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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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Post Essay paper 2012

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO POST IN BS-17
UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2012

Note: Make an outline and write a Comprehensive Essay (2500-3500) words on any ONE of the given topics. Make sure you use different forms of discourse e.g. exposition, argumentation, description and narration. Credit will be given for organization, relevance and clarity.


  1. Energy Crisis in Pakistan: Causes and Consequences
  2. Obesity is the root cause of all disease
  3. Beggars cannot be choosers
  4. The United Nations in the 21st Century: Obligations and Limitations
  5. Brains like hearts go where they are appreciated
  6. The Emerging Power of Public Opinion
  7. The suffering Soul in the Scientific Age
  8. A Critical Analysis of Education Systems in Pakistan
  9. Democracy is a culture rather than a process
  10. Social and Economic Securities for Women in Islam
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  #2  
Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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Please share your outlines and main points of your essay...
Last year participation was not satisfactory.... Please participate this year as much as possible...

All the best to all of you... : )
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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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Most of the essays were really expected; Energy Crisis, Democracy, Women, UN, Education System. Best of luck to all!
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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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EMERGING POWER OF PUBLIC OPINION

Outline
(Introduction)
An idea is dangerous than virus, bacteria or any other contagious parasite.
(Body)

+ Real power of the state lies with its population
+ episodes from Arab spring. (Egypt, Libya , Syria, Yemen).

+ Fall of Musharaf Regime in Pakistan

Empowerment of judiciary
Civilian government after 8 years.

+ Public opinion in shape of Media influences the state of world affairs.
Orient government policies.
criticise inadequacies
Prompt efficiency and job delivery.

+ Pakistan owes its origin based on the idea.
Public opinion made the government to divide India finally

+ Modern Wars are fought on various fronts, some are conventional with arms and ammunition and some are political and economic but the destructive of all is ideological war.

+ Investment, commerce, trade and business activities are carried out after surveying public opinion on different demand and supply lines.

+ Democracy is the most favorable system of government because it has power of public opinion behind.

conclusion
The emerging power of public opinion is shifting the world orders
Brings positive change and acts as a repulsive factor against atrocities and incompetence.
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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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1.Introduction
2.Prevailing scenario of energy crisis.
3.Summary of Pakistan's Energy Resources.
4.Causes:


Myopic Vision of Pakistani Policy Makers
Accumulation of Circular Debt
Inability to Construct New Dams
Non Development of Indigenous Resources
Under Performance of Existing Power Producing Companies
Reliance on Thermal Energy
Line Losses and Electricity Theft

5.Consequences

Crippling of Economy
Paralysis of Industrial Growth
Flight of Capital
Social Unrest
Politicisation of Energy Crisis

6.Remedial Measures


Long Term Measures
Construction of New Dams
Reliance on Indigenous Resources:
1.Nuclear
2.Hydel
3.Coal
Short Terms MeasuresConservation
Prevention of Theft

7.Conclusion
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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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Did Energy Crisis: Causes & Consequences. Wrote around 2400 words. I realized everyone would be doing this topic and also realized that people would focus more on electricity therefore I deliberately added gas in the essay too (it was required btw because we are dealing with energy and not electricity in this topic). Also referred to energy mix of Pakistan in the intro. In the conclusion emphasized that electricity problem can be immediately solved because we have 20,000MW installed capacity while average annual demand is only 14,000MW.

INTRODUCTION

What is energy and its importance in global scenario
What is energy crisis and its different dimensions
Importance of energy for a country

HISTORY

Problems at the time of independence
Issues during 1950s & 1960s and consequent water politics
Complacency during 1980s-2000s
Contribution of provincialism towards energy crisis
Lack of long term policy making in the past

MAIN CAUSES

Circular debt & Mismanagement
Explosive Population Growth
Impressive GDP growth during 2000s and consequent easy credit availability
Crumbling energy infrastructure
Provincialism
Poor performance of institutions like WAPDA/PPIB/AEDB
Apathy towards developing renewable energy resources
Indigenous natural resources never fully exploited
Stop-gap measures instead of long-term policy making

CONSEQUENCES

Economic
Lower GDP Growth
Unemployment & Rising income inequality
Closure of Industries & Flight of Capital

Political
People losing faith in democracy

Social
Increase in electricity cost
Increase in social evils such as suicides and crimes

Environmental
Rising pollution as a result of using stop gap measures such as furnace oil

REMEDIAL MEASURES

Targeted Subsidy plan
Immediate focus on low cost hydel power
Development of Indigenous natural resources like Thar Coal
Exploitation of renewable energy potential
Improvement in energy infrastructure
Long term and concerted policy making

CONCLUSION
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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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Energy crisis of Pakistan
Introduction
What is energy
Sources of energy(hydral,nuclear,solar,biogas,tidal,wind e.t.c)
Conventional and non conventional sources of energy
Renewable and non renewable sources of energy

Situation of energy crisis in Pakistan
Shortfall of 5000 M.W
CNG ISSUE
Increase in Tariff of gas and electricity

Cause of energy crisis
Corruption in energy and power sector (corruption in rental power project)
Hydropower conflicts ( kalabagh dam 3600 mw)
Increase in demand
Lack of planning in power sector
Electricity theft and line losses
Appointment of lay man as federal minister for energy and power
Failure of institutions in power sector (wapda and kesc)
Mismanagement of resources
No construction new dams in last decade
allocation of meager amount in national budget for future energy projects
Consequences of energy crisis in Pakistan
Psychological impact on brain
Wastage of time
Unemployment
Flight of foreign investment
Economic impact
Loss in production
SUGESSTION AND REMEDIES TO OVERCOME ENERGY CRISIS
Audit of power sector by independent audit firm
Construction of new dams
Proper planning in future
Allocation of funds in national budget for future power and energy projects
Appointment of technical expert as federal minister for energy and power
EPILOGUE (CONCLUSION)
rate my outline give score out of 10 comments are welcome any chances of passing
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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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how to upload an immage ?? ill post objective water ??
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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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Quote:
Originally Posted by tajmmul View Post
Energy crisis of Pakistan
Introduction
What is energy
Sources of energy(hydral,nuclear,solar,biogas,tidal,wind e.t.c)
Conventional and non conventional sources of energy
Renewable and non renewable sources of energy

Situation of energy crisis in Pakistan
Shortfall of 5000 M.W
CNG ISSUE
Increase in Tariff of gas and electricity

Cause of energy crisis
Corruption in energy and power sector (corruption in rental power project)
Hydropower conflicts ( kalabagh dam 3600 mw)
Increase in demand
Lack of planning in power sector
Electricity theft and line losses
Appointment of lay man as federal minister for energy and power
Failure of institutions in power sector (wapda and kesc)
Mismanagement of resources
No construction new dams in last decade
allocation of meager amount in national budget for future energy projects
Consequences of energy crisis in Pakistan
Psychological impact on brain
Wastage of time
Unemployment
Flight of foreign investment
Economic impact
Loss in production
SUGESSTION AND REMEDIES TO OVERCOME ENERGY CRISIS
Audit of power sector by independent audit firm
Construction of new dams
Proper planning in future
Allocation of funds in national budget for future power and energy projects
Appointment of technical expert as federal minister for energy and power
EPILOGUE (CONCLUSION)
rate my outline give score out of 10 comments are welcome any chances of passing
never ask someone else whether you will pass or not because you never know the mind of the examiner and yes your outline has covered almost all the facets of the topic so it would yield you good marks.
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Old Saturday, February 25, 2012
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Paper was indeed Easier. Now, it all depends on how you have justified the topic and what impression you have made in Checker's Mind.
May Allah Bless you all.
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