FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2004.
NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100
1. Economic development dose not simply raise the community to a higher level of economic wellbeing but reorganize the society from within. Define economic development in the light of above statement. Show how it can be measured?
2. What is an inescapable is a change or an effective planning. Surplus Labor hidden capital and mobility of resources cannot be increased a great deal without well woven planning. Give a critical evaluation of planning experience in Pakistan.
3. Agriculture stimulates Industrial Sector, and through effective International Trade can earn Substantial Foreign exchange. In the absence of agriculture tax and value added tax which remains one of the most useful Fiscal Instrument at the disposal of a conscious state for raising funds for agriculture development projects. Give a critical review of agricultural policies.
4. Dr. KUZNETS writes that the major stock of a nation is not physical equipment. The essential investment is largely in human beings and not in sticks and stones. Unless human capital efficiency developed, tangible results in industrial development cannot be realized. Discuss in detail.
5. Small and medium type business gets easy access to the funds, have tremendous potentials of growth and contribute a lot to the society. Provided they extend a needed service, charge reasonable price and do it well. Signify the role of medium type business for economic development.
6. The only remedy is to privatize sector projects as quickly as possible, so that funds are made available at a competitive rate to competitive projects. Let visions and ideas come from the state so that private initiative can be educated to constitute and flourish. Discuss.
7. To be competitive, organizations have no choice, but to use the management concept and techniques to innovate and to lead to new challenges. Signify the direction of trade and trends in Pakistan’s major exports and imports.
8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.
(1) Most of the public sector projects were in loss because:
(a) Setting up of industries in backward areas
(b) Where private investors were hesitant to invest
(c) Profit making was not the objective
(d) Projects were facing numerous problems and consumers were exposed to taxes
(2) Many manufacturers units were nationalized because:
(a) 22 families were found having control over a lion share
(b) Producers paid wages which were below the subsistence wage rate
(c) Capitalist class was given protection
(d) Consumers had to face increasing indirect taxes
(3) Which of the following be the reason for poor performance of Nationalized Units:
(a) Repeated rupee devaluation
(b) Multiple exchange rate system
(c) Import duties and tariff walls reduced
(d) Tax rebates and incentives to the producers were withdrawn
(4) The main objective of a wage and income policy is:
(a) An increase in economic growth and reduced unemployment
(b) Wage increases with out-break of inflation
(c) To increase exports and reduce current account deficit
(d) Have low interest rate
(5) Safety net is a level of income that:
(a) Union want
(b) Employees want
(c) Employers want
(d) Is minimum amount acceptable
(6) Wage and income policy help reduce in:
(a) Cost push inflation in the country
(b) Demand pull inflation
(7) The need for competition is:
(a) That the economy is productive and efficient
(b) Job creation
(c) Reduction in foreign trade
(d) Economic growth
(8) Fixed capital means:
(a) Stocks or inventories of raw materials
(b) The machinery & equipments used
(c) Corporate bonds
(d) Structures, building and equipments.
(9) If capital consumption is greater than gross investment:
(a) Gross investment must be negative
(b) Gross investment must be declining
(c) Net investment is negative
(d) Replacement investment is rising
(10) A surplus balance of payment may cause:
(a) Employment and money may cause
(b) Money supply to fall
(c) Employment to rise and money supply to fall
(d) Employment and money supply to fall
(11) Invisible exports include all the following except:
(a) Government spending on military bases located outside country.
(b) Gifts received by residents from foreign relatives.
(c) Flows of dividends into the country
(d) Money spent abroad by the residents on tourism
(12) Incidence of a tax refers to:
(a) Who eventually bears the burden to tax
(b) A principle of taxation
(c) Whether the tax is direct or indirect
(d) A tax is periodically levied
(13) During a period of inflation, income tax revenue rises faster than income, illustrate:
(a) Unemployment trap
(b) Poverty trap
(c) Fiscal boost
(d) Fiscal drag
(14) Causes of poverty tarp include the:
(a) Income tax being set lower than the benefits
(b) Existence of black economy
(c) Process of fiscal boost
(d) Regressive nature of income tax
(15) Privatized industry which benefits from economies of scale, it is likely that:
(a) Efficiency will improve and profits will increase
(b) Efficiency will improve but losses will be made
(c) Industry’s monopoly power will diminish
(d) The industry will be easier to Nationalize
(16) The economic problem of deciding what goods to produce is decided by:
(a) Supply or demand
(b) Profit prices
(c) Shadow prices
(d) Relative prices
(17) Supply of agriculture credit from all sources is:
(a) 67924.8 m
(b) 97924.8 m
(c) 47924.8 m
(d) 27924.8 m
(e) None of these
(18) To reduce economic disparities, which one will prove effective?
(a) Market imperfection be removed
(b) Information system be made effective
(c) Population pressure be controlled
(d) Taxation system be made effective
(19) Terms of Trade refer to:
(a) Volume of exports and imports
(b) Volume of balance of trade to balance of imports
(c) Relationship between export prices and import prices
(d) Exchange value of currencies between two countries
(20) Pakistan exports are primarily:
(a) Manufactured goods
(b) Sports goods
(c) Primary products
(d) Tertiary products