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usman khalid Saturday, March 19, 2011 11:42 PM

Originally Buddha's teachings were not written and were circulated orally for numerous centuries. After many years of Buddha's death they were finally written down in two traditions- the Pali canon of the Theravada tradition and the Sanskrit canon of the Northern Mahayana Tradition . The Pali canon consisted of three following baskets or works -

The Sutra Pitaka
The Vinaya Pitaka
The Abhidharma Pitaka


The Sutra Pitaka contains the sermons of Buddha, the Vinaya Pataka describes the codes of monastic discipline and the origin of Sangha while the Abhidharma Pitaka consists of educational treatises on Buddhist philosophy and psychology.

All these three works were together compiled and documented in a collection known as Tripitaka( meaning baskets).

Apart from this, the Jatakas are also famous religious texts of Buddhism. These are originally fables that tell us about the past incarnations of Buddha.

Source: [url=http://www.mapsofworld.com/referrals/books/non-printed-books/religious-books/buddhist-religious-books.html]Buddhist Religious Books[/url]

Mumtaz10 Wednesday, March 23, 2011 11:11 AM

Answers
 
X. Which country is known as the "land of prophets" ?
c) Palestine.

xx. Which sahabi was died in the hands of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) in the battle of Uhad ?

e) None of these (but not confirmed)

sajjad sadique Wednesday, April 06, 2011 11:59 AM

i referred ti iqbal's idea of parliament of mujtahids
then OIC as the main institute for ijtihad

junni Monday, April 18, 2011 01:25 PM

Dear Seniors,

In Islamiyat I attempted the following question

Q.4 Discuss the concept of veil and freedom of woman from Islamic point of view while analyzing the law against veil in France.

In answer to this question I first discussed in brief the concept of veil in islam from islamic point of view, then I criticized the law against veil in France.
I Wrote that on hand France and other western countries claim that they guarantee freedom of religion as well as freedom of expression, but on the other hand they make the law against veil, which is extremely condemnable. Moreover, the Muslim females in France veil themselves out of their own willingness, therefore no one has right to interfere in the personal life of an individual and legeslate such laws which threat interfaith harmony.

My answer was about 3 pages. I want to ask the seniors that how much marks I will probably secure on this answer?

Sheeraz S Monday, April 18, 2011 04:21 PM

[QUOTE=junni;290716]Dear Seniors,

In Islamiyat I attempted the following question

Q.4 Discuss the concept of veil and freedom of woman from Islamic point of view while analyzing the law against veil in France.

In answer to this question I first discussed in brief the concept of veil in islam from islamic point of view, then I criticized the law against veil in France.
I Wrote that on hand France and other western countries claim that they guarantee freedom of religion as well as freedom of expression, but on the other hand they make the law against veil, which is extremely condemnable. Moreover, the Muslim females in France veil themselves out of their own willingness, therefore no one has right to interfere in the personal life of an individual and legeslate such laws which threat interfaith harmony.

My answer was about 3 pages. I want to ask the seniors that how much marks I will probably secure on this answer?[/QUOTE]

Buddy, you have done excellent. I guess not less than 12 out of 16, you will secure.

BTW, my arguments in each question are devastating. I have not given a very conservative Islamist narratives; instead, I have taken extremely secular approach. If my paper is examined by some open minded liberal dude, then I do expect good score, else I will be expecting to be tried in court for violation of repugnant "blasphemy laws" of Pakistan. :D

My arguments were in favour of France ban of Burqa.

Suman Monday, April 18, 2011 04:42 PM

@junni
you are on the right track.i also attempted the same question much in the same manner as you did.i opposed the ban on veil in france.it does not matter whether you support or oppose ban but you must have valid arguments to support your point of view.

FarazAli Monday, April 18, 2011 07:41 PM

junni,sheeraz and suman-on which basis u claim that France did wrong to muslim women by imposing ban on veil?if they(france)imposed ban on veil,they must ve imposed it through their parliament and parliament is representative of majority of population of the country concerned.thus in decision too, they promoted freedom of speech.then how do u claim france did wrong?

Tassawur Monday, April 18, 2011 08:06 PM

[QUOTE=suman;290793]@junni
you are on the right track.i also attempted the same question much in the same manner as you did.i opposed the ban on veil in france.it does not matter whether you support or oppose ban but you must have valid arguments to support your point of view.[/QUOTE]

[B][I]Yes arguments should have been there.
Moreover somewhat religious point of view though conservative , is encouraged.

One motive , I write in paper, behind this move has been the effort of lobby who has the hold on the business of cosmetics.
I read this in an article in Newsweek by an Egyptian cleric.
It said that as France is the largest exporter and producer of cosmetics . You know its representative city Paris is called the city of Fragrances. The cosmetic industry lobby has also played its part in bringing about imposition on veil.
As they considered that their move would encourage other countries to ban veil and cosmetic business would flourish as with veil cosmetic is less needed.

This was one of the reasons, not the basic or only reason.
But it would have been one of the reasons , I reckon.[/I][/B]

Suman Monday, April 18, 2011 09:18 PM

@ faraz and Tassawar
Well,.the question was about the freedom of women in islam regarding issue of veil with particular reference to its ban in france.france imposed ban on veil because it considered it against the independence and freedom of women.but islam does not says so.it is even called as beneficial for protecting society from many evils.when france can give freedom to women from other religions to dressup according to their choice why it refused this freedom to muslim women.here france discriminated among the citizens of same country.where it is written that parliament cannot be wrong.it can be so when it appease majority at the cost of rights and freedom of minority.women in france protested against the ban.it is not must that every muslim woman is forced to wear veil.then how all women can be deprived of their right to dress up according to injunctions of their religion.what Tassawar has said may be one of the reason of the ban then it is totally wrong to deprive people of their legitimate rights on the behest of some mafia.the major reason behind this ban was security concerns.if women are willing for security checks in my opinion there was no need for ban.
Faraz brother it is everyone’s own opinion.some consider france has done right while others think contrary.if we supported the view that france has done wrong then we also gave reason why we do think so.what about the freedom of speech of the minority?don’t they deserve this right?

Sheeraz S Monday, April 18, 2011 10:04 PM

[QUOTE=FarazAli;290866]junni,sheeraz and suman-on which basis u claim that France did wrong to muslim women by imposing ban on veil?if they(france)imposed ban on veil,they must ve imposed it through their parliament and parliament is representative of majority of population of the country concerned.thus in decision too, they promoted freedom of speech.then how do u claim france did wrong?[/QUOTE]


Faraz, I never argued against ban on Burqa; instead, I vociferously advocated this new legislation, banning woman from masking their identity.

Guyz, I am entitled to my own views, so don't crucify me here on forum. Brief summary of my answer:

Societally, I feel the burqa represents dehumanizing of women. As if they are not but sexual objects and evil temptresses trying to test the virtue of men. It also infantilizes and degrades men, as if men are nothing more than crazed and hyper-sexed beings. Burqa/niqab strips away a woman's identity. Almost reminiscent of the names given to women in Handmaid's Tale (Offred, Ofglen) where her existence is based upon her valuation to a man.

Basically, the burqa reduces a woman to nothingness and it reduces men to nothing more than wanton animals. Pragmatically though, I support its ban because I think no one should be able to hide their identity in public. Masks are illegal in public places most of the time, why should an exception be made just for a special class of citizens?

There is a dire need to run an unrelenting campaign against Niqab/Burqa in Muslim countries and create awareness that Burqa symbolizes oppression and not a personal choice. Burqa should no longer be defined as symbol of piety or sanctity.

Burqa also polarizes women in a society; women wearing Burqa boasts of their self-righteousness whereas women without Burqa is not defined well in terms of morality in conservative Muslim societies. This is hallmark of France because in Islam their is no concept of Burqa or face covering.


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