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Old Saturday, May 23, 2009
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FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2009

ACCOUNTANCY AND AUDITING. PAPER-I



TIME ALLOWEDPART-I) 30 Minutes MAXIMUM MARKS:20
(PART-II) 2 HOURS & 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS :80

NOTE: (i) First attempt PART-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes. Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.


PART -1 (MCQ) (COMPULSORY)


Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)

i) Which of the following transactions represent an expense?
(a) The owner withdrew Rs. 1,600 from the business for personal use
(b) Purchased a photocopying machine for Rs. 2,750 cash
(c) Purchased medical supplies for cash from Healthcare Labs. Rs. 1,630
(d) Received a telephone bill amounting to Rs. 550 to be paid within ten days.

ii) Which of the following statements about accounting procedures is not correct?
(a) The journal shows in one place all the information about specific transactions arranged in
chronological order.
(b) A ledger account shows in one place all the information about changes in a specific asset or
liability or owner's equity.
(c) Posting is the process of transferring information from ledger accounts to the journal.
(d) The product of the accounting cycle is the formal financial statements such as balance sheet
and income statement.

iii) Which of the following financial statements reflects the overall financial position of the business?
(a) Statement of cash flows (b) Income Statement
(c) Balance Sheet (d) Statement of owner's equity

iv) Trial Balance is prepared:
(a) To ensure arithmetical accuracy of accounting records.
(b) To establish complete accuracy of accounting records.
(c) To determine the amounts payable to suppliers for purchase of goods on credit.
(d) To ensure efficient use of resources of the business.

v) The net sales of Fresh Foods were Rs. 200,000 for the current month. If the cost of goods available for sale was Rs. 180,000 and the gross profit rate was 35%, the ending inventory must have been:

(a) Rs. 70,000
(b) Rs. 1,30,000
(c) Rs. 50,000
(d) Rs. 63,000


vi) In the accounting cycle:
(a) Closing entries are made before adjusting entries.
(b) Closing entries are made after the adjusting entries.
(c) Adjusting entries are made after financial statements are prepared.
(d) Financial statements are prepared after closing trial balance.

vii) Which of the following is an intangible asset?
(a) An investment in marketable securities.
(b)Leasehold land.
(c) Loose tools.
(d) Copy rights.

(viii) Expense is recorded in the accounting records when:
(a) Cash is paid
(b) The purchase order is placed with the supplier
(c) Purchases are made
(d) None of these

(ix) The cash basis of accounting:
(a) Is widely used by manufacturing firms.
(b) Is often used by merchandising firms.
(c) Usually results in a larger amount of tax than under accrual basis accounting.
(d) Can not be used in filing income tax returns.

(x) The straight-line method of depreciation:
(a) Generally gives best results because it is easy to apply
(b) Should be use din a period of inflation, because it accumulates the fund for the replacement
of asset at a uniform rate.
(c) Is the best method used for wasting assets.
(d) Ignores fluctuations in the rate of asset usage.

(xi) Which of the following accounts are not closed at the end of an accounting period?
(a) Revenue accounts
(b) Expense accounts
(c) Drawing accounts
(d) Asset accounts

(xii) Under periodic inventory system cost of good sold is determined and recognized in the books of accounts:
(a) At the time of purchase of goods
(b) At the time of sale of goods
(c) At the end of the year
(d) None of these

(xiii) Which of the following is not a use of working capital?
(a) Repayment of long term debt
(b) Cash dividend declared but not paid
(c) Payment of an account payable
(d) Acquisition of treasury stock.

(xiv) A transaction caused a Rs. 10,000 decrease in both assets and total liabilities. This transaction could have been:
(a) Purchase of furniture for Rs. 10,000
(b) An asset costing Rs. 10,000 was destroyed by fire (c) Repayment of bank loan Rs. 10,000
(d) Collection of a Rs.10,000 account receivable

(xv) Which ratio indicates a firm's ability to pay current liabilities in the shortest possible time?
(a) Current Ratio
(b) Equity Ratio
(c) Debt Ratio
(d) Quick Ratio

(xvi) If we add the average number of days to turn the inventory over and the average age of
receivables (in number of days), we arrive at:
(a) The company's fiscal period
(b) The sales volume of the business
(c) The company's operating cycle
(d) Nothing meaningful

(xvii) Which of the following is least important in determining the fair market value of a share?
(a) Earnings and dividends per share
(b) Book value per share
(c) The available supply of shares and the demand to purchase the shares.
(d) The par value of share.

(xviii) Financial statements prepared by a business firm are most likely to be:
(a) Fully reliable
(b) Tentative in nature
(c) Relevant for all types of decisions
(d) Always misleading

(xix) One of the following is not an officer of a company:
(a) Share registrar
(b) Controller
(c) Secretary
(d) Treasurer

(xx) A deficit appears on the balance sheet:
(a) Among the assets
(b) As a deduction from total paid-up capital
(c) Among the liabilities
(d) None of these

Part-II


(i) PART-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY THREE questions from PART-II including QUESTION NO. 2
which is COMPULSORY having 30 marks. Rest of the questions carry 25 MARKS
EACH.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q.2. Write short notes on the followings: (3 each)
i) What is a compound journal entry?
ii) Define subsidiary ledger.
iii) Identify two major causes of depreciation on plant assets.
Iv) What is meant by statement of cash flows?
v) Briefly explain the perpetual inventory system.
vi) State the principle of realization,
vii) What do you understand by realization account?
(viii) Describe the term accelerated depreciation,
ix) What do you understand by limited partnership?
(x) Define closing entries and give two examples.

Q.3. Complete the 2007 balance sheet for Premier Industries using the information that follows it. (25)

Premier Industries
Balance Sheet at December 31, 2007


Cash...............................Rs.30,000
Marketable securities.......Rs.25,000
Accounts receivable...............??
Inventories...........................??
Net fixed assets....................??


Accounts Payable.........Rs. 120,000
Notes Payable.................... ??
Accruals .....................Rs. 20,000
Long-term debt..................??
Stockholders' equity.....Rs. 600,000


The following financial data for 2007 are also available:
1) Sales totaled Rs. 1,800,000
2) The gross profit margin was 25 percent
3) Inventory turnover was 6.0.
4) There are 360 days in the year.
5) The average collection period was 40 days.
6) The current ratio was 1.60.
7) The total asset turnover ratio was 1 .20.
8) The debt ratio was 60 percent.

Q.4. The cash balance, November 30, 2007 is Rs. 30,000. Sales proceeds are collected as follows: 75% month of sale, 15% second month and 10% third month. (25)


Raleigh Company
Budgeted Income Statement for the Month Ended
December 3 1 , 2007 (in thousands)

Sales............................................. ...Rs.300
Inventory, November 30....................Rs.5o
Purchases......................................... Rs.190
Cost of goods available for sale..........Rs.240
Inventory, December 31...................Rs.40
Cost of goods sold............................Rs.200
Gross margin...................................Rs.100

Operating expenses
Wages............................................R s.36
Utilities......................................... ..Rs.5
Advertising.....................................Rs .10
Depreciation...................................Re. 1
Office expenses..............................Rs.4
Insurance and property taxes..........Re.1
Total Operating Expenses................Rs.57
Operating Income..........................Rs.43

Account receivable are Rs. 43,000 on November 30, 2007, consisting of Rs. 16,000 from October sales and Rs.27,000 from November Sales.
Accounts payable on November 30, 2007 are Rs. 150,000. Raleigh Company pays 35% of purchases during the month of purchase and the remainder during the following month. All operating expenses requiring cash are paid during the month of recognition. Insurance and property taxes are paid annually in December, however.

Required: Prepare a cash budget for December.

Q.5. Saeed and Rasheed carried on business in partnership. On 31st December 2007 Saeed retired.Their Balance Sheet at that date was as follows25)

Liabilities and Capital ........Rs......................Assets...............Rs.
Accounts Payable………………...10,000...............Land and Building…….. 5,000
Notes Payable…………….……….8,000..................Plant and Machinery….. 12,000
Saeed - Capital Account……21,000.................Loose Tools……………. 4,000
Rasheed - Capital Account.14,000.................Patterns and Models…….2,000
.................................................. .................Inventory………15,000
.................................................. .................Accounts Receivable11,000
.................................................. ................Notes Receivable…2,500
.................................................. ...............Cash…………………….1,500

Profits and Losses were shared in the proportions of Saeed two-thirds, and Rasheed one-third. Rasheed agreed to take over the business on the following terms:-
The Land and Building were to be taken over by Saeed at the amount stated in the Balance Sheet, and Rasheed was to rent the premises at Rs. 250 per annum. Revaluations were to be made which resulted as follows:-
Plant and Machinery, Rs. 10,000; Loose Tools, Rs. 4,400; Patterns and Models, Rs. 1,800; and Inventory, Rs. 12,000.
Saeed agreed to allow the amount due to him (Less Rs. 300 which was to be paid to him in cash) to remain as a loan to Rasheed at 5 percent interest. Required: Make necessary Journal entries to give effect to the above transactions and prepare Rasheed's Balance Sheet.

Q.6. The following is the Trial Balance at 30th June 2008 of the L.Y. Manufacturing Company, Limited:-
(Rupces in thousands) (25)
.................................................. ......Rs......................Rs.
Inventory, 1s1 July, 2007-……………...…7,500
Sales-……………………………………………………………………......35,000
Purchases………………………………………...…24,500
Productive Wages -………………………….....5,000
Discounts……………………………………………..….700…………...... 500
Salaries………………………………………………...…750
Rent……………………………………………………...…495
Genera! Expenses………………………………..1,705
Profit and Loss Account, 1st July, 2007……..…………......1503
Interim Dividend paid, February 2008....900
Share Capital - 1,000 shares of Rs. 10 each fully paid-10,000
Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable..3,750…...1,750
Plant and Machinery……………………........2,900
Cash in hand and at Bank……………….…1,620
Reserve-…………………………....……………………………............1,550
Loan to Managing Director………………..…325
Bad Debts-…………………………………………..158 '

Adjustments:
(1) Depreciate Machinery at 10% per annum.
(2) Reserve 4% discount on Accounts Receivable.
(3) Allow 2% discount on Accounts Payable.
(4) One Month's Rent at Rs. 45 per month was due on 30th June, 2008.
(5) Reserve 5% for bad and doubtful debts.
(6) Inventory on 30th June 2008 was Rs. 8,200.

Required: Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 30th June 2008, and the
Balance Sheet as on that date.
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Solution
Balance Sheet as of December 31 2007
Cash $30,000
marketable securities 25,000
Accounts Receivable 200000
Inventories 3,00,000
Current Assets 555000

Net fixed assets 9,45,000



Total Assets 1500,000

Accounts Payable $120,000
Bank Loan 2,06,875
Accruals 20,000
Current Liabilities 3,46,875
Long term debts 5,53,725
Common Stock and retained earnings 600,000
Total Liabilities and Equity 1500,000
(W-1) Inventory turnover ratio=6.0

Inventory turnover ratio= sales/average inventories
6.0= 1800, 000/ average inventories
Average inventories= 1800, 000 /6.0
Average inventories= 300,000

(W-2) Average collection Period=40 days
Average collection Period=Average Account Receivable * 360 days/ sales
40 days= Average Account Receivables*360/18, 00,000
18, 00,000*40/360 = Average Account Receivables
Avg. Account Receivables= 200,000

(W-3) Total Asset Turnover Ration=1.20
1.20= sales/Total Assets
Total Asset = sales/TAT
=18, 00,000/1.20
=15, 00,000

(W-4) Fixed assets= Total Asset- Current Asset
=15, 00,000-5, 55,000
=9, 45,000

(W-5) Current Ratio= Current asset/Current Liabilities
1.60 =5, 55, 000/CL
CL= 5, 55, 000/1.60
= 3, 46,875

(W-6) Total debt = C liabilities +Long term debts
900,000 =3, 46,875 + ?
Long term Debt = 900,000 -3, 46,875
553185

(W-7)Total debt can be find out as
Total debt= Total Liabilities and Equity- Common Stock and retained earnings
900,000 =1500, 000-600,000

(W-8) Bank Loan= Current liabilities - Accounts Payable- Accruals
206875 =3, 46,875- 120,000-20,000

Provided information in question no 3, PAPER-1, are not correct, the actual data comprises as under (SOURCE Financial Management by Gitman)
Complete the 2007 balance sheet for Premier Industries using the information that follows it.
Balance Sheet as of December 31 2007
Cash & marketable securities 55,000
Accounts Receivable
Inventories
Current Assets
Net fixed assets
Total Assets

Accounts payable $120,000
Bank Loan ?
Accruals 20,000
Current Liabilities ?
Long term debts ?
Common Stock and retained earnings 600,000
Total Liabilities and Equity ?

Last edited by irum; Wednesday, June 30, 2010 at 04:55 PM.
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Total Assets:

Total Asset Turnover Ratio = Sales / Total Assets
Or 1.2 = 1,800,000 / Total Assets

Total Assets : Rs. 1,500,000


Accounts Receivable:

Average Collection Period = 360 days / Accounts Receivable Turnover

Average Collection period is given in data : 40 days

Hence:
40 days = 360 days / Accounts Receivable Turnover
Accounts Receivable Turnover = 9

Accounts Receivable Turnover = Sales / Accounts Receivable
9 = 1,800,000 / Accounts Receivable

Accounts Receivable = 200,000


Inventories:

Inventroy Turnover Ratio = Cost of Goods Sold / Average Inventory

Cost of Goods Sold = Opening Stock + Purchases - Ending Stock

Or

Gross Profit = Sales - Cost of Goods Sold

Hence:

Cost of Goods Sold = Sales - GP

GP Ratio = GP / Sales * 100

GP Ratio is given in data: 25%
Sales is given in data : 1,800,000

25 = GP / 1,800,000 * 100
GP = 450,000
Hence:

COGS = Sales - GP
COGS = 1,800,000 - 450,000

COGS = 1,350,000

Inventory Turnover Ratio is given in data : 6

By putting these values in:

Inventroy Turnover Ratio = Cost of Goods Sold / Average Inventory

6 = 1,350,000 / Average Inventory

Average Inventory = 225,000


If your inventory figure comes Rs.225,000 then ultimately other figures will be different.

By taking Rs.225,000 as inventory we have following results:

Current Assets: Rs.480,000 (Current Assets = Cash + Marketable Securities + Accounts Receivable + Inventories or CA = 30,000 + 25,000 + 200,000 + 225,000)

Net Fixed Assets: Rs. 1020,000 ( Net Fixed Assets = TotaL Assets - CA or Net Fixed Assets = 1500,000 - 480,000)


Current Liabilities : Rs. 300,000 (Calculated from Current Ratio i.e. CR = CA / CL Or 1.6 = 480,000 / CL )

Notes Payable : Rs. 160,000 ( Notes Payable = CL - Accounts Payable - Accruals or Notes Payable = 300,000 - 120,000 - 20,000)

Long Term Debt: Rs. 600,000 (Long Term Debt = Total Balance Sheet Footing - CL - Stockholders's equity or Long Term Debt = 1,500,000 - 300,000 - 600,000)


Note: Purchases or Sales are assumed as net figures in this calculation.


Please members do confirm the correction of this solution.

Regards


Quote:
Originally Posted by irum View Post
Solution





Balance Sheet as of December 31 2007



Cash $30,000
marketable securities 25,000
Accounts Receivable 200000
Inventories 3,00,000
Current Assets 555000

Net fixed assets 9,45,000



Total Assets 1500,000

Accounts Payable $120,000
Bank Loan 2,06,875
Accruals 20,000
Current Liabilities 3,46,875
Long term debts 5,53,725
Common Stock and retained earnings 600,000
Total Liabilities and Equity 1500,000
(W-1) Inventory turnover ratio=6.0

Inventory turnover ratio= sales/average inventories
6.0= 1800, 000/ average inventories
Average inventories= 1800, 000 /6.0
Average inventories= 300,000

(W-2) Average collection Period=40 days
Average collection Period=Average Account Receivable * 360 days/ sales
40 days= Average Account Receivables*360/18, 00,000
18, 00,000*40/360 = Average Account Receivables
Avg. Account Receivables= 200,000

(W-3) Total Asset Turnover Ration=1.20
1.20= sales/Total Assets
Total Asset = sales/TAT
=18, 00,000/1.20
=15, 00,000

(W-4) Fixed assets= Total Asset- Current Asset
=15, 00,000-5, 55,000
=9, 45,000

(W-5) Current Ratio= Current asset/Current Liabilities
1.60 =5, 55, 000/CL
CL= 5, 55, 000/1.60
= 3, 46,875

(W-6) Total debt = C liabilities +Long term debts
900,000 =3, 46,875 + ?
Long term Debt = 900,000 -3, 46,875
553185

(W-7)Total debt can be find out as
Total debt= Total Liabilities and Equity- Common Stock and retained earnings
900,000 =1500, 000-600,000

(W-8) Bank Loan= Current liabilities - Accounts Payable- Accruals
206875 =3, 46,875- 120,000-20,000

Provided information in question no 3, PAPER-1, are not correct, the actual data comprises as under (SOURCE Financial Management by Gitman)
Complete the 2007 balance sheet for Premier Industries using the information that follows it.


Balance Sheet as of December 31 2007



Cash & marketable securities 55,000
Accounts Receivable
Inventories
Current Assets
Net fixed assets
Total Assets

Accounts payable $120,000
Bank Loan ?
Accruals 20,000
Current Liabilities ?
Long term debts ?
Common Stock and retained earnings 600,000
Total Liabilities and Equity ?
Thanks a lot Irum for solving this question. Can you please re-check your formula for Inventory Turnover and calculation of Average inventory?
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Last edited by Princess Royal; Thursday, July 01, 2010 at 12:35 PM.
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If CGS is not given in the information, we can assume sales as alternate figure,
well by using GP margin, ur answer seems logical, I will try to do this question again with the above logic.
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Paper 1: Q3

Answers to missing values:

Account rcvble: 200,000
Inventory: 225,000
Net Fixed Assets: 1,020,000

Notes Payable: 160,000
Long term Debt: 600,000

Balance sheet footing: 1,500,000
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