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Old Tuesday, August 28, 2007
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Default International Relations Paper 2007

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2007.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: (i) Attempt FIVE questions in all including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(ii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered
(iii) Candidate must draw two straight lines (==================) at the end to separate each question attempted in Answer Books.

1. “Europeans transformed Westphalian System of States into empires during 16th, 17th and 18th centuries to increase their Wealth and Power.” Elucidate the statement.

2. Describe interactions among Nations through diplomacy for establishing balance of power to preserve their National Interest.

3. Comparatively analyze the basic philosophy of International Relations, “Peace and Security” has been challenged by the emerging “Economic Regionalism and Military Technologies”.

4. How do you perceive US military engagement in Afghanistan and Iraq and its implications in near future?

5. The two great wars had dismantled colonialism and created Third World and Non-Alignment Movement. How did the UN justify its role in the World Affaris.

6. Discuss the role of Nuclear Diplomacy in South Asia with particular reference to, “US Indian Nuclear deal has activated Indo-Russian Nuclear Cooperation”.

7. The post Cold War, World Order promised Peace, Security, Democracy, Nuclear Non-proliferation and Human Rights protection. Assess its repercussions at present confronted by the world community in the context of Terrorism, Nuclear Proliferation, Globalization and erosion of Human Dignity.

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Write only correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the question.
(1) The Great Britain and Russia agreed to make Afghanistan a buffer state between their empires in:
(a) 1879
(b) 1897
(c) 1869
(d) None of these

(2) Amnesty International was established in London by the British Lawyer, Peter Benenson in:
(a) 1961
(b) 1951
(c) 1971
(d) None of these

(3) The ANZUS Treaty between Australia, New Zealand and United States was signed in:
(a) 1951
(b) 1945
(c) 1950
(d) None of these

(4) The Treaty of Versailles settled peace in:
(a) Europe
(b) Middle East
(c) Africa
(d) None of these

(5) The Commonwealth of independent states was established in:
(a) 1991
(b) 1990
(c) 1989
(d) None of these

(6) International Monetary Fund was formed after Bretton Woods Conference in:
(a) 1944
(b) 1943
(c) 1945
(d) None of these

(7) “Issues in Global Politics” was written by:
(a) E. H. Corr
(b) Gavin Boyed
(c) James N Rosenau
(d) None of these

(8) South West Asia is popularly known as:
(a) Near East
(b) Middle East
(c) Arab World
(d) None of these

(9) NATO was organized in:
(a) 1948
(b) 1949
(c) 1950
(d) None of these

(10) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was established in:
(a) 1960
(b) 1968
(c) 1970
(d) None of these

(11) South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation consists of:
(a) 7 states
(b) 8 states
(c) 5 states
(d) None of these

(12) Suez crises between Egypt, France, Britain, Israel began in:
(a) 1956
(b) 1955
(c) 1954
(d) None of these

(13) The International court of Justice was constituted on:
(a) 26th June 1945
(b) 21th June 1946
(c) 23th June 1948
(d) None of these

(14) The Charter of United Nations consists of:
(a) 108 articles
(b) 101 articles
(c) 111 articles
(d) None of these

(15) The British Secretary of Foreign Affairs A. Balfour announced British support to establish Jewish state in Palestine in:
(a) November 1917
(b) October 1916
(c) December 1918
(d) None of these

(16) To cripple British Communication with India, Napoleon organized military expedition to Egypt in:
(a) 1798
(b) 1789
(c) 1898
(d) None of these

(17) LAIA stands for:
(a) Latin America Integration Association
(b) Latin America Information Agency
(c) Latin America Investment Association
(d) None of these

(18) Arab League was established on:
(a) 22nd March 1945
(b) 22nd April 1945
(c) 22nd February, 1945
(d) None of these

(19) The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT-I) was signed in:
(a) 1972
(b) 1971
(c) 1974
(d) None of these

(20) The headquarter of Asian Development Bank (ADB) is located in:
(a) Bangkok
(b) Manila
(c) Singapore
(d) None of these
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  #2  
Old Monday, May 05, 2008
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Default The ANZUS Treaty between Australia, New Zealand and United States was signed in:

Security Treaty between Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America [ANZUS]

(San Francisco, 1 September 1951)

Entry into force generally: 29 April 1952

AUSTRALIAN TREATY SERIES
1952 No. 2

Australian Government Publishing Service
Canberra

(c) Commonwealth of Australia 1997
SECURITY TREATY BETWEEN AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
THE PARTIES TO THIS TREATY,

REAFFIRMING their faith in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and their desire to live in peace with all peoples and all Governments, and desiring to strengthen the fabric of peace in the Pacific Area,
NOTING that the United States already has arrangements pursuant to which its armed forces are stationed in the Philippines, and has armed forces and administrative responsibilities in the Ryukyus, and upon the coming into force of the Japanese Peace Treaty may also station armed forces in and about Japan to assist in the preservation of peace and security in the Japan Area,
RECOGNIZING that Australia and New Zealand as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations have military obligations outside as well as within the Pacific Area,
DESIRING to declare publicly and formally their sense of unity, so that no potential aggressor could be under the illusion that any of them stand alone in the Pacific Area, and
DESIRING further to coordinate their efforts for collective defense for the preservation of peace and security pending the development of a more comprehensive system of regional security in the Pacific Area,
THEREFORE DECLARE AND AGREE as follows:
Article I
The Parties undertake, as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations, to settle any international disputes in which they may be involved by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not endangered and to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.
Article II
In order more effectively to achieve the objective of this Treaty the Parties separately and jointly by means of continuous and effective self-help and mutual aid will maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack.
Article III
The Parties will consult together whenever in the opinion of any of them the territorial integrity, political independence or security of any of the Parties is threatened in the Pacific.
Article IV
Each Party recognizes that an armed attack in the Pacific Area on any of the Parties would be dangerous to its own peace and safety and declares that it would act to meet the common danger in accordance with its constitutional processes.
Any such armed attack and all measures taken as a result thereof shall be immediately reported to the Security Council of the United Nations. Such measures shall be terminated when the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to restore and maintain international peace and security.
Article V
For the purpose of Article IV, an armed attack on any of the Parties is deemed to include an armed attack on the metropolitan territory of any of the Parties, or on the island territories under its jurisdiction in the Pacific or on its armed forces, public vessels or aircraft in the Pacific.
Article VI
This Treaty does not affect and shall not be interpreted as affecting in any way the rights and obligations of the Parties under the Charter of the United Nations or the responsibility of the United Nations for the maintenance of international peace and security.
Article VII
The Parties hereby establish a Council, consisting of their Foreign Ministers or their Deputies, to consider matters concerning the implementation of this Treaty. The Council should be so organized as to be able to meet at any time.
Article VIII
Pending the development of a more comprehensive system of regional security in the Pacific Area and the development by the United Nations of more effective means to maintain international peace and security, the Council, established by Article VII, is authorized to maintain a consultative relationship with States, Regional Organizations, Associations of States or other authorities in the Pacific Area in a position to further the purposes of this Treaty and to contribute to the security of that Area.
Article IX
This Treaty shall be ratified by the Parties in accordance with their respective constitutional processes. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited as soon as possible with the Government of Australia, which will notify each of the other signatories of such deposit. The Treaty shall enter into force as soon as the ratifications of the signatories have been deposited.
Article X
This Treaty shall remain in force indefinitely. Any Party may cease to be a member of the Council established by Article VII one year after notice has been given to the Government of Australia, which will inform the Governments of the other Parties of the deposit of such notice.
Article XI
This Treaty in the English language shall be deposited in the archives of the Government of Australia. Duly certified copies thereof will be transmitted by that Government to the Governments of each of the other signatories.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have signed this Treaty.
DONE at the city of San Francisco this first day of September, 1951.
FOR AUSTRALIA:
[Signed:]
PERCY C SPENDER
FOR NEW ZEALAND:
[Signed:]
C A BERENDSEN
FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
[Signed:]
DEAN ACHESON
JOHN FOSTER DULLES
ALEXANDER WILEY
JOHN J SPARKMAN
Instruments of ratification were deposited for Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America 29 April 1952, on which date the Treaty entered into force.

source : http://australianpolitics.com/foreig...s-treaty.shtml
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Old Tuesday, May 06, 2008
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I would like to go this following way:

1. “Europeans transformed Westphalian System of States into empires during 16th, 17th and 18th centuries to increase their Wealth and Power.” Elucidate the statement.

Ans:Introduction
Treaty of Westphalia signed in 1648 in Germany between the then European states though appear to be as the beginning of sovereign nations in the realm of nationalism, but infact it led the diffrent far-flung,undeveloped national units of the world to be colonized and then europeanized for the sake of wealth n power.

a)Treaty of Westphalia
Background,objectives(in brief)
b)Rise of Empires(in brief)
c)Worst sort of colonization and subjugation by all european powers.
d)theory of "white man's burden to civilize the backward nations"
e)Conclusion




2. Describe interactions among Nations through diplomacy for establishing balance of power to preserve their National Interest.

Ans:
Introductioniplomacy is art of formal and informal interactions between sovereign nations...bla,bla,bla..(joke or quote:a diplomat is one who tells lies abroad in his/her national interest----but i wont write it)

a)peaceful settlement of disputes:
b)balance of power:
c)role of a diplomat:
d)for example,pakistan first:....
Conclusion...
easy naa,man

3. Comparatively analyze the basic philosophy of International Relations, “Peace and Security” has been challenged by the emerging “Economic Regionalism and Military Technologies”.

oh what a difficult subjective paper indeed..anyways

Intro:The basic aim and objective of the inventions in literery,textual world of a subject like International Relations was but to provide us with ways n means to make our world as peaceful n secure as if Heaven.But,alas!contrary to it has happened if we bother to look from any perspectv concerning our world as a whole......bla,bla,bla(as u deem necessary clipping it)
a)Peace and security:
b)Economik regionalism:Rise of regional politico-economic bloks like EU,SAARC,AU,CIS,..etc...
c)Nuclearization/Ultra-weaponization:n/korea going nuclear,iran,israel,n also south asia nuclearized now.
d)Reversing the fallouts:
e)Conclusion:The nations should take into account the negative perspectives of regional economic units and military technologies as well which are but bound to keep us west-east n rich-poor,apart from keeping us all at risk of some nuclear catastrophe.

4. How do you perceive US military engagement in Afghanistan and Iraq and its implications in near future?

Intro:The US initiated,being sole super power, its engagmnt in iraq n afgnstan immediately after 9/11 incident in order to avert any such catastrophe in US land in future...but the things of late have got awry and unacceptble,not only to US nation but whole world at large ,particularly Muslim nations....bla,bla bla

a)Why engagen n strategy:
b)Fallout:
c)Violence breeds violence:
d)Way out:
Conclusion

5. The two great wars had dismantled colonialism and created Third World and Non-Alignment Movement. How did the UN justify its role in the World Affaris.

Intro:The UN got incepted in 1945.Woodrow Wilson's dream of league of nations shattered when it could not stop WWII.......bla bla
a)end of colonialism:
b)Rise of nations:
c)NAM:
d)Making of UN and its role:
Conclusion:Gudy gudy at least as far as NAM n thirld world are concerned....

The rest laters ,plz....well,its but my opinion, n as v know that freedom of expression we did get,but what abt freedom after expressing...lets,c
bbye
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  #4  
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Answers are highlighted. Plz reply the missing 1.
(2) Amnesty International was established in London by the British Lawyer, Peter Benenson in:
(a) 1961
(b) 1951
(c) 1971
(d) None of these

(5) The Commonwealth of independent states was established in:
(a) 1991
(b) 1990
(c) 1989
(d) None of these (1965)

(6) International Monetary Fund was formed after Bretton Woods Conference in:
(a) 1944
(b) 1943
(c) 1945
(d) None of these

(9) NATO was organized in:
(a) 1948
(b) 1949
(c) 1950
(d) None of these

(10) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was established in:
(a) 1960
(b) 1968
(c) 1970
(d) None of these

(11) South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation consists of:
(a) 7 states
(b) 8 states
(c) 5 states
(d) None of these

(17) LAIA stands for:
(a) Latin America Integration Association
(b) Latin America Information Agency
(c) Latin America Investment Association
(d) None of these

(18) Arab League was established on:
(a) 22nd March 1945
(b) 22nd April 1945
(c) 22nd February, 1945
(d) None of these

(19) The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT-I) was signed in:
(a) 1972
(b) 1971
(c) 1974
(d) None of these

(20) The headquarter of Asian Development Bank (ADB) is located in:
(a) Bangkok
(b) Manila
(c) Singapore
(d) None of these
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  #5  
Old Monday, February 09, 2009
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Question reply me pls

(5) The Commonwealth of independent states was established in:
(a) 1991
(b) 1990
(c) 1989
(d) None of these
the answer is b because it was established after fall USSR . Commonwealth OF NATION WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1931.
ONE MORE QUESTION RANA G WHO IS HEAD OF THE STATE IN DEMOCRATIC GOVT? yarr unitary system is unresponsible r u sure for this and thank u pls reply
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