One of the most ominous and discreditable symptoms of the want of candour in present-day sociology is the deliberate neglect of the population question. It is or should be transparently clear that if the State is resolved, on humanitarian grounds, to inhibit the operation of natural selection, some rational regulation of population, both as regards quantity and quality, is
imperatively necessary. There is no self-acting adjustment, apart from starvation, of numbers to the means of subsistence. If all natural checks are removed, a population in advance of the optimum number will be produced, and maintained at the cost of a reduction in the standard of living. When this pressure begins to be felt, that section of the population which is capable of reflection, and which has a standard of living which may be lost, will voluntarily restrict its numbers, even to the point of failing to replace deaths by an equivalent number of new births; while the underworld, which always exists in every civilised society the failures and misfits and derelicts, moral and physical will exercise no restraint, and will be a constantly increasing drain upon the national resources. The population will thus be recruited, in a very undue proportion, by those strata of society which do not possess the qualities of useful citizens.
Q.2. Make a precise of the following passage and suggest a suitable heading. (20)
The importance of the problem would seem to be sufficiently obvious. But politicians know that the subject is unpopular. The unborn have no votes. Employers like a surplus of labour, which can be drawn upon when trade is good. Militarists want as much food for powder as they can get. Revolutionists instinctively oppose any real remedy for social evils; they know that every unwanted child is a potential insurgent. All three can appeal to a quasi-religious prejudice, resting apparently on the ancient theory of natural rights, which were supposed to include the right of unlimited procreation. This objection is now chiefly urged by celibate or childless priests; but it is held with such fanatical vehemence that the fear of losing the votes which they control is a welcome excuse for the baser sort of politician to shelve the subject as inopportune. The Socialist calculation is probably erroneous; for experience has shown that it is aspiration, not desperation, that makes revolutions.
No attention is given to population growth. Its rational regulation is necessary. Ways of survival of people are not adjusted. Increase in population affects life style. It also increases crime in society. When increase in population starts, life standards decrease. Birth rate is higher than that of death. Therefore, natural recourses are last. With the increase in population, number of uncivilized persons also increases. This issue is important. But, it is not familiar among politicians due to the reason that their support will decrease. Population growth creates many social problems. Unemployment increases. Some peoples cannot get required food and turn to insurgency. ------------------------------------------------------ not remember------------------------------
Words in main passage 378
Words in pr
Title: Effects of Population Growth.
SENIORS PLEASE CHECK MY PRECIS WHICH I ATTEMPTED IN THE EXAM. THIS WAS MY FIRST ATTEMPT. PLEASE COMMENT ON MY PRESICS HOW MANY MARKS IT CAN BE AWARDED.