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Old Tuesday, April 20, 2010
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Default Islamic Concept of Govt?

is there any system of govt in Islam?if yes then plz describe its charcteristics
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The Govt. system prescribed by Hazrat Umer RA is the best ruling system after Hazrat Muahammad PBUH.

What do you mean by characteristics? Are you looking for rules and regulations or implementation of those?
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@ Maha

Nature of Islamic State

It may be pointed out at the very outset that the basic and the foremost social and collective ideal Islam stands for is the establishment of an Ummah or the ideal Muslim community which is the upholder of the vicegerent's of the Creator on the earth.Proclaiming the establishment and the inauguration of such an Ummah, the Quran declares:

"Thus we have you an Ummah justly balanced so taht might be witness over the mankind and the Prophet (SAW) might be a witness over yourselves."(Quran, 2:143)

Another occasion,the Quran reports that Prophets Ibrahim and Ismail, while busy in the construction of the Ka 'bah, prayed to the Almighty in these words:

"Our Lord! make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will), and create out of our progeny an Ummah which is submissive to Thee, and show us our places for the celebrations of our rites and turn unto us in mercy: For Thou at the Oft-Returning (with forgiveness) and most Merciful"(Quran, 2:128)

It is clearly show from the above example that two celebrated Prophets of Allah Almighty wished for the emergence of an Ummah which might not necessarily be holder of any political power, because no reference has been made.
So it is clear that the basic social and collective ideal of Islam is the establishment of the Ummah rather than the state.State is necessary only to safeguard the Ummah and for the proper and smooth execution of its collective responsibilities.

Islamic society: the Ummah


The foundations of human society, according to islam, have been laid on two basics principles: Unity of God (Wahdat ihah) and the unity of mankind (Wahdat Adam). The first unity is, infact, the cause of the latter. All mankind constitute a single family because they are servants and creatures of only one single God who has created the first family that came into existence on earth, according to Quran the first family was "submissive"to God; hence it was a Muslim Family, a muslim community------Ummah.

The Islamic State : Khilafah


Definition of Khilafah

Generally Muslim scholars and particularly Muslim Jurists have discussed the Khilafah from various perspectives, philosophical, political,juristic, ethical etc.
According to Shah Wali Ullah, Khilafat is "the general authority exercised on behalf of the Holy Prophet (SAW) for the establishment of the Din through the revival of religious sciences, established of the pillars of Islam, carrying out the jihad and what pertains to it of organizing the armies and paying the salaries and allocating funds to the soldiers and allocating funds to them, administration of justice, implementation of Hudud, elimination of injustice, enjoining the Good and forbidding the Evil"

Fundamental Principles of an Islamic State


1. Divine Sovereignty

2. Divine Vicegerency

3. Popular Vicegerency

4. Supermacy of the Shariah

5. Rule of the Best: Men-in-Authority to be the best among the Ummah
.


Source: State And Legislation in Islam by Mehmood Ahmed Ghazi


Actually lite is abt to ago so I have summerise what u have asked if you have more queries i can answer you


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Default Democray is system of govt. in Islam.

Islamic system of government is based on principles i.e. Unity of Allah (Tawhid), Risalat and Khilafat. Sovereignty only belongs to Almighty Allah, the Holy Prophet PBUH interpreted the Laws and was the last Messenger of Allah and he has given us a model for the Islamic way of life by himself implementing the law and providing necessary details where required. Khalifa serves as Vicegerent of Almighty Allah on the earth. Democracy is the system of government in Islam and Khalifa is accountable to Almighty Allah and to the people if he deviates from Islamic Law.

There is no hereditary or dynastic offices rather highest offices are conferred upon, through democratic norms among those who are pious, able and well versed in Islamic Law. There is no room for the will of the people rather Will of Allah will be implemented in the state. There is no concept of legislation or constitution making (except within limits of Shariah) neither people or their representatives have the right to alter Divine Laws.

Head of Government should have the mandate of majority; A Shura will assist and guide him. There is freedom of expression to criticize the head of government and his acts. Judiciary is not accountable to executive rather it derives its authority from the Shariah and only answerable to Almighty Allah, they have to discharge duties according to Laws of Shariah. Rule of Law, equality, balanced economic system, fostering fraternal feelings, brotherhood, charity, social security system, promotion of civic virtues, implementation of zakat, maximum sanctity to human to human labour, provision to work to all people, right of property, etc are some of the characteristic.
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For better understanding of Islamic system of Gov., one should consult the books written by Dr. Israr Ahmad on this topic.
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Old Wednesday, April 21, 2010
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Islamic Political System

The political system of Islam has been based on three principles, viz., Tawheed (Oneness of God), Risalat (Prophethood) and Khilafat (Caliphate). It is difficult to appreciate the different aspects of the Islamic policy without fully understanding these three principles. I will, therefore, begin with a brief exposition of them. Tawheed (Oneness) means that one God alone is the Creator, Sustainer and Master of this universe and of all that exists in it organic or inorganic.

The sovereignty of this kingdom rests only in Him. He alone has the right to command or forbid Worship and obedience are due to Him alone, none else sharing it in any degree or form. Life, in all its multifarious forms, our physical organs and faculties, the apparent control which we have over everything that exists in this universe, and the things themselves none of them has been created or acquired by us in our own right. They are the bountiful provisions of god and in bestowing them upon us, no one is as Him. Hence, it is neither for us to decide the aim and purpose of our existence or to prescribe the limits in our worldly authority nor is anyone else entitled to make these decisions for us. This right vest only in God Who has created us endowed us with mental and physical faculties, and provided all material provisions for our use. This principle of the Oneness of God altogether negates the concept of the legal and political sovereignty of human begins, individually or collectively. Nothing can claim sovereignty, be it a human being, a family, a class or group of people, or even the human race in the world as a whole. God alone is the Sovereign and His Commandments are the Law of Islam.
The medium through which we receive the Law of God is known as "Risalat" (Prophet hood). We have received two things from this source:
The Book in which God has expounded His Law; and The authoritative interpretation and exemplification of the Book of God by the Prophet, through his word and deed, in his capacity as the last messenger of God.
The broad principles on which the system of human life should be based have been stated in the Book of God.

Further, the Prophet of God has, in accordance with the intention of the Divine Book, set up for us a model of the system of life in Islam by practically implementing the law and providing necessary details where required. The combination of these two elements, according to Islamic terminology, is called the "Shari'ah". There is a specific purpose for man's existence. This purpose is achieved when man fulfills his function and is missed when man fads to live up to his designated role. In that case, his life will be barren and devoid of any original meaning. Total loss and perdition await everyone who fails to respond to Allah's call.

This special role relating man to his Creator is subservience to Allah and worship of Him. All aspects of man's life are based on this consideration. Thus, the meaning of worship must be extended to go beyond mere rituals into all activities since Allah does not only call upon us to perform rituals but His injunctions regulate all aspects of life. The Qur’an develops this theme:
"Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: 'I will create a vicegerent on earth'…" (Quran 2:30)

It is this Khilafat (Caliphate) on earth which encompasses the range of activities of this human being. It consists in settlement on earth, exploration of its resources and energies, fulfillment of Allah's purpose of making full use of its resources and developing life on it. In brief this task requires the implementation of Allah’s way which is in harmony with the Divine Law governing the whole universe.

Thus, it becomes clear that the meaning of worship, which is the very purpose of man's existence and his primary function, is much more comprehensive than mere rituals. The role of Khilafat (Caliphate) is definitely an integral part of meaning of worship. The truth about worship comes out in two essential points, namely:

1) There should be a feeling of absolute certainty and conviction about the meaning of worship of Allah in one's heart; a feeling that the only possible relationship which holds is one of creator and the created and nothing but that.

2) It is imperative to turn to Allah dedicating to Him every stir of one's conscience, every fluttering of the senses, every movement of life. This dedication should be channeled solely to Him and nobody else. No other feeling should have any room left, except in so far as it is construed as part of the meaning of worship of Allah. In this way the meaning of worship is fulfilled. Thus, work becomes one with rituals; rituals one with settlement on earth; settlement on earth like strive for Allah's cause; strive in the way of Allah like patience in bearing calamities contentedly in the knowledge that they are part of Allah's plan; all these are instances of worship of Allah.

With this healthy frame of mind, based on the right understanding on man's role in this universe, man becomes ready to implement Allah's teaching, as communicated through the message of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

This is exactly what Islam means when it lays down that man is Khalifah (servant) of God on the earth. The state that is established in accordance with this political theory will have to fulfill the purpose and intent of God by working on God's earth within the limits prescribed by Him and in conformity with His instructions and injunctions.
PURPOSE OF THE ISLAMIC STATE

I shall now place before you a brief outline of the type of state which is built on the foundation of Tawheed (the Oneness of God), "Risalat" (the Prophethood of Muhammad) and "Khilafat" (the Caliphate).

The Holy Quran clearly states that the aim and purpose of this state is the establishment, maintenance and development of those virtues, with which the Creator of this universe wishes the human life to be adorned and the prevention and eradication of those evils the presence of which in human life is utterly abhorrent to God. The state in Islam is not intended for political administration only nor for the fulfillment through it of the collective will of any particular set of people; rather, Islam places a high ideal before the state for the achievement of which, it must use all the means at its disposal. And this purpose is that the qualities of purity, beauty, goodness, virtue, success and prosperity which God wants to flourish in the life of His people, should be engendered and evolved. And that all kinds exploitation, injustice and disorders which, in he view of God, are ruinous for the world and detrimental to the life of His creatures are suppressed and prevented. Simultaneously, by placing before us this high ideal, Islam gives us a clear outline of its moral system clearly stating the desired virtues and the undesirable evils. Keeping this outline in view the Islamic state can plan its welfare program in every age and in any environment.

The persistent demand made by Islam is that the principles or moral in must be observed at all cost and in all walks of life. Hence it lays down an unalterable policy for the state to base its politics on justice, truth and honesty. It is not prepared, under any circumstance whatsoever, to tolerate fraud, falsehood and injustice for the sake of any political, administrative or national expediency. Whether it be the mutual relations of the rulers and the ruled within the state, or the relations of the state with other states, precedence must always be given to truth, honesty, and justice over material consideration. It imposes similar obligations on the state as on the individual. Viz., to fulfill all contracts and obligations, to have uniform measures and standards for dealings, to remember duties along with the rights and not to forget the rights of other when expecting them to fulfill their obligations; to use power and authority for the establishment of justice and not for the perpetration of injustice; to look upon duty as a sacred obligation and to fulfill it scrupulously; and to regard power as a trust from God and use it with the belief that one has to render an account of one's actions to Him in the Hereafter.
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

Although an Islamic state may be set up in any portion of the earth, Islam does not seek to restrict human rights or privileges to the geographical limits of its own state. Islam has laid down some universal fundamental rights for humanity as a whole, which are to be observed and respected under all circumstances whether such a person is resident within the territory of the Islamic state or outside it, whether he is at peace with the state or at war. Human blood is sacred in any case and cannot be spilled without justification. Its is not permissible to oppress women, children, old people, sick persons or the wounded. Woman's honor and chastity are worthy of respect under all circumstances. The hungry person must be fed, the naked clothed, and the wounded treated medically irrespective of whether they belong to the Islamic community or not or even if they are from amongst its enemies. These, and a few other provisions have been laid by Islam fundamental rights for every man by virtue of his status as a human being to be enjoyed under the constitution of an Islamic state. Even the rights of citizenship in Islam are not confined to persons born within the limits of its state but are granted to every Muslim irrespective of his place of birth. A Muslim ipso facto becomes the citizen of an Islamic state as soon as he sets his foot on its territory with the intent to live therein and thus enjoys equal rights of citizenship along with those who acquire its citizenship by birthright. Citizenship has therefore, to be common among all the Islamic states that may exist in the world and a Muslim will not need any passport for entry in or exit from any of them. And every Muslim is to be regarded as eligible and fit for all positions of the highest responsibility in an Islamic State without any discussions of race color or class. Islam has also laid down certain rights for the non-Muslims who may be living within the boundaries of an Islamic State and these rights must necessarily from part of the Islamic Constitution.

According to the Islamic terminology such non-Muslims are Dhimmee (the covenant). implying that the Islamic state has entered into a covenant with them and guaranteed their protection. The life, property and protected exactly life that of a Muslim citizen. There is no difference at all between a Muslim and Dhimmee in respect of the civil or criminal law. The Islamic State shall not interfere with the personal law of the Dhimmme. They will have full freedom of conscience and belief.
EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE

The responsibility for the administration of the Government, in an Islamic state, is entrusted to an Amir (leader or chief) who may be likened to the President or the Prime Minister in the conventional democratic state.

The basic qualifications for the election of an Amir are that he should command the confidence of the ABLUL HAL WAL'AQD [The Constitutional Body).

They are recruited from among the scholars (of Islam), leaders, and notables who effectively have the duty to carry out this task of appointing the ruler. In this, they do not act on their own personal preferences, but on behalf of the whole nation, being as they are, its representatives. Three conditions must be met for eligibility to membership of this body, namely:
Moral credit (piety and moral standards).
To be well versed in religion so as to be in a position to decide upon who deserves the position of Amir.
Good and sound judgment leading to a sharp perception of who is most suitable for the role of Amir.

The Amir can retain office only so long as he observes Allah's Shari'ah laws. Being himself the primary example of it both in his dealings and conduct, honoring his commitments and being true to his trust; in brief, he should conform to the conditions originally stipulated upon his holding office and will have to vacate his office when he loses this confidence. But as long as he retains such confidence he will have the authority to govern and exercise the powers of the Government, of course, in consultation with the Shura (the advisory council) and within the limits set by a Shari’ah. Every citizen will have the right to criticize the Amir should he deviate from the straight path, fail to honor the trust laid in him, transgress and tyrannize over people, change his conduct for the worst, freeze the implementation of Allah's penal code, or flouts Allah's regulations in anyway. If he fails to live up to one of the conditions stipulated for his eligibility to the office, the nation has the right to overrule his judgment either by correcting him or by deposing them.

Legislation in an Islamic state will be restricted within the limits prescribed by the law of the Shari'ah. The injunctions of God and His legislative body can make any alterations or modifications in them or make any law repugnant to them. As for the commandments which are liable to two or more interpretations the duty of ascertaining the real intent of the Shari'ah, in such cases, will devolve on people possessing a specialized knowledge of the law of Shari'ah. Hence, such affairs will have to be referred to a sub committee of the advisory council compressing men learned in Islamic Law. A vast field will still be available for legislation on questions not covered by any specific injunctions of the Shari'ah and the advisory council or legislature will be free to legislate in regard to these matters.

In Islam the judiciary is not placed under the control of the executive. It derives its authority directly from the Shari'ah and is answerable to God. The judges, no doubt can be appointed by the Government but once a judge has occupied the bench he will have to administer justice among the people according to the law of God in an impartial manner. The organs and functionaries of the Government will not be outside his legal jurisdiction much so that even the highest executive authority of the Government is liable to be called upon to appear in a court of law as a plaintiff or defendant like any other citizen of the state. Rulers and the ruled are subject to the same law and there can be no discrimination on the basis of position, power or privilege. Islam stands for equality and scrupulously sticks to this principle in social, economic and political realms alike.


_________________________________________
this is an answer by two renowned scholars.
video has 8 parts on youtube.

here is the link
part1/8
http://www.youtube.com/v/wbn2FBIkAOk&feature=related

part2/8
http://www.youtube.com/v/XStWd5wfi30&feature=related

part 3/8
http://www.youtube.com/v/ihWvyjAcZMo&feature=related

part 4/8
http://www.youtube.com/v/DF2ck93dxqg&feature=related

part5/8
http://www.youtube.com/v/Y_z30c9hZtU&feature=related

part 6/8
http://www.youtube.com/v/XHbA4OkM7BM&feature=related

part 7/8
http://www.youtube.com/v/ND1cOn4pFG8&feature=related

part8/8
http://www.youtube.com/v/7Uz3mP9kZRs&feature=related
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Last edited by Surmount; Wednesday, April 21, 2010 at 10:57 AM. Reason: bbcodes for youtube inserted
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@ Deadly Doctor

Please visit the follwoing Post.

http://www.cssforum.com.pk/88812-post1.html
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Old Wednesday, April 21, 2010
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@Deadly Doctor,

Your text has been taken from the book "Islamic Way of Life" by Syed Abul A'ala Mawdudi. In Chapter III: he deals with Essential Features Of Islamic Political System. Go through the following book for other chapters:

http://www.islamunveiled.org/eng/ebooks/life/life.htm

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Old Thursday, April 22, 2010
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@crown prince
i know about the text and i had read other chapters as well.i missed to mention source .
but pasting other chapters here would have made the post lengthy.
basic need is the concept and i hope it is quite clear .
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In theory - and delusions - the concept of the unchallenged and all-powerful Islamic states seems to work.

But when you look at the demographics of any Muslim country, one understands that such a concept only divides the country on sectarian and religious lines - whereby religious discrimination takes place and too much power is given into the twisted and confusing interpretations of the rather orthodox Ulema who refuse to accept we are living in the 21st Century, rather than the mythical 7th Century utopia of Arabia.

The same Ulema which, mind you, cannot even agree on the proper definition of 'what is a Muslim' and cannot even stand together in ba'jamaat prayers....how do you think such a glorified theocracy at the whims of the religious clergy can even succeed without resorting to foolish puritanical nonsense, religious discrimination, and fear of everything that did not exist during the time of the Khulafa Rashida.

That is why secularism is the solution, rather than the problem. If you want peace in ANY country, Muslim or non-Muslim, you need to treat all citizens equally and have the same rights and protections and freedoms and all equal under the law they all desire. No discrimination on faith, religion, ideology, colour, creed etc is the only way to have a happy country and happy citizens.

http://www.youtube.com/v/RS1j7nOmoMw


watch out for the rather tasteless and abusive prank call at the end.

http://www.youtube.com/v/GXzladhscMQ

Last edited by Princess Royal; Friday, April 30, 2010 at 02:54 PM. Reason: posts merged
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