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History of Pakistan And India (Total Marks- 200)

PAPER - I (Marks-100)

712-1857 (Excluding arrival of European nations decline and fall of Muslim Rule)
  • Arrival of the Muslims in the sub-continent, foundation of Muslim Rule - administrative system and reforms under the Sultans and the Mughals.
  • Structure of the Muslim society.
  • Industry, trade and commerce under the Muslim patronage. the Army. Financial administration, Zakat. Ushr. Kharaj etc.
  • Administration of Justice - Sufis and Ulema - the Madrassahs and Maktabs - Auqaf
  • Art and architecture. literature, sports, dress-Muslim contribution to scientific knowledge - Policy of the Muslim rules towards non-Muslims. The spirit and legacy of Muslim civilization.

PAPER - II (Marks-100)

Part A: 1857-1947
  1. Arrival of European nations-decline and fall of Muslim Rule, contributions of Shah Wali Ullah, Syed Ahmed Shaheed and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan towards regeneration of the Muslim - Hindu reform movements and anti-Muslim role of Hindu leaders.

  2. Constitutional reforms of the British Government and growth of the Political Parties-Indian National Congress. All India Muslim league Partition of Bengal. Simla Deputation. Role of Nawab Mohsin-uI-MuIk. Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk.

  3. Syed Ameer Ali, the Agha Khan and other Muslim leaders Lucknow pact: Khilafat movement Contribution of Maulana Muhammad Ali, Allama Iqbal, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad All Jinnah for Muslim uplift and welfare.

  4. Nehru report, Quaid-i-Azam's Fourteen Points. Allama Iqbal's Allahabad Address 1930, Round Table Conference. The Congress role in the provinces, Lahore Resolution 1940, various missions and plans for the partition of the sub-continent.

  5. Quaid-i-Azam as an organizer of the Muslim League Muslim leader and maker of Pakistan.


Part B

  • Constitution making in Pakistan-various attempts at constitution making. Difficulties in establishing a parliamentary democracy. imposition of various Martial Laws, nature of Pakistan's economy. development plaits. Role of foreign aid.
  • Separation of East Pakistan, causes and effect: Pakistan and the world-major powers, Islamic world, relations with India.
  • Social and intellectual trends after 1947. Contribution of Quaid-i Azam as First Governor General and Liaquat All Khan as first Prime Minister.

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Suggested Readings


Title Author
Constitutional Development in Pakistan G.W. Choudhry
Constitutional History of India Keith A.B.
Early India & Pakistan Wheeler Mortimer
Five Thousand Years of Pakistan Wheeler R.E.M.
Government and Politics in Pakistan Ahmed Mushtaq
Pakistan & India G.W. Choudhry
Political System in Pakistan Khalid Bin Saeed
Pakistan; The Formitive Phase Khalid Bin Saeed
Studies in Islamic Culture in Indian Environment Aziz Ahmed
The Making of Pakistan Richard Symond
Political Parties in Pakistan Vol. I & II Afzal, Rafique
The Great Divide; Britain, India and Pakistan Hodson, H.V.
The Pakistan Experience - State and Religion Khan, Asghar
A History of India Kulke, Hermann & Rothermond, Dietmar
Pakistan in Transition Wriggins, W.H. (ed)

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