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  #21  
Old Saturday, June 30, 2007
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* Blood type is inherited, just like eye color.

* Certain blood types are more common in certain countries. In China, over 99% of the population has Rh+ blood.

* Different kinds of animals have different kinds of blood. Dogs have 4 blood types; cats have 11; cows have about 800.

* Some people think blood type tells about personality. Legend has it that Type A is calm and trustworthy; Type B is creative and excitable; Type AB is thoughtful and emotional; and Type O is a confident leader.

* In Japan, the idea of blood type as personality type is so popular that Japanese ask “What's your blood type?” about as often as Americans ask “What's your sign?”
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  #22  
Old Thursday, July 12, 2007
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  • There are more than 2,700 languages in the world. In addition, there are more than 7,000 dialects. A dialect is a regional variety of a language that has a different pronunciation, vocabulary, or meaning.
  • The most difficult language to learn is Basque, which is spoken in northwestern Spain and southwestern France. It is not related to any other language in the world. It has an extremely complicated word structure and vocabulary.
  • All pilots on international flights identify themselves in English.
  • Somalia is the only African country in which the entire population speaks the same language, Somali.
  • The language in which a government conducts business is the official language of that country.
  • More than 1,000 different languages are spoken on the continent of Africa.
  • Many languages in Africa include a “click” sound that is pronounced at the same time as other sounds. You must learn these languages in childhood to do it properly.
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  #23  
Old Sunday, July 15, 2007
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  • Euouae, a medieval music term, is the longest word in English that contains only vowels. It’s also the word with the most consecutive vowels.
  • Screeched, which means to make a harsh sound, is the longest one-syllable word in English.
  • Unprosperousness, meaning not wealthy or profitable, is the longest word in English in which each letter is used at least two times.
  • The words facetiously, abstemiously, and arseniously each contain all six vowels (including “y”) in alphabetical order. The word duoliteral contains all five vowels (not including “y”) in reverse alphabetical order.
  • At 45 letters, pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis, which refers to a lung disease, is often considered the longest word in English.
  • Feedback is the shortest word in English that has the letters a, b, c, d, e, and f.
  • Floccinaucinihilipilification, is the longest word in English that does not contain letter “e”
  • No words in English rhyme with: month, orange, silver, or purple
  • “Q” is the only letter that does not occur in any of the U.S. state names.
  • Maine is the only U.S. state whose name is just one syllable.
  • Bookkeeper is the only English word that has three consecutive double letters.
  • The word “therein” contains only seven letters, but it contains 10 words that can be formed using consecutive letters: the, there, I, he, in, rein, her, here, ere, herein.
  • The sentence “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog” is a pangram, which is a sentence that uses every letter of the alphabet.
  • United Arab Emirates, a small country in the Middle East, is made up of alternating vowels and consonants. It is the longest name of a country whose letters do that.
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1. All polar bears are left-handed.

2. The Empire State Building in New York City, New York of the country United States, has 6,400 windows.

3. 1961 was the most recent year that could also be read upside down. The next one is 6009.

4. All hospitals in Singapore use Pampers diapers.

5. The only KNOWN creature to have been hit by a meteor that crashed earth is an unlucky dog named Nakhla at Egypt in 1911.

6. There are 336 dimples on a regular golf ball.

7. Bats always turn left when flying out of a cave.

8. Charles Dickens, author of Oliver Twist, A Tale of Two Cities, and A Christmas Carol, always faced north when writing stories and sleeping. He believed this helped him tap into his dreams and to have better writing charactersitics.

9. The tallest lighthouse in the world is a steel tower at Yamashita Park, Yokohama. It stands 106 meters (348 feet) high.

10. J. Sterling Morton, a U.S. Secretary of Agriculture started Arbor Day in 1885.

11. A baseball has exactly 108 stitches.

12. The first e-mail sent was in 1971 from Ray Tomlinson (U.S.A.), an engineer at computer company Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A., which was the letters "QWERTYUIOP".

13. Pablo Picasso's first word was the Spanish word for pencil. He also could draw before he could walk.

14. The fortune cookie were actually invented in America by Charles Jung in 1918.

15. Judo was devised by Dr. Jigoro Kano in Japan in 1882.

16. Another word for garlic is allium sativum.

17. The Bank of Vernal, in Vernal, Utah is the only bank in the world that was built from bricks sent through the mail. Way back in 1919 the builders realized that it was cheaper to send the bricks through the United States Postal System (seven bricks to a package) than to have them shipped commercially from Salt Lake City.

18. There are 296 steps to the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa in its stairway.

19. The world's first stone lighthouse was the Smeaton Eddystone, built just south of Plymouth, England in 1756 by John Smeaton, the "Father of Civil Engineering." It was lit with only 24 candles.

20. The average lifespan of a cow is 7 years. The oldest cow ever recorded was Big Bertha. She reached 48 in 1993. She also holds the record for producing 39 calves.

21. In nine months, a housefly could lay enough eggs to produce a layer of flies that would cover all of Germany to a depth of 47 feet (14 meters).

22. There are approximately ten million bricks in the Empire State Building.

23. The glue on Israeli postage stamps is certified kosher.

24. In 1841, Oberlin College in the U.S. state of Ohio became the first U.S. College to award degrees to women.

25. The stegosaurus had a brain that weighed two ounces and was no bigger than a walnut.

26. An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain.

27. The highest known score for a single word in competition Scrabble is 392. In 1982, Dr. Saladin Khoshnaw achieved this score for the word "caziques," which means an Indian chief.

28. The oldest known goldfish lived to 41 years of age, and was named Fred.

29. Donald Duck comics were banned from libraries in Finland because he doesn't wear pants. (Finland is a country in Europe).

30. Benjamin Franklin signed the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution with his left hand.

31. The word "electric" was first used in 1600 by William Gilbert, a doctor to Queen Elizabeth I.

32. Albert Einstein's last words were in German. Since the attending nurse did not understand German, his last words will never be known.

33. When the first U.S. Congress set the president's pay at $25,000 per year, they also established the vice president's salary at $5,000.

34. If you were to drop a snowflake from the top of tall buildings such as the World Trade Center when it was up before September 11th, Empire State Building, Sears Tower, etc. (over 1,000 feet), it will take more than 10 minutes for it to hit the ground.

35. There are no clocks in Las Vegas gambling casinos.

36. Volleyball was started by William G. Morgan in 1895 at Holyoke, Massachusetts. It became an international sport in 1947 and was recognized as an Olympic sport in 1964.

37. The first words that Thomas A. Edison spoke into the phonograph were, 'Mary had a little lamb'.

38. Assuming Rudolph was in front, there are 40,320 ways to rearrange the other eight reindeers.

39. If all the "Coca-Cola" ever produced were to erupt from "Old Faithful" at a rate of 15,000 gallons per hour, this geyser would flow continually for over 1,577 years.

40. The first 4-wheel drive car was made by Panhard in 1901.

41. Earmuffs were invented in 1873 in Maine by Chester Greenwood.

42. The sport volleyball was actually invented by William Morgan, a Y.M.C.A. instructor in Holyoke, Massachussets, in 1895. He originally called it mintonette.

43. Mocha, considered by many to be the best coffee in the world, comes from Yemen. The coffee was originally grown on the hillsides along the Red Sea.

44. The modern day yo-yo was invented by Pedro Flores of the Philippines.

45. Denmark was the first European country to legalize same-sex marriages and to offer gay couples/lesbian couples the same rights as heterosexual couples.

46. The only deceased jockey to win a horse race was Frank Hayes in 1923. Frank Hayes suffered from a heart attack in the duration of the race, and died while riding the horse. Nevertheless, his horse, Sweet Kiss, was the first horse to cross the finish line.

47. Tennis champion Charlotte Cooper became the first woman to win an Olympic Gold Medal in 1900.

48. The world's largest chimney is the number two stack of the Ekibastuz, Kazakhstan, power plant at 1,378 feet (420 meters) tall.

49. An atomic clock is accurate to within one second in 1.7 million years.

50. It takes about 40 minutes to hard boil an ostrich egg.

51. The tallest building in the world in 1900 was the Park Row Building, in New York City, U.S.A., standing 391 feet high with 30 floors.

52. Austin is home to North America’s largest urban bat population. Up to 1.5 million Mexican free-tail bats fly at there at night.

53. Rainbow Bridge in Rainbow Bridge National monument is the largest known natural arch in the world. It is 290 feet high and spans 275 feet over the waters of Bridge Creek.

54. Baltimore was home of the first U.S. umbrella factory (1828) and the first ice cream freezer (1848).

55. Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza ranked as the tallest human-built structure on Earth for more than 43 centuries. Its original height was 481 feet.

56. The sweet potato originated in South America, where native Americans called it batata.

57. Tulips had been introduced into Europe from Turkey shortly after 1550. The craze, known as the Tulip Mania, reached its peak in Holland in 1633 - 1637.

58. The first color photograph was made in 1861 by James Maxwell. He photographed a tartan ribbon.

59. The U.S. nickname Uncle Sam was derived from Uncle Sam Wilson, a meat inspector in Troy, New York.

60. Big (1988) was the first film by a female director (Penny Marshall), to earn more than 100 million dollars at the box office.

61. The first orangutans to be raised in a zoo were Hella and Bruno, born on February 2, 1969 in Hellabru, the zoo in Munich, West Germany.

62. The electric chair was invented by American dentist Dr. Albert Southwick in 1881.

63. The first person to have been killed by an electric chair is William Lelmer, who murdered his lover Matilda with an ax.

64. The total length of wire used in the two main cables that support the Golden Gate Bridge is equal to approximately 80,000 miles.

65. The first person to fly an airplane over Antarctica was Sir George Hubert Wilkins (Australia) in 1928.

66. The first street lights appeared in Philadelphia in 1757.

67. Queen Liliuokalani of the Hawaiian Islands was America's only queen.

68. Chess was invented in northwest India around 570.

69. Fox hunting developed in England around 1420.

70. Greek writer Julius Pollux describes the game apodidraskinda at around the year 150, later commonly known as hide-and-seek.

71. The earliest known mental hospitals were established in Baghdad and Cairo, in 918.

72. Electric eels can deliver electric shocks with voltages as high as 1,000 volts, enough to jolt a human.

73. The first mango introduction to Florida in 1833 failed, but the second attempt in 1861 was successful.

74. Pineapples spread to India in 1548, the Philippines in Spanish galleons in 1558, and to South Africa in 1660.
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  #25  
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@Sureshlasi

Thanks a lot brother for such marvellous sets of information. I am really impressed.
But Sir may I suggest you something??
I want to say that kindly provide us these informations in a more systematic way, i.e. informations about one particular thing should be provided together. In this way, it will be more attractive and useful for the readers.
But still if u think that it is a better way then continue with it. We are still satisfied with this manner.

Regards!!
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  #26  
Old Thursday, September 13, 2007
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1. Turtles have no teeth.

2. Prehistoric turtles may have weighed as much as 5,000 pounds.

3. Only one out of a thousand baby sea turtles survives after hatching.

4. Sea turtles absorb a lot of salt from the sea water in which they live. They excrete excess salt from their eyes, so it often looks as though they`re crying.

5. Helium is a colorless, odorless, tasteless inert gas at room temperature and makes up about 0.0005% of the air we breathe.

6. Helium Balloon Gas makes balloons float. Helium is lighter than air and just as the heaviest things will tend to fall to the bottom, the lightest things will rise to the top.


7. Camels can spit.

8. An ostrich can run 43 miles per hour (70 kilometers per hour).

9. Pigs are the fourth most intelligent animal in the world.

10. Dinosaurs didn`t eat grass? There was no grass in the days of the dinosaurs.

11. Dolphins can swim 37 miles per hour (60 kilometers per hour).

12. A crocodile`s tongue is attached to the roof of its mouth? It cannot move. It cannot chew but its Digestive juices are so strong that it can digest a steel nail, Glass pieces, etc.

13. Sharks are immune to disease i.e. they do not suffer from any Disease.

14. Animals are either right- or left-handed? Polar bears are always left-handed, and so is Kermit the Frog.

15. Paris, France has more dogs than people.

16. New Zealand is home to 70 million sheep and only 40 million people.

17. Male polar bears weigh 1400 pounds and females only weight 550 pounds, on average.

18. Bison are excellent swimmers? Their head, hump and tail never go below the surface of the water.

19. There are 6 to 14 frog’s species in the world that have no tongues. One of these is the African dwarf frog.

20. A frog named Santjie, who was in a frog derby in South Africa jumped 33 feet 5.5 inches.

21. The longest life span of a frog was 40 years

22. The eyes of a frog flatten down when it swallows its prey

23. The name "India" is derived from the River Indus

24. The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name "Hindustan" combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus.

25. The "place value system" and the "decimal system" were developed in 100 BC in India.

26. The game of snakes & ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called "Mokshapat". The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices.

27. India has the most post offices in the world

28. "Navigation" is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH

29. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word "Nou".

30. Until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world

31. A snail can sleep for 3 years.

32. The names of the continents all end with the same letter with which they start.

33. Twenty-Four-Karat Gold is not pure gold since there is a small amount of copper in it. Absolutely pure gold is so soft that it can be molded with the hands.

34. Electricity doesn`t move through a wire but through a field around the wire.

35. The first bicycle that was made in 1817 by Baron von Drais didn`t have any pedals? People walked it along.

36. The first steam powered train was invented by Robert Stephenson. It was called the Rocket.

37. A cheetah does not roar like a lion - it purrs like a cat (meow).

38. The original name for the butterfly was 'flutterby"

39. Ants don`t sleep.

40. Dolphins usually live up to about twenty years, but have been known to live for about forty.

41. Dolphins sleep in a semi-alert state by resting one side of their brain at a time.

42. A dolphin can hold its breath for 5 to 8 minutes at a time.

43. Bats can detect warmth of an animal from about 16 cm away using its "nose-leaf".

44. Bats can also find food up to 18 ft. away and get information about the type of insect using their sense of echolocation.

45. The eyes of the chameleon can move independently can see in two different directions at the same time.

46. Cockroach Can detect movement as small as 2,000 times the diameter of a hydrogen atom.

47. Dragonfly Eye contains 30,000 lenses.

48. Pig`s Tongue contains 15,000 taste buds. For comparison, the human tongue has 9,000 taste buds.

49. The number system was invented by India. Aryabhatta was the scientist who invented the digit zero.

50. Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair.

51. Earth weighs 5,972,000,000,000,000,000,000 tons.

52. Like fingerprints, everyone`s tongue print is different.

53. A duck`s quack doesn`t echo anywhere

54. Man is the only animal who`ll eat with an enemy

55. The average woman uses about her height in lipstick every five years.

56. The first Christmas was celebrated on December 25, AD 336 in Rome.

57. A Cockroach will live nine days without its head, before it starves to death.

58. A chimpanzee can learn to recognize itself in a mirror, but monkeys can`t.

59. A rat can last longer without water than a camel can.

60. About 10% of the world`s population is left-handed.

61. Dolphins sleep with one eye open.

62. Snakes have no external ears. Therefore, they do not hear the music of a "snake charmer". Instead, they are probably responding to the movements of the snake charmer and the flute. However, sound waves may travel through bones in their heads to the middle ear.

63. Many spiders have eight eyes.

64. The tongue of snakes has no taste buds. Instead, the tongue is used to bring smells and tastes into the mouth. Smells and tastes are then detected in two pits, called "Jacobson`s organs", on the roof of their mouths. Receptors in the pits then transmit smell and taste information to the brain.

64. Birds don`t sweat.

65. The highest kangaroo leap recorded is 10 ft and the longest is 42 ft.

66. Flamingo tongues were eaten common at Roman feasts.

67. The smallest bird in the world is the Hummingbird. It weighs 1oz .

68. The bird that can fly the fastest is called a White it can fly up to 95 miles per hour.

69. The oldest living thing on earth is 12,000 years old. It is the flowering shrubs called creosote bushes in the Mojave Desert.

70. Tea is said to have been discovered in 2737 BC by a Chinese emperor when some tea leaves accidentally blew into a pot of boiling water.

71. A person can live without food for about a month, but only about a week without water. If the amount of water in your body is reduced by just 1%, you`ll feel thirsty. If it`s reduced by 10%, you`ll die.

72. Along with its length neck, the giraffe has a very long tongue -- more than a foot and a half long. A giraffe can clean its ears with its 21-inch tongue.

73. Ostriches can kick with tremendous force, but only forward. Don`t Mess with them.

74. An elephant can smell water three miles away.

75. If you were to remove your skin, it would weigh as much as 5 pounds.

76. A hippopotamus can run faster than a man

77. India never invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history.

78. The world`s known tallest man is Robert Pershing Wadlow. The giraffe is 5.49m (18 ft.), the man is 2.55m (8ft. 11.1 in.).

79. The world`s tallest woman is Sandy Allen. She is 2.35m (7 ft. 7 in.).

80. The only 2 animals that can see behind themselves without turning its head are the rabbit and the parrot.

81. The blue whale is the largest animal on earth. The heart of a blue whale is as big as a car, and its tongue is as long as an elephant.

82. The largest bird egg in the world today is that of the ostrich. Ostrich eggs are from 6 to 8 inches long. Because of their size and the thickness of their shells, they take 40 minutes to hard-boil. The average adult male ostrich, the world`s largest living bird, weighs up to 345 pounds.

83. Every dolphin has its own signature whistle to distinguish it from other dolphins, much like a human fingerprint.

84. The world`s largest mammal, the blue whale, weighs 50 tons i.e. 50000 Kg at birth. Fully grown, it weighs as much as 150 tons i.e. 150000 Kg.

85. 90 % of all the ice in the world in on Antarctica.

86. Antarctica is DRIEST continent. Antarctica is a desert

87. Antarctica is COLDEST continent, averaging minus 76 degrees in the winter.

88. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun and it doesn`t have a moon. Its atmosphere is so thin that during the day the temperature reaches 750 degrees, but at night it gets down to -300 degrees.


89. Jupiter is the largest planet. If Jupiter were hollow, you could fit 1000 earths inside! It is made up of gas and is not solid. The most famous feature on Jupiter is its Red Spot, which is actually an enormous hurricane that has been raging on Jupiter for hundreds of years! Sixteen moons orbit Jupiter.

90. Saturn is a very windy place! Winds can reach up to 1,100 miles per hour. Saturn is also made of gas. If you could find an ocean large enough, it would float. This planet is famous for its beautiful rings, and has at least 18 moons.

91. Uranus is the third largest planet, and is also made of gas. It`s tilted on its side and spins north-south rather than east-west. Uranus has 15 moons.

92. Neptune takes 165 Earth years to get around the sun. It appears blue because it is made of methane gas. Neptune also has a big Spot like Jupiter. Winds on Neptune get up to 1,200 mile per hour! Neptune has 8 moons.

93. Pluto is the farthest planet from the sun... usually. It has such an unusual orbit that it is occasionally closer to the sun than Neptune. Pluto is made of rock and ice.

94. Just about everyone listens to the radio! 99% of homes in the United States have a least one radio. Most families have several radios.


95. Sound is sent from the radio station through the air to your radio by means of electromagnetic waves. News, music, Divine teaching, baseball games, plays, advertisements- these sounds are all converted into electromagnetic waves (radio waves) before they reach your radio and your ears.

96. At the radio station, the announcer speaks into a microphone. The microphone changes the sound of his voice into an electrical signal. This signal is weak and can`t travel very far, so it`s sent to a transmitter. The transmitter mixes the signal with some strong radio signals called carrier waves. These waves are then sent out through a special antenna at the speed of light! They reach the antenna of your radio. Your antenna "catches" the signal, and the radio`s amplifier strengthens the signal and sends it to the speakers. The speakers vibrate, and your ears pick up the vibrations and your brain translates them into the voice of the radio announcer back at the station. When you consider all the places the announcer`s voice travels.

97. Every radio station has its own frequency. When you turn the tuning knob on your radio, you are choosing which frequency you want your antenna to "catch."

98. Mountain lions are known by more than 100 names, including panther, catamount, cougar, painter and puma. Its scientific name is Felis concolor, which means "cat of one color." At one time, mountain lions were very common!

99. The large cats of the world are divided into two groups- those that roar, like tigers and African lions, and those that purr. Mountain lions purr, hiss, scream, and snarl, but they cannot roar. They can jump a distance of 30 feet, and jump as high as 15 feet. It would take quite a fence to keep a mountain lion out! Their favorite food is deer, but they`ll eat other critters as well. They hunt alone, not in packs like wolves. They sneak up on their prey just like a house cat sneaks up on a bird or toy- one slow step at a time. A lion can eat ten pounds of meat at one time!

100. Queen ants can live to be 30 years old

101. Dragonflies can flap their wings 28 times per second and they can fly up to 60 miles per hour .

102. As fast as dragonflies can flap their wings, bees are even faster... they can flap their wings 435 times per second

103. Human thigh bones are stronger than concrete.

104. Right handed people live, on average, nine years longer than left-handed people

105. The elephant is the only mammal that can`t jump!

106. Fingernails grow nearly 4 times faster than toenails!

107. Women blink nearly twice as much as men

108. Honey is the only food that does not spoil. Honey found in the tombs of Egyptian pharaohs has been tasted by archaeologists and found edible.

109. Coca-Cola would be green if colouring weren`t added to it.

110. More people are allergic to cow`s milk than any other food.

111. Camels have three eyelids to protect themselves from blowing sand.

112. Earth is the only planet not named after a god.

113. It’s against the law to burp, or sneeze in a church in Nebraska, USA.

114. Some worms will eat themselves if they can`t find any food.

115. It is impossible to sneeze with your eyes open.

116. Slugs have 4 noses.

117. Owls are the only birds that can see the blue colour.

118. Your tongue is the only muscle in your body that is attached at only one end.


119. Penguins are not found in the North Pole.

120. A whip makes a cracking sound because its tip moves faster than the speed of sound.

121. Alexander Graham Bell`s wife and mother were both deaf.

122. Cockroaches break wind every 15 minutes.

123. Fish scales are an ingredient in most lipsticks

124. 1.7 liters of saliva is produced each day.

125. The world’s oldest piece of chewing gum is 9000 years old!

126. The largest beetle in the Americas is the Hercules beetle, which can be 4 to 6 inches in length. That`s bigger than your hand!

127. A full-grown male mountain lion may be 9 feet long, including his tail!

128. The average lead pencil can draw a line that is almost 35 miles long or you can write almost 50,000 words in English with just one pencil.

129. The Wright Brothers invented one of the first airplanes. It was called the Kitty Hawk.

130. Mars is nicknamed the "Red Planet," because it looks reddish in the night sky. Mars has 2 moons.

131. Venus is nicknamed the "Jewel of the Sky." Because of the greenhouse effect, it is hotter than Mercury, even though it`s not as close to the sun. Venus does not have a moon but it does have clouds of sulfuric acid.

132. Tens of thousands of participants come from all over the world, fight in a harmless battle where more than one hundred metric tons of over-ripe tomatoes are thrown in the streets.
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  #27  
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1. When a person dies, hearing is the last sense to go -- the first is usually sight, followed by taste, smell and touch.


2. A human head remains conscious for about 15 to 20 seconds after it has been decapitated.


3. 100 people choke to death on pens each year. One is more likely to be killed by a champagne cork than by a spider.


4. 4. Alexander`s funeral would have cost $600 million today. A road from Egypt to Babylon was built to carry his body.


5. When inventor Thomas Edison died in 1931, his friend Henry Ford captured his last dying breath in a bottle.


6. Over 2500 left-handed people are killed each year from using products made for right-handed people.


7. It takes longer than ever before a body to decompose due to preservatives in the food that we eat these days.


8. An eternal flame lamp at the tomb of a Buddhist priest in Nara, Japan has kept burning for 1,130 years.


9. Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry is the first person to have his ashes put aboard a rocket and buried in space.

10. Japanese factory worker Kenji Urada became the first know fatality caused by a robot in July, 1981, in a car plant.
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1. The world's population hit one billion people in the year 1804. The world hit 2 billion people only 123 years later (1927). Today's world population minus one billion people was only a bit more than a decade ago. Now that's 3 facts for just number 1.

2.According to the World Overpopulation Awareness, there are twice as many people alive as there were in 1960.

3.According to the Houston Chronicle, 3 day's worth of babies born around the world is equivalent to the entire land area of San Francisco, a city in the U.S. state of Califronia. So every baby born around the world can have a spot in San Francisco up to 3 days, or the city will be full.

4.Since the first human being, there has been an estimate of over 100 billion people born on this Earth up to 1995. So people like Aristotle, Beethoven, and Leonardo da Vinci are a part of this 100 billion people, because they are humans that have been born on this Earth since the beginning of time.

5.Since the first man was born on Earth, till today, you get about 100 billion people right? Well of all the human beings that have been born on this Earth, what percent of them is alive? 6%. So from the beginning of time, 6% of every human that has been born is alive today. This includes Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, and King Henry VIII. You see, back in the old times, there were times where only a thousand people lived on the Earth, and times where only a million people live on this Earth. The city of Chicago itself today is has a population greater than that, but as of today, 6 billion people are alive in the year 1999.

6.Every second 3 people are born and 2 people die, a net gain of 3 people.

7.At the beginning of the year 1000, (second millenium), there were 400 million people. There was 800 million people in the year 1750. That's when the population began to speed up, immensely.

8.One out of 10 people live on an island (600 million).

9.According to Zero Population Growth, the planet contained 32 acres of land per living human being. Today there are fewer than 5 acres.

10.In the year 1, there is an estimated 200 to 300 million people.

11.Of the world's estimated population of 6.157 bilion at midyear 2001, 38.9%, or some 2.393 billion, were 19 years old or younger.

12.The world's population hit 4 billion in 1874 and 5 billion in 1987.

13.World population increased from 48% from 1975 to 2000, compared with 64% from 1950 to 1975.

14.The world's population hit 500 million by 1650.
World Population Facts
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Literature


1.In 1961, Matisse's Le Bateau (The Boat) hung upside-down for 2 months in the Museum of Modern Art, New York (none of the 116,000 visitors had noticed).

2.The first history book, the Great Universal History, was published by Rashid-Eddin of Persia in 1311.

3.The first novel, called The story of Genji, was written in 1007 by Japanese noble woman, Murasaki Shikibu.

4.The world's longest nonfiction work is The Yongle Dadian, a 10,000-volume encyclopaedia produced by 5,000 scholars during the Ming Dynasty in China 500 years ago.

5.The first novel sold through a vending machine
(at the Paris Metro) was Murder on the Orient Express.

6.Jean-Dominique Bauby, a French journalist suffering from "locked-in" syndrome, wrote the book "The Driving Bell and the Butterfly" by blinking his left eyelid, the only part of his body that could move.

7.Vincent van Gogh, a valued painter, sold only one painting in his whole entire life. It was to his brother who owned an art gallery. The painting was "Red Vineyards at Arles."

8.Ernest Vincent Wright's 1939 novel Gadsby has 50,110 words, none of which contains the letter "e."

9.The first English dictionary was written by Samuel Johnson in 1755.

10.In Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's attempt to give his famous detective character an outlandish first name, Sherlock Holmes was almost called Sherrinford Holmes. Ultimately, Doyle named him after the Yorkshire bowler whom he played cricket against, Mordecai Sherlock.

11.Rembrandt van Rijn painted about 700 pictures.

12.Reportedly, Louisa May Alcott didn't want to write her classic novel, Little Women. She despised young girls and wrote the bestseller for the money.

13.Life on the Mississippi, written by Mark Twain in 1883, was the first novel ever to be written on a typewriter. Some of you may have thought Tom Sawyer, but good o Mark Twain remembered it wrong, since careful research by Twain historians has proven otherwise.

14.The name for Oz in the "The Wizard of Oz" was thought up when the creator, Frank Baum, looked at his filing cabinet and saw A-N and O-Z, hence "Oz."

15.The largest book in the world is known to be "The Golden Book of Cleveland," measuring five feet by seven feet, containing 6,000 pages for signatures and weighs about 2 and a half tons.

16.The author who wrote the most novels is a woman named Barbara Cartland, who wrote 723 novels.

17.The first children's book that was published in the United States was called Spiritual Milk for Boston Babes in wither England Drawn from the Breast of Both Testaments for Their Soul's Nourishment.

18.When the Titanic sank, the book that went down with it was "A gem encrusted copy," by Omar Khayyam.

19.The first American novel is The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph Founded in Truth, printed in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1798, written by William Hill Brown.

20.The world's largest art gallery is the Winter Palace and Hermitage in St. Petersburg, Russia. Visitors would have to walk 15 miles to see the 322 galleries which house nearly 3 million works of art.

21.The first American novel to sell one million copies was Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin," published in March 20, 1852.

22.A grand piano can be played faster than an upright piano.

23.Music notes come from Greek signs called neumes.

24.Peter Pan was first played as a play in London, England in December 27, 1904.

25.Bambi was first published in 1923 in Germany by Siegmund Salzmann written under the pen name of Felix Salten.

26.The world's smallest guitar is around 10 micrometers long, or about the length of a human cell. It has 6 strings about 50 nanometers wide, and when plucked, it would make a sound, unable to be heard with the human ear. It was made out of crystalline silicon in 1997 at Cornell University by Professor Harold Craighead and graduate student Dustin Carr.

27.A grand piano can open it's top in varying heights depending on the props. The highest top of a grand piano held open by props makes an angle of 57 degrees.

28.The fourth book in the popular series, "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire" holds the world record for the largest first-run printing at 4.8 million copies.

29.Before publishing Robert Louis Stevenson's story "Treasure Island", he orginally called it "The Sea Cook."

30.The oldest bookstore in the U.S. is thought to be the Moravian Book Shop in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, found in 1745. It occupies around 14,000 square feet and conatins roughly between 10,000 to 15,000 books.

31.Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel) wrote a total of 46 childrens' books. His first book, "And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street" (1937) was rejected 28 times before finding a publisher at Random House.

32.The first piano patent was granted to James Sylvanus McLean of New Jersey on May 27, 1796, for an "improvement in piano fortes."

33.The first American-born composer was Francis Hopkinson, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, who graduated in 1757 from the College of Philadelphia.

34.The first book for the blind was the Gospel of St. Mark, published in 1833 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by the Pennsylvania Institution for the Instruction of the Blind.

35.Leonardo da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa on a piece of pinewood, 77 centimeter x 53 centimeter (30 inches x 20 7/8 inches) in the year 1506. It took him 4 years to finish it.

36.In 1473, just a few decades after the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg, the first mechanically printed music, the Constance Gradual, is published in southern Germany.

37.John Calvin once ordered all organs (the musical instrument) to be removed from churches in the city of Geneva in 1536.

38.You all would know that the inventor of the grand piano is Bartolomeo Cristofori in the early 1700s, but it wasn't to around 1800 that Philadelphia instrument-maker John Isaac Hawkins invented the upright piano.

39.The first book auction in record was held in the Netherlands in 1599.

40.The first encyclopedic dictionary was the Lexicon Technicum, published in 1704.

41.The highest painting sold (at an auction) was The Portrait of Dr. Gachet, an oil paiting by Dutch Impressionist Vincent van Gogh, which was sold to Ryaei Saito at a Christie's auction in 1990 for $82.5 million.

42.The fairy story "The Sleeping Beauty" was wrote by French poet Charles Perrault in 1697, and was originally called "La Belle au bois dormant."

43.The largest collection of incunabula is in the Huntington Library in San Marinos, California, U.S.A.

44.A total of 23.3 million Harry Potter books were sold in the U.S. in the year 2000.

45.Grandma Moses, whose real name was Anna Mary Robertson, started painting in her late 70s. She was 80 years old when her first solo public show, at a New York City gallery, launched her career as a major artist. She died at age 101.

46.It has been speculated that when King James I of Englang hired 54 of the best writers and scholars in the country for a new English version of the Bible in 1604, William Shakespeare may have been among them. Although there is no conclusive evidence for participation in the project, it is nevertheless intriguing that the 46th word of the 46th psalm is "shake," and the 46th word from the end of the Psalm is "spear." Shakespeare, who was fond of cryptograms, was 46 years old at the time the version was completed. Either way, this is probably pure coincidence.

47.Yamaha, established in 1887, was the first piano manfacturer in Japan.

48.The worlds largest piano is a Challen Concert Grand, made by Challen. This piano is 11 foot 8 inch long, has a total string tension of over 30 tons, and weighs more than a ton.

49.The four strings of a violin, from left to right (thickist string to thinnest) is G, D, A, and E.

50.There are over 10 million pianos in American homes, businesses, and institutions.

51.The first violin was created by Andrea Amati in Cremona, Italy, around 1564.

52. The most expensive paintings ever stolen happened on April 14, 1991, in which 20 paintings, estimated to be worth $500 million dollars, were stolen from the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 35 minutes later, they were found in an abandoned car not far from the museum.

53.The oldest known bible is the Codex Vaticanus, written in Greek ante 350 A.D. and is preserved in the Vatican Museum, Rome.

54.Chopin's famous Waltz No. 3 in F Major is said to have been inspired by a cat walking over piano keys.

55.Victor Hugo's Les Miserables, there is a sentence that contains 823 words, containing 93 commas, 51 semicolons and 4 dashes.

56.Benjamin Disraeli, one of England's most influential prime ministers, wrote his first novel Vivian Grey in 1826 in order to pay off large debts he incurred in the stock market.

57.In China, the first printed book, a copy of the Buddhist Diamond Sutra is produced using carved wooden blocks to print the text on paper.

58.The first book on deaf education, by Juan Pablo Bonet, is published in 1620, inaugurating the field of special education.

59.Alfred Lord Tennyson wrote "Crossing The Bar" while crossing to Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, from Lymington, Dorset, jotting down the 16 lines (almost unchanged in the final version) on an old envelope.

60.The fastest time in which a book has been published is 46.5 hours from receipt of manuscript to finished copies, titled Miracle on Ice, by the staff of the New York Times from Feburary 17 to February 29 of 1980. The book is 96 pages and published by Bantam Books.

61.Pablo Picasso's 78 year career had finished 13,500 paintings, 100,000 prints and engravings, 34,000 book illustrations, and 300 sculptures and ceramics.

62.Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's last 3 major symphonic works were the Symphony No. 39 in E flat major, the Symphony in G minor, and the 'Jupiter' Symphony in C, were written in 6 weeks flat in 1788.

63.A French literary paper "Le Constitutionel" managed in 1844-1845 had increased its readership from 3,000 to 40,000, an arise that seems to have been brought out by the serialisation of Eugene Sue's novel Juif Errant.

64.The longest encyclopedia was written by China's Yu-Hai, published in 1738 at 240 volumes.

65.When Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was 13, he heard the secret song of the Sistine Choir and copied it out from memory.

66.The first American dictionary was Noah Webster's A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language, at 408 pagesm published in 1806 at New Haven, Connecticut by Sidney's press for Hudson and Goodwin.

67.The first dictionary compiled by a woman was The Language of Fashion, edited by Mary Brooks Picken, published February 2, 1940, in New York City, containing 8,000 term and 600 illustrations relating to wearing apparel.

68.The first novel written by a black was William Wells Brown's Clotel, or the President's Daughter, a Narrative of Slave Life in the United States, published in London, England, in 1853, at 403 pages and sold for ten cents.
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EDS



1.The world's tallest living tree to date is the Mendocino Tree (Sequoia sempervirens), which is 367 feet and 6 inches tall (112.014 meters), located at the Montgomery Woods State Reserve, in California, U.S.A. It has a diameter of 10.3 feet, or 3.139 meters.

2.The first Welwitschia plant was discovered by Austrian botanist Friedrich Welwitsch in 1860 in the Namib desert in the southern part of Angola.

3.One molecule of sucrose is actually one molecule of glucose and one molecule of fructose bonded together (covalently linked). So one glucose and one fructose combined makes one sucrose.

4.The poinsettia flower is named after a
19th-century ambassador, Joel Roberts Poinsett, who first brought the poinsettia plant to America.

5.There is a fish that can climb trees, called the mudskipper. It spends about 3/4th of its time out of water. Malaysian mudskippers live in swamps where they climb among tangled stem roots, and sometimes into branches.

6.The world's oldest living plant is estimated to be the Tasmanian king's holly, Loamtia tasmanica, a member of the Proteaceae family, which has survived for about 43,600 years.

7.A single corn plant has been estimated to transpire about 54 gallons (245 liters) of water in one growing season.

8.The family Marantaceae (Arrowroot Family) was named after Bartolomeo Maranta, an Italian botanist.

9.In the poison ivy plant, an oil called urushiol, found in the leaves, vines, and even the roots of the plant, causes the poison ivy rash. (As little as one nanogram of urushiol [billionth of a gram], causes the rash).

10.Frogs can jump up to 20 times their body length. The longest jump on record is 33 feet 5.5 inch.

11.Dolphins can empty and refill their lungs in less than 0.2 seconds (one fifth of a second).

12.The family Pontederiaceae (Water Hyacinth Family) was named after Giulio Pontedera.

13.There are two types of poison ivy: a climbing plant (toxicodendron radicans) and a shrub (toxicodendron rydbergii). Don't bother trying to tell them apart since they look similar and often grow in the same place.

14.The sacred lotus Nelumbo nucifera heats up when it is ready for pollination. For up to four days it maintains steamy temperatures of 86-95 degrees Fahrenheit (30-35 degrees Celsius) to attract insects and encourage them to move from one flower to another.

15.The country believe to have the most amount of plant species is Brazil, around or over 56,000.

16.The Compositae (Asteraceae) have more species than any other family of flowering plants with over 20,000 species recognized, mostly in the tropics.

17.Another word for fructose is laevulose.

18.When at 200 degrees Celsius, sucrose will melt into caramel.

19.One molecule of glucose with one molecule of galactose makes one molecule of lactose.

20.The first enzyme to be discovered was diastase (amylase), discovered by French chemist Anselme Payen.

21.Food storage in seeds occurs either in the cotyledon or the endosperm.

22.Lysosomes contain enzymes for breaking down macromolecules (lysozymes).

23.The animal kingdom is the largest kingdoms in terms of number of species.

24.The main function of water in photophosphorylation is to provide electrons which are energized by light energy.

25.Members of the phylum Cnidaria, whichs contains hydrozoans, jellyfish, and sea anemones, have radial symmetry.

26.Nematodes don't have a true coelom, but a psudocoelom.

27.Glucagon is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that stimulates the liver to break down glycogen into glucose (glycogen hydrolysis) and to release glucose into the blood.

28.The xylem contains many cells including fibers called schlerenchyma.

29.In most cells, the cytoplasm is divided into two parts: the ectoplasm (plasmagel), and the endoplasm (plasmasol).

30.A newly discovered frog species is so tiny that it can sit comfortably on the human fingernail. The frog, Psyllophryne didactyla, was discovered in Cuba in 1996.

31.A handful of soil contains up to 5,000 different species of bacteria.

32.Earthworms produce nitrous oxide as a by-product from digesting soil nitrates and nitrites. Soil with earthworms contains five times as much nitrous oxide as soil without.

33.The slowest-growing tree is a white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) located in Canada. After 155 years, it grew to a height of 4 inches (10.2 centimeters), and weighed only 0.6 ounces (17 grams).

34.Psilocybin (C12H17N2O4P), a hallucinogenic crystalline solid, are obtained from the mushroom Psilocybe mexicana.

35.Glycolysis is a subdivision of cellular respiration in which glucose molecules are broken down to form pyruvic acid molecules.

36.The amino acid tryptophan was discovered by Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins in 1901.

37.The amino acid histine was discovered by Albrecht Kossel.

38.The most powerful health-promoting compounds in blueberries are anthocyanins, and have been proven to improve brain power, especially with rats.

39.The monera kingdom is the smallest kingdom in terms fo number of species.

40.The Miocene ape (Proconsul africanus) was discovered by Kenyan anthropologist Louis Leakey in 1948, a possible ancestor of both monkeys and apes.

41.Scottish botanist Robert Brown discovered the nucleus in plant cells, in 1831.

42.The first textbook on botany was written by U.S. botanist Asa Gray "Elements of Botany" in 1836.

43.All mushrooms are classified under the phylum Basidiomycota (kingdom Fungi).

44.There are around 65,000 different species of protists.

45.All protists are eukaryotes.

46.There are 4,765 different species of frogs.

47.The species with the most known pair of chromosomes is the Ophioglossum reticulatum, a species of fern, with more than 630 pairs (1,260 total).

48.An old, still healthy, mature oak tree is estimated to have approximately 250,000 leaves (one fourth of a million).

49.The birds appeared on the Earth a little more than 60 million years ago.

50.The rate at which glycolysis occurs in a cell is stimulated by the concentration of adenosine diphosphate (ADP). (The control of the rate of glycolysis depends upon the activity of the allosteric enzyme, phosphofructokinase. The enzyme is activated by adenosine diphosphate and inhibited by adenosine triphosphate (ATP)).

51.Carotenoids that do not contain oxygen are called carotenes and are deep orange in color. Carotenoids that do contain oxygen are called xanthophylls, and are yellow in color.

52.Phytochromes are the pigments in plants that allows the plant to discern whether or not it's at day or night (more specifically light or dark).

53.Ferredoxin is an iron containing protein that functions in capturing energy rich electrons from excited chlorophyll molecules.

54.The three different kinds of kidneys found in vertebrates are the pronephros, mesonephros, and metanephros.

55.A 14-leafed red clover (the clover with the most leaves known to date)
(Trifolium pratense) was reported by Paul Haizlip, located in Bellevue, Washington, U.S.A., on June 22,1987. There is also a 14-leafed white clover (Trifolium repens), found by Randy Farland near Sioux Falls, South Dakota, U.S.A., on June 16, 1975.

56.The highest chlorophyll content found in a plant is in the Kirin Chlorella M-207A7 (Chlorella vulgaris), a type of algae. It has been measured on a dry weight basis to be 6.7%. This percentage rate was discovered by Dr. Kouichi Nakanishi of Kirin Brewery Company Ltd., Japan.

57.The world's heaviest cabbage was grown by Bernard Lavery of Llanharry, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Wales, in 1989. It weighed 124 pounds (56.24 kilograms).

58.There are two types of cells, prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Prokaryotes are more simpler than eukaryotes, but they both posses a plasma membrane and cytoplasm.

59.The world's oldest vine, the Old Vine, in Maribor, Slovenia, is around 400 years old. A scientific measurement of the vine carried out in 1972 established that it was between 350 and 400 years old. Now it is rougly 380 to 480 years old, and produces about 100 bottles of wine, or 35 to 55 kilograms of grapes, yearly.

60.The world's tallest sunflower, grown in 1986 by Martien Heijms in Oirschot, The Netherlands, grew to be 25 foot 5 inches (7.76 meters).

61.The four stomachs of a cow are the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum.

62.The neck of a giraffe has 7 vertebras.

63.There are around less than 10,000 different species of monera.

64.There are around 500,000 different species of plants.

65.There are around 100,000 different species of fungi.

66.There are around less than 795,000 different species of animals.

67.The producer of penicillin is Penicillium, an organism in the class Ascomycetes of the phylum Eumocyta, of the Fungi kingdom.

68.The zylem of a plant conducts water and transports minerals upwards from the roots.

69.The phloem transports sugars and other nutrients from the leaves to the other parts of the plant.

70.The plant hormone abscisic acid (C15H20O4) inhibits the growth of leaves and germinating seeds.

71.Red blood cells are the only cells in the human body that do not have a nucelus.

72.The first animal to be successfully cloned was a frog, done by British molecular biologist John B. Gurdon in 1933.

73.The first mammal to be successfully cloned was an ewe named Dolly, born in July of 1996, led by Ian Wilmut.

74.If the deoxyribonucleic acid in a single human cell were stretched out and laid end to end, it would measure approximately 6.5 feet (2 meters).

75.The amino acid asparagine was discovered by French chemist Nicolas-Louis Vauquelin in 1806.

76.The bacteria Epulopiscium fishelsoni, which lives in the gut of surgeonfish, was first identified in 1985 and mistakenly classified as a protozoan, but was measured to be overly huge, at 0.015 inches (0.38 millimeters) in diameter.

77.The study of fungi is called mycology.

78.The upper shell (back) of a turtle is the dorsal carapace. The lower shell (front) of a turtle is the ventral plastron.

79.The cell walls of archaebacteria lack peptidoglycans.

80.Red algae contain red accessory pigments called phycobilins.

81.The largest group of living seedless vascular plants are the ferns, at about 12,000 different species, in which around 2/3rd are tropical.

82.The first plant patent was issued to Henry F. Bosenberg, a landscape gardener, who received U.S. Plant Patent 1 on August 18, 1931 for a climbing or trailing rose.

83.The earliest vertebrate, Anatolepsis, was a jawless fish from China that lived at least 500 million years ago.

84.The earliest bird, Archaeopteryx, was a pigeon sized bird with a long tail, toothed beak, and real feathers, that appeared about 160 million years ago.

85.Mycoplasma genitalium has the smallest number of genes of any organism yet known on Earth. Sequenced in 1995, it has 480 genes.

86.Two molecules of glucose bonded together makes one molecule of maltose.

87.The four nitrogen bases in deoxyribonucleic acid nuleotides are adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine.

88.Ribosomes assemble amino acids into proteins in the cytoplasm.

89.The source of electrons used in making a molecule of glucose is photolysis, which splits H2O to provide the electrons for photophosphorylation, which are incorporated in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen.

90.The world's oldest known tree is a bristlecone pine named Methuselah, located in Californoa's White Mountains at just over 4,760 years old.

91.The first trees that lived were the scale trees, that grew during the Devonian period.

92.The smallest flowering plant in the world belong to the genus Wolffia of the Duckweed family, at between .3 to .5 millimeters in diameter.

93.Sharks have to keep swimming in order to survive. The great white shark must swim constantly at 2.2 miles per hour (3.5 kilometers per hour) to ensure oxygen reaches its bloodstream.

94.The sensors on the feet of a red admiral butterfly are 200 times more sensitive to sugar than the human tongue.

95.Common frogs can live for about six years but only 1 in 10,000 will successfully evade predators and disease to live to 6.

96.The deep-sea fish Malecosteus niger has chlorophyll in the retina of its eye. This is the only known instance of chlorophyll being found in an organism that is not a plant or bacteria.

97.The tallest tree ever measured was an Australian eucalyptus (Eucalyptus regnans), reported in 1872 at 435 feet (132 meters) high.

98.The world's smallest winged insect is smaller than the eye of a house fly. It is the Tanzanian parasitic wasp, which has a wingspan of 0.008 inch (0.2 millimeter).

99.The bark tree of the cork tree (Quercus suber, a type of oak tree) is made up of many unique cells. Each cell has 14 sides, and, in a cubic centimeter of cork tree bark, there are about 40 million of them. Cork cells are separated from each other by a layer of air. All the air in this intercellular space is what makes cork float.
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Last edited by Sureshlasi; Thursday, October 04, 2007 at 07:48 AM.
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