays an important role in the experience of pleasure?
a) Serotonin
b) Dopamine
c) Nor-epinephrine
d) Acetylcholine

9: The hormone cortisol produced by adrenal gland is responsible for :
a) Reducing the body activity to take rest
b) Activating the body to prepare for stressful situation
c) Balancing the homeostasis
d) Planning and decision-making

10: The process through which a leaned response stops occuring due to the non-availability of reinforcement is called:
a) Generalization
b) Punishment
c) Spontaneous Recovery
d) Extinction

11: When a teacher appreciates his students every time they ask questions with the hope that this will enable them to handle more technical questions in future , he is using conditioning?
a) Classical conditioning
b) Shaping
c) Modeling
d) Reinforcing

12: IN classical conditioning, the organism creates an association between:
a) Two Situations
b) Two Consequences
c) Two Stimuli
d) Two Responses

13: Which of the following is not a characteristic of self-actualised people according to Maslow?
a) They live creatively and fully using their potentials
b) They have efficient perceptions of reality, self and others
c) They are sensitive to fake and dishonest
d) They feel ashamed of their negative emotions

14: According to Freud, the process through which individuals release their excessive aggressive energy is called:
a) Dream Work
b) PsychoAnalysis
c) Catharsis
d) Slips of toungue

15: A layer of nerve cells at the back of eye which converts light waves into electrical impulses is:
a) Fovea
b) Retina
c) Cornea
d) Iris

16: The process through which brain uses the two retinal images into one dimensional perception is called:
a) Depth perception
b) Stereopsis
c) Binocular cues
d) Retinal Disparity

17: Which of the following is not an attribute of extroversion in the BIG FIVE FACTORS theory of personality?
a) Sociable
b) Talkative
c) Self-conscious
d) Affectionate

18: Which part of personality opposes the irrational desires of id according to Freud's Psychoanalytic THeory of Personality?
a) Ego
b) Psychic energy
c) Super Ego
d) LIbido

19: A psychological test is good only when it meaures what it is supposed to measure. This statement refers to which of the following?
a) Degree to which it is objective, precise and short
b) Degree to which it is consistent across several administrations
c) Degree to which it is norm based
d) Degree to which it is psychometrically sound

20: Which aspect of social interactions is measured by the theory of planned behaviour?
a) Attachment
b) Socialization
c) Group formation
d) Attitudes


Paper II


1: A strategy used by the ego to defend itself against the anxiety provoked by the conflict of everyday life refers to:
a) Defense mechanism
b) Displacement
c) Rationalization
d) Ego-ideal
e) None of these

2: Development is about to:
a) Age
b) Gender
c) Change
d) Genes
e) None of these

3: The self-image formed during adolescence that integrates and individual's ideas of what he or she is and want to be refers to:
a) Ego-ideal
b) Ego-identity
c) Crisis
d) Ego
e) None of these

4: The theory of how people explain other's behaviour by attributing it either to internal disposition or to external situation refers to:
a) Attribution theory
b) Dispositional theory
c) Situational theory
d) Attributing causality
e) None of these

5: The behavioural approach is to reward and punishment as the cognitive approach is to:
a) Biological processes
b) The humanistic struggle for self fulfilment
c) individual genetic make up
d) Internal processes of the mind or mental events
e) None of these

6: Which of the following perspectives of psychology is most concerned with the individuals reaching their maximum potential?
a) Behavioural
b) Cognitive
c) Humanistic
d) Psychoanalysis
e) None of these

7: Jobs can by redesigned to make the work more interesting, challanging and to increase responsibility and opportunities for achievement:
a) Job Satisfaction
b) Job specification
c) Job enrichment
d) Job description
e) None of these

8: The basic difference between obsession and compulsion is:
a) The former involves preoccupation with certain throughts while the later involves preoccupation of certain actions
b) THe former is a mood disorder whereas the later is an anxiety disorder.
c) The former is diagnosed along with the Axis III of DSM-IV whereas the later is diagnosed along with Axis II of DSM-IV
d) Actually, there is no difference between the two disorders.
e) None of the above

9: The process by which egg is ripened and released is :
a) Mitosis
b) Fertilization
c) Ovulation
d) Implantation
e) None of these

10: The process by which we learn not to respond to similar stimuli in identical manner is :
a) Generalization
b) Extinction
c) Discrimination
d) All of these
e) None of these

11: Which method of gathering information about the brain indicates overall activity of the brain?
a) Positron Emission Tomography
b) Electroencephalogram
c) Electrical stimulation
d) Studying damage to the brain
e) None of these

12: The phsiological and psychological response to stress referred as:
a) Transition
b) Stressors
c) Strain
d) Hypertension
e) None of these

13: The behavioural technique for reducing anxiety in which patents paratice relaxation while visualising provoking situations of increasing intensity refers:
a) Symptom substitution
b) Time-out
c) Systematic Desensitization
d) Token economy
e) None of these

14: The ability to acquire information from the culture such as vocabulary and the kind of info learned in the schools is an example of :
a) Fluid intelligence
b) Componential intelligence
c) Crystallised intelligence
d) Contextual intelligence
e) None of these

15: Critics of Freudian psychoanalysis maintain that this form of threrapy:
a: does not put enough emphasis on sex
b) can be harmful by tolerating
c) is good mostly for treating phobias
d) is too quick to be effective
e) None of these

16: When Maya first saw violent movie, she was scared and disgusted. But now she has seen several such movies, she is barely affected by them. Maya has expericenced:
a) Habituation
b) Displacement
c) Cultivation
d) Catharsis
e) None of these

17: A person's IQ initially represented the ration of a persons'------------ age divided by his or her..................... age.
a) Chronological, mental
b) Mental, chronological
c) Real, Intentional
d) Chronological , neurological
e) None of these

18: Which of the following is true regarding the relative influence of genes and the environment of behaviour?
a) Environment is the primary influence throughout life
b) Genes are the primary influence before birth, and environment is the primary influence following birth.
c) Genes are primary infuence on the development of phsycal structures and environment factors are a great influence on the development of behavioural capacities.
d) In no sense can either genes or environment are dormant unit the approach of puberty.
e) None of these

19: Why do similarities in the IQ of raised-together siblings tend to disappear as the children grow older?
a) Sibling learn to over-compensate for deficiencies in each other's abilities
b) The genes that differentiate intellectual abilities are dormant until the appraoch of puberty
c) As children mature and become increasingly autonomous, they each tend to create a unique environment
d) ALL of these
e) None of these

20: The release of emotions is called:
a) Behaviour change
b) Insight
c) Mastery
d) Catharsis
e) None of these
dude mcq 10 paper 1 the answer is extinction. i think you did not conduct any prior research before posting the answers here . Kindly make sure that you do prior research and then post the answers here .
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Old Friday, February 20, 2015
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Quote:
Originally Posted by farooqzia420 View Post
dude mcq 10 paper 1 the answer is extinction. i think you did not conduct any prior research before posting the answers here . Kindly make sure that you do prior research and then post the answers here .
The answer is Discrimination and not extinction.

I have just gone through all of the answers and rechecked them using google; there were a few answers which seemed 'incorrect' (Around 1-2 in every paper), however they were not incorrect but rather unclear questions with very close options as the right answers.

Thereby I deem this MCQ complilation to be free of error on 90% of the questions/answers it contains.
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In Paper I (2013) the Answer to the following is:

8: Which neurotransmitter plays an important role in the experience of pleasure?
a) Serotonin
b) Dopamine
c) Nor-epinephrine
d) Acetylcholine

Option (c) Nor-epinephrine is incorrect option since it is released during fight-or-flight response.

10: The process through which a learned response stops occuring due to the non-availability of reinforcement is called:
a) Generalization
b) Punishment
c) Spontaneous Recovery
d) Extinction

Option (b) Punishment is incorrect since it decreases an undesirable learned behavior by either adding something unpleasant or taking away something unpleasant.
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