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Old Sunday, July 31, 2005
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Default 2004 ENGLISH (PRECIS & COMPOSITION)

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17,

UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2004

ENGLISH (PRECIS & COMPOSITION)


Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 100


1. Make a precis of the given passage and suggest a suitable heading:


We're dealing with a very dramatic and very fundamental paradigm shift here. You may try" to lubricate your' social interactions with personality techniques and skills, but in the process, you may truncate the vital character base. You can't have the fruits without the roots. It's the principle of sequencing: Private victory precedes Public Victory. Self-mastery and self-discipline are the foundation of good relationship with others. Some people say that you have to like yourself before you can like others. I think' that idea has merit but if you don't know yourself, if you don't control yourself, if you don't have mastery over yourself, it's very hard to like yourself, except in some short-term, psych-up, superficial way. Real self-respect comes from dominion over*self from true independence. Independence is an achievement. Inter dependence is a choice only independent people can make. Unless we are willing to achieve real independence, it's foolish to try to develop human relations skills. We might try. We might even have some degree of success when the sun is shining. But when the difficult times come - and they will - We won't have the foundation to keep things together. The most important ingredient we put into any relationship is not what we say or what we do, but what we are. And if our words and our actions come from superficial human relations techniques (the Personality Ethic) rather than from our own inner core (the character Ethic), others will sense that duplicity. We simply won't be able to create and sustain the foundation necessary" for effective interdependence. The techniques and skills that really make a difference in human interaction are the ones that almost naturally flow from a truly independent character. So the place to begin building any relationship is inside ourselves, inside our Circle of Influence, our own character. As we become independent - Proactive, centered in correct principles, value driven and able to organize and execute around the priorities in our life with integrity - we then can choose to become interdependent - capable of building rich, enduring, highly productive relationships with other people.


2. Read the following passage and answer the questions given at the end, in YOUR OWN WORDS. (20)


We look before and after, wrote Shelley, and pine for what is not. It is said that this is what distinguishes us from the animals and that they, unlike us, live always for and in the movement and have neither hopes nor regrets. Whether it is so or not I do not know yet it is undoubtedly one of our distinguishing mental attributes: we are actually conscious of our life in time and not merely of our life at the moment of experiencing it. And as a result we find many grounds for melancholy and foreboding. Some of us prostrate ourselves on the road way in Trafalgar Square or in front of the American Embassy because we are fearful that our lives, or more disinterestedly those of our descendants will be cut short by nuclear war. If only as" squirrels or butterflies are supposed to do, we could let the future look after itself and be content to enjoy the pleasures of the morning breakfast, the brisk walk to the office through autumnal mist or winter fog, the mid-day sunshine that sometimes floods through windows, tne warm, peaceful winter evenings by the fireside at home. Yet all occasions for contentment are so often spoiled for us, to a greater or lesser degree by our individual temperaments, by this strange human capacity for foreboding and regret - regret for things which we cannot undo and foreboding for things which may never happen at all. Indeed were it not for the fact that over breaking through our human obsessions with the tragedy of time, so enabling us to enjoy at any rate some fleeting moments untroubled by vain yearning or apprehension, our life would not be intolerable at all. As it is, we contrive, everyone of us, to spoil it to a remarkable degree.



  1. What is the difference between our life and the life of an animal? (3)

  2. What is the result of human anxiety? (3)

  3. How does the writer compare man to the butterflies and squirrels? (3)

  4. How does anxiety about future disturb our daily life? (3)

  5. How can we make our life tolerable? (3)

  6. Explain the underlined words/phrases in the passage. (5 )


3. Write a comprehensive note (250-300 words) on ONE of the following: (20)



  1. One may smile and smile, and be a villain.

  2. Gather ye rosebuds while ye may.

  3. No sensible man ever made an apology.

  4. Our thoughts are ours, their ends none of our own.


4. (a) Choose the word that is nearly similar in meaning to the word in capital letters. * (5)


(1) ARCHIPELAGO:



  1. Reef

  2. Glacier

  3. Cluster of islands

  4. Lagoon


(2) PIAZZA:



  1. Cheese dish

  2. Veranda

  3. Public Square

  4. Style or dash


(3) BAKLAVA:



  1. Stringed instrument

  2. Dessert

  3. Whining dance

  4. Gratuity


(4)  IONIC:



  1. Indian stone monument

  2. Greek architecture

  3. Roman Sculpture

  4. Mediterranean Sea


(5) CICERONE:



  1. Teacher

  2. Literary classic

  3. Chaperone

  4. Guide


(b) Pick the one most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized word: * (5)


(1) DESICCATE:



  1. Lengthen

  2. Hallow

  3. Exonerate

  4. Saturate

  5. Anesthetize


(2) APOTHEOSIS:



  1. Departure from tradition

  2. Impatience with stupidity

  3. Demotion from glory

  4. Surrender to impulse

  5. Cause for grief


(3) SPUNK:



  1. Success

  2. Timidity

  3. Growing awareness

  4. Loss of prestige

  5. Lack of intelligence


(4) CAVIL:



  1. Discern

  2. Disclose

  3. Introduce

  4. Flatter

  5. Commend


(5) RAUCOUS:



  1. Orderly

  2. Absorbent,

  3. Buoyant

  4. Mellifluous

  5. Contentious


5. (a) Change the Voice of any FIVE of the following sentences: (5)



  1. International Humanitarian Law forbids actions leading to unnecessary death and suffering.

  2. Why should I antagonize you?

  3. Let Manchoo be told about the jokes of Mulla Nasiruddin.

  4. Whv have the roads not been constructed by the government in this part of the country?

  5. Do not kill your ability by roaming in the streets.

  6. Your cousin is drawing a large sum of money from his account.

  7. The arrangements of holding the Art Exhibition could not be completed on time.

  8. Build your house when cement is cheap;


(b) Correct any FIVE of the following sentences: (5)



  1. Passing through ten different cities, Karachi is the most active.

  2. He was laid up for six weeks with two broken ribs.

  3. Someone showed the visitors in the room.

  4. Until you remain idle you will make no progress.

  5. It is very wrong to be devoted to lying and cheating.

  6. He told me that he is waiting for me since a long time.

  7. The .house stood up in the dull street because of its red door.

  8. He brought the articles to the market which he wanted to sell.


6. (a) Use any FIVE of the following in your own sentences to bring out their meaning: (5)



  1. To bring grist to the mill.

  2. Set one s cap at.

  3. To draw the long bow.

  4. To send a person to Coventry .

  5. Beer and skittles.

  6. The acid test.

  7. A skeleton in the cupboard.

  8. To discover a mare's nest.


Use FIVE of the following pairs of words in your own sentences so as to bring out their meanings: * (10)



  1. Auger, Augur

  2. Fain, Feign

  3. Emigrate, Immigrate

  4. Envy, Jealousy

  5. Invade, Attack

  6. Trifling, Trivial

  7. Simulation, Dissimulation

  8. Venal, Venial

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Old Tuesday, June 13, 2006
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Default solution to antonyms & synonyms

4. (a) Choose the word that is nearly similar in meaning to the word in capital letters. * (5)



(1) ARCHIPELAGO:


1Reef

2Glacier

3Cluster of islands -CORRECT

4Lagoon



(2) PIAZZA:


1Cheese dish

2Veranda

3Public Square -CORRECT

4Style or dash

(3) BAKLAVA:

1Stringed instrument

2Dessert -CORRECT(i couldn't find the word BAKLAVA in Oxford's standard dictionary which is absurd but it is available in online dictionaries)

3Whining dance

4Gratuity

(4) IONIC:

1Indian stone monument

2Greek architecture -CORRECT

3Roman Sculpture

4Mediterranean Sea



(5) CICERONE:

1Teacher

2Literary classic

3Chaperone

4Guide -CORRECT


(b) Pick the one most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized word:


(1) DESICCATE:

1Lengthen

2Hallow

3Exonerate

4Saturate -CORRECT

5Anesthetize



(2) APOTHEOSIS:

1Departure from tradition

2Impatience with stupidity

3Demotion from glory -CORRECT

4Surrender to impulse

5Cause for grief


(3) SPUNK:


1Success

2Timidity -CORRECT

3Growing awareness

4Loss of prestige

5Lack of intelligence



(4) CAVIL:

1Discern

2Disclose

3Introduce

4Flatter -CORRECT(im not sure about this one it either has to b flatter or commend)

5Commend

(5) RAUCOUS:


1Orderly

2Absorbent,

3Buoyant

4Mellifluous -CORRECT

5Contentious
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Last edited by saania; Tuesday, June 13, 2006 at 04:54 PM.
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Default SOLUTION TO QUES # 5 (a)

1. Actions leading to unnecessary death and suffering are forbidden by International Humanitarian law.

2. Why should you be antagonized by me?

3. Tell Manchoo about the jokes of Mulla Nasiruddin.

4. Why has the government not constructed the roads in this part of the country?

5. Let not your ability be killed by roaming in the streets.

6. A large sum of money is being drawn by your cousin from his account.

7. Let your house be built when cement is cheap.
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Old Saturday, December 19, 2009
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Default antonyms

commend is correct
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Old Tuesday, August 09, 2011
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Question

KINDLY SENIORS CHK THE ANS OF MY PASSAGE AND CORRECT ME....




PASSAGE QUESTION ANSWER:
Q1. What is the difference between our life and life of an animal?
A. The difference between human and animal life is human has brain with the help of which we think about life, we think before we do something, we have hopes for our future where as animals donít have such emotions and feelings about life.
Q2. What is the result of human anxiety?
A. We are conscious about our future life; we go in front of the embassy for the purpose of peace of this world because we are afraid for our self and our new generation of being a victim of nuclear war and so our lives are in grief and a result we get into anxiety.
Q3. How does the writer compare man to the butterflies and squirrels?
A. The author compared man to the butterflies and squirrels because these animals are fearless regarding their future and they are living a free happy life and enjoys each and every moment. So if we also kick away these fears out of our life we can live a normal happy life.
Q4. How does anxiety about future disturb our daily life?
A. Just because of an unseen future we are disturbing our present life. We cannot enjoy the morning breakfast fully as we do in the past. One cannot go to his or her office in the season of spring or in the fog just because of our own fears and regretting about things we are not done with and being sad about things which are not going to happen at all.
Q5. How can we make our life tolerable?
A. We can make our life tolerable by enjoying each and every moment. By giving our best in everything we do and live our lives without any fear. Not to fear about the things those are not yet the parts of our life.

Last edited by Noreen Akbar; Tuesday, August 09, 2011 at 04:18 PM. Reason: removing quote
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Old Monday, December 26, 2011
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Post 2004 precis suitable heading???

1-facts are enemy of truth
2-golden rules of life

plzzz check it ...........these headings are right or wrong ??????
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Default precis 2004

i think the title should be'relationship between character and personality' or 'recognize the self'...........
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Old Monday, June 10, 2013
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Arrow No senible man ever made an apology

"An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure"- Henry de Bracton. Humans are in possession of an invaluable gift of God; the brain, through which sagacity as well as the foolishness is the practical manifestation of being properly utilizing it or not. It is true that one learns from own mistakes. But it is also true that experience and advice of the wise ones could be employed, in order to avoid any blunder that renders someone to be humiliated or to be apologetic with others. History is full of such gross negligence of the leaders, who in the hubris of their empire or conceited with the golden rolls of their heredity, were deliberately ignorant of the sensibility of human mind. Hitler was engrossed with the lust for a vast empire and the politburo of USSR had to eat a humble pie at the end of cold war; in both of these cases, the leaders were senseless to contemplate upon the feelings of others, not in consent with their own ideology and thus the results were the suicide by Hitler and the break-up of Soviet Union. As you sow so shall you reap: this wise saying should be in consideration before one does or intends to carry out any act, otherwise, the result could be contrary to the expectations. It is prudence that should be the core value of thinking and based upon this principle, any unwelcome outcome could be avoided with high probability; otherwise, chances of regret would be definite for wrong decisions. Therefore, sensibility and prudence save one from repentance, remorse, and worst of all, an apology for wrong decisions.
source:
http://aamirshah1.blogspot.com/2007/...ogy-ounce.html
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Old Friday, August 23, 2013
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Default

Quote:
We're dealing with a very dramatic and very fundamental paradigm shift here. You may try" to lubricate your' social interactions with personality techniques and skills, but in the process, you may truncate the vital character base. You can't have the fruits without the roots. It's the principle of sequencing: Private victory precedes Public Victory. Self-mastery and self-discipline are the foundation of good relationship with others. Some people say that you have to like yourself before you can like others. I think' that idea has merit but if you don't know yourself, if you don't control yourself, if you don't have mastery over yourself, it's very hard to like yourself, except in some short-term, psych-up, superficial way. Real self-respect comes from dominion over*self from true independence. Independence is an achievement. Inter dependence is a choice only independent people can make. Unless we are willing to achieve real independence, it's foolish to try to develop human relations skills. We might try. We might even have some degree of success when the sun is shining. But when the difficult times come - and they will - We won't have the foundation to keep things together. The most important ingredient we put into any relationship is not what we say or what we do, but what we are. And if our words and our actions come from superficial human relations techniques (the Personality Ethic) rather than from our own inner core (the character Ethic), others will sense that duplicity. We simply won't be able to create and sustain the foundation necessary" for effective interdependence. The techniques and skills that really make a difference in human interaction are the ones that almost naturally flow from a truly independent character. So the place to begin building any relationship is inside ourselves, inside our Circle of Influence, our own character. As we become independent - Proactive, centered in correct principles, value driven and able to organize and execute around the priorities in our life with integrity - we then can choose to become interdependent - capable of building rich, enduring, highly productive relationships with other people.


precise:

Making social interaction with personality skill is very essential because it lops our character.according to some, liking ourselves is necessary before liking others,I disagree, because persons without having control over self canít love their selves except in cursory way.independance is a key for interdependence and its folly to make relations without it.superficial words makes show duplicity due to which we became unable for interdependence.hence good relations demand skills from real independence.we can only become interdependent by zealous behavior. In that we can form long lasting terms with other people.

members someone told me that precis heading is always present in starting lines or in ending lines

is this true?
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yes its true
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