Sunday, June 24, 2018
11:58 AM (GMT +5)

Go Back   CSS Forums > General > News & Articles

News & Articles Here you can share News and Articles that you consider important for the exam

Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
Old Wednesday, December 14, 2016
Amna's Avatar
Super Moderator
Moderator: Ribbon awarded to moderators of the forum - Issue reason: Best Moderator Award: Awarded for censoring all swearing and keeping posts in order. - Issue reason: Diligent Service Medal: Awarded upon completion of 5 years of dedicated services and contribution to the community. - Issue reason:
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: Desert of Dream
Posts: 2,864
Thanks: 446
Thanked 1,883 Times in 1,011 Posts
Amna has much to be proud ofAmna has much to be proud ofAmna has much to be proud ofAmna has much to be proud ofAmna has much to be proud ofAmna has much to be proud ofAmna has much to be proud ofAmna has much to be proud of
Default Pakistanís power sector: going up, down or nowhere?

Pakistanís power sector: going up, down or nowhere?

By Mohammad Younus Dagha

When did we last read positive reviews in the international reports about Pakistanís power sector? Never. It is now accepted internationally that Pakistanís power sector has come out of its worst financial crisis, from posting a loss to the national budget of Rs200bn to now a negligible Rs8 bn per annum. In terms of its impact on the national exchequer, the power sectorís performance has brought savings of Rs400 bn in the past two years. On the operations side, the power sector has come a long way from a routine of 12-15 hours of industrial and domestic load-shedding, often unscheduled just a few years back, to now zero load-shedding for industries and a scheduled predictable load-shedding of three hours in urban and four hours in rural areas, as per the new schedule announced in November 2016.

Due to an uncontrollable circular debt, rising at a pace of Rs10-18 billion a month (in a month) during 2007-14, no investors and their bankers were ready to put in their funds in Pakistanís power sector till 2014. After strenuous efforts, the menace of circular debt has been successfully tackled with better recoveries in distribution companies and better management of generation plants plugging losses from all sides. The reduction in oil prices also helped to an equal extent. The result: an increase in circular debt has been capped since Oct 2014.

Now, there is a beeline of foreign and local investors vying to get a space on our grid. In just one year (2015), more than 12000 MWs of new private sector power projects were facilitated as against only 8756 MWs of private sector power generation in the entire (20 yearsí) history of IPPs in the country from 1994-2013. This demonstrates that the power ministry has been able to successfully put better monitoring systems for oversight of the power sector entities which has helped reduce the sectorís losses. However, in order to keep this system afloat, such vigilant monitoring and supervision will need to continue, perhaps with greater vigour if new generation is to be smoothly added to the system. In addition, there is also a need to keep the power tariffs realistic and cost-covering. Any artificial lowering of tariffs, will again jeopardise the stability achieved in the power sector, after decades of turbulence.

This tells the story of reduced load-shedding and better financial performance of the power sector, but how would that translate into zero load-shedding as being claimed. We read some worrisome views of few analysts who maintain that the aims for bringing load-shedding (outages) to zero are not supported by the available transmission and distribution capacity. Some other views even question the expected timelines for completion of the new generation projects. These views cannot be ignored especially when they get the support in the reports issued by the regulator which though based on outdated data, still get attention of the power sector analysts.

Power sector projects, like all such large scale undertakings, always have possibilities of changes in the timelines. In order to cater for any such eventuality, against an expected generation shortfall between 7000-8000 MWs estimated for 2017-18, the additional capacity planned to be achieved by March 2018 is around 10,996 MWs. The question is whether there are any projects expected to get delayed and substantially reduce power availability in March 2018? The frank answer ó while the possibility of such an eventuality occurring owing to any unforeseen technical problems in any project can never be ruled out, it will be too far-fetched presuming such problems occurring everywhere, putting the entire plan of zero-load-shedding into jeopardy, God forbid.

And there are plans for the years after 2018, as well. There is a healthy pipeline of 30,837 MWs of the new generation projects already in execution, expected to complete by the year 2022. This includes the capacity of 10,996 MWs expected by March 2018, but doesnít include many projects such as Diamer Basha Dam and others which are also expected to be initiated soon. In these new projects, a large funding came from the CPEC Energy portfolio which solved the problem of Coal (especially Thar Coal) power financing which Pakistan was seeking to replace costlier generation and to improve the energy security.

There is no doubt that the weak and unreliable transmission and distribution system plagued with constraints and bottlenecks has been a major challenge, for successfully inducting new generation. The simulations run in the Ministry of Water and Power showed that there was no chance of transmitting any new generation on the system as it prevailed in 2013. It could not carry more than 15000-16000 MWs. For a generation of more than 25000 MWs, expected in 2018, there were 38% constraints on the NTDCís 500 KVA and 29% constraints on its 220 KVA transmission network. The work on improving system resilience is going on in all areas of the country, and closely monitored in the Ministry. It has helped reduce these constraints substantially since 2014. This was the reason that all the generated capacity, which went up to 17340 MWs in 2016 summers, was transmitted without major issues. However, the system augmentation work will be completed by the end 2017. It is expected that more than 90% of the system will be constraint free in 2018.

Zero outages for the industry since November 2014 (except during the month of Ramazan) has also helped enhancing GDP growth in 2015-16. The reduced domestic load-shedding has also alleviated the sufferings of the common man to some extent. We need to work hard every hour, all the days in the next eighteen months to ensure that the nation can see the end of the menace of power outages and its remaining adverse effects on the economy and the lives of our people, before the summer of 2018.

The increased generation and removal of system constraints will eliminate outages in most of the country. Futuristic investments will still require to be made into all spheres of power sector, from generation to distribution. The Ministry is committed to keep on working beyond 2018 end load-shedding plan to turn the entire power setup into a modern, efficient and resilient system in line with the aim to enhance energy security of the country.

The writer is Secretary, Ministry of Water and Power.

To succeed,look at things not as they are,but as they can be.:)
Reply With Quote
Old Wednesday, December 14, 2016
Junior Member
Join Date: Dec 2016
Posts: 1
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Sikander amin khan is on a distinguished road

Can anybody tell me about SECP???

Sent from my SM-N910C using Tapatalk
Reply With Quote

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
JWT---Essays by CSPs Arain007 Essay 41 Thursday, February 08, 2018 12:54 PM
Diff b/w Renewable & Non Renewable Energy sources ABDUL JABBAR KATIAR General Science & Ability 0 Wednesday, September 21, 2011 02:03 PM
Energy crisis, causes & remedies Farrah Zafar Current Affairs 4 Tuesday, February 15, 2011 12:53 PM
Alternate Energy Road Map - Pakistan sibgakhan General Knowledge, Quizzes, IQ Tests 1 Friday, March 07, 2008 06:07 PM
notes for 2007 CA/ ESSAY dr.junaid Current Affairs 2 Saturday, March 10, 2007 03:46 PM

CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: All messages made available as part of this discussion group (including any bulletin boards and chat rooms) and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of (unless is specifically identified as the author of the message). The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. This forum is not monitored 24/7.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2018, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.