ENGLISH (Precis & Composition) paper 2015
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COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17 UNDER
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2015
ENGLISH (Précis and Composition)
(PART-I MCQs) 30 MINUTES____________ MAX. MARKS:20
(PART-II) 2 HOURS & 30 MINUTES______MAX.MARKS:80
Q.2. Make précis of the following text and suggest a suitable title. (20)
In studding the breakdowns of civilizations, the writer has subscribed to the conclusion – no new discovery! – that war has proved to have been the proximate cause of the breakdown of every civilization which is known for certain to have broken down, in so far as it has been possible to analyze the nature of these breakdowns and to account for their occurrence. Like other evils war has no insidious way of appearing not intolerable until it has secured such a stranglehold upon the lives of its addicts that they no longer have the power to escape from its grip when its deadlines has become manifest. In the early stages of civilization’s growth, the cost of wars in suffering and destruction might seem to be exceeded by the benefits occurring from the wining of wealth and power and the cultivation of the “military virtues” ; and, in this phase of history, states have often found themselves able to indulge in war with one another with something like impunity even for the defeated party. War does not begin to reveal its malignity till the war making society has begun to increase its economic ability to exploit physical nature and its political ability to organize manpower; but, as soon as this happens, the god of war to which the growing society has long since been dedicated proves himself a Moloch by devouring an ever larger share of the increasing fruits of man’s industry and intelligence in the process of taking an ever larger toll of life and happiness; and, when the society’s growth in efficiency reaches a point at which it becomes capable of mobilizing a lethal quantum of its energies and resources for military use then war reveals itself as being a cancer which is bound to prove fatal to its victim unless he can cut it out and cast it from him, since its malignant tissues have now learnt to grow faster that the healthy tissues on which they feed.
In the past when this danger-point in the history of the relations between war and civilization has been reached and recognized, serious efforts have sometimes been made to get rid of war in time to save society, and these endeavours have been apt to take one or other of two alternative directions. Salvation cannot, of course, be sought anywhere except in the working of the consciences of individual human beings; but individuals have a choice between trying to achieve their aims through direct action as private citizens and trying to achieve then through indirect action as citizen of states. Personal refusal to lend himself in any way to any war waged by his state for any purpose and in any circumstances is a line of attack against the institution of war that is likely to appeal to an ardent and self-sacrificing nature; by comparison, the alternative peace strategy of seeking to persuade and accustom governments to combine in jointly resisting aggression when it comes and in trying to remove its stimuli before hand may seem a circuitous and unheroic line of attack on the problem. Yet experience up to date indicates unmistakably, in the present writer’s opinion, that the second of these two hard roads is by far the more promising.
Q.3. Read the following text carefully and answer the questions below: (20)
Experience has quite definitely shown that some reasons for holding a belief are much more likely to be justified by the event then others. It might naturally be supposed, for instance, that the best of all reasons for a belief was a strong conviction of certainty accompanying the belief. Experience, however, shows that this is not so, and that as a matter of fact, conviction by itself is more likely to mislead than it is to guarantee truth. On the other hand, lack of assurance and persistent hesitation to come to any belief whatever are an equally poor guarantee that the few beliefs which are arrived at are sound. Experience also shows that assertion, however long continued, although it is unfortunately with many people an effective enough means of inducing belief, is not an any way a ground for holding it.
The method which has proved effective, as a matter of actual fact, in providing of firm foundation for belief wherever it has been capable of application, is what is usually called the scientific method. I firmly believe that the scientific method, although slow and never claiming to lead to complete truth, is the only method which in the long run will give satisfactory foundations for beliefs. It consists in demanding facts as the only basis for conclusions, and inconsistently and continuously testing any conclusions which may have been reached, against the test of new facts and, wherever possible, by the crucial test of experiment. It consists also in full publication of the evidence on which conclusions are based, so that other workers may be assisted in new researchers, or enabled to develop their own interpretations and arrive at possibly very different conclusions.
There are, however, all sorts of occasions on which the scientific method is not applicable. That method involves slow testing, frequent suspension of judgment, restricted conclusions. The exigencies of everyday life, on the other hand, often make it necessary to act on a hasty balancing of admittedly incomplete evidence, to take immediate action, and to draw conclusions in advance of evidence. It is also true that such action will always be necessary, and necessary in respect of ever larger issues; and this inspite of the fact that one of the most important trends of civilization is to remove sphere after sphere of life out of the domain of such intuitive judgment into the domain of rigid calculation based on science. It is here that belief pays its most important role. When we cannot be certain, we must proceed in part by faith-faith not only in the validity of our own capacity of making judgments, but also in the existence of certain other realities, pre-eminently moral and spiritual realities. It has been said that faith consists in acting always on the nobler hypothesis; and though this definition is a trifle rhetorical, it embodies a seed of real truth.
Answer briefly in your own words the following questions:
1. Give the meaning of the underlined phrases as they are used in the passage. (04)
2. What justification does the author claim for his belief in the scientific method? (04)
3. Do you gather from the passage that conclusions reached by the scientific method should we considered final? Give reasons for your answer. (04)
4. In what circumstances, according to the author, is it necessary to abandon the scientific method? (04)
5. How does the basis of “intuitive judgment” differ from the scientific decision? (04)
Q.4. Write a comprehensive note (250 – 300 words) on any ONE of the following topics: (20)
(i) Education should be for life, not for livelihood
(ii) The art of being tactful
(iii) Human nature is seen at its best adversity
(iv) Spare the rod and spoil the child
Q.5. (a) Use only Five of the following in sentences which illustrate their meaning (Extra attempt shall not be considered). (05)
(i) Itching palm
(ii) The primrose path
(iii) Break one’s fall
(iv) Wash one’s hands of
(v) To become reconcile to
(vi) To militate against
(vii) To be cognizant of
(viii) Wages of sin
(b) Explain the difference between the following word pairs by defining each word. (Do only five) (05)
(i) Plaintiff, plaintive
(ii) Valet, varlet
(iii) Monitor, mentor
(iv) Complacent, complaisant
(v) Penitence, penance
(vi) Crevice, crevasse
(vii) Beneficent, beneficial
Q.6. (a) Correct only Five of the following sentences: (05)
(i) Have either of you seen my pen?
(ii) On attempting to restore the picture to its original condition, almost irreparable change was discovered.
(iii) The child is the prettiest of the two.
(iv) I was annoyed arriving late, also his rather insolent manner put me out of temper.
(v) He is anxious not only to acquire knowledge, but also eager to display it.
(vi) If he was here now, we should have no difficulty.
(vii) Due to unforeseen environments, we shall have to leave early.
(viii) People have and still do disagree on this matter.
(b) Rewrite One of the following passages, converting what is in direct speech into indirect, and what is in indirect speech into direct. (05)
(i) Just as we came inside of the valley Jamil met us,--“yes, the valley is all very fine, but do you know there is nothing to eat?”
“Nonsense; we can eat anything here.”
“Well, the brown bread’s two months old, and there’s nothing else but potatoes.”
“There must be milk anyhow.”
“Yes, there was milk, he supposed.”
(ii) Miss Andleeb said she thought English food was lovely, and that she was preparing a questionnaire to be circulated to the students of the university, with the view to finding out their eating preferences.
“But the students won’t fill a questionnaire,” said Miriam.
“Won’t fill up questionnaire?” cried Miss Andleeb, taken aback.
“No”, said Miriam, “they won’t. As a nation we are not, questionnaire-conscious.”
“Well, that’s too bad,” said Miss Andaleeb.
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Composition paper was very much difficult than previous paper, especially precis. Time management was another major problem.
Vocabulary English Precise Paper 2015
Q1(a) - Synonyms
a. Expensive b. Common c. Clerical d. Glaring
a.Important b. Historical c. Impending d. Inopportune
a. Tedious b. Illogical c. Aggressive d. Shrewd
a.Eager b. Reluctant c. Willing d. Unresponsive
a. Offering b. Prediction c. Warning d. Advance
a. Sharp b. Disagreeable c. Smoky d. Anesthetizing
a. Trustee b. Assistant c. Notary d. Attorney
a. Spending b. Exaggerating c. Wandering d. None
a. Precious b. Tender c. Intense d. Sorrowful
a. Conditional b. Questionable c. Argued d. Rejected
Q1(b) - Antonyms
a. Novice b. Pious c. Intellectual d. Debutante
a. Trivial b. Clear c. Turning d. Wavy
a. Erratic b. Prevailing c. Difficult d. Enticing
a. Sober b. Mute c. Revenue d. Spendthrift
a. Foolish b. Inept c. Infer d. Dexterous
a. Disparage b. Applaud c. Settle d. Hesitate
a. Bravely b. Poor c. Master d. Ignorant
a. Censure b. Tickle c. Acclaim d. Skip
a. Lucid b. Extraordinary c. Dirty d. Muddle
a. Omit b. Destroy c. Mistake d. Nourish
The world is changed by your example, not by your opinion !
Solved Idioms 2015 (English Precis Paper)
1. Itching palm:
A desire for money / In need of a tip.
All the waiters at that restaurant have itchy palms
Whenever he sees expensive luggage, the hotel doorman gets an itching palm.
2.The primrose path
The pleasant route through life, of pleasure and dissipation. (If you lead someone down the primrose path, you encourage that person to live an easy life that is full of pleasure but bad for them)
Unable to enjoy his newly acquired wealth, he felt he was being led down the primrose path that leads to destruction.
3. Break one’s fall
To lessen the impact of a falling person
The old lady slipped on the ice, but a snowbank broke her fall.
4.Wash one’s hands of
To end one's association with someone or something
That car was a real headache. I washed my hands of it long ago.
5.To become reconcile to
To accept a situation or fact although you do not like it
She must reconcile herself to the fact that she must do some work if she wants to pass her exams.
6.To militate against
To argue against/To make something less likely to happen or succeed
The complexity and costliness of the judicial system militate against justice for the individual.
7.To be cognizant of
Aware of something / Knowledgeable of something especially through personal experience
He is cognizant of his duties as a father.
8. Wages of sin
The results or consequences of evildoing
She ate all of the strawberries and ended up with a terrible stomachache—the wages of sin, no doubt
The world is changed by your example, not by your opinion !
Solved Pair of words 2015 English Precise Paper
(b) Explain the difference between the following word pairs by defining each word.
Sounding sad/ Mournful
The songs were rendered in a plaintive tone.
In a courtroom, the plaintiff is the person or group who is accusing another person or group of some wrongdoing. If you’re the plaintiff, you are claiming that a law was broken, and you’re in court to present your case.
The Austrian Supreme Court fully followed the arguments of the defendant and dismissed the plaintiff 's claim.
(ii) (a). Valet
A male servant who attends to the personal needs of his employer / a person employed to clean or park cars
To get the benefit, valet your car and show your membership card to the attendant.
In medieval times a youth acting as a knight's attendant as the first stage in training for knighthood / A rascal or a knave.
You will speak no more treason, varlet , or I will cut your tongue out.
3. (a) Monitor
Keep an eye on, Keep under surveillance
(As a noun) A screen used to display the output of a computer to the user
Someone who supervises
The police monitor the suspect's moves.
An experienced and trusted adviser
Advise or train (someone, especially a younger colleague).
She is a fine lecturer but she doesn't like mentoring.
They will support you and consult with your mentor about your work-based assignments.
Pleased, especially with oneself or one's merits
The voters are too complacent to change the government.
Marked by an inclination to please or oblige
The woman was so complaisant that she was unable to deny a single request.
(v) (a) Penitence
The action of feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong, Repentance
The girl was penitent and paid back every penny after lying about her part in the robbery
Punishment inflicted on oneself as an outward expression of repentance for wrongdoing
She choose to do penance for lying to her Mother by giving up watching TV for one week.
(vi) (a). Crevice
A narrow opening or fissure, especially in a rock or wall
I cleaned the counter in the kitchen getting into every corner and crevice.
(b) . Crevasse
A deep crack or fissure, especially in the ice of a glacier
I had no rope and there were hidden crevasses ahead.
(vii) (a). Beneficent
Generous or doing good
My beneficent neighbor gives out meals to the poor every Sunday
Promoting or enhancing well-being
Meditation is beneficial for allowing your mind and body to rest.
The world is changed by your example, not by your opinion !
(bag mila apko jo arabic paper pe gum hogaya tha or i am wrong)
Success usually comes to those who are too busy to be looking for it.
Precis Title= The menace of war
مجھے ہے حکمِ اذاں
''Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any one thing''
Synonyms (1)D, (2)C, (3)D, (4)B, (5)B, (6)A, (7)A, (8)D, (9)C, (10)A
Antonyms (1)A, (2)A, (3)B, (4)C, (5)D, (6)A, (7)A, (8)A, (9)A, (10)D
مجھے ہے حکمِ اذاں
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