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Old Friday, March 01, 2013
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PART-I ((MCQs) (COMPULSORY)


Q.1. (i) Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate Circle on the OMR Answer Sheet. (20x1=20)
(ii) Answers given anywhere, other than OMR Answer Sheet, shall not be considered.
1. The UN charter also functions as a:
(a) Constitutional and Law making treaty
(b) Moral binding only
(c) Judicial decision
(d) None of these

2. The term “Opinio juris” signifies:
(a) Just opinion
(b) The belief that a certain practice is obligatory as a matter of law
(c) Decision of publicists on law
(d) None of these

3. An entity have direct rights and duties under International Law is called:
(a) NGO
(b) Condominium
(c) International legal person
(d) None of these

4. The criteria for statehood generally recognized in customary International Law was set in the:
(a) Island of Palmas case 1928
(b) Covenant of the League of Nations
(c) Monte video convention of the rights and duties of States (1933)
(d) None of these

5. A state that lies on an International river is known as:
(a) Coastal state
(b) Riparian state
(c) Littoral state
(d) None of these

6. War crimes are violations of the laws of war and in particular the:
(a) Geneva Conventions of 1949
(b) Declaration of Paris 1856
(c) Vienna Convention 1969
(d) None of these

7. Internal waters of a state include
(a) Marginal belt or territorial sea
(b) Land locked seas and non-national rivers
(c) Gulfs and canals
(d) None of these

8.
In the Geneva Convention on the High seas 1958 the term ‘High seas’ means:
(a) Exclusive economic zone
(b) Continental shelf
(c) Waters of an archipelago state
(d) None of these

9. Validity of treaty and state consent is determined only by:
(a) Vienna Convention 1969
(b) State practice
(c) Provisions of the treaty itself
(d) None of these

10. The UN Charter consists of how many articles?
(a) 41
(b) 114
(c) 27
(d) None of these

11. The status of the statute of the International Court of Justice is:
(a) Integral part of the UN Charter
(b) Inoperative
(c) Ineffective and obsolete
(d) None of these

12. Extradition means:
(a) Aggression
(b) Wilful defiance
(c) War crimes
(d) None of these

13. Primary responsibility for Human Rights question is given by the UN Charter to:
(a) Security Council
(b) ECOSOC
(c) General Assembly
(d) None of these

14. Most important treaties developing the laws of war are:
(a) Hague conventions of 1899 & 1907
(b) Locarno treaties
(c) Geneva conventions
(d) None of these

15. Peaceful methods of settlement of disputes under the UN Charter are:
(a) Blockade & Reprisals
(b) Recognition & Asylum
(c) Mediation & Inquiry
(d) None of these

16. “Equity” in International Law denotes:
(a) Flexibility
(b) Extra powers of Judges
(c) State practice
(d) None of these

17. The 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea for common heritage of mankind provides:
(a) Sea-bed, ocean floor & subsoil as common heritage
(b) Territorial sea and EEZ as commonly owned
(c) Equal sharing of marine resources of national waters
(d) None of these

18. What does the acronym UNDHR stands for:
(a) United Nations Development of Human Resource
(b) United Nations Doctrine of Human Rights
(c) United Nations Declaration of Human Rights
(d) None of these

19. Ban Ki Moon, the UN Secretary General belongs to
(a) North Korea
(b) South Korea
(c) Japan
(d) None of these

20. The United Nations Headquarters are in the city of:
(a) Hague
(b) New York
(c) Barcelona
(d) None of these

Part II

1. International law is a product of centuries - elaborate the statement in view of the scientific development and codification of the law.

2. States continue to be the principal subjects of international legal relations but non-state entities too exert a great deal of influence on the legal system. Examine the statement with reference to rights and duties of international organizations under law.

3. While customs form the major part of Internatiomal law it is conventions that make it more authentic and applicable. Discuss.

4. Why is the third UN convention on the law of sea (UNCLOS-III) considered a vast diplomatic and legal undertaking and what has made it different to the earlier efforts on the subject ?

5. Explain the structure and powers of the International Court of Justice and assess the importance of the principles laid down in judicial decisions of leading cases as precedents for states.

6. Define Recognition and explain its kinds. Also point out the difference between recognition of states and governments.

7. Keeping in view the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). What can be a reform agenda in your opinion for making the UN more effective ?

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Quote:
Originally Posted by zaheerrao View Post
Post the correct answers of mcq please
1) Constitutional and Law Making Treaty
2) Decision of Publicists on Law
3) International Legal Person
4) Mont Video Convention
5) Riparian State
6) Geneva Convention 1949
7) Marginal Belt or Territorial sea
8) Continental Self
9) Vienna Convention 1969
10) None of These
11) Integral Part of UN
12) None of These
13) General Assembly
14) Geneva Convention
15) Mediation and Inquiry
16) Extra Power of Judges
17) Sea-bed, ocean shore and subsoil as common heritage
18) United Nation Declaration of Human Rights
19) South Korea
20) New York


all the given MCQs are correct. I've consulted them mine are 17 correct though just match your answers with these....
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Answer of 2nd mcq is (b)
And Canals and gulfs are internal waters.
And of 13 is ECOSOC,
Certainly not Locarno treaties brother, not at all.
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Fassi View Post
1) Constitutional and Law Making Treaty
2) Decision of Publicists on Law
3) International Legal Person
4) Mont Video Convention
5) Riparian State
6) Geneva Convention 1949
7) Marginal Belt or Territorial sea
8) Continental Self
9) Vienna Convention 1969
10) None of These
11) Integral Part of UN
12) None of These
13) General Assembly
14) Geneva Convention
15) Mediation and Inquiry
16) Extra Power of Judges
17) Sea-bed, ocean shore and subsoil as common heritage
18) United Nation Declaration of Human Rights
19) South Korea
20) New York


all the given MCQs are correct. I've consulted them mine are 17 correct though just match your answers with these....
14)Lacarno treaties
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Originally Posted by awais274 View Post
And of 13 is ECOSOC,

Certainly not Locarno treaties brother, not at all.
Awais is right guys answer of 13 is ECOSOC... Here is the link for reference.

Human Rights Responsibility Is On
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I hate to break it to you that you still have a few wrong.

9 C >>>some treaties are self executory, there validity is judged through the provision of treaties that whether they would require any ratification from the state legislature or not.

13 B .. Security council prime function is to maintain peace and security. Human Rights question is delegated to ECOSOC which furnishes it reports to General Assembly

14 a ... Geneva Convention deals with the war crimes. Laws of wars were dealt by Hague Convention which forbade the use of poisonous weapon..etc

16 a.... ICJ is the creature of statue and parties consent therefore its judges cannot have extra powers. In Legal Terms equity is the set of legal principles that supplement strict rules of law. In International law it means flexibility shown by a judge (I still cant comprehend this one but this is whats given in S.K.Kapoor book)
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Opinio Juris Definition:
Latin: the sense of legal obligation. In international law, acceptance of a practice as sufficient to create legal obligations.


A nation's internal waters covers all water and waterways on the landward side of the baseline from which a nation's territorial waters is defined.[citation needed] It includes waterways such as rivers and canals, and sometimes the water within small bays. According to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the coastal nation is free to set laws, regulate any use, and use any resource. Foreign vessels have no right of passage within internal waters, and this lack of right to innocent passage is the key difference between internal waters and territorial waters.
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Opinio Juris >> means opinion of jurists>>> legal publications by renowned jurists.


Sources of International Law - Pritzker Legal Research Center
http://www.law.northwestern.edu/libr...rcesofintllaw/
The last two--judicial decisions and the teachings of publicists--are sometimes referred.....
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Quote:
Originally Posted by umershahzad225 View Post
Part II

1. International law is a product of centuries - eleaborate the statement in view of the scientific development and codification of the law.

2. States continue to be the principal subjects of international legal relations but non-state entities too exert a great deal of influence on the legal system. Examine the statement with reference to rights and duties of international organizations under law.

3. While customs form the major part of Internatiomal law it is conventions that make it more authentic and applicable. Discuss.

4. Why is the third UN convention on the law of sea (UNCLOS-III) considered a vast diplomatic and legal undertaking and what has made it different to the earlier efforts on the subject ?

5. Explain the structure and powers of the International Court of Justice and assess the importance of the principles laid down in judicial decisions of leading cases as precedents for states.

6. Define Recognition and explain its kinds. Also point out the difference between recognition of states and governments.

7. Keeping in view the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). What can be a reform agenda in your opinion for making the UN more effective ?
An average paper , it was mix of both theoretical and analytical questions .

Question 1. Development and codification of international law .
Question 2. Subjects of int law.
Question 3. Comparison betweenn custom and convention .
Question 4. No doubt , it was out of blue . No one would have thought of this question.
Question 5. Int court of justice , another favourite topic of examiner.
Question 6. Recognition ,
Question 7. UNO With little twist of MDG , it looks difficult but major portion revolves around reforming uno.
This was simply my analysis , anyone can disagree. Best of luck for CE 13.
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UN REFORM according to millenium development goals.

Anyone who has attempted this paper from a humanitarian point of view is right.
This was a specific question, so if someone has written reforms of security council, or VETO, or expansion , he shouldn't expect much out of this.
All MDGs are related to humanitarian aspects, like education, infant mortality, poverty eradication.
SO , it was a matter of Paradigm shift from security to humanitarian issues, this question was inspired from oxfords very short book on UN.

RECOGNITION and DEVELOPMENT of int law in centuries were Straight forward questions.
Rest of the paper was specific and ZARA HAT KE.
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