Monday, June 24, 2024
12:09 PM (GMT +5)

Go Back   CSS Forums > General > Discussion

Discussion Discuss current affairs and issues helpful in CSS only.

Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
  #1  
Old Tuesday, May 27, 2008
Princess Royal's Avatar
Super Moderator
Medal of Appreciation: Awarded to appreciate member's contribution on forum. (Academic and professional achievements do not make you eligible for this medal) - Issue reason: Best Moderator Award: Awarded for censoring all swearing and keeping posts in order. - Issue reason: Best Mod 2008
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Location: K.S.A.
Posts: 2,115
Thanks: 869
Thanked 1,764 Times in 818 Posts
Princess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to behold
Default Kala Bagh dam project discarded

Quote:

Kala Bagh dam project discarded: Raja Pervez Ashraf

ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Water and Power, Raja Pervez Ashraf has said that controversial Kala Bagh Dam project has been discarded forever.

Talking in the federal capital, Raja Pervez Ashraf said Kala Bagh Dam project was no more feasible and resolutions had been tabled in Sindh and NWFP against the project. He said no project would be undertaken amid difference of opinion.
Quote:

Focus on non-controversial projects instead of KBD: Ashraf

LAHORE: Minister for Water and Power Raja Pervez Ashraf said that too much time has been wasted on the controversial Kalabagh Dam project, and that it is now being permanently scrapped.

Speaking to businessmen at Lahore Chamber of Commerce the federal minister said a comprehensive strategy has been evolved to overcome power crises and develop water reservoirs in the country.

He said the government would concentrate on non-controversial projects, such as the Bhasha dam.

Blaming the power shortage on the previous government's lack of planning, Ashraf said that markets would have to be shut from 9 PM onwards for 90 days in order to save electricity.

He said the government would introduce small hydel, solar, wind and coal power plants as well. He asserted that all load shedding would come to an end by next year.

Geo news.

A huge amount of money has been spent on this project and now it is discarded. It could be of benefit for the country. Shouldn't it be countinued?
__________________
Regards,
P.R.
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old Tuesday, May 27, 2008
Member
 
Join Date: Jul 2007
Posts: 39
Thanks: 2
Thanked 4 Times in 3 Posts
touseef4pk is on a distinguished road
Default

I suppose The PPP has taken a sensible and prudent decision in the real sense by bringing this project to end. Reading between the lines this project was impractical and inapplicable as three provinces have been expressing their concerns over its construction. None of the government could do anything further in the direction of national development. Better is to terminate this most controversial and a bone of contention than wasting the time and resources of country further more. True that it had become more political and than a technological issue but we can’t put the integrity of our country at peril by exasperating other provinces
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old Tuesday, May 27, 2008
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Sara Pakistan...Humara Pakistan
Posts: 1,592
Thanks: 650
Thanked 795 Times in 464 Posts
Surmount is a jewel in the roughSurmount is a jewel in the roughSurmount is a jewel in the rough
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Princess Royal
A huge amount of money has been spent on this project and now it is discarded. It could be of benefit for the country. Shouldn't it be countinued?


Yes it is a rediculos thing that Govt. has started this issue that the Problem of BIJLiii would be solved till 2015 by the KALA BAGH DAM PROJECT and after wasting a lot of money, time, facing the opposition of Tribal areas, now govt. REALIZED that it would be better for COUNTRY to discard this project.

Qoum k Waseeh Ter Mufaad ki khatir iss project ko Khtmm kiya ja ra hai.......

Infact the govt.(would be better if i may call Mr. Presendent) is MAJBOOR to NOT fulfil any of his promises, so it would had to be happend as the remaing promises, like the JUDICIAL ISSUE etc. so it did.
__________________
~Time owns each and everything~
~Useless youth if not useful for Pakistan~
Reply With Quote
The Following User Says Thank You to Surmount For This Useful Post:
  #4  
Old Thursday, May 29, 2008
Junior Member
 
Join Date: May 2008
Posts: 2
Thanks: 0
Thanked 6 Times in 2 Posts
baloch_bqta is on a distinguished road
Default Kala bagh Dam please Read it

The Kalabagh dam is a mega water reservoir that the Government of Pakistan is planning to develop across the Indus River, one of the world's largest rivers. The proposed site for the dam is situated at Kalabagh in Mianwali District of the north-west Punjab province, bordering the North-West Frontier Province.

The dam project is a highly controversial and has been so since its inception. In December 2005, General Pervez Musharraf, President of Pakistan, announced that he would definitely build the dam in the larger interest of Pakistan. In May 26, 2008, Federal Minister for Water and Power of Pakistan. Raja Pervez Ashraf. has said that Kalabagh Dam will not be constructed. He said due to opposition from NWFP, Sindh and other stakeholders, the project is no more feasible.

Key fact
Name......... Kalabagh
Dam type......... Earthfill
Height (above riverbed)......... 79 m
Length......... 3,3352 m
Area at retention level......... 164 square miles (420 km²)
Catchment area......... 110,500 square miles (286,000 km²)
Gross storage capacity......... 7,900,000 acre foot (9.74 km³)
Live storage capacity......... 6,100,000 acre foot (7.52 km³)
Dead storage......... 1,800,000 acre foot (2.22 km³)
Retention level......... 915 feet (279 m) amsl
Main spillway capacity......... 1,070,000 cubic feet per second (30,000 m³/s)
Design flood discharge......... 1,920,000 cubic feet per second (54,000 m³/s)
Hydropower generation......... 3.6 GW
Maximum discharge......... 1,200,000 cubic feet per second (34,000 m³/s) (in 1929)
Total volume of dam......... 34,000,000 cubic yards (26,000,000 m³)

History
The region of Kalabagh was once an autonomous jagir (feudal estate) within Punjab. It was annexed by the Sikhs in 1822. After the British annexed the Punjab, the Nawab of Kalabagh was granted the jagir of Kalabagh, in recognition of his services to the British Raj.

According to the PC-II of the Project, Kala Bagh dam was initiated by GOP in 1953, and until 1973, the project was basically considered as a storage project for meeting the irrigation needs, and consequently, rapid increases in the cost of energy have greatly enhanced the priority of the dam as a power project.

The project's paperwork was finalised in March, 1984, with the assistance of the United Nations Development Programme; supervised by the World Bank, for the client Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) of Pakistan.

Controversy
The proposed construction of the Kalabagh Dam triggered an extremely bitter controversy among the four provinces of Pakistan, namely Punjab, Sindh, North-West Frontier Province, and Balochistan. The only province which is in favour of this dam, is Punjab which is the strongest among all four provinces, as usually the government is mainly centralised in it. The other three provinces have expressed extreme dissatisfaction, going so far as to have their provincial assemblies pass unanimous resolutions condemning the proposed dam. Hence, the project is still under consideration.

The delay is also being caused by the fact that according to international water distribution law, the tailender has a legal and natural right on river and that is why no mega construction or reservoir can be built without permission and endorsement of the tailender i.e. Sindh. In the case where the tailender is not using water i.e. building a water reservoir, a reservoir can be made upstream.

Impact assessments of the proposed dam have shown that while it will provide storage and electricity, the dam will also have adverse impacts on the environment, as can be expected from any large dam. It will also displace a large number of people. While proponents point to the benefits, the adverse factors have been played up by the opponents of the dam. As a result, the dam has been stalled by claims and counterclaims since 1984.
The controversy can be best understood by looking at the viewpoints of each of the four provinces.

Punjab viewpoint
Punjab — desperately needs more water to keep up with the growing population and industrial demands on its agriculture. A dam at Kalabagh would also supply cheap hydro-electric power to the whole country. The annual outflow of water into the Arabian Sea is considered a "waste" in Punjab, which feels that water can be used to irrigate infertile lands.

Punjab wants not just Kalabagh, but also two more large dams on the Indus, at Bhasha and Skardu/Katzarah. It feels that the Kalabagh site is the most favourable, compared to the other two, and that it should be built first. Bahalwalpur and Bahawalnagar will get most of the water stored in Kalabagh Dam.

Sindh viewpoint
Sindh, the first province to point KBD project a blame game, is the lower riparian and strongest opponent of KBD. But its case mainly against Punjab is more on a conceptual basis of what Sindh thought to be "theft of water by Punjab" rather than locating an actual incident of theft. Sindh supports its argument by stating that by virtue of its name and history of water rights of the province, Indus River belongs exclusively to Sindh. Therefore, claiming the construction of dams, Tarbela and Mangla and now KBD actions of theft of water at the irrigation cost of Sindh. Further, Sindh presents many objections against the proposed dam, some of these objections are as follows:

• Sindh objects that their share of the Indus water will be curtailed as water from the Kalabagh will go to irrigate farmlands in Punjab and NWFP, at their cost. Sindhis hold that their rights as the lower riparian have precedence according to international water distribution law.

• The coastal regions of Sindh require a constant flow of water down the Indus into the Arabian Sea so that the flowing water can keep the seawater from intruding inland. Such seawater intrusion would literally turn vast areas of Sindh's coast into an arid saline desert, and destroy Sindh's coastal mangroves.

• With the construction of dams, such as Mangla Dam and Tarbela Dam across the Indus, Sindhis have seen the once-mighty Indus turned into a shadow of its former glory downstream of the Kotri Barrage up to Hyderabad. They fear that there simply is not enough water for another large dam across the Indus, let alone three.

• The Kalabagh site is located in a highly seismic zone near an active fault, and the underlying rocks are likely to contain numerous fractures, causing the reservoir water to seep through the catacomb of fractures and discharge at the lowest point around the reservoir and the Indus river.

• Damming the Indus has already caused a number of environmental problems that have not yet addressed. Silt deposited in the proposed Kalabagh dam would further curtail the water storage capacity of Manchar Lake and other lakes and of wetlands like Haleji Lake.

• President General Musharraf and other leaders, such as Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, have promised 'iron-clad' constitutional guarantees to ensure that Sindh gets its fair share of water. However, these assurances mean little to most Sindhis, who claim that even the earlier 1991 Indus Water-Sharing Accord, which is a document already guaranteed by the constitutional body, the Council of Common Interests, has been violated, and that Punjab has "stolen" their water.

The objection to Kalabagh in Sindh is widespread. Even political parties of Sindh that are in the central cabinet and are supported by General Musharraf, such as the MQM, have strongly denounced the dam. NWFP viewpoint. The NWFP has two main objections to the dam.

• While the reservoir will be in the NWFP, the dam's electricity-generating turbines will be just across the provincial border in Punjab. Therefore, Punjab would get royalties from the central government in Islamabad for generating electricity. Contrary to this, however, Punjab has agreed not to accept any royalties from the Kalabagh Dam. The fact that the NWFP will suffer the adverse consequences of the reservoir but not get royalties is seen as unfair.

• Concerns that large areas of Nowshera District would be submerged by the dam and even wider areas would suffer from waterlogging and salinity as has occurred with the Tarbela Dam.

Balochistan viewpoint
The Baloch are not directly affected by the dam as such. Rather, most nationalist Baloch Sardars see the dam as another instance of Punjab lording it over the smaller provinces. By opposing the dam they are signalling their disaffection with being the poorest province and most neglected of all in development. In reality Balochistan can only get more water and its due share after the construction of Kalabagh dam and Kachhi canal.

Most independent analysts believe that the foremost problem with the proposed dam at Kalabagh is one of a trust deficit between the Punjab on one side and the other three provinces on the other. The noted columnist, Ayaz Amir suggested that the people of Punjab should redefine their assumptions about the rest of Pakistan and distribution of resources. A layman of Punjab does not understand why the rest of Pakistan does not trust Punjab. The answer, according to Amir, lies in the frequent coups staged by the Pakistan Army (which is overwhelmingly Punjabi in its composition), as well as the Army's extra-constitutional intervention and influence in public sector and civil institutions of the country in general and Sindh in particular. Now no province is ready to trust the Punjab.

All Pakistanis agree that Pakistan faces a severe water shortage, and that some form of water management must be implemented soon. Many point out that even if work on Kalabagh were to start tomorrow, it would still take at least eight years to complete and commission such a large dam. In the meantime, the water situation would continue to worsen. Smaller dams, barrages, and canals must be built before that, and water conservation techniques introduced.

The WAPDA for years repeatedly changed its statistics on the dam, to the point where no-one in Pakistan now believes any of its figures. Government of Pakistan formed a technical committee, headed by A. N. G. Abbasi, to study the technical merits of the Kalabagh dam vis-a-vis the other two. The four-volume technical report concluded that Bhasha or Katzarah dam should be built before Kalabagh, further complicating matters. To make matters even more complex, the report also stated that Kalabagh and Bhasha Dams could be considered feasible

The abrupt way in which President General Musharraf announced the decision to build the dam, simply overruling the objections of the smaller states, has sharply polarised public opinion.

The fact that the General literally dragged so controversial an issue off the backburner and thrust it into national centre stage without considering the predictable reactions from the smaller provinces has left many aghast. Much has been said in the press, and the issue is still far from being resolved.
On 26th of May 2008, Federal Minister for Water and Power of Pakistan Raja Pervez Ashraf has said that Kala Bagh Dam will not be constructed. He said due to opposition from NWFP, Sindh and other stakeholders, the project is no more feasible.

Last edited by Princess Royal; Thursday, May 29, 2008 at 01:54 PM.
Reply With Quote
  #5  
Old Friday, June 20, 2008
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Oct 2006
Posts: 5
Thanks: 1
Thanked 6 Times in 4 Posts
semishah is on a distinguished road
Default KB Dam

Yup.. The Dam must have been built because too much money and time has been invested in the project and making a feasibility study for a new location would require another huge amount of resources. We are already short of energy and need alternative solutions on urgent basis.. so how can we ignore the need of big dams like KB??? Provincial conflict about the issue acould have been solved if the government had willingness for it...
But in this very situation we can only pray for the betterment..
Reply With Quote
  #6  
Old Friday, June 20, 2008
Princess Royal's Avatar
Super Moderator
Medal of Appreciation: Awarded to appreciate member's contribution on forum. (Academic and professional achievements do not make you eligible for this medal) - Issue reason: Best Moderator Award: Awarded for censoring all swearing and keeping posts in order. - Issue reason: Best Mod 2008
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Location: K.S.A.
Posts: 2,115
Thanks: 869
Thanked 1,764 Times in 818 Posts
Princess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to beholdPrincess Royal is a splendid one to behold
Default

Quote:
Provincial conflict about the issue acould have been solved if the government had willingness for it...
Our government does not will for the benefit of the country. It only wills for it's own benefit. All they know is how to destroy country's assets, and that's what they are doing.
__________________
Regards,
P.R.

Last edited by Princess Royal; Friday, June 20, 2008 at 12:48 PM.
Reply With Quote
Reply

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
I.R. Essay Notes on Important Topics-Yesterday-Today-Tomorrow Noman International Relations 15 Wednesday, November 04, 2009 09:42 AM
Kalabagh Dam, An acute contradictory issue of Pakistan maiji General Knowledge, Quizzes, IQ Tests 8 Monday, January 08, 2007 11:22 AM
indo-pak relations atifch Current Affairs 0 Monday, December 11, 2006 09:01 PM
The Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources free thinker Pakistan Affairs 1 Tuesday, April 25, 2006 08:05 AM
Here I expose Kalabagh Dam! Riaz Ahmed Abro News & Articles 0 Saturday, January 21, 2006 07:20 PM


CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: All messages made available as part of this discussion group (including any bulletin boards and chat rooms) and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of CSSForum.com.pk (unless CSSForum.com.pk is specifically identified as the author of the message). The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. This forum is not monitored 24/7.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2024, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.