Tuesday, September 17, 2019
02:06 PM (GMT +5)

Go Back   CSS Forums > CSS Optional subjects > Group VII > Sociology

Sociology Notes and Topics on Sociology

Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
  #11  
Old Saturday, November 12, 2005
Somayya's Avatar
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Apr 2005
Posts: 55
Thanks: 0
Thanked 108 Times in 26 Posts
Somayya is on a distinguished road
Default T & U

T

TABOO. A socio-cultural prohibition on some act, person, place, animal, or plant.

TECHNOLOGY. The application of logic, reason and knowledge to the problems of exploiting raw materials from the environment. Social technologies employ the same thought processes in addressing problems of human organization. Technology involves the creation of material instruments (such as machines) used in human interaction with nature as well as social instruments (such as bureaucracy) used in human organization .

TERRORISM. The use of violence to achieve political ends. Many would restrict the definition to include only those acts committed by non-government groups, but state terrorism is also a major factor in the social world.

TERTIARY SECTOR. That part of an economy that provides services (nursing homes, psychological counseling, and so forth)--engaged in by both private and government entitities.

THEORY. Summary statements of general principles which explain regularly observed events.

THIRD WORLD. Societies in which industrial production is only developed to a limited degree. Many of these societies were former colonies of industrial states. The majority of the world's population (over 70 percent) live in Third World countries.

TOTAL INSTITUTION. An organization in which individuals are isolated for long periods of time as their lives are controlled and regulated by the administration of the organization--such as a prison, mental hospital, or army boot camps .

TOTAL WAR. Warfare in which all the resources of the modern state are committed including a large proportion of the population (both directly and indirectly), all of the armed forces, and a large proportion of the industrial sector of the society.

TOTALITARIANISM. Authoritarian government that attempts to regulate every aspect of socio-cultural life.

TOTEMISM. A system of religious belief studied by Durkheim which attributes sacred qualities to a particular type of animal or plant.

TOTEMS. Symbol associated with a descent group as an identifying insignia.

TRADING NETWORKS. Patterns of economic exchange between companies or countries.

TRADITIONAL STATES. Societies in which the production base is agriculture or pastoralism.

TRANSFORMATIVE MOVEMENT. A social movement to produce major social change in a society.

TRANSITIONAL CLASSES. Marx's term to refer to social classes based on previous relations of production which linger on in the beginning stages a new one--such as peasants or landowners of a feudal system which has become capitalist.

U

UNCONSCIOUS. Freudian concept referring to motives and ideas unavailable to the conscious mind of the individual.

UNDERCLASS. A class of individuals in mature industrial societies situated at the bottom of the class system that have been systematically excluded from participation in economic life. The underclass is normally composed of people from ethnic or minority groups.

UNILINEAR EVOLUTION. A largely discredited view of social evolution according to which all societies pass through the same stages of development.

UNION. A social organization set up to represent the worker's interests in both the workplace and in the broader society as well.

UPPER CLASS. A social class roughly composed of the more affluent members of society, especially those who have great wealth, control over businesses or hold large numbers of stocks and shares.

URBAN RENEWAL. Governmental programs of encouraging the renovation of deteriorating city neighborhoods through the renovation or destruction of old buildings and the construction of new ones.

URBAN ECOLOGY. An analysis of urban life that examines the relationship between the city and its physical surroundings--based on an analogy with the adjustment of plants and organisms to the physical environment.

URBANIZATION. The increasing concentration of the human population into cities.
__________________
The kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah. He indeed is able to do all things. -Quran, Al-Imran, Surah 3:189

Somayya
Reply With Quote
The Following 5 Users Say Thank You to Somayya For This Useful Post:
Faheem Sattar (Friday, November 16, 2012), M Zahid Gondal (Tuesday, March 05, 2013), Mubashir Asif (Wednesday, September 16, 2009), multithinker (Sunday, January 13, 2013), pisceankhan (Thursday, July 03, 2014)
  #12  
Old Saturday, November 12, 2005
Somayya's Avatar
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Apr 2005
Posts: 55
Thanks: 0
Thanked 108 Times in 26 Posts
Somayya is on a distinguished road
Default V, W & Z

V

VALUES. Culturally defined standards held by human individuals or groups about what is desirable, proper, beautiful, and good or bad that serve as broad guidelines for social life.

VARIABLE. A characteristic that varies in value or magnitude along which an object, individual or group may be categorized, such as income or age.

VERTICAL MOBILITY. Movement up or down a social stratification system .

VESTED INTEREST. An expectation of private gain that often underlies the expressed interest in a public issue.

VICTIMLESS CRIME. Violation of law in which there is no other person (aside from the offender) victimized, such as drug-taking or illegal gambling.

W

WELFARE. Government aid (in the form of services and money) to the poor.

WEALTH. Accumulated money and material possessions controlled by an individual, group or organization.

WEALTHFARE. Government aid to the upper and middle classes. Often times this aid is disguised in the form of tax breaks (a deduction for interest on home mortgages) or subsidized services (higher education).

WELFARE STATE. A government system which provides a range of human services for its citizens.

WHITE-COLLAR CRIME. Criminal activities carried out by white-collar or professional workers in the course of their jobs.

WORKING CLASS. A social class of industrial societies broadly composed of people involved in manual occupation. The bulk of these jobs are unskilled, poorly paid and provide few benefits or job security.

WORLD SYSTEM THEORY. Immanuel Wallerstein's theoretical approach which analyzes societies in terms of their position within global systems.

Z

ZERO POPULATION GROWTH (ZPG). Population stability achieved when each woman has no more than two children.

ZWECK-RATIONAL. Rational action in relation to a goal. From Max Weber used extensively in his theory of social action.
__________________
The kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah. He indeed is able to do all things. -Quran, Al-Imran, Surah 3:189

Somayya
Reply With Quote
The Following 14 Users Say Thank You to Somayya For This Useful Post:
aasho (Thursday, November 20, 2008), Hamidullah Gul (Tuesday, December 06, 2011), hinanazar (Sunday, September 06, 2009), Humayun Khan (Tuesday, February 02, 2010), imranahmad131 (Sunday, September 12, 2010), Invincible Spirit (Sunday, November 09, 2014), M Zahid Gondal (Tuesday, March 05, 2013), minky gul (Friday, June 15, 2012), mubeen saeed (Thursday, December 31, 2009), multithinker (Sunday, January 13, 2013), pisceankhan (Thursday, July 03, 2014), Sabah Hunzai (Wednesday, September 30, 2009), Syed Imran Ali (Wednesday, June 27, 2012)
Reply

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
WEb Building GLossary Terms Janeeta Computer Science 2 Tuesday, July 24, 2018 08:57 PM
Glossary of Business terms Princess Royal Business Administration 17 Monday, February 25, 2008 07:36 PM
Glossary Of Islamic Terms Sureshlasi Islam 1 Thursday, November 29, 2007 01:49 AM
Glossary of Poetry Terms Sureshlasi English Poetry 2 Monday, November 12, 2007 11:39 PM
Glossary of Political Economy Terms Aarwaa References and Recommendations 0 Thursday, July 19, 2007 02:10 PM


CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: All messages made available as part of this discussion group (including any bulletin boards and chat rooms) and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of CSSForum.com.pk (unless CSSForum.com.pk is specifically identified as the author of the message). The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. This forum is not monitored 24/7.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2019, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.