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amjad hafeez Wednesday, April 25, 2007 11:31 PM

Precis & Composition Paper 2007
 
[CENTER][B]FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMISSION
COMPETATIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2007

ENGLISH (PRECIS AND ACOMPOSITION)
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS :100[/B][/CENTER]

[B] Q#1 Make a précis of the given passage and suggest a suitable heading.[/B]

The author of a work of imagination is trying to effect us wholly, as human beings, whether he knows it or not; and we are affected by it, as human beings, whether we intend to be or not. I suppose that everything we eat has some effect upon us than merely the pleasure of taste and mastication; it affects us during the process of assimilation and digestion; and I believe that exactly the same is true of any thing we read.
The fact that what we read does not concern merely something called our literary taste, but that it affects directly, though only amongst many other influences , the whole of what we are, is best elicited , I think, by a conscientious examination of the history of our individual literary education. Consider the adolescent reading of any person with some literary sensibility. Everyone, I believe, who is at all sensible to the seductions of poetry, can remember some moment in youth when he or she was completely carried away by the work of one poet. Very likely he was carried away by several poets, one after the other. The reason for this passing infatuation is not merely that our sensibility to poetry is keener in adolescence than in maturity. What happens is a kind of inundation, or invasion of the undeveloped personality, the empty (swept and garnished) room, by the stronger personality of the poet. The same thing may happen at a later age to persons who have not done much reading. One author takes complete possession of us for a time; then another, and finally they begin to affect each other in our mind. We weigh one against another; we see that each has qualities absent from others, and qualities incompatible with the qualities of others: we begin to be, in fact, critical: and it is our growing critical power which protects us from excessive possession by anyone literary personality. The good critic- and we should all try to critics, and not leave criticism to the fellows who write reviews in the papers- is the man who, to a keen and abiding sensibility, joins wide and increasingly discriminating. Wide reading is not valuable as a kind of hoarding, and the accumulation of knowledge or what sometimes is meant by the term ‘a well-stocked mind.’ It is valuable because in the process of being affected by one powerful personality after another, we cease to be dominated by anyone, or by any small number. The very different views of life, cohabiting in our minds, affect each other, and our own personality asserts itself and gives each a place in some arrangement peculiar to our self.

[B]Q.2 Read the following passage and answere the questions that follow:[/B]

Strong section of [U]industrials [/U]who still imagine that men can be mere machines and are at their best as machines if they are mere machines are already menacing what they call [U]“useless” education[/U]. They deride the classics, and they are mildly contemptiois of history, philosophy, and English. They want our educational institutions, from the oldest universities to the youngest elementary schools, to concentrate on business or the things that are [U]patently useful[/U] in business. Technical instruction is to be provided for [U]adolescent artisans[/U]; book keeping and shorthand for [U]prospective clerks[/U]; and the cleverest we are to set to “business methods”, to modern languages (which can be used in correspondence with foreign firms), and to science (which can be applied to industry). French and German are the languages, not of Montaigne and Gorthe, but of Schmidt Brothers, of Elberfeld and Dupont et Cie., of Lyons. Chemistry and Physics are not explorations into the physical constitution of the universe, but sources of new dyes, new electric light filaments, new means of making things which can be sold cheap and fast to the Nigerian and the Chinese. For Latin there is a [U]Limited field[/U] so long as the druggists insist on retaining it in their prescriptions. Greek has no apparent use at all, unless it be as a source of syllables for the [U]hybrid names[/U] of patent medicines and metal polishes. The soul of man, the spiritual basis of civilization- what [U]gibberish [/U]is that?

[B]Questions[/B]

a) What kind of education does the writer deal with? (2)
b) What kind of education does the writer favour? How do you know? (3)
c) Where does the writer express most bitterly his feelings about the neglect of the classics? (3)
d) Explain as carefully as you can the full significance of the last sentence. (4)
e) Explain the underlined words and phrases in the passage (8)


[B]Q-3 Note (250-300 words) on any one of the following[/B]

1- Honesty is the best policy but advertising also helps.
2- It is hard for an empty bag to stand upright.
3- A suspicious parent makes an artful child.
4- Spontaneity and creativity as symbols of freedom.
5- Means justify ends.


[B] Q-4 Choose synonyms (only five)

[/B][B] 1- LACUNAE[/B]
a-tiny marine life
b-shallow water
c-local dialect
d-missing parts
[B]
2-PAROXYSM[/B]
a-moral lesson
b-sudden outburst
c-contradiction
d-pallid imitation

[B] 3-GROTTO[/B]
a-statue
b-cavern
c-neighbourhood
d-type of moth

[B] 4-FETTER[/B]
a-rot
b-to restrain
c-make better
d-enable to fly

[B] 5-STOICISM[/B]
a-indifference
b-boldness
c-deep affection
d-patient endurance

[B] 6-SUCCULENT[/B]
a-edible
b-parched
c-generous
d-mature

[B] 7-MALEDICTION[/B]
a-compliment
b-summary
c-perfume
d-awkwardness

[B] (B) Pick the most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized words.[/B]

[B] 1-TWINE[/B]
a-straighten
b-continue
c-unravel
d-detach

[B] 2-FRUGAL[/B]
a-prodigal
b-intemperate
c-extravagant
d-profuse
[B]
3-GAWKY[/B]
a-neat
b-handy
c-graceful
d-handsome

[B] 4-CAPRICIOUS[/B]
a-firm
b-decided
c-inflexible
d-constant
[B]
5-CONGEAL[/B]
a-liquify
b-molify
c-harden
d-solidify


[B]( Precis is originally composed by Tasneem )[/B]

jtalpur Thursday, April 26, 2007 03:21 AM

[B]Q.5 (A) Change the narration from direct to indirect or indirect to direct speech: (do only five ) extra attempt of any part of the question will not be considerd. [/B] (5)

1) “this world, “he decleared” is full of sorrow. Would that I were dead!”
2) he said to me, “come early; we shall be waiting for you.”
3) “how delighted I am, “said he, “to meet my friends here by my own fireside!”
4) the man said that he was quite sure he should succeed.
5) John exclaimed with a sigh that he was ruined.
6) The constable enquired of the man where he was going
7) The boy said that he would walk.
8) “what losses, “cried he, “have I suffered? What anguish have I endured!”

[B]Q5 (B) correct Only five if the following:Extra attempt of any part of the question will not be considered.[/B][B](5)[/B]
1) either of these three umbrellas will suit me.
2) Shall you not take my word in this matter?
3) This poor man was suffering much for a long time past,
4) If he had not died, he would grow up to be a murderer.
5) Neither he nor I are in the wrong
6) It is high time they mend this road
7) I heard him went down the stairs
8) Paper is made of wood.

[B]Q. 6 (A) Use only Five of the Following in sentences which illustrate their meaning:Extra attempt of any part of the question will not be considered (5)[/B]

1) To put the lid on
2) Flavour if the mouth
3) Zero hours
4) Gloom and doom
5) To pig out
6) Bag people
7) Compassion fatigue
8) No to mice matters

[B]Q6 (B) Use only five of the following pairs of words in sentence which illustrate their meaning: extra attempt of any part of the question will not be considered. (10)[/B]

1) Affluence, effluence
2) Wretch, retch
3) Euphemistic, euphuistic
4) Amoral, immoral
5) Imperial, imperious
6) Degrade, denigrate
7) Temporal, temporary
8) Precipitate, precipitous

amjad hafeez Wednesday, May 02, 2007 11:16 PM

Q-4 Choose synonyms (only five)
1- LACUNAE
d-missing parts
2-PAROXYSM
b-sudden outburst

3-GROTTO
b-cavern

4-FETTER
b-to restrain

5-STOICISM
d-patient endurance
6-SUCCULENT
a-edible b-parched
c-generous d-mature
7-MALEDICTION
d-awkwardness

(B) ANTONYMS

1-TWINE
a-straighten
2-FRUGAL
a-prodigal
3-GAWKY
c-graceful
4-CAPRICIOUS
a-firm
5-CONGEAL
b-molify
That is how i did.Corrections with references are needed
Q.5 (A) Change the narration from direct to indirect or indirect to direct speech: (do only five ) extra attempt of any part of the question will not be considerd. (5)

1) “this world, “he decleared” is full of sorrow. Would that I were dead!”
2) he said to me, “come early; we shall be waiting for you.”
3) [COLOR="blue"]He exclaimed that he was very happy to meet his friends there by his own fireside.[/COLOR]4)
[COLOR="blue"]The man said,"I am quite sure,I will succeed."[/COLOR]
5) [COLOR="blue"]John said,"Alas! I am ruined."[/COLOR]
6) [COLOR="blue"]The costable said to the man,"Where are you going?" [/COLOR]
7) [COLOR="blue"]The boy said,"I shall walk."[/COLOR]
8) “what losses, “cried he, “have I suffered? What anguish have I endured!”

Q5 (B) correct Only five if the following:Extra attempt of any part of the question will not be considered.(5)
1) [COLOR="Blue"]Anyone of these three umbrellas will suit me[/COLOR].
2) Shall you not take my word in this matter?
3) [COLOR="blue"]This poor man had been suffering much for a long time[/COLOR].
4) If he had not died, he would grow up to be a murderer.
5) [COLOR="blue"]Neither he nor I am wrong[/COLOR]
6) It is high time they mend this road
7) [COLOR="blue"]I heard him going down stairs[/COLOR]
8) [COLOR="blue"]Paper is made from wood.[/COLOR]

This is what and how i did.Corrections with reference.

The West Wind Thursday, May 03, 2007 12:57 PM

(B) correction

(2)Will u not take my word in this matter?
(4) If he had not died,he would have grown up to be a murderer.

(6)IT is high time that they mend this road.
It is high time for them to mend this road.
For them,it is high time to mend this road.
(A)direct and indirect narration.

(1) He declared this world to be full of sorrow and wished he might have died.

(2)He asked me to come early because they would be waiting for me.

(8)He cried over the losses he had suffered and the anguish he had endured.
He cried in pain about the losses he had suffered and the anguish he had endured.

The West Wind Thursday, May 03, 2007 01:32 PM

@ amjad bai

direct and indirect narration

He exclaimed with joy to meet his friends there by his own fireside.
He exclaimed with joy that he had met his friends there by his own fireside.

Reference:

In exclamatory sentences,said is changed to'exclaimed with' after which expressed feelings are mentioned such as joy,sorrow,surprise etc.

there is another solution to this(followed by authors):

HE expressed sheer delight to find his friend there by his own fireside

amjad hafeez Thursday, May 03, 2007 06:17 PM

(1)“how delighted I am, “said he, “to meet my friends here by my own fireside!
Well WEstwind above is the original sentence,
I suggest two ways
1)He exclaimed that he was very happy to meet his friends there by his own fireside.
2)He expressed his pleasure to meet his friends there by his own fireside.
First two sentences , which you have written , i have reservations about these.
Here i request from the kings and queens of literature to interfere.

The West Wind Thursday, May 03, 2007 11:32 PM

redirect
 
@ amjad hafeez

dear bro,the first two sentences mentioned in my previous posts are in line with direct and indirect rules u may find in different grammar books.U did not explain ur reservations,relate them first so that they may be taken care of.

ur second suggestion seems to be ur second thought,though it appears more appropriate to me.

One thing more........the kings and queens of literature shud not be disturbed every now and then:nono let them concentrate on their stately affairs:D

Vanity Unleashed Thursday, May 10, 2007 12:14 AM

3) “how delighted I am, “said he, “to meet my friends here by my own fireside!”
The correct indirect form is:
He exclaimed with joy that he was very delighted to meet his friends there by his own fireside.
Accodring to the rules,whenever there is exclamation,it should be followed by with .Secondly,how is changed into very or great depending upon intensity.Thirdly,there doesnt seem any reason to change delighted to pleasure or something else.It should be quoted in indirect as it is.

secondopinion02 Friday, June 29, 2007 06:57 AM

precis 2007

[B]EXTENSIVE READING DEVELOPS CRITICAL JUDGMENT[/B]

Any literary piece of writing has a bearing upon readers' mind as well as shapes their attitude. The degree of influence relates to the strength of author's personality reflecting through the written material and the weakness of the reader's attributes. A young reader or an old reader without sufficient reading background is more likely to be inspired by the charm of one or more than one writers. Gradually, as one's span of reading increases then he or she starts evaluating one author from another and this ability of assessment develops critical thinking, which protects one from the supremacy of any particular form of writer. Value of excessive reading is not accrual of knowledge but it is the critical judgment that sprouts from it. Hence, at a single time, multitude of opinions of different authors resides in an intellect but the reader assorts them according to his or her taste. (149 word Precis)

secondopinion02 Saturday, June 30, 2007 02:16 AM

Expansion of paragraph Q3: "IT IS HARD FOR AN EMPTY BAG TO STAND UPRIGHT"
 
[B][U][SIZE="4"][CENTER]IT IS HARD FOR AN EMPTY BAG TO STAND UPRIGHT[/CENTER][/SIZE][/U][/B]

The development of a character, which is full of ability and competence, takes years of toils. The fuel of such a personality is sleepless nights of untiring hard work until the glimmer of dawn. Blood of such ones, no doubt, is full of patience, forbearance, and hope. In fact, they never stop doing unflinching efforts and travail that become their cravings. Consequently, such people never afraid of competitions and failures; they always get ready for any struggle or contest. This is because of strong foundation of their individuality. However, contrary to this, a weak character, which is devoid of any significant inclination for exertion and fond of laxity, luxury, easiness, would easily cripple like a mound of dust. Such individuals would always be apprehensive of any competition as well as struggle and this is all owing to their careless nature without any glimpse of achievement and success. Moreover, if they take any kind of challenge like a test or an exam then they fail to perform any significant outcome, for their background lacks solid foundation of diligence. Their personality is like an empty bag, which has nothing to give out; and at the least, they are unable to stand upright for themselves. Hence, it is necessary for a successful life that one should always be laborious in developing his or her skills, qualifications, and education. This is the key for confidence; otherwise, the result would be like a disaster at any time in life and all that is due to one's negligence of striving for a bright future.

Thanks

regards

SECONDOPINION02

secondopinion02 Sunday, July 01, 2007 01:44 AM

Composition 2007 Paragraph "MEANS JUSTIFY ENDS"
 
The following paragraph is in dire need of your perusal for any errors:


[CENTER][SIZE="5"][B][U]MEANS JUSTIFY ENDS[/U][/B][/SIZE][/CENTER]


"As you sow: so shall you reap – anonymous." Although the circumstances play some role in shaping one's life but Almighty has provided us a great control over the conditions of the quality of living and controlling of the surrounding. He has bestowed the resources and with that sent guidance for the humanity in the form of Holy Qur'an and the practical life of Prophet (PBUH). Thus, it is up to this vicegerent of Allah to utilize the bounties of nature and mold their lifestyle according to His commands. Nevertheless, with such guidance, humankind has careened out from the true path and resorting to the ways that are totally at odds with the eternal principles of existence on earth presented in the Holy Book. Humans have stepped on the moon as well as shortened the limits of time and space; learned the mystery of the creation of life; but they have become spiritually, emotionally, and psychologically devastated. And this all is due to following of the materialistic nature of an atheistic, scientific, and advanced world; oblivious of the very need of human nature. The institutions of marriage, family, religion, etc., are deteriorating and humanity is becoming slave of machines. The day is not far away when the very creation of this mortal being i.e., the machines, would eliminate from the face of the earth's only intellectual being. Hence, the means of living a life devoid of any nuance of spiritual, psychological, and religious cravings of life would likely be an unfortunate end of more than 6.5 billion Homo sapiens.

Thanks

regards

SECONDOPINION02

secondopinion02 Tuesday, July 03, 2007 03:33 AM

from 2007 paper
 
[CENTER][B][U][SIZE="5"]A SUSPICIOUS PARENT MAKES AN ARTFUL CHILD[/SIZE][/U][/B][/CENTER]

The parents play a major role in developing the character and integrity of their children. The family is a miniature world having an effect upon the nature as well as personality of its members i.e., children, who mainly inspire from the behavior of their parents – the ruler of that miniature world. Therefore, the initial years of upbringing of children are the most important ones. Sometimes the excessive love and care of the parents become a weakness and drawback in the personality of the grown-up child. However, the opposite is also true as too much restrictions and admonitions affect the thinking of kids and make them stubborn and diehard. Similar is the case with those children whose parents always take them suspiciously and do not trust them. This attitude of parents molds negatively the individuality of rising kids, as parents do not quit their doubtful behavior, and for that reason, the children naturally incline towards doing such things that their parents repeatedly prohibit. Such kind of relationship instinctively teaches the offspring how to trick their parents and they learn to do anything at their own pleasure without the knowledge of their guardians. Thus, at adolescent and later stage of life, these early years of deception and artificiality reflect upon in their personalities. It is, therefore, very important for such parents not to be either too strict or too lax in their conduct towards the children; the need is to understand the nature of the baby and then develop such an attitude and atmosphere that would enhance the confidence and cultivate the personality of the child on sound footings. Otherwise, a wise one has already proclaimed the consequence that a suspicious parent makes an artful child. (285 words)

Thanks

regards

SECONDOPINION02

secondopinion02 Monday, July 30, 2007 07:09 PM

2007 Reading Comprehension
 
[B]Q.2 Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:[/B]

Strong section of industrials who still imagine that men can be mere machines and are at their best as machines if they are mere machines are already menacing what they call “useless” education. They deride the classics, and they are mildly contemptuous of history, philosophy, and English. They want our educational institutions, from the oldest universities to the youngest elementary schools, to concentrate on business or the things that are patently useful in business. Technical instruction is to be provided for adolescent artisans; book keeping and shorthand for prospective clerks; and the cleverest we are to set to “business methods”, to modern languages (which can be used in correspondence with foreign firms), and to science (which can be applied to industry). French and German are the languages, not of Montaigne and Gorthe, but of Schmidt Brothers, of Elberfeld and Dupont et Cie., of Lyons. Chemistry and Physics are not explorations into the physical constitution of the universe, but sources of new dyes, new electric light filaments, new means of making things, which can be sold cheap and fast to the Nigerian and the Chinese. For Latin there is a Limited field so long as the druggists insist on retaining it in their prescriptions. Greek has no apparent use at all, unless it be as a source of syllables for the hybrid names of patent medicines and metal polishes. The soul of man, the spiritual basis of civilization- what gibberish is that?

[B][U]Questions[/U][/B]
[B]a) What kind of education does the writer deal with? (2)[/B]
ANS: The writer is concerned with all those educations related to only profit making organizations i.e., industries, firms, offices. Such education would only produce clerks, book-keepers or it would erode the intellect of humanity by confining science, arts, linguistics etc., within enterprises.

[B]b) What kind of education does the writer favour? How do you know? (3)[/B]
ANS: The writer critically said that business entities have limited the educational institutions to concentrate only on business related education. Then the writer elaborate this critical view; therefore, it indicates that writer favours humanities as well as classics.

[B]c) Where does the writer express most bitterly his feelings about the neglect of the classics? (3)[/B]
ANS: The writer censoriously said at the end of paragraph that Latin is only used for prescriptions, and Greek is used for naming medications and metal polishes. These are writer's most bitter expressions about the neglect of the classics.

[B]d) Explain as carefully as you can the full significance of the last sentence. (4)[/B]

ANS: A civilized society is a balance of all institutions such as education, religion, politics etc. working within its confines. The limitation of the institution of education with things related only to business and industries would erode the intellectual capacity of humans. It means that the greed for making profit would make man a machine and his intellect a thirst for money. Therefore, the last sentence sums up all the discussion of writer that "spiritual basis of civilization," i.e. man intellect, has become run-of-the-mill.

[B]e) Explain the underlined words and phrases in the passage (8)[/B]
Sorry, I don't have underlined paragraph (plz post it)

Nasirbiochemist Friday, January 18, 2008 09:39 PM

Old papers solved precis
 
Précis 2007

[SIZE="4"] Extensive study vs personality development[/SIZE]
CONCIOUSLY OR UNCONCIOUSLY MAN IS AFFECTED BY THE WORK OF IMAGINATION. WHATEVER we read, imparts profound effect on our life. A candid look into one's past would reveal he would have been remained enthrall to more than one poet in his different stages of life. It happens due to lack of literally acumen. To fill this gap, stronger personality of poet is the most appropriate. Successive succession of different people in human mind starts to compare one’s trait over other. This critical evolution refrains our mind to be occupied by any more personalities. Extensive study develops well updated stock of knowledge in our mind, which prevent us to be dominated by any other, rather than giving them their due place.


seniors plz check it and point out flaws...

sidramajaz Thursday, December 10, 2009 01:00 PM

industrials, useless” education, patently useful, adolescent, artisans, prospective clerks, Limited field , hybrid names, gibberish these are the 8 underlined words ur help will be appreciared

cspafzal2011 Sunday, November 04, 2012 03:12 PM

[B]Benefits of Reading[/B]
The Imaginary writing has affect on human thought. In spite of eating food for taste and mastication, it gives energy to body as well. Similarly, the reading benefits us. It, not only, gives pleasure, it affects the human mind directly. During un mature age, the poetry has grate affect on the mind of person. It does not mean keenness for reading in early age. However, it is the possession of stronger developed personality on undeveloped personality. Just like that, it happens in mature age. By influence of many poets, A person become a good critic. However the wide range of reading is not beneficial as vast knowledge or anything else. Though, it gives results when extract positive direction from it and apply in his life.

soft rock Sunday, November 04, 2012 06:00 PM

Q#2......" reading,the source of rating an author's personality"
 
Reading , a divine potentiality of human beings, has profound implications on the readers mind . Reading of a literary piece of work is the source of depicting an author's personality in readerz's mind. It is a source of feeding & soothing down a human's intellectual hunger with an author's ideas & veiws, just as an appetizing object, feeds & placates the physiological hunger of a hungry person. As it is a person's ability to percept the taste of a specific food genera by eating it ,likewise he can depict the personality's strength of an author through reading his literary piece of work. This capability to depict the strength of personality of an author, rather depends on the mental maturity of a reader. This mental maturity is not restricted to the age of the reader but reading habit of a reader play a pivotal role in the amelioration of this caliber to rate a specific author's work, & the captivating effect of litrary to make judgments , & often criticism if needed. Through the course of reading different literary works of different authors, a reader becomes capable of evaluating & comparing literary qualities of different authors, criticizing one author upon the other,finally accomplish his own judicious rating about personalities of different authors & next time get his cognitive acquisition appeased with his favorite auther.

seher bano Tuesday, February 12, 2013 06:31 PM

[COLOR="RoyalBlue"][B]Check this precis please[/B][/COLOR]

[B][COLOR="RoyalBlue"][SIZE="3"][FONT="Courier New"]The impact of literary writing on Personality[/FONT][/SIZE][/COLOR][/B]

Literary writing influences us intentionally or unintentionally. What we read is not only a matter of our liking, but it impacts on our personality altogether. We can recall our teenage when every second poet used to influence us. It was not because of our good understanding. Rather, it was our lack of understanding. In fact, this case, if someone is not very fond of reading, is also true at the latter stages of our life. However, this state never persists so long. After continuous reading we begin to analyse things from every angle. We start to pass our own judgments. As a result, we stop to be dominated by every author, because we have developed our own critical nature. Resultantly, the different thoughts of life exert one another in our mind. Our own judgments influence these thoughts and put these thought in their separate places. [COLOR="RoyalBlue"][B]( 145)[/B][/COLOR]

Rumiena Thursday, February 21, 2013 05:32 PM

Kindly check this precis for any errors.

[b][COLOR="RoyalBlue"]Reading and development of personality[/b][/COLOR]

Fiction writers, knowingly or unknowingly affect our personalities and readers are oblivious to this process of change. What we read alters our thought process in the same way as our choice of food affects our bodies. People are influenced by reading the works of various authors irrespective of their age. Poetry influences adolescents not because they are more sensitive to it but because the stronger personality of the poet overrides their own underdeveloped one. By reading the work of different writers, we formulate a critical mind that is not influenced by one writer alone. Reading is not valuable only because it increases our knowledge but because it gives us varying perspectives of live and shapes our personality bit by bit.

120 words

salmanmufc Wednesday, October 09, 2019 08:11 PM

Can any senior kindly comment on my Precis
 
Title

- Seductions of Poetry

Precis

We as human beings can be affected by work of imagination. We might or might not know that, but the author or the poet can dominate our thinking and personality when we are consuming information. This happens because we have a certain void in our personality. This void creates a vacuum which is filled by the well developed personality of the poet when we are consuming literary knowledge. Poetry is addictive and overwhelming. It has the power to consume and dictate our thought process. However, critical thinking and reading multiple sources can protect our literary senses from being dominated. Reading a wide array of resources is important because it results in our very own personality being assertive, and not submitting to any specific author or a school of thought.

(128 Words)


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