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Islam Invite to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided." Holy Qur'an 16:125

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Old Wednesday, December 19, 2007
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Lightbulb Eid Ul Adha 'the festival of sacrifice in Islam'

Once again we have all been blessed by Allah (SWT) to witness and celebrate this great day of Eid Al-Adha. Eid Al-Adha basically means, 'the festival of sacrifice in Islam'.

On this day, Muslims are reminded about that great trial, which Prophet Ibrahim (AS) or Prophet Abraham (PBUH) was put to, of sacrificing his young son Prophet Ismail (AS) or Prophet Ishmael (PBUH). Prophet Ibrahim (AS) complied to the command of Allah (SWT) and fully succeeded in it.

Prophet Ibrahim (AS) is regarded as the champion of Monotheism. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) is one of the most favorite prophets of Allah (SWT) who is held him in very high esteem.

The Holy Quran speaks extensively about Prophet Ibrahim (AS). Infact the name of Ibrahim has appeared in the Holy Quran 69 times. He has been given many beautiful names and titles such as:

Khaleelullah (Friend of Allah)

Siddiq (The Truthful)

Nabi (The Prophet)

Imam (The leader)

Muslim (One who submits to One God)

Haneef (A non-deviant Monotheist)

Ummah (A Nation)

The Great Trial of Sacrifice:

The story about the great trial of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) is an interesting one and there are many lessons that can be derived from it by those who believe in Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and claim to follow his creed. To summarize what had transpired:

Prophet Ibrahim (AS) had prayed to Allah (SWT) to grant him a son. Allah (SWT) fulfilled his wish and gave him Prophet Ismail (AS) at very old age.
"O God! Grant me with a righteous son. So We gave him the glad tidings of a forbearing son." (37:100-101)

When the child attained 13 years of age, Allah (SWT) commanded Prophet Ibrahim (AS) in his dream to sacrifice him for His sake.

"When he was old enough to assist in his endeavor, he said: 'My son! I see in my dream that I am sacrificing you. See what you think?'" (37:102) Because it was the command from Allah (SWT), the righteous son encouraged his old father to discharge his duty.

"He said: 'O Father! Do whatever you have been commanded. If Allah wishes, you will find me to be patient." (37:102)

Prophet Ibrahim (AS) set out with his son Prophet Ismail (AS) to the sacrificing spot. It was certainly not an easy task! On the way, Shaytan or Satan appeared in a form of an old advising man. He tried to stop Prophet Ibrahim (AS) from offering the sacrifice, but because of the strong faith in Allah (SWT), Prophet Ibrahim (AS)'s determination to comply with the command of his Creator could not be shaken. Shaytan then tried his luck with young Prophet Ismail (AS) and persuade him to escape from his ill fate. As a result of his father's invocation, Prophet Ismail (AS) was a righteous son and he too, could therefore not be influenced. Both, the father and the son chased Shaytan away. They then arrived at the sacrificing spot at Mina.
Prophet Ibrahim (AS) tied the hands and the legs of his son so as not to be perturbed by his pain and restlessness. He blindfolded himself and carrying the knife enacted the command of Allah (SWT).

When Prophet Ibrahim (AS) removed his fold, he saw Prophet Ismail (AS) by his side and in his place; a Ram lay slain before them. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) trembled lest Allah (SWT) rejected his sacrifice. Suddenly he heard a voice that was soothing:

"We called out to him: O Ibrahim! You have indeed fulfilled the vision! Thus indeed We reward the virtuous. This indeed was a manifest trial. Then We ransomed him with a great sacrifice, and We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times: Peace be to Ibrahim." (37:104-109)

Lesson from the Great Trial of Sacrifice:

One of the things that the Hujjaj (the pilgrims to the house of God for Hajj) do on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, and so do many Muslims all over the world is to:
Slaughter a lamb, or a sheep, or a goat or a camel in remembrance of this great sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). This act is not mere a ritual but it has a meaning and a significance. Allah (SWT) has not commanded us to sacrifice animals because He (SWT) is bloodthirsty or meat hungry.

In Suratul Hajj, verses 36 and 37, He (SWT) has made it clear:
"Thus we have disposed them (animals) for your benefit so that you may give thanks." (22:36)

Then He (SWT) adds:
"It is not their flesh or their blood that reaches Allah. Rather it is your piety that reaches Him. Thus has He disposed them for your benefit so that you may magnify Allah for His guiding you. And give good news to the virtuous." (22:37)

So what is the significance of offering sacrifice of animals on this day of Eid Al-Adha?

The answer to this question is simple. Allah (SWT) wants to train us to follow the path of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) who was willing to offer Allah (SWT) his dearest possession in form of his son Prophet Ismail (AS). Allah (SWT) did not want Prophet Ismail (AS) to be sacrificed, but Allah (SWT) wanted Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to show his willingness to sacrifice Prophet Ismail (AS), which he (AS) did bravely.

Dr. Ali Shari'ati in his book, 'Philosophy of Hajj' writes and I quote:
"This is a story of man's perfection and his freedom from selfishness and animalistic desires. It is man's ascension to a higher spirit and loves, to a strong will that frees him from any thing that may hinder his responsibility as a conscious man."

In other words, Allah (SWT) is telling us:
On this day of Eid Al-Adha, you should select your Ismail and bring him to Mina! Who is your Ismail? Anything that is causing an obstruction for you to reach your Lord and fulfill your duties towards Him. Your Ismail could be:

Your wealth

Your job

Your rank

Your power

Your lust

Your greed

Your spouse

Your children
It could be anything and make sure that it is as dear to you as Prophet Ismail (AS) was to Prophet Ibrahim (AS). As you are sacrificing an animal on this day, bear in mind that you are infact, sacrificing that dearest thing in your life and telling Allah (SWT): "O My Lord! Henceforth, this thing, which has been dearest to me in life, will not hinder me from reaching You and acquiring Your pleasure." Imam Zainul Abideen (AS), talking about the significance of each and every ritual that is performed during Hajj, asked Shibli: "As you slaughtered your sacrificial animal (during Hajj), did you intend to cut off the throat of greed (that is hidden in you) by clinging to the reality of Taqwa and to follow the exemplary tradition of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) who intended to slaughter his dear son Prophet Ismail (so as to discharge the command of Allah)?"

Shibli said, "No!"
"In that case" said the Imam Zainul Abideen (AS) "You have not sacrificed your animal."

Similarly, whilst giving instructions to the Hujjaj (the pilgrims to the house of God for Hajj) Imam Jafar Sadiq (AS) said to them: "Cut the throat of carnal desires and greed by offering animal sacrifice." We pray to Allah (SWT) on this great day of Eid Al-Adha to grant us with tawfeeq to follow in the path of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and forgive all our past and future sins.
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Old Thursday, December 27, 2007
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Post Was Islam Spread By The Sword?


It is a common complaint among some non-Muslims that Islam would not have millions of adherents all over the world, if it had not been spread by the use of force. The following points will make it clear, that far from being spread by the sword, it was the inherent force of truth, reason and logic that was responsible for the rapid spread of Islam.

1. Islam means peace.
Islam comes from the root word ‘salaam’, which means peace. It also means submitting one’s will to Allah (swt). Thus Islam is a religion of peace, which is acquired by submitting one’s will to the will of the Supreme Creator, Allah (swt).

2. Sometimes force has to be used to maintain peace.
Each and every human being in this world is not in favor of maintaining peace and harmony. There are many, who would disrupt it for their own vested interests. Sometimes force has to be used to maintain peace. It is precisely for this reason that we have the police who use force against criminals and anti-social elements to maintain peace in the country. Islam promotes peace. At the same time, Islam exhorts it followers to fight where there is oppression. The fight against oppression may, at times, require the use of force. In Islam force can only be used to promote peace and justice.

3. Opinion of historian De Lacy O’Leary.
The best reply to the misconception that Islam was spread by the sword is given by the noted historian De Lacy O’Leary in the book "Islam at the cross road" (Page 8):
"History makes it clear however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of the sword upon conquered races is one of the most fantastically absurd myth that historians have ever repeated."

4. Muslims ruled Spain for 800 years.
Muslims ruled Spain for about 800 years. The Muslims in Spain never used the sword to force the people to convert. Later the Christian Crusaders came to Spain and wiped out the Muslims. There was not a single Muslim in Spain who could openly give the adhan, that is the call for prayers.

5. 14 million Arabs are Coptic Christians.
Muslims were the lords of Arabia for 1400 years. For a few years the British ruled, and for a few years the French ruled. Overall, the Muslims ruled Arabia for 1400 years. Yet today, there are 14 million Arabs who are Coptic Christians i.e. Christians since generations. If the Muslims had used the sword there would not have been a single Arab who would have remained a Christian.

6. More than 80% non-Muslims in India.
The Muslims ruled India for about a thousand years. If they wanted, they had the power of converting each and every non-Muslim of India to Islam. Today more than 80% of the population of India are non-Muslims. All these non-Muslim Indians are bearing witness today that Islam was not spread by the sword.

7. Indonesia and Malaysia.
Indonesia is a country that has the maximum number of Muslims in the world. The majority of people in Malaysia are Muslims. May one ask, "Which Muslim army went to Indonesia and Malaysia?"

8. East Coast of Africa.
Similarly, Islam has spread rapidly on the East Coast of Africa. One may again ask, if Islam was spread by the sword, "Which Muslim army went to the East Coast of Africa?"

9. Thomas Carlyle.
The famous historian, Thomas Carlyle, in his book "Heroes and Hero worship", refers to this misconception about the spread of Islam: "The sword indeed, but where will you get your sword? Every new opinion, at its starting is precisely in a minority of one. In one man’s head alone. There it dwells as yet. One man alone of the whole world believes it, there is one man against all men. That he takes a sword and try to propagate with that, will do little for him. You must get your sword! On the whole, a thing will propagate itself as it can."

10. No compulsion in religion.
With which sword was Islam spread? Even if Muslims had it they could not use it to spread Islam because the Qur’an says in the following verse:
"Let there be no compulsion in religion:
Truth stands out clear from error"
[Al-Qur’an 2:256]

11. Sword of the Intellect.
It is the sword of intellect. The sword that conquers the hearts and minds of people. The Qur’an says in Surah Nahl, chapter 16 verse 125:
"Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching;
and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious."
[Al-Qur’an 16:125]

12. Increase in the world religions from 1934 to 1984.
An article in Reader’s Digest ‘Almanac’, year book 1986, gave the statistics of the increase of percentage of the major religions of the world in half a century from 1934 to 1984. This article also appeared in ‘The Plain Truth’ magazine. At the top was Islam, which increased by 235%, and Christianity had increased only by 47%. May one ask, which war took place in this century which converted millions of people to Islam?

13. Islam is the fastest growing religion in America and Europe.
Today the fastest growing religion in America is Islam. The fastest growing religion in Europe in Islam. Which sword is forcing people in the West to accept Islam in such large numbers?

14. Dr. Joseph Adam Pearson.
Dr. Joseph Adam Pearson rightly says, "People who worry that nuclear weaponry will one day fall in the hands of the Arabs, fail to realize that the Islamic bomb has been dropped already, it fell the day MUHAMMED (pbuh) was born".
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Old Wednesday, January 16, 2008
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Post Islamic Unity

Islamic Unity

From The Clear Path...
... Because of Shirk, innovations and leaving the Sunnah

All Praise is for Allah, Lord of all the creation and May His peace and Blessings be upon is last Prophet Muhammad and upon the Prophet's family and upon the companions and on all those who follow the path of guidance until the last day.

We see that the Muslim Ummah is in a divided and fragmented state and this division is indeed prohibited in Islam. Rather Allah subhana wa Ta'ala has enjoined upon us to hold onto the rope of Allah, which is the Qur'an and the Sunnah as understood by the Companions. But how did we reach this state in the first place, what causes disunity?

Associating partners in worship with Allah subhana wa Ta'ala without doubt is one of the major causes for people splitting up the religion. It is a major sin by ascribing partners with Allah in worship. Today throughout the world there are numerous examples of shirk amongst the Ummah, such as those who call upon the dead in the grave. Allah says: "And invoke not besides Allah anything that will neither profit you nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Dhalimoon (polytheists and wrong-doers)." [Surah Yoonus 10:106]

Verily Allah has created us to worship Him alone, as He Azza wa Jall says: "And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone)." S[urah adh-Dhaariyaat 51:56]

So the one who gives worship to other than Allah, then has he not committed the most severe sin. Allah says: "Surely Allah will never forgive the one who commits the sin of shirk and may forgive anyone else if He so pleases. One who commits shirk has indeed gone far away from the Right Way. " [Surah an-Nisaa 4:116]

It was narrated by Abu Bakrah that: "The Prophet (alayhe salat wa salam) said three times: 'Shall I not tell you of the most serious of the major sins?' We said, 'Of course, O Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'Associating anything in worship with Allah.'" B[ukhari No. 2511, al-Bagha edition]

O noble reader it will not be hidden from you that throughout the world Muslims are stooped in such practices of calling upon the dead saint in the grave, asking him to remove their difficulty whether it be Abdul Qaadir al Jeelanee or al Badawee or Ali or Husayn or other people who's graves have been made places of worship. How can unity be achieved amongst the Muslims when some Muslims can not unify their worship for Allah Azza wa Jall alone? O noble reader consider the following, how many Muslims: Wear Amulets and charms, despite the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) saying: "Whoever hangs up an amulet is guilty of shirk" [Ahmad, 4/156 see also Silsilat al-Sahihah, no. 492]

Read astrology in magazines or go to fortune tellers, despite the Prophet ( sallallahu alayhe wa salam) saying: "Whoever goes to a fortune-teller and asks him about something, his prayers will not be accepted for forty nights." [Muslim 4/1751]

So while all these non-Islamic beliefs and practices are present amongst the Muslims howcan unity take place? Is not our first obligation to give da'wah to those Muslims who are stooped in these practices? Thereby calling to tawheed as all 124,000 Prophets from Adam (alayhe salam) to the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) did. They all began their call to the people with Tawheed - worshipping Allah (subhana wa Ta'ala) alone.

Having incorrect beliefs:
Another major reason for disunity is the wide range of beliefs prevalent amongst the Muslims. Despite us having the same Qur'an and the same Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa salam), Muslims still have different beliefs. Why is this? If we all are referring back to the Qur'an and the Sunnah in every matter then why the differences. Allah subhana wa Ta'ala says: "Should you have a dispute in anything, refer it to Allah and His Rasool, if you truly believe in Allah and the Last Day. This course of action will be better and more suitable. " [Surah an-Nisaa 4:59]

So verily O noble reader imagines if every Muslim acted upon this ayah - would there be any differences then? NO except maybe in the issues of fiqh, such as the prayer, etc. But our beliefs and methodology would be one, so why is this not the case? It is because many Muslims today do not refer every issue back to Allah and His Messenger (alayhe salatu wa salam), rather they ask their local Imaam or their parents or refer it back to their madhab.

Know O noble reader that the first thing that all the Prophets called to was the rectification of the beliefs, before calling to the Islamic state or to Jihaad, the first thing was purifying the beliefs of the Muslim. So how can we have unity while there are Muslims who believe: That Allah (subhana wa Ta'ala) is everywhere, despite Allah saying: "They fear their Rabb Who is above them, and they do whatever they are commanded to do." [Surah an-Nahl 16:50]

That the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) was not human and was made from light, despite Allah saying: "Say (O Muhammad saws): 'I am only a human being like you. It is revealed to me that your Ilaah (God worthy of being worshipped) is One Ilaah (God)." [Surah Fussilat 41:6]

That the saying of an Imaam should be acted upon over the hadeeth, despite Allaah saying: "Let those who disobey his orders beware, lest some trial befall them or a painful punishment be inflicted on them." [Surah an-Noor 24:63]

And also Allah subhana wa Ta'ala saying: "Nay! O Muhammad - by your Rabb -they will never be true believers until they accept you as a judge in their disputes, then they do not find any resentment in their hearts against your verdicts and accept them with complete submission. " [Surah an-Nisaa 4:65]

hat Imaan does not increase or decrease, despite the Prophet (saws) saying: "Imaan has seventy odd or sixty odd branches. The most virtuous of them is the statement, 'There is none worthy of worship except Allaah', and the slightest of them is to remove something harmful from the road. And hayaa is a branch of Imaan." [Bukhaaree and Muslim]

Umayr Ibn Habeeb al-Khatmee , may Allah be pleased with him, used to say: "Eeman increases and decreases." Someone asked: "What increases it and what decreases it?" He replied: "If we remember Allah, praise him, and declare His perfection; that is what increases it. If we are heedless, squander and forget; that is what decreases it." [Causes behind increase and decrease of eeman - Abdur-Razzak al-Abbad - Page 9] Mu'aadh Ibn Jabal, may Allah be pleased with him, used to say: "Sit with us, so that we may have eeman for an hour." [Causes behind increase and decrease of eeman - Abdur-Razzak al-Abbad - Page 9] Bid'ah - Innovations in the religion.

Another cause for disunity and not holding fast to the rope of Allah subhana wa Ta'ala is the occurrence of innovations in this Ummah. Allah has informed us in the Qur'an that He has completed this religion of Islam: "Today I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favor upon you and approved Al-Islam as a Deen (way of life for you). " [Surah al-Ma'idah 5:3]

Since the religion is complete how can it be that we need to add new things and ways of worship to Islam? Whatever was not part of the religion at the time of the Prophet (alayhe salatu wa salam) can not be accepted as a part of the religion now. The Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) has warned us against adding new things to the religion when he (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) said: "Whoever innovates in this matter of ours that which is not from it will have it (his innovation) rejected. " [Muslim No. 1718]

The people who propose unity at all costs have a saying that 'An innovation that unites us is better than a Sunnah which divides'. Subhan'Allaah look at such a statement O noble reader, innovations are grave and serious and a cause for entering the fire as he (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) said: "... and every innovation is misguidance and all misguidance is in the Hellfire." [Reported by an-Nasaa'ee (1/224)]

So if someone said to you look there is a fire over there lets all hold hands and unify and then go in to it, you would think they were crazy! So how can we come together upon something as dangerous as innovations, such as the innovations of mystics, who practice all kinds of weird and innovated invocations, which at times involve switching off the lights or chanting one of Allah's name so that after some time what they are chanting is nrecognisable as a name of Allah Ta'ala. Or the innovations of those who take their scholars as 'spiritual leaders' giving their allegiance to them and 'selling' themselves to these 'scholars' obeying everything they say. How O noble reader can unity occur amongst all the Muslims as long as these practices, which have nothing to do with Islam, keep occurring?

Blind following and Partisanship:
This is one of the most evil of occurrences today and a major cause for disunity. Muslims are following their madhabs or their scholars over and above the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) despite Allah subhana wa Ta'ala saying: "Anyone who is hostile to the Rasool after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him and follows a path other than that of the believers, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen and cast him into Hell; which is an evil refuge." S[urah an-Nisaa 4:115]

When you tell Muslims that 'you should do this because it says so in the Qur'an and the Sunnah', they reply 'well that's not what it says in my madhab' or 'that's not what my Shaykh says'. SubhanAllaah, O noble reader why did Allaah (swt) send us His final Messenger (saws) if it was not to teach us the religion of Islaam. Allaah (swt) says: "Nay! O Muhammad - by your Rabb - they will never be true believers until they accept you as a judge in their disputes, then they do not find any resentment in their hearts against your verdicts and accept them with complete submission. " [Surah an-Nisaa 4:65]

No Muslim will openly say I am disobeying the Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa salam), but how many of us ask for the proof on issues of beliefs and practices and look to see what is the truth. Another problem is the setting up of groups and parties with members, then being loyal only to that party, believing in the beliefs and aims of that party – not questioning it. Allah (subhana wa Ta'ala) has warned against this: "Turn in repentance to Him, fear Him, establish Salah (regular five times daily prayers) and do not be of the mushrikin those who divide their religion into sects and become separate groups, each group rejoicing in its own circle. " [Surah ar-Room 30:31-32]

Setting up groups is a cause for disunity and spreads hatred amongst the Muslims so that a Muslim from one group will not give salaam to a Muslim from another group just because they belong to different groups. Or a group from one masjid will not like Muslims from another masjid to come and pray in their mosque. All this stems from partisanship and it divides the Ummah. Unity will not occur whilst Muslims are in this state rather unity will occur when an end is put to partisanship (hizbiyyah) and Muslims love each other because they all have the same aims, beliefs and practices.

The Means for Revival: Having looked at the reason why we are so divided, the question now arises as to what the means for reviving this Ummah are. Allah subhana wa Ta'ala has given us the means for the revival of this Ummah, when He Azza wa Jalla says: "The fact is that Allah never changes the condition of a people until they intend to change it themselves." [Surah ar-Ra'd 13:11]

The Prophet (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) also said: "When you involve yourselves in interest bearing business transactions, and you hold on to the tails of cows, and you are pleased with agriculture (i.e. the land) and you abandon making Jihaad in the Cause of Allah, Allah will send humiliation down upon you. He will not remove it from you until you return back to your Religion." [As-Saheehah (no. 11)]

So this humiliation that Muslims are under will not be removed from us until we return back to the religion of Islam as well as establishing jihad for the sake of Allah. So what is the religion of Islam if not Tawheed, having the correct Aqeedah, worshipping Allah correctly? So should we not start our revival with these issues. So just as the condition of the Arabs during the Days of Ignorance (Jaahiliyyah) was not rectified except by the coming of their Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) with revelation from the heavens, which aided them in this world and which will save them in the next, then know O noble reader the foundation that the Islamic revival must be built upon in this time, is nothing else but the return to the Qur'an and the Sunnah, as implemented by the noble companions.

We know from the Book of Allah subhana wa Ta'ala and the Sunnah of His Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) and the way towards realising this revival is only one way, and it is the way which Allah has mentioned in His saying: "Verily this is My way, the Right Way; therefore follow it and do not follow other ways, for they will lead you away from Him." [Surah al-An'aam 6:153]

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) explained this to his Companions. Thus, one day he (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) drew a straight line for them on the ground and then drew short lines on the sides of it. Then, while his noble finger moved up and down the straight line, he(sallallahu alayhe wa salam) recited the aforementioned verse. Then he (alayhe salatu wa salam) pointed to the lines that were drawn on the sides of the straight line and said: "This is the Path of Allah and these are the (other) paths. At the top of each of these (other) ways, there is a devil calling towards it." [Authentihc adeeth, graded in Dhilaal-ul-Jannah fee Takhreej-is Sunnah(16-17)]

Furthermore, Alaah subhana wa Ta'ala says: "Anyone who is hostile to the Rasool afterguidance has been plainly conveyed to him and follows a path other than that of the believers, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen and cast him into Hell; which is an evil refuge." [Surah an-Nisaa 4:115]

In this ayah there is profound and extensive wisdom, for Allah has connected the "the believers' way" to what the Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) came with. The Messenger (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) has (also) indicated this point in the hadeeth about the splitting up of the Ummah into sects. When he (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) was asked concerning the saved sect, he (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) responded: "That which (adheres to what) I and my companions are upon today. [As-Saheehah (no. 203)].

What then is the wisdom behind Allah's mentioning of "the believers' way" in this ayah? And what is the significance in the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) linking of his companions to himself in the previous hadeeth? The answer is: These noble Companions (radhi Allahu anhum) were the ones who received the two revelations (i.e. the Qur'an and Sunnah) from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhe wa salam), having that explained to them by him (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) directly, without there being any intermediary. They best knew how to implement the Sunnah, so after knowing this O noble reader, can any Islamic revival take place when the way of the Companions (radhi Allahu anhum) is abandoned and not adhered to, rather No it cannot. For us to revive Islam and bring unity to the Muslims we must adopt the way and example of the Noble Companions (radhi Allahu anhum).

So it will be clear to the reader that the only way to revive the Ummah is to return every affair of the Muslim back to the Qur'an and the Sunnah as understood and implemented by the best generation, the Companions (radhi Allahu anhum). To believe as they believed, to worship as they worshipped, to look like them, to give da'wah in the way they gave it, etc. Then only will we be united and have a true Islamic revival. So dear noble brothers and sisters, my Lord and your Lord says .... "Has not the time arrived for the believers to submit with fervent hearts to Allah's warning and to the truth
He has revealed" [Surah al-Hadeed 57:16]

Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-’Uthaymeen - hafidhahullaah - said: “From the sincere advice which I hold to be necessary in the Religion to give to the youths, a word which I hope that Allaah – the Most Perfect, the Most High - will cause to be of benefit, and it is: That they should all be in conformity and harmony, so that they may become strong, and become an obstacle blocking the way of those who plot against Islaam and its people. This is what Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic – has enjoined upon us. He - the Most High - said: "And hold fast altogether to the rope of Allaah and do not be divided. And remember the favor of Allaah upon you, in that you were once enemies to one another, but He joined your hearts together, so that by His Grace you became brothers”.[Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:103]

And Allaah the Blessed, the Most High - said: “Let there arise from amongst you a group of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. It is they who are the successful ones. And do not be like those who differed amongst themselves after the clear proofs had come to them; for them is a painful punishment.” [Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:104-105]

So Allaah ordered that they should all cling together to His rope and He forbade splitting, and in other aayaat He forbade differing, and informed us that it is the cause of failure and the cause of decline of strength, and He ordered us to persevere patiently. So Allaah - the Most High - said: “And do not differ, lest you lose courage and your strength departs, and be patient. Indeed Allaah is with those who are patient.” [Sooratul-Anfaal 8:46] And as is known, the people of good who help the youths of the revival in their work - with what they are able from wealth, and so on - if they see them splitting in this way, then they will not be so eager to help and assist them. So I call all of our brothers to unite together, and to fear Allaah with regards to themselves and with regards to the Ummah (nation) of Islaam, and that they should not cover up this light which has appeared on the horizon; the call to Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic...”

Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) - rahimahullaah - said: “Holding fast to the rope of Allaah altogether and not becoming divided is one of the greatest usool (fundamentals) of Islaam.”

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan - hafidhahullaah - said: "Splitting up is not from the Religion, since the Religion commands us with unity and that we should be a single Jamaa’ah and a single Ummah upon the ’aqeedah (belief) of Tawheed (i.e. to single out Allaah alone for worship) and upon following the Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). Allaah - the Most High -said: “Indeed this Ummah of yours is a single Ummah and I am your Lord, so worship Me alone.” [Sooratul-Anbiyaa‘ 21:92]

And Allaah – the Most High – said: “And hold fast altogether to the rope of Allaah and do not become divided.” [Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:103]
And Allaah - the Most Perfect - said: “Indeed those who split-up their Religion and become sects, you have no part with them in the least. Their affair is with Allaah who will tell them what they used to do.” [Soorah al-An'aam 6:159]

So this contains a severe warning against splitting and differing. Allaah - the Most High - said: “And do not be like there who split-up and differed after the clear evidences came to them. For them is a tremendous punishment.” [Soorah Aal-’Imraan 3:105]

So our Religion is the Religion of al-Jamaa’ah, and the Religion of agreement and unity. Splitting is not from the Religion, since the Religion orders that we are a single Jamaa’ah and the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: “The Believer to the Believer is like a building, one part supporting the other.” And he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) also said: “The example of the Believers with respect to their mutual love, mercy and affection is like the example of a single body.” And it is known that a building and a body are a single cohesive thing, not disunited and fragmented - since if a building splits then it will collapse; and likewise a body, if it splits, then life will be lost. Thus, there must be a unity and we must be a single Jamaa’ah whose foundation is Tawheed and whose methodology is the da’wah (call) of the Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam); and which proceeds upon the Religion of Islaam. Allaah - the Most High - said: “And this is My Straight Path, so follow it, and do not follow other paths that will separate you from His Path.” [Sooratul-An’aam 6:153]

So these groups, and this splitting which is present today, is not approved of by Islaam. Rather, Islaam forbids it severely and commands uniting upon the ’aqeedah (belief) of Tawheed and upon the methodology of Islaam, a single Jamaa’ah and a single Ummah, just as our Lord - the Most Perfect, the Most High - ordered. And splitting and their being many (differing) groups and parties is from the plots of the devils - from the jinn and mankind against this Ummah. So the kuffaar (disbelievers) and the munaafiqs (hypocrites) have never ceased, since olden times, introducing their poison in order to
split the Ummah.

The Jews said previously: “And a party of the People of the Book say: Believe in the morning in that which is revealed to the Muslims, but reject it at the end of the day, so they turn back.” [Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:72] Meaning: that the Muslims will leave their religion when they see you leaving it. And the Hypocrites said: “Do not spend on those who are with Allaah’s Messenger until they desert him.” [Sooratul-Munaafiqoon 63:7]

”And as for those who erect a mosque by way of disbelief and seeking to harm and disunite the Believers...” [Sooratut-Tawbah 9:107].”

Shaykh ’Abdul-’Azeez Ibn Baaz - rahimahullaah - said: “There is no doubt that it is obligatory upon the Muslims to unify their ranks and to unite their word upon the truth and to co-operate in goodness and piety against the enemies of Islaam - as Allaah, the Most Perfect - ordered them with in His saying: “And hold fast altogether to the rope of Allaah and do not become divided.” [Soorah Aal-’Imraan 3:102]

And likewise, Allaah has warned the Muslims against splitting up, as occurs in His - the Most Perfect’s - saying: “And do not be like those who differed and split-up after the clear evidences came to them.” [Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:105]

However, the order to unify the Muslims and unite their word upon the truth and to hold fast to the rope of Allaah, does not mean that they should not censure wrong beliefs and practices – whether from the Soofiyyah or other than them. Rather, what the order to hold fast to the Rope of Allaah necessitates is: To order the good; forbid the evil; to clarify the truth, with the clear Sharee’ah proofs, to whomsoever is misguided or has a mistaken opinion, until they unite upon the truth and turn away from that which opposes it. All of this is included in His - the Most Perfect’s - saying: “And help you one another in righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and transgression.”
[Sooratul-Maa‘idah 5:2]

And His - the Most Perfect’s - saying: “Let there arise from amongst you a group of people calling to all that is good, enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, they are the ones who are successful.” [Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:110]
And when the people of truth hold back from clarifying the mistakes of those who have erred or are mistaken, then they will not have achieved that which Allaah ordered them with, as regards calling to goodness, ordering the good and forbidding the evil. So the person in error will remain upon his error, and the one acting in opposition to the truth will remain upon his mistake. And this is contrary to what Allaah - the Most Perfect - prescribed, with regards to sincere advice, co-operation upon goodness, ordering the good and forbidding the evil - and Allaah alone is the One Who grants success.”

Shaykhul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah - rahimahullaah - said: “Refuting the People of Innovation is a Jihaad, to the extent that Yahyaa Ibn Yahyaa (d.226H) said: “Defence of the Sunnah is more excellent than Jihaad in the Path of Allaah. Imaam al-Humaydee (d.218H) - rahimahullaah - said: “By Allaah, that I fight against those who reject the hadeeth of Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) is more beloved to me than fighting the unbelievers.” Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim (d.751H) - rahimahullaah - said: “Jihaad with the clear proofs and the tongue; Comes before Jihaad with the sword and the spear.” Shaykhul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah - rahimahullaah - said: “When some people asked Ahmad bin Hanbal (d.241H) that they felt uneasy about (criticising people) by saying that such and such is this, and such and such is that, he replied: “If I were to remain silent, how would the ignorant ones know the authentic (narrations) from the inauthentic?”

Similarly, the innovators who introduce heretical writings which oppose the Qur‘aan and the Sunnah, and those who innovate in matters of worship, then explaining their true condition and warning the Ummah against them is an obligation by the unanimous agreement of the Muslim Scholars. In fact, when Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal was asked whether a person who fasted, prayed and secluded himself in the mosque for worship was dearer to him than a person who spoke out against Ahlul-Bid’ah (the people of innovators), he replied: “When he fasts and prays and secludes himself, then he does so for the benefit of his own self.

However, when he speaks out against the innovators, he does so for the benefit of the Muslims in general, and this is more virtuous.” So it is clear that opposing the Innovators is of general benefit to the Muslims and is considered one of the types of Jihaad in the path of Allaah. Since purifying the Religion of Allaah, and its minhaaj (methodology), its Sharee’ah, and defending it from their attacks and that of their enemies is a collective obligation - a fact which is agreed upon by the Scholars. For if Allaah did not raise up some people to repel the harms (caused by) others, then the Religion would become corrupted. Indeed, this type of corruption is even greater than the corruption resulting from the disbelievers conquering the Muslims. This is because when the disbelievers conquer the Muslims, they do not corrupt their hearts nor their Religion, except after some time. Whereas the innovators corrupt the hearts from the very outset.”
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Quran - Marine Life

Quran has revealed absolute facts about marine life in its true perspective some 1400 years ago. This can be a fruit of thought for us

Surrah An-Nahl - THE BEE - No 16 - Verse: 13-14-16-17

And He has created for you in the earth varied kinds of things. In this also there is a sign for those who can appreciate Allah’s order. verse 13

Allah Almighty has also subjected to you the sea so that, out of it, you may have fresh food and also what you use as your ornaments. You see how the ships plow through the sea carrying you forward in quest of His bounties so that your efforts may fructify.
verse 14

And He has created (various other) landmarks - also the stars to serve as sign-posts as guidance during your journey (during the night). verse 16

Can One who creates and one who cannot, be placed on the same footing? Can you not reflect o this? verse 17

Surrah Al-Baqarah - THE COW - No 2 - Verse: 164

If you wish to see the Laws of Allah Almighty operating, reflect upon the amazing machinery of the Universe and how it has been created; how day and night alternate; how such big ships laden with cargo cross the oceans; how clean water descends from the clouds and gives new life to the dead earth. Reflect, also upon the manner in which species and varieties of animate beings are scattered through the earth; how winds change their direction in different seasons; and how clouds are marshalled to perform their assigned duties in the atmosphere.

Reflection upon these natural phenomena can lead only to one conclusion, namely, that creation has been planned and is controlled by a single Omnipotent Being. This conclusion, however, is reached only by those who apply their mind deeply. verse 164

Surrah YâSîn - YA-SEEN - No 36 - Verse: 41-43

The skies, after all, are too far away. See with what confidence you load your families, young and old, onto boats; and how these boats sail through the seas and rivers laden with all this weight. verse 41

And like these boats, We have also created other things for them to ride in on their travels. verse 42

If Our Law of Mukafat is not in operation all the time, the boats would float sometimes and sink on other occasions, even under similar circumstances. In such a situation no one would be able to help the people on the boats, nor would they reach ashore safely.
verse 43
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Lightbulb Woman's Rights In Islam



Dr. Zakir Naik


The subject of women's rights is of much contemporary analytical relevance and human interest. We are giving in the following lines the presidential speech of a prominent Muslim scholar justice Muhammad Mujeebuddin Qazi. He delivered this speech in a gathering on behalf of the Islamic research foundation where Dr. Zakir Naik was going to speak on the subject of "Women's Rights in Islam"

Justice Qazi had been for 13 years from 1968 to 1981, the government pleader at the Nagpur Branch of the Mumbai High Court, being the highest law officer of the government of Maharashtra, there of.

Justice Qazi became the first Muslim, after Justice M.C. Chagla to be elevated from the Bar to the Bench, as a judge of the Mumbai High Court where he has been delivering judgments from 1981 to 1992.

Justice Qazi is at present a member of the Minorities Commission and earlier has been a member of the advisory board of the Islamic and Comparative Law Journal, in New Delhi.

Justice M. M. Qazi address

The distinguished speaker Dr. Zakir Naik, Dr. Mohammed Naik, former Government and Ambassador Mr. Talyar Khan, the foreigner dignitaries, ladies and gentlemen!

At the outset, I would like to thank to the organizer of Islamic Research Foundation for having invited me to preside over this function.

As you are already aware, the subject of the talk of this morning is … 'Women's Rights in Islam – Modernizing or outdated?'

Modernizing means… "Something which is not antiquated but in the context of the subject it would mean – the rights given to women in Islam fourteen centuries back, are relevant even today.

The debate on the position of women in social spectrum has been going on since centuries. But of late, it has assumed somewhat alarming proportions in certain matters. Issues such as Talaq, Polygamy, and participation of Muslim women in social-political activities are subjects to regular comment and discussion in the media.

There may have been problems but at the same time it is a fact that some if the issues were over played by the media.

No doubt the western women have today obtained social-economic and Lego-political rights through hectic struggle carried on for over 200 years. But friends! I would like to tell you that in the struggle, in the process, she has lost everything. If you have closely observed the western society, you will agree with me that she has lost her family life, peace of mind and even her honor and woman hood.

On the contrary, Islam ahs given women innumerable right fourteen centuries back when contemporary civilizations were still considering whether women could be regarded as a dispassionately and coolly whether the right so given in Islam are really adequate and therefore the relevant even today.

We are fortune to have an eminent speaker Dr. Zakir Naik therefore it is not necessary for me to refer to all those verses in the Holy Qur'an and a number of traditions of the Prophet of Islam pertaining to the rights of women.

However I will refer to the two verses in order to demonstrate that woman has been given a dignified position in Islam – verse 228, chapter 2, Surah Baqarah, as translated by Adullah Yusuf Ali whose work is supposed to be the most standard work, read as under

"And women shall have rights, similar to the rights against them, according to what is equitable, ut men have a degree (of advantage over them)

I would you to bear in mind every word of this verse – it has unequivocally being declared that men and women have similar rights against each other.
These words… this art of the verse has nowhere been diluted anywhere in the Qur'an.

However the verse further says that men have a degree of advantage over women. It is really these words which we have to be sure about, because it is here that most of he people have faltered and even some of the commentators have misconceived these words. But at the outset I would like to tell you that these words have nothing to do with the
rights between the parties we have already seen just now. In order to fully appreciate this verse, these words namely that… "MEN jave a degree of advantage over women" we will have to refer also to another verse – verse 34, chapter 4, Surah Nisa.

Translation reads as under:

"Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has given the one more (strength) than the other, and because they support them for their means".

This verse again lays down that… "Men are the protectors and maintainers of women" if further says that… "God has given one more than the other". Admittedly a woman is a weaker sex and she has got to be given special protection in certain matters. Anthropologically man is stronger and also different, which is also a biological truth. No doubt nature has given him this advantage for which no credit goes to man and no discredit to woman. But I would like to tell you that this advantage is also being given to man in order, so that he is able to efficiently discharge his function. Very arduous task
has been cast on him that of a protector and maintainer and therefore this advantage which has been given to him has nothing to do with the rights as I have already said. In fact this advantage in no way reduces the rights of neither woman nor her importance.

Therefore I would like to request you to ponder over and think about the state of affair in the social set up today. According to me, this is one of the most important and delicate function of the men… to give protection women. It is not wholly an ordinary protection in the sense of saving one's life. Please try to understand and appreciate.

I would request you to think over whether men are discharging their functions… and if you closely examine, I have no doubt you will come to this conclusion that men have abdicated their most important functions… that of giving protection to women and therefore have neglected their elementary duty.

I do not want to enter into a dialogue or a debate at this time as to who is responsible for bringing about this, tragic situation. May be that women have also been responsible for this. But the fact remains that this has exposed women to forces of crime and oppression leading to widespread. Cases of violation of her honor and dignity in the back drop of Indian ethos, we shall sanctify womanhood. No woman would like to bargain for such liberty and no man would like to give up this role as a "protector".

This extremely delicate aspect of relationship between man and woman has been explained by one of the great thinkers and poet, Doctor Mohammed Iqbal in a poem titled "Women's Protection". Of course the poem is in Urdo. It consists of three couplets and I will translate them.

Iqbal say: "Ek Zinda Haqiqat Mere Seene Mai Hai Mastoor,
Kia Jaanega Woh Jiske Ragon Main Hai Lahoo Sard,
Na par a Na Taleem, Nai Ho Ki Purni,
Nisvaniyat E Zan Ka Nigehbaan Hai Faqat Mard,
Jis Qaum Ne Is Zinda Haqiqat Ko Na Paya,
Us Qaum Ka Kursheed Bhut Jald Huwa Zard".

The translation would be that: a living truth lies deep into my heart (But) it is not for those whose senses are frozen. It is neither veil nor education… new or old. The protector of the dignity of woman is man alone. A nation which as not discovered this truth. Its sun is bound to fade away.

I would like to tell you that woman has been given a very dignified position in Qur'an and the real problem is only of our own ignorance of Qur'an's real spirit. Therefore the real solution would be to educate and enlighten the people.

May I remind at this moment, the great words of Thomas Jefferson that… "A nation which expects to be ignorant and also free, it expects what never was and never will be" "Wo Mauziz the Zamane Main Musalman Hokar, Aur Tum Khawr Huye Tarike Qur'an Hoker"

Ladies and Gentlemen! We have amidst us Mumbai's young but brilliant and irradiate speaker, Dr. Zakir Naik. Though he is a doctor by profession but he has dedicated himself to the cause of propagations of Islam in its right perspective. He is founder general secretary of Islamic Research Foundation which was established in 1991. He was widely traveled within and outside country and has delivered number of lectures. At such a
young age he has developed deep insight into Qur'an – which reminds us what Tagore has said that… "A lamp cannot light another lamp unless it continues to burn its own flame".

Women's Rights in Islam

We are giving here in the following lines Dr. Zakir Naik's scholarly lecture on the above mentioned subject. We have reshaped it in the question – answer form for the convenience of the readers and also in order to harmonize his lecture and the questionanswer session being given after it.

Women's Rights in Islam
Modernizing or Outdated

Definition of Women's Right

Question: What is meant by women rights?
Dr. Zakir Naik: According to the Oxford dictionary, women's rights are the rights that promote a position of social and legal equality of women to men. They are the rights claimed for the women equal to those o men as regards to suffrage that right to vote, property etc. "Modernizing", according to the Oxford dictionary means, "to make modern, to adapt to modern needs or habits" according to the webmaster's dictionary it means… "To make modern or to give a new character or appearance e.g., to modernize one's ideas' in short, modernizing is a process of updating or opting for the betterment of
the present status itself – it is not the present modern itself.

Can we modernize ourselves to master our problems and to realize a new way of life for the whole human race?

I am not concerned about the modern ideas, the conclusions and the categorical statements made by scientists and inexperienced armchair expert, as how a life should be lived by a woman. I am going to base my conclusions and considerations on truth which can be proved by experience. Experience and unbiased factual holistic analysis is the sure test between the gold of truth and the glitter of theory. We have to check our thinking against reality otherwise many a times our mental process will go astray – indeed the great brains of one time believed that the world was flat.

Truth about women's rights in Islam
Question: what is truth about the uproar of the western media regarding women's status in Islam?

Dr. Zakir Naik: if we agree with the "women's rights in but to agree Islam as portrayed by the western media, we have no option but to agree that women's rights in Islam are outdated. The western talk of women's liberation is actually a disguised form of exploitation of her soul. The western society which speaks of upgrading the status of women has actually reduced their status to concubines made them mistresses' society butterflies. They are mere tools in the hands of sex marketers and pleasure seekers behind
the colorful screen of art and culture.

Islam radical support gave women their due rights and status in the days of ignorance 1,400 years ago. Islam's objective was and continues to be to modernize our thinking, our living, our seeing, our hearing, our feeling and striving for the women's upliftment and emancipation in the society.

Ideas are important
Not to individuals' behaviors

Before I dwell further with the topic, I would like you to make note of a few points.

i. The first point is that approximately one fifth of the world's population
consists of Muslims. There are different Muslim societies – some may close
and some maybe far away from Islam.

ii. The women's rights in Islam should be judged according to the authentic
sources and not what individual Muslims do, or what the Muslim society does.

iii. The authentic sources of Islam are the Qur'an which the word of God and the authentic Sunnah and the traditions of our beloved Prophet (May peace be upon him).

iv. The Qur'an will never contradict itself nor will the Sahih Hadith contradicts
itself… neither will these two authentic sources contradict each other.

v. Sometime the scholar differ and many a times these difference can be
removed by analyzing the Qur'an as a whole and not just by quoting one
particular verse because if one particular verse of the Qur'an is ambiguous, the answer is given somewhere else in the Qur'an. Some people quote one source and neglect all the other sources.

vi. It is the duty of every Muslims, male and female to seek the pleasure of Allah (SWT) and to act as his trustee on this world and not to try and gain fame or satisfy one's own ego.

Natural of Equality of men and women

Question: What is nature of equality of men and women in Islam?
Dr. Zakir Naik: Islam believes in equality of men and women but equality does not mean identically, in Islam, the role of a man and woman is complimentary not conflicting. It is that of a partnership not contradictory so as to strive for supremacy.

As far women's rights in Islam are concerned, I have divided them into 6 broad

i. The spiritual rights
ii. The economical rights
iii. The social rights
iv. The educational rights
v. The legal rights
vi. The political right

Spiritual Rights of Women

Let's analyze the spiritual rights of women in Islam

The greatest misconception that the west has about Islam is that they think… "Paradise in Islam is only meant for the male and not for the female". This misconception can be removed by quoting from Surah Nisa, Ch.4, verse 124, which says.

"Whoever does deeds of righteousness, whether it is male or female and has faith, they shall surely enter paradise and not the least injustice shall be done to them"

A similar thing is repeated in Surah Nahl, Ch. 16, verse 97 which says…

"Whoever performs good deeds, be it a man or a woman and is a believer, we shall give him (or her) good life and we shall reward them for all their good works"

Just because in Islam sex is not the criterion to enter paradise… will you call such rights in Islam as modernizing or outdated?

The Women has soul

Another misconception which the western media has, "The woman has no soul". In fact it was in the seventh century when the council of wise men gathered at Rome unanimously agreed that the woman has no soul.

In Islam, man and woman have the same spiritual nature and that has been clarified by Qur'an.

See verse from Surah Nisa, Ch.4 verse 1, which says:

"O humankind reverence your Guardian Lord, who has created you from a single person and created like nature his mate"

A similar thing is mentioned in Surah Nahl, Ch. 16, verse 72,

"We have made for you companions and mates of your own nature"

Again in Surah Al-Shura, Ch.42, verse 11, it says:

"He is the one who has created the heavens and the earth and ha made for you pairs from among yourselves"

Just because the spiritual nature of a man and woman is the same in Islam, will you call such rights in Islam, as modernizing or outdated?

Man and Woman both are recipients of Allah's Spirit

The Qur'an clearly mentions that… "Allah (SWT) has breathed somewhat of his spirit, into human beings". If you read Surahh Hijr Ch. 15, verse 29, it says:
"When I have fashioned him in due proportion and have breathed into him something of my spirit fall ye down in obeisance".

A similar thing is repeated in the Qur'an, in Surah Sajdan, Ch. 32, verse 9, which says:

"Then he fashioned him in due proportion and breathed into him something of his spirit".

When Allah SWT refers to…"As something of my spirit breathed into human beings", it does not mean a sort of incarnation or a pantheistic form. It means that Allah has given to every human being something of his spiritual nature and the knowledge of God almighty and coming closer towards him. Here t refers to both Adam and Eve (May peace be upon them). Both were breathed something of Allah (SWT)'s spirit. Again we read in the Qur'an that Allah has appointed the human beings as his vicegerent and his trustee as is
mentioned in Surah Isra, Ch. 17, verse 70, which says…

"We have honored the children of Adam and bestowed on them special favors"
Here all the children of Adam have been honored, male as well as female.

There are some religious scriptures, for example the Bible, which put the blame on Eve for the downfall of humanity.

In fact if you read the Qur'an in Surah Araf, Ch.7, verse 19 to 27, Adam and Eve (May peace be upon them both) are addresses more than a dozen of times. Both disobeyed God, both asked for forgiveness, both repented and both were forgiven.

In the Bible if you read Genesis, Ch.3, only Eve is held responsible for the downfall of humanity and according to the doctrine of "Original Sin"; because of Eve (May peace be upon her) the whole of humanity is born in sin.

If you read the Bible in the book of Genesis, Ch.3, verse 16, it states that God is saying to the woman "you shall bear in conception and in sorrow shall you give birth and your desire shall be of your husband and he shall rule over you" that means, pregnancy and child birth has been said in the Bible to degrade the women and the labor of pain is a sort of punishment.

Different opinion of Qur'an regarding women

When the Bible has left no stone unturned to blame the women for all the sins of the entire human race, Qur'an treats women in a dignified manner. The Qur'an has uplifted the women with pregnancy and child birth.

Surah Nisa, Ch.4, verse 1 says… "Respect the womb that bore you"
It is mentioned in Surah Luqman, Ch.31, verse 14, it says:

"That… "We have enjoyed on the human being to be kind to the parents, in travail upon travail did his mother bore him and in years twain was his weaning"

A similar thing is mentioned in Surah Ahqaf, Ch.46, and verse 15:

"We have enjoyed on the human beings to be kind to the parents"
To be kind to the parents – in pain did their mothers bore them, and in pain did they give them birth – pregnancy in the Qur'an has uplifted the women not degraded her. You see pregnancy has uplifted the women in Islam then will you call such rights in Islam as modernizing or outdated?

TAQWA carries importance in the Sight of Allah

The only criterion for judgment in the sight of Allah is "Taqwa", "God consciousness" or "righteousness" it is mentioned in Surah Hujurat, Ch. 49, verse 13.
"O humankind, we have created you from a single pair of male and female and have divided you into nations and tribes, so that you shall recognize each other (not that you despise each other) and the most honored in the sight of Allah, I the one who is the most righteous, verily Allah is All-knowing, All-Aware, sex, color, caste, wealth have got no criteria in Islam. If you read Surah Aal-Imran Ch.3 verse 195 it says:

"I will never suffer the loss of any of you, be it male or female, you are companions unto each other".

I had started my talk by quoting a verse from Surah Al Ahzab, Ch. 33, verse 35, which says:

"Inna Muslimeena Wal Muslimat" "For Muslim men and Muslim women",

"Wal Moameenina Wal Mominnat" – "For believing men and women"

"Wal Kaniteena Wal Kaneetat" – "For devout men and women"

"Was Sadeeqina Was Sadeeqati" – "For true men and women"

"Was Sabeerina Was Sabeerati" – "For men and women who are patient and constant"

"Wal Musaddiqeena Wal Musadiqaati" – "For men and women who give in charity"

"Was Saaeemeena Was Saaimaati" – "For men and women who fast and deny

"Wal Hafeezina Furoojahom Wal Hafizat" – "For men and women who guard their chastity"

"Waz Zaakireenallah Kaseeran Waz Zaakirat" – "For men and women who engage much in Allah's (SWTala's) praise"

Special concessions for women

The above verse ends by:

"Aadallahu Lahum maghfiratan Wa Ajran Azeema" "That for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and ample of reward"

This words indicates that the spiritual duties and the moral duties for the men and women in Islam are the same – Both have to believe, both have to pray, both have to fast, both have to give Zakat (Charity) etc…

But the women have been given certain concessions in Islam if she is undergoing her menstrual period or pregnancy she doesn’t have to fast. She can keep those fasts later on when she is healthier. In fact, during the menstruation and during the postnatal period she needs not pray either. She has been given the concession and neither does she have to compensate it later on.

When the moral duties of the men and women are equal in Islam will you call such rights in Islam as modernizing or outdated?

Economical Rights of Women in Islam

Islam gave economical right to the women 1,300 years before the west did. An adult Muslim woman can own, dispose or disown any of her property without consulting anyone, irrespective whether she is married or single. In 1870, it was the first time in England that the west recognized the rights o f the married woman when she was allowed to own or dispose any of her property without consultation.

I do agree that the women were given their economical rights 1300 years ago – thus these are "ancient rights" – but the question is – "are they modernizing or outdated"

Islam doesn’t restrain women from going to job

A woman in Islam, if she wishes, can work. There is no text in the Qur'an or the authentic Hadith which prevents or makes it prohibited for women to do any work as long as it is not unlawful and is within the preview of the Islamic Shariah if she maintains her Islamic dress code. But naturally she cannot take up jobs which exhibit her beauty and body, for example modeling and film acting and such kind of jobs. Many of the professions and jobs which are prohibited for the women are also prohibited for the man, for example
serving liquor. Working in gambling dens or doing any unethical or dishonest business is prohibited for both men and women.

A true Islamic society requires women to take up profession doctors. We do require female Gynecologists and female nurses. We do require female teachers but the woman in Islam has got no financial obligation. The financial obligation is laid on the shoulders of the man in the family therefore she needs work for her livelihood.

But in genuine cases where there is financial crisis and is difficult to make ends meet, she has the option of working here too, no one can force her to work. She works out of her own absolute free will. Besides the professions I mentioned, she can work in her house and take up tailoring, embroidery, pottery and make baskets etc. she is also allowed to work in factories and small scale industries which have been designed exclusively for ladies.

She can work in places which have go separate sections for gent and ladies because Islam does not agree with intermingling of the sex. She can do business too and where it comes to do transactions, with the involvement of foreign male or Na-Mehram, she should do it through father or brother, husband or son and the best example I can give you is of Bibi Khadija (may peace be upon her) who was the wife of our beloved Prophet (may peace
be upon him). She was one of the most successful business women of her time and she did the transaction through her husband, Prophet Muhammad (May peace be upon him).

Islam gives financial security to woman

A woman in Islam has given more financial security as compared to the man. As I told you earlier the financial obligation is not put on her shoulder. It is out on the shoulder of the man in the family. It is the duty of the father or the brother before she is married and after she is married it is the responsibility of the husband or son to look after her lodging, clothing and financial needs. When she gets married is on the receiving end again, she
receives a gift of dower or a marital gift which is called as "Meher".

And it is mentioned in Qur'an in Surah Nisa, Ch.4 verse 4, which says:

"Give to the women in dower a marital gift"

For a marriage to solemnize in Islam "Meher" is compulsory but unfortunately in our Muslim society here, we just keep a nominal "Meher" to satisfy the Qur'an, say 151 rupees o some people give 786 rupees and they spend lakhs and lakhs of rupees on the reception, decoration and on the Walima or the parties.

Remember! In Islam there is no lower-limit nor is there an upper limit for "Meher" but when a person can spend lakhs (Hundred Thousands) of rupees on the reception, surely the "Meher" be much more. Various cultures have crept into the Muslim societies especially in the Indo-Pak area. They give a small amount of "Meher" and they expect the wife to bring a fridge, television even a flat, cat, etc. and a large sum of dowry depending
upon the status of the bridegroom.

If he is a graduate they may expect 1 hundred thousand, if he is an engineer they may expect 3 hundred thousands and if he is a doctor they may expect 5 hundred thousands. (These days the demands and expectation are even greater).

Demanding dowry from the wife, directly or indirectly, is prohibited in Islam. If the parents of the girl give her something out of their own free will, it may be accepted but demanding or forcing directly or indirectly is not allowed in Islam. If a woman works which she does not have to whatever earning she gets is absolutely her property.

She can't be forced to spend a single penny on the household if she wants to spend elsewhere. Irrespective how rich the wife is, it is the duty of the husband to provide lodging, clothing and look after the financial aspects of the wife.

In case of divorce or if a wife gets widowed, she is given financial support for the period of "Iddah" and if she has children she is also given child support.

Women has right to inherit

Islam has given the right to the woman to inherit centuries ago. If you read the Qur'an – in several verses, in Surah Nisa, in Surah Baqarah and Surah Maidah, it is mentioned that a woman, irrespective of whether she is a wife or a mother sister or a daughter, has the right to inherit and it has been fixed by Allah (SWT) in the Qur'an and I do know there must be a question that the inheritance law of Islam is unjust but time does not permit me to clarity this – Insha Allah I will expect a question on this and then I can deal with this
topic more in detail. (Detail answer regarding this misconception is given in his book "20 questions of none Muslims").

Social Rights of women

Let us go further and analyze the social rights of a woman in Islam. Broadly it can be categorized into four sub-headings… social rights given to a daughter, to a wife, to a mother and to a sister.
Rights of Daughter

Coming to the social rights given in Islam to a daughter the most important point is that Islam prohibits female infanticide – the killing of female children. It is mentioned in Surah Taqveer, Ch. 81, verse 8 and 9:

"When the female child buried alive is (will be) questioned for what crime was he killed?

Not only female infanticide but also all sorts of infanticides have been prohibited in Islam. It is mentioned in the Qur'an in Surah A "Nam" Ch.6, verse 151, that:

"Kill not you children for want of sustenance. We provide sustenance for you and for them".

A similar thing is mentioned in Surah Isra, Ch. 17, verse 31, which says:

"Kill not your children for want of sustenance, we (Allah) will provide sustenance to you and your children, for killing of children is a major"

In the pre-Islamic Arabia, whenever a female child was born mostly she was buried alive. Alhamdullillah, after the spread of Islam this evil practice had been discontinued but unfortunately it still continues in India. In a BBC repot whose title was "Let Her Die" a British reporter, Emily Beckenen, given the statistics of the female infanticide. This program was shown more than a year back on the star TV and it is being shown every month and just a few days ago it was again shown telecast. In that program the statistics
showed that every day more than 3,000 fetuses are being aborted being identified that they are females.

If you multiply this figure with the number of days, that is 365, you get a figure more than one million female fetuses are being aborted every year in this country and there are big hoarding and posters in states like Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan which say spend 500 rupees and save 5 hundred thousands. It means that spends rupees on medical examination like Aminocententus or Ultra Sonography and identifies the sex of child mother carrying. In case it is a female you can abort it child and you will save 5 hundred
thousands - How?

The couple of thousands you spend on upbringing her and the remaining thousands rupees you spend on giving dowry. According to the report of the government hospitals of Tamil Nadu – "out of every 10 female children are born, four are put to death" – no wonder the female population in India is less than the male population.

Female infanticide has been continuing in India since centuries. If you analyze the statistics of the 1901 census, for every 1000 males there were 972 females. According to the 1981 statistics and census for every 1000 males you have 934 females and the latest statistics of 1991 tell you that for every 1000 males you have 927 females. You can analyze that the female ratio is dropping every year and since medical science has advanced has helped in this evil practice. Just see Islam tells you that you should not kill
your children whether it be male or female will you will these rights in Islam as
modernizing or outdated?

Daughters are bless for parents

Islam enjoins upon its followers to rejoice on the birth of daughter. Islam not only prohibits killing of infant children, It also prohibits and rebukes you on rejoicing on the birth of a male child and getting saddened on the news of a female child. If you read hl, Ch.16, verse 58 and 59, it tells you that:

"And when news is brought to one of them of a birth of a female child his face darkens and is filled with inward grief". He hides himself in shame from his people because of the news he has received. Should he let her live in suffering or should he bury her in dust. Ah! What an evil choice they have".

In Islam, a daughter should be brought up correctly. According to a Hadith in "Ahmed", the Prophet (May peace be upon him) said "anyone who brings up two daughters properly, he will be like this to me on the Day of Judgment" (he said raising his two fingers meaning he will be very close to him that day) and there is another Hadith which says, that "anyone who brings up 2 daughters properly and takes good care and brings them up with love and affection, he will enter paradise! In Islam there should be no partiality in upbringing of the daughter or son.

According to the Hadith of our beloved Prophet "Once in the presence of the Prophet, a man kissed his son and placed him on his lap but didn’t do the same to his daughter. The Prophet immediately objected and said "you are unjust – you should have even kissed your daughter and placed her on the other lap" Prophet Mohammed (May peace be upon him) not only spoke about justice, he also practiced it.

Rights of a wife

All the previous civilizations considered the woman to be an "Instrument of devil". The Qur'an refers to the woman as "Mohsana" that is a "fortress again the devil" and if a good woman marries a man, she prevents him from going on the wrong path and keeps him on the "Siratulmustaqeem" – that is the correct path. There's a Hadith in which Prophet Mohammed (May peace be upon him) said that, "there is no monasticism in Islam". And again according to the Sahih Bukhari, volume 7, Ch. 3, Hadith 4: "the Prophet ordained
the young men that all those who have the means should marry – for it will help them to lower their gaze and guard their modesty. There is another Hadith related by Anas in which the Prophet said… "Anyone who marries completing my full DEEN" the person had misunderstood the message of the Prophet. The Prophet's saying "when you marry complete your half DEEN" means that when you marry it shields you from promiscuity as well as from fornication and homosexuality which lead to committing the sin in this
world. Only when you marry you have opportunity to become husband or a wife and a father or a mother and the duties of them other and father and that of a husband and wife are very important in Islam so it makes no difference whether a man marries once twice or thrice or four times he yet completes only half his DEEN.

Forced marriage is not allowed in Islam

The Qur'an says:

"We have put love into the hearts of the husband and wife"

If you read Surah Rom, Ch. 30, verse 21, it says:

"and amongst his signs (is this) that he created for you mates or companions from among yourselves so that you may dwell in them with tranquility and he has put love and mercy between your hearts"

According to the Surah Nisa, Ch. 4, verse 21, Marriage is a considered as a misaq, a sacred agreement and contact. According to Surah Nisa Ch.4, verse 19.

"O you who believe you are prohibited to inherit women against their will"

It means, to marry the soncent of both the parties is required. It is compulsory that the man and woman both should agree for marriage. No one –not even the father can force his daughters to marry against her wishes.

There is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari, volume 7, Ch. 43, and Hadith: 69, which says "that a lady was forced by her father to marry against her wishes and she went to the Prophet and the Prophet invalidated the marriage". Another Hadith in Ibn-e-Humbal, No. 2469 says "that a daughter was forced by her father to get married but when the daughter approached the Prophet, the Prophet said you can either continue, or if you wish you can invalidate the marriage. That means the consent of both the male and the female is required to complete the contract of marriage.

Woman is home-maker in Islam

There is a Hadith reported by Ibn-Hambal – Hadith No 736, 7396. It says "The most perfect of the believers are those who are best in character and behavior, and those who are best to their family and their wives".
What is meant by "Qawwam" in Qur'an?

Islam gives equal rights to the man and woman and the Qur'an clearly mentions that man and woman, husband and wife have equal rights in all aspects, except leadership in the family. It is mentioned in the Qur'an in Surah Baqarah Ch. 2, verse 228:

"The women have been given rights similar against them on equitable terms but the men have a degree higher"

I perfectly agree with the justice M.M. Kazi when he said that most of the Muslims have misunderstood this verse, when it says "a man has a degree higher" as I said we should analyze the Qur'an as a whole and it is mentioned in Surah Nisa, Ch. 4, verse 34 which says:

"The men are the protectors and maintainers of the women, for Allah (SWT) have given one of them more strength than the other and they give them their means".

People say the word "QAWWAM" means, "One degree higher in the superiority" – but actually the word "QAWWAM" comes from the root word "IQAMAH". IQAMAH refers to the IQAMAH before prayers so "IQAMAH means to standup – so the word "QAWWAM" means one degree higher responsibility, not one degree higher in superiority. Even if you read the commentary of "Ibn-Kathir", he says that the word "QAWWAM" means one degree higher in responsibility not one degree higher in superiority and this responsibility should be carried out by mutual consent of both husband and wife. It is mentioned in Surah Baqarah, Ch. 2, verse 187, which says:

"Your wives are your garments, and you are their garments"

What the objective of garments – it is used to conceal and to beauty. The husband and wife should conceal each other's faults and they should beauty each other. It is a relationship of hands and gloves.

Kind treatment to the unfavorite wife
]The Qur'an mentioned that: "even if you do not like your wife, you should treat her kindly". It is mentioned in Surah Nisa, Ch. 4, verse 19, that:

"Treat your wives on a footing of equality and kindness even if you dislike them – for you may dislike a thing for which Allah has made good for you".

Just the rights of a wife are equal to those of the husband in Islam; will you continue to call such rights as outdated?

Rights of Mother

The only thing above respect to mother is the worshiop of Allah (SWT) – it is mentioned in Ch. 17, verse 23-24: it says that:

"Allah has ordained for you that you worship none but him, and to be kind to your parents" and if any one or both of them reach old age do not say a word of contempt or repel then but with kindness, and lower to them your wings of humility and pray to Allah (SWT) – "My Lord bless them as they have cherished me in childhood".

Surah Nisa, Ch. 4, verse 1 says:
"Respect the womb that bore you"
Surah An, am, Ch.6, verse 151, says:

"You have to be kind to your parents"

Again Surah Luqman Ch. 31, verse 14 says the same thing:

"We have enjoined on the men to be kind to his parents. In travail upon travail, did his mother bore him and in years twain was his weaning"

A similar thing is repeated in Surah Ahqaf Ch. 46, verse 15:

"We have enjoined on the man to be kind to his parents. In pain did his mother bore him and in pain did she give him birth"

Paradise is under the feet of mother

According to a Hadith related in "Ahmed", as well as in "Ibn-e-ajah" "paradise lies at the feet of the mother". That does not men that if my mother is walking on the road and if she steps on muck and filth – that thing becomes paradise. It means that after you fulfill your basic duties, if you respect your mother, are kind to her and honor her you will Insha-Allah enter paradise.

Mother wins all three medals, and father only consolation prize

A Hadith related in Sahih Bukhari in volume 8, Ch. 2, Hadith 2 as well as in Sahih-Muslim says that a man asked the Prophet… who requires the maximum love and respect and my companionship in this world? The Prophet replied: "your mother" "who is next"? "Your Mother" "who is next"? "Your mother" the man asked for the times, "who is next"? The Prophet
replied: "Your father" thus 75% of the love and respect to the mother and 25% of the love and respect go to the father. This means that three fourth of the better part of the love and respect is the share of the mother and one forth of the remaining part of the love and respect goes to the father.

In short the gold, the silver and the bronze medal go to the mother and the father may get the consolation prize.

The rights of sister in Islam

Let us analyze the rights of the sister in Islam.
According to Surah Tawbah, Ch. 9, vere 71.

"The men and the women are maintainers and supporters of each other"

The word "Auliya" here means "supporters" and "maintainers" – they are supporters and maintainers of each other. In short they are brother and sisters unto each other.

Prophet Muhammed (May peace be upon him) said "The women are the 'Shakat' 'Shakat' means sister". It is means 'Half' as humankind has been divided into two halves – men and women – it refers to as 'Half' also as 'sister'.

Muslim woman has rights of education

Now let us analyze the educational rights given to the women in Islam.

The first 5 verses which were revealed if the Qur'an were from Surah Alaq, or Surah Iqra, Ch.96, verse 1 to 5 which read as:

"Read, in the name of your Lord, who has created the human beings from a congealed clot of blood, a leech like sustenance read, your lord is most bountiful who has taught the use of the pen who has taught the human beings which he knew-not"

The first guidance given in the Qur'an to the humankind was not to pray, to fast, or give charity. It was to read. Islam pays utmost importance to education.

The Prophet ordained the parents to see to it that they gave religious education to their daughters and after a lady is married, it is the duty of the husband to provide her with the religious education. If he cannot do it himself and she wishes, he should allow her going somewhere else to acquire the education.

According to the Sahih Bukhari, the women were very enthusiastic to acquire knowledge and they once said to the Prophet: "you are usually surrounded by men – why do not you give us one particular day so that we too can ask you questions" – and the Prophet agreed.

Besides going himself he would send some of his Sahabas to the women to give them education.

Imagine, 1,400 years ago when the women were ill treated and were only used as chattels leave aside being educated, Islam asked the women to be educated.

Ayaisha-the first Muslim woman scholar and educator

We have examples of several Muslim women who are scholars. The best example I can give you is of Bibi Ayaisha (May Allah peace be pleased with her) who was the daughter of Hazrat Au Bakr, the first Khalifa of Islam, (May Allah be please with him) and the wife of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (May Allah peace be upon him). She gave guidance even to the Sahabas and to the Khalifas. One of her famous student was Urwahbint-Zubair.

She would say "I have not seen a greater scholar than Ayaisha in the field of learning of the Qur'an, in Obligatory duties, lawful and unlawful matters, literature, poetry and Arab history" she was not only expert in the religious field but also she had profound knowledge of medicine,. Whenever the foreign delegates came to the Prophet, she used to ask them about the effects of the herbs of their areas and would memorize the remedies. She was well verses in the field of math and many times the companions came to her to
ask problems of "Mirath" that is, "Inheritance" that how much share should be given to the each individual. She is said to have guided all the four Khalifas. She also gave guidance many a crimes to Abu Huraira, the great reporter of Hadith, (may Allah be pleased with him) and she herself has narrated 2210 Hadiths.

Abu Moosa who was a famous Jurist, said: "whenever we companions had lack of knowledge on a certain matter, we went to Hazrat Ayaisha (May Allah be closed with her), and definitely she had knowledge about it".
She is said to have taught more than 88 scholars. We can say that she was the scholar of scholars.

Safiyya, the first Muslim woman jurist

There are several examples, one is of the Prophet. She was an expert on Fiqah, Islamic Jurisprudence. According to imam Nouvi "she was the most intellectual woman of that time".

Umm-Salma, teacher of 32 scholars

Another example is of Ummu-Salma (May allah be pleased with her) who was the wife of the beloved Prophet. According to Ibn Hajar… "She has taught 32 different scholars"

Fatima bint Qais, great debater

Fatima bint Qais is said to have a discussion on Figah for a full day with Hazrat Ayaisha and Hazrat Umar (May Allah be pleased with them both) and still they could not prove her wrong. According to Imam Nauvi, "She migrated in the early days and had profound knowledge".

Umm Sulaim, expert in preaching

Another example is of the Umm Sulaim who was the mother of Anas (May Allah be pleased with him). She is said to be very well versed in the field of Dawah (preaching of Islam).

Sayyeda Nufaisa, Imam Shafei's teacher

Sayyeda Nufaisa was the grand daughter of Hasan (Nufaisa was actually the great-grand daughter of Hasan. Nufaisa bing Hasan bin Zaid bin Hasan bin Ali (May Allah be pleased with them all). She was wife of Ishaque bin Imm Jafar Sadiq) and she also said to have taught Imam Shafei who was the founder of one of the schools to thought.

Umm Ad-Darda, expert in science

There are several examples – Umm-Ad-darda who was the wife of Abul-Ad-darda, is said to be an expert in science, and even Imam Bukhari has said that she was an expert in her field. At the time when the women were ill treated, ever were buried alive at the time of birth Islam has women scholars in the field of medicine, in the field of science and in the field of religion because Islam tells that every woman should be educated, will you
call such women's rights in Islam as modernized or outdated?

Legal rights of women in Islam

Lets discuss the legal rights given to a woman in Islam. According to the Islamic law men and women are equal. The Shariah protects the life and property of a man and woman both. Of a man murdered a woman he too will receive the same capital punishment or "Qisas" as in the case if a man murdered another man. According to Surah Baqarah Ch. 2, verse 178 and 179,"He too shall be killed" like wise if a woman murdered, "She too will be killed".

According to the Islamic law of "Qisas", men and women, irrespective the injury be of the eye, nose, ear of the body, both receive equal punishment and if he guardian of the murdered, thought be a woman, forgives the murderer and accepts "Dia", the compensation, her opinion cannot be rejected. They have to accept it and if there's difference of opinion between the relatives of the murdered that some say the murderer should be killed and some say he should be forgiven and "Dia" should be accepted people respect the opinion of guardian woman and irrespective whether the witness or the
opinion is given by a man or a woman it has same weight.

Surah Maida, Ch.5, verse 38. Says:

"as to the thief, either be a man or a woman, cut off his or her hand as a punishment for their crime, an example from Allah (SWT, mean, if a person robs, irrespective whether he is a man or a woman his or her hands should be chopped and the punishment is equal and the same.

According to the Surah Nur, Ch.24 verse 2:

"If a man or a woman commits fornication, flog them with 100 stripes"

The punishment for fornication in Islam irrespective whether it is a man or a woman is the same – flogging with 100 stripes.

Woman witness in Islam

In Islam a woman is allowed to give witness. Imagine, Islam gave right to a woman to be a witness, 14 centuries ago where as even as late as 1980, the Jewish Rabbi were considering whether the women should be given a right to act as a witness or not.

According to Surah Nur, Ch. 24, verse 4:
"Those who put a charge against the chastity of a woman, produce not 4 witness, flog them with 80 stripes and reject their testimony forever".

In Islam for a small crime you require 2 witnesses but for a big crime you require 4 witnesses. According a woman falsely is a big crime in Islam, therefore you require 4 witnesses. Now a day you see in the modern society men abusing women calling them all sorts of name. they call them prostitutes etc and nothing is done but in an Islamic state, if a man calls her a "prostitute" in public or anywhere else ad if she takes that man to court
and in case man cannot produce 4 witnesses or even if he produces 4 witnesses and any one of them falters, all four will receive 80 lashes each and if future their evidence will be rejected.

Islam gives utmost importance to the chastity of the woman when a lady marries him normally adopts the name of her husband however, in Islam she has the option of either or maintaining her maiden name and maintaining the maiden name is recommended in Islam. We find in several Muslim societies that women, even after get married maintain their maiden name because according to the Islamic law men and women were equal.

Will you call such rights in Islam modernizing or outdated?

Political Rights of women in Islam

Let us analyze the political rights. According to Surah Tawba, Ch.9, verse 71,

"The men and the women are supporters of each other"

Supporters not only socially – even politically, politically men and women should support each other.

Islam gives woman the right to vote

If you read Surah Al Mimtahina, Ch. 60, verse 12, it says:

"O Prophet when the believing women come to thee with an oath of fealty"
Here the Arabic word is "Bayah" – and "Bayah" means much more than our modern, present day election – because Prophet Muhammad (May peace be upon him) was not only the messenger of Allah but he was also the head of the state. Women came to the Prophet and they agreed with him being the head of the state so Islam gives the woman even the right to vote. The Prophet took oath of fealty from men and women both at the conquest of Makkah.

Women can even take part in law making

According to the famous Hadith in which Hazrat Umar (May peace Allah be pleased with him) was discussing with the Sahabas and putting an upper limit on the "Meher" was under consideration since young men were being discourage form getting married. A lady from the back seat objected and said, when the Qur'an says in Surah Nisa Ch. 4, verse 20 that…"you can even give a heap of treasure, a heap of gold in "Meher" and thus Qur'an puts no limit on "Meher" who is Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) to put a limit.

And immediately Hazrat Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said… "Umar is wrong and the lady is right" imagine she was a common lady because if she were a famous lady her name would have been mentioned in the Hadith, this means even a common lady could object to the "Khalifa", the head of the state.

The technical terms it would be called that "She was objecting to the breach of the constitution", because Qur'an is the constitution of the Muslims. This is the proof that a woman can even take part in law making.

Women have even taken part in the battle

There is a full chapter in the Sahih Bukhari mentioning women in the battlefield. Women gave water and provided first aid to the soldiers. There is a particular mention of a woman by the name of Nusaiba who was among the few who protected our beloved Prophet during the battle of Ohud.

This is to be noted that Qur'an says "Men are the protectors of the "women" so under normal circumstances the women need not to go to the battlefield because it is the duty of the men to fight against the enemy however when required, under necessity, women are allowed to go to the battlefield.

Why Muslim women should not join regular military services?

Islam puts the primary responsibility of fighting on the shoulders of men because it attaches great importance to the home front. If women are allowed to join the regular military service, the home will suffer greatly and that damage and loss is irrespirable. In that case you will have the same position as you are seeing in the USA. There women were allowed to join the military in 1901 but they were not allowed to take active part. They only played the part of a nurse. Later on when the "feminist movement" which had
started in 1973, demanded, the American government allowed the women to take active part in the battlefield in 1976.

The result of open mixing of men and women were ruining. Last year according to a report of the defense department of America which was released on 23rd of April, 1993, 90 people were sexually assaulted in a convention, out of which 83 were women and 117 officers were charged with disciplinary action. Imagine in one convention only, 83 women were sexually assaulted. What was the crime of those 117 officers? They made the women run and they snatched their cloths. They made them parade absolutely naked
without even covering the genital parts. They were made to have sex in public.

Is this what you call "women rights" if you think that this is "women right" then you can keep your rights to yourselves. We do not our sisters, daughters and mothers to be sexually assaulted.

Upon that report there was a uproar in the congress and Bill Clinton himself had to apologize and he said "necessary action will be taken" and you know when politicians say "necessary action will be taken" what happens.

So Islam allows women to take part in the battlefield only when required but there also they should maintain their Islamic Hijab, the Islamic ethics and their modesty.

Man and woman are equal but not identical

Before I conclude my talk, I'd like to give an example. As I said in the beginning of my talk, Islam believes in equality between men and women but equality doesn’t mean identically.

Suppose in a classroom 2 students, "A" and "B" secure 80% marks in the examination. When you analyze the question paper has 10 different questions each carrying 10 marks. In question 1 student "A" got 9 out of 10 and student "B" got 7 out of 10 so in question 1 student "A" was higher than student "B". In question 2 students "A" got 7 out of 10 and student "B" got 9 out of 10 therefore student "B" was higher than student "A" in question
number 2. In question number 3 both of them got 8 out of 10 and both were equal so when we add up the marks of all the ten questions both student "A" and "B" got 80 out of 100. In short, student "A" and "B" were over all equal.
In some question "A" was higher than "B" and while in some "B" was higher than "A" while in other both were equal.

In the same fashion taking the example that Allah has given man more strength. Suppose a thief enters the house. Will you ask your mother, your sister and your daughter to go and fight the thief, only because you believe in the so called women's right and the equality of both the sexes?

No, but naturally, you'll fight him. If required they may interfere and help you but under normal circumstances since Allah has given you more physical strength you have to go and tackle the thief so here in physical strength, man is one degree higher than the woman.

Let us take another example. Where it comes to giving respect to the parents the children re supposed to respect the mother 3 times more than a father. Here the women have one degree higher than the men. Over all both are equal so Islam believes in equality not identically.

Status of woman in Muslim societies

Unfortunately the women are not getting in Muslim societies what Islam requires to give them. Many of the Muslim societies did not give the women their rights and they deviated from the Qur'an and the Sunnah. The western society is largely responsible for this because under the pressure of the west many Muslim societies have become over protective, over precautionary and have gone to one extreme. On the other extreme, some of the Muslim societies upgrade with the western culture and follow their lines. I want to
tell the western society that if you analyze the women's rights in Islam according to the Qur'an and the Sunnah – you will realize modernizing and not outdated and the Muslim woman has been given much more than what western society gives her woman folk.

Lastly, I would like to thank thoise people who have helped and supported me, if there is any one who owes credit for me being here it is my beloved mother Mrs. Roshan Naik. It was because of her love, care and guidance that I am here today.

I will be doing injustice if I do not include the name of my father Dr. Abdul Karim Naik as well as my other family members, especially my brother Mohammad Naik and last but not the least my wife who has encouraged me since one and a quarter year, since we have been married and thus I have been able to strive harder in this field.
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Post For People Who Think

"For People Who Think"

The Final Book
1. - On The Nature of God
2. - The Nature of Man
3. - Free Will and Reason Applied
4. - The Presence of Evil
5. - This Life and the Next
6. - Messengers and Prophets
7. - Eternal Salvation
8. - Forgiveness of God
9. - The Straight Way

The Final Book

Some people reject God because they can find no evidence for Him which satisfies both their hearts and minds simultaneously. Then there are others who accept God on the basis of emotional or irrational reasons which satisfy their hearts, but leave their minds unsure. These two groups of people have never found a satisfying answer to the question of their relationship with God. Then there are yet others who have found the correct path which God intended for us: to accept Him and His message to us using our minds first and foremost, and the heart follows easily and naturally as a consequence.
Instead of searching for the answer, there are also some people who chose to simply brush the question aside and ignore it unfortunately. This is the easy way out of what appears to be a very difficult, mysterious question which may seem to have no final solution. Most of these people are unaware of a very powerful message which completely and unequivocally establishes the correct path to God. This message squares with both the mind and the heart, and it has no equal since it comes to us straight from God Himself. The message comes in the form of a book. In fact, God has given us several Books of guidance through the years, but each one was ultimately corrupted and changed by dishonest people.

Each Book essentially contained the same fundamental message as the previous Books. Mankind was expected to guard these Books from harm, but unfortunately failed to live up to this expectation. Slowly but surely, each Book was edited and tampered with, destroying its authenticity. This is partly why God kept sending us more revelations. However, almost 1400 years ago, God sent us another Book with the same basic message as the earlier ones,
but with a small but very important difference. This time, God decreed that this Book would be the last Book sent down to us because God would protect it Himself. Regarding this Final Book, God said, "Behold, it is We Ourselves who have bestowed from on high this reminder: and behold, it is
We who shall truly guard it" [Chapter 15, verse 9]

Today, if we compare the 114 chapters in every copy of this Final Book with each other, we will find they match perfectly word for word - from the oldest copies made 1300-plus years ago to the ones printed just a few hours ago. No human hand has changed it. The rational person has every right to be doubtful, of course, if he or she has never read this book. For such people, here is a small sample of what the Final Book contains. Suppose we wanted to ask God several questions about Him and about ourselves. Short of Him speaking to us directly (such a privilege has been granted to only one person out of all humanity), the Book has the best answers one can find. It is on the
strength of these answers that an honest person may be struck with the conviction that the Final Book is from none other than God Almighty. Again, here is only a small part of the information one might find.

1. On The Nature of God

Who is God? God explains in His Final Book that it is quite simply impossible for us to completely understand Him. We cannot pinpoint a definition of the Creator, "Glory to the Sustainer of the heavens and the earth - the Sustainer, in almightiness enthroned - from all that they may attribute to Him by way of definition" [43:82] Our inability to completely understand God does not mean that He is completely remote from us. In spite of our limited understanding, we are all quite capable of turning to God, and He is not unaware of our efforts, "...and unto thy Sustainer turn with love." [94:8]
"Behold, for those who stand in awe of God although He is beyond the reach of their perception, there is forgiveness in store and a great reward" [67:12]
God has not left mankind entirely in the dark regarding His Nature. He refers to Himself by approximately 100 names in various places throughout the Final Book. Each name is a descriptive attribute of God, and they are all meant to help us understand the Creator. To gain this understanding involves simply thinking about God and reflecting on His names, and this type of awareness is a central pillar of faith (i.e. when one actively remembers God and is conscious of Him). A second benefit of these names is that some of them provide mankind with ideals to try to attain. For example, since God is the Most Forgiving, Most Patient, and Most Knowledgeable, we should each strive to be forgiving, patient, and knowledgeable (educated in our case).

Of all His attributes, God emphasizes a single one above all others in His Final Book: that HE IS ONE. God is not two, three, four, or more beings. There is only one deity, and He is God, "Say: `He is God, Unique God the Eternal, the Independent.

He begets not, and neither is He begotten. And there is nothing that could be compared to Him.'" [112:1-4] In other places of the Final Book, God emphasizes His Greatness and the impossibility of fully grasping Him
by using the plural sense of pronouns for Himself - but He is strictly One and Unique with no other partners or deities.

After this aspect of Unity, God chose to emphasize two of His other names more often than the rest in the Final Book: "the Most Merciful, the One who acts Mercifully." In fact, each chapter but one in the whole Book starts with, "In the Name of God, the Most Merciful, the One who Acts Mercifully." These two names cannot be emphasized enough. They are meant to stress we should not let our sins keep us from coming back to God and calling to Him at all times, in joy or sadness. The Creator is more aware of our imperfections than we are, and so when we stumble and feel bad, God is far more likely to be kind than angry.

The Last Messenger and Prophet of God (i.e. the person whom God chose to deliver the Final Book to the rest of mankind) commented on God's mercy by informing us that, "When God decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: `My mercy prevails over my wrath.'" - the Last Messenger "God says: I am as My servant thinks I am. I am with Him when He makes mention of Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me
in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly better than it. And if he draws near to Me a hand's span, I draw near to him an arm's length; and if he draws near to Me an arm's length, I draw near to him a fathom's length. And if he comes to Me walking, I go to him with speed." - the Last Messenger

2. The Nature of Man

Who are we, and what makes us different from all other things? We are creations of God, along with the rest of the universe. We are human beings, all descendants of a common ancestry well known to most of us:
Adam and Eve. Humanity, however, is distinct from the rest of the universe in a very fundamental way according to the Final Book, "Verily, We did offer the trust to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains: but they refused to bear it because they were afraid of it. Yet man took it up - for verily he has always been prone to be most wicked, most foolish." [33:72] Over the years, many scholars of the Book have tried to understand exactly what God meant by "the trust".

The most convincing argument (based on other parts of the Book, and on certain statements of the Last Messenger) is that it refers to our ability to make decisions both freely and intelligently. In other words, our uniqueness as human beings stems from two gifts given to us by God: * our ability to freely choose between actions (good and evil) * our ability to intelligently weigh and make those choices The price of these gifts is a tremendous amount of responsibility on our part; the responsibility not to abuse our gifts by rejecting God or by hurting each other unnecessarily. The blessings of these two gifts are immeasurable, especially when God reminds us that He could have decided things otherwise by depriving us of either gift, "Now had it been Our will [that men should not be able to discern between right and wrong], We could surely have deprived them of their sight, so that they would stray forever from the [right] way: for how could they have had insight [into what is true]? And had it been Our will [that they should not be free to choose between right and wrong], We could surely have transformed them [rooted] in their places, so that they would not be able to move forward, and could not turn back." [36:66-67]

However, God did NOT will this, and as a result we are blessed with will and reason. The Final Book clearly warns against abusing these blessings, either by neglecting ourselves when we don't think wisely, or by hurting others when we deny them the right to choose, "Verily, the vilest of all creatures in the sight of God are those deaf, those dumb ones who do not use their reason." [8:22]

"There shall be no coercion in matters of faith. Distinct has now become the right way from error: hence he who rejects evil and believes in God has indeed taken hold of a support most unfailing, which shall never give way: for God is All-Hearing, All-Knowing." [2:256] In spite of mankind's free will and reason, God warns us in His Book always to remember that these gifts are
limited after all. The Final Word lies with Him in all matters. However, this is not to say that men's destinies are arbitrary - not at all. We are able to make decisions that affect our lives, but at the same time, God is also making decisions about us and for us, "And had thy Sustainer so willed, all those who live on earth would surely have attained to faith, all of them: do you then think that you could compel people to believe, notwithstanding that no human being can ever attain to faith otherwise than by God's leave, and [that] it is He who lays the loathsome evil [of disbelief] upon those who will not use their reason." [10:99-100] "...Verily, God does not change men's condition unless they change their inner selves..." [13:11]

3. Free Will and Reason Applied

Has God given mankind a clear path to Him? In essence, every rational reader would like to know if they can trust the authenticity of the Final Book. It is perfectly natural to feel that way; after all, this is the outcome of our God-given gift of reason. However, our own skeptical minds are the keys here: the Final Book, according to God, is addressed to people who think, pure and simple, "...In this, behold, there are messages indeed for people who think." [39:42] "Thus clearly do We spell out these messages unto people who use their reason." [30:28] No one but God can make a human being believe in the Truth of the Final Book, but that human being has to read it with an open mind, applying his or her powers of reason. The price of limited free will is that we must choose to be guided. Those people who do search for the Truth with an open mind and heart may find that the Final Book, while vast, is surprisingly clear, "Nay, but this [divine writ] consists of messages self-evident in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge - and none could knowingly reject Our messages unless it be such as would do wrong [to themselves]." [29:49] "This divine writ - let there be no doubt about it - is a guidance for all the God-conscious..."[2:2] The guidance of the Final Book is available to anyone who goes in search of it, "[O men!] We have now bestowed upon you from on high a divine writ containing all that you ought to bear in mind: will you not, then, use your reason?" [21:10] One of the most interesting aspects of the authenticity of the Final Book is the quantity of scientifically accurate statements in it - on subjects not even dreamed of 1300 years ago.

A sample of these includes the following:
a large explosion marking the start of creation (Big Bang) [21:30]
the initial smokey (nebulous) nature of the skies [41:11]
the expansion of the universe [51:41]
the presence of a huge amount of time before mankind appeared [76:1]
the existence of sun and moon orbits [21;33]
the finite sun and moon lifetimes [13:2]
the final destination of the sun (Solar Apex) [36:38]
the origin of all life based in water [21:30]

In fact, God states that the amazing beauty and intricacy of the natural world around us, as well as our own complex biological makeup, will ultimately lead us to Him as we grow in understanding, "In time, We shall make them fully understand Our messages [through what they perceive] in the utmost horizons [of the universe] and within themselves, so that it will become clear unto them this [revelation] is indeed the truth. Is it not enough that thy Sustainer is witness unto everything?" [41:53]

4. The Presence of Evil

Why does God allow men and women to be hurt? There are some people who use the presence of suffering and evil in this world as grounds to lose hope and perhaps even to reject God. However, according to the Final Book, the limited free will and reason of human beings destroys that argument. We are responsible for what we do, and must bear the consequences - that is the liability or price of freedom. The evil that we do and suffer from is chosen by us and not by God, "...God wills no wrong to His creation." [3:108] However, God also guarantees us that aside from our own evil actions and their effects, God Himself will put us through some trials and tribulations here on earth - but the key is they will never be more than we can handle, and they may even be good for us, "If misfortune touches you [know that] similar misfortune has touched [other] people as well; for it is by turns that We apportion unto men such days [of fortune and misfortune]: and [this] to the end that God might mark out those who have attained to faith, and choose from among you such as [with their lives] bear witness to the truth - since God does not love evildoers - and that God might render pure of all dross those who have attained to faith, and bring to nought those who deny the truth. Do you think that you could enter Paradise unless God takes cognizance of your having striven hard [in His cause], and takes cognizance of your being patient in adversity?" [3:140-142]

"God does not burden any human being with more than he is well able to bear: in his favour shall be whatever good he does, and against him whatever evil he does..." [2:286] An integral part of our being aware of God is hope and patience in times of hardship. In fact, the loss of hope is actually one of the symptoms of rejection of God, "[Prophet Abraham] exclaimed, `And who - other than those who have utterly lost their way - could ever abandon the hope of his Sustainer's grace?'" [15:56] The greatest source of hope is that God shall allow those people who accept Him to enter Paradise and, more
importantly, to be close to Him. The Final Book contains many references on Paradise, and also on Hell, the destination of those people who knowingly reject God. Paradise is quite literally a place of indescribable joy, whereas Hell is its indescribable opposite (both places are given only partial descriptions in the Book).

While the inhabitants of Paradise are permanent dwellers, the inmates of Hell are not necessarily imprisoned there forever; there are some who shall ultimately be freed, "[But] verily, as for those who attain to faith and do righteous deeds - the gardens of Paradise will be there to welcome them; therein will they abide, [and] never will they desire any change therefrom." [18:107-108] "And whoever rebels against God and His Apostle and transgresses His bounds, him will He commit unto fire, therein to abide; and shameful suffering awaits him." [4:14] "There shall come out of Hell-fire he who has said `There is no deity except God' and who has in his heart goodness weighing a barley-corn; then there shall come out of Hell-fire he who has said `There is no deity except God' and who has in his heart goodness weighing a grain of wheat; then there shall come out of Hell-fire he who has said `There is no deity except God' and who has in his heart goodness weighing an atom." - the Last Messenger

5. This Life and the Next

What is the end to men's lives? There are two parts to men's lives: the part here on earth, and the part in the Hereafter. The dividing line between the two is known as death, followed by the Day of Judgement or Resurrection. As far as death is concerned, everyone must go through it, but on Judgement Day people will be sorted out from each other into different categories,
"Every human being is bound to taste death: but only on the Day of
Resurrection will you be requited in full [for what you have done]..." [3:185]
Resurrection Day will actually be a huge period of time (not a regular 24-hour day) in which every single human will be resurrected and judged by God on his or her beliefs and deeds. No human being - not even any Prophet - knows when this Day will come, for this is knowledge known only to God. The Final Book does describe it in several passages as a giant disaster on many scales (physical and ecological among others), and the Last Messenger was told of some of its foreshadowing signs which he communicated to us.

6. Messengers and Prophets

Who delivered God's Message to mankind? God has sent us many `reminders' of Him and of our obligations to Him over the centuries, culminating in the Final Book almost 1400 years ago. Every one of those `reminders' was delivered to us via a selected human being, one who was strong enough to deliver God's message to his people. These human beings are called the Prophets. They were not supernatural or immortal or different in any way from other human beings except that they were entrusted by God to speak in His Name, "For [even] before thy time, [O Prophet], we never sent [as Our messengers] any but [mortal] men, whom We inspired - hence [tell the deniers of the truth] `If you do not know this, ask the followers of earlier revelation' - and neither did We endow them with bodies that ate no food,
nor were they immortal." [21:7-8]

Some of the Prophets were allowed to perform supernatural miracles but only with God's permission (i.e. if He willed it). However, the Final Book stresses that every Prophet is no more than a servant of God - they do not have a share in His Divinity. There is also a small group of Prophets who were also Messengers. Every Prophet has called his people to the Truth, but essengers were additionally given a rejuvenated Message from God to convey. Every Messenger is a Prophet, but not every Prophet is a Messenger. There have been many Prophets, of which here are the names of a few mentioned in the Book: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Lot, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses,
Aaron, Elijah, Elias, David, Solomon, Jonah, Job, Zacharias, John, Jesus, and, of course, the Last Messenger.

7. Eternal Salvation

Are certain people arbitrarily guaranteed the Favor of God, while others are excluded? The Mercy of God is not restricted arbitrarily to any one peoples. Everyone and anyone is free to accept the path to God using their own free will and reason, "And they claim, `None shall ever enter Paradise unless he be a Jew' - or `a Christian'. Such are their wishful beliefs! Say [to them, O Prophet]: `Produce an evidence for what you are claiming, if what you say is true!' Yea, indeed: everyone who surrenders his whole being unto God, and is a doer of good, shall have his reward with his Sustainer, and all such need haveno fear, and neither shall they grieve." [2:111-112]

The consequence of this is responsibility - everyone will be held accountable on the Day of Judgement. Some of us may be uncomfortable with this, but it is simply the price of freedom, "It may not accord with your wishful thinking - nor with the wishful thinking of the followers of earlier revelation - [that] he who does evil shall be requited for it, and shall find none to protect him from God, and none to bring him succor, whereas anyone - be it man or woman -
who does good deeds and is a believer, shall enter paradise, and shall not be wronged by as much as [would fill] the groove of a date-stone." [4:123-124]

8. Forgiveness of God

If we sin, what should we expect from God? If we subsequently feel guilty and repent after doing something evil, God wants us to expect Him to be forgiving, forgiving, and more forgiving. However, there is one sin which God will not forgive: worshipping anything besides Him (unless the person realizes his or her error and returns to worshipping the One God), "Verily God does not forgive the ascribing of divinity to anything beside Him, although He forgives any lesser sin to whomever He wills: for he who ascribes divinity to anything beside God has indeed contrived an awesome sin." [4:48] "Say, `O you servants of Mine who have transgressed against your own selves! Despair not of God's Mercy: behold, God forgives all sins - for verily, He alone is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.'" [39:53]

Again, the most common phrase in the Final Book is "In the Name of God, the Most Merciful, the One who Acts Mercifully." The Last Messenger commented on God's forgiveness on many occasions as in the following case, "God has said, `O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it [i.e. the earth]'". - the Last Messenger

9. The Straight Way

What is the name for the way of life described in the Final Book? It is Islam, and it means "self-surrender [to God]". Any man or woman who accepts Islam is a Muslim. The Final Book is called the Qur'an (meaning "the Recitation"), and it is addressed to all of mankind in spite of being revealed in Arabic, the language of its Messenger and his people: Muhammad bin Abd-Allah. The life of the Prophet serves as the other base of Islam (the first being the Qur'an), and it is known as the Sunnah. Muhammad is the Last Prophet and
Messenger of God as the Qur'an says, "[And know, O believers, that] Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men, but is God's Apostle and the Seal of all the Prophets..." [33:40] And God has revealed to us His proper name, and it is ALLAH.

The Qur'an contains a great deal of guidance and information for anyone looking for final answers. The information given in this small essay is only the tip of the tip of the iceberg. There is no substitute for reading the Qur'an itself in its entirety - it is the closest we can come to having God speak to us directly and personally here on Earth. The Qur'an answers many questions which are commonly asked by today's men and women. Its scope is wide: from fundamental issues such as the nature of the Creator and mankind's limited free will and reason, to the more mundane such as marriage laws and whom to give charity to. Islam as described in the Qur'an is vastly and almost completely different than Islam as understood by most non-Muslims and even a few Muslims. The negative image of Islam today is an incredibly misleading
deception. It is based on the moral weakness of some people who claim to be Muslims, and also on the unawareness of non-Muslims. Behind this image is the presence of a Truth which answers the fundamental questions we have, and which can reunite us with God. It is there for us to listen to, or to ignore.

And Allah Knows Best.
"And [know that] We have not created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in mere idle play..." [21:16]

"Will they not, then, try to understand this Qur'an? Had it issued from any but God, they would surely have found in it many an inner contradiction!" [4:82]

"We did not bestow the Qur'an on thee from on high to make thee unhappy." [20:2]
"[O men!] We have now bestowed upon you from on high a divine writ containing all that you ought to bear in mind: will you not, then, use your reason?" [21:10]

" remember Me, and I shall remember you; and be grateful to Me, and deny Me not." [2:152]

"Verily, those who attain to faith and do righteous deeds will the Most Gracious endow with love." [19:96]

"Say [O Prophet]: `If you love God, follow me, [and] God will love you and forgive you your sins; for God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.'" [3:31]

"Say: `If all the sea were ink for my Sustainer's words, the sea would indeed be exhausted ere my Sustainer's words are exhausted! And [thus it would be] if we were to add to it sea upon sea.'" [18:109]
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Lightbulb Scientific Accuracy of Holy Qur'an

Scientific Accuracy of Holy Qur'an
Amazes University Professor

History is a witness to persecutions of scientists by the medieval Church and the consequent branding of all religions to be anti-science. This is however not the case with Islam. For Islam is that religion, which emphasizes on the need to acquire knowledge form the 'Cradle to the grave'. The Prophet of Islam considered the ink of a scholar more precious than the blood of a martyr. He did not discriminate between men and women in this regard and said, "Acquisition of knowledge is compulsory for every believing man and every believing woman.

Although the number of literate people in the whole of Arabia at the dawn of Islam could be counted on the fingers of one's hands, the succeeding decades witnessed an enormous upsurge in scientific development and learning. So much so that the Muslim intellectuals and scientists surpassed even the ancient Romans and Greeks. Modern science owes everything to the knowledge that they obtained from the Muslims.

Moreover, Jabir bin Hayyan the father of Chemistry as he is known, was from among one of the students of Imam Sadiq (a.s.), the 5th generation of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.). But how is it possible for a person brought up in a nomad environment of the 7th century Arabia, to mention things unheard of at that time. Some understood by the world only when science entered its infancy. It was not for nothing that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said: "I am the city of Knowledge."

His message was supposed to last till the day of the judgement. His eachings had to stand the test of time and hence in addition to the above words: "I am the city of Knowledge." He said, "And Ali is its gate."

So, this discussion is followed by an extract from the saying of lmam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a.s.) the great-grandson of Ali ibne Abi Talib (a.s.). The saying is famous as Hadith-e-Mufazzal and the part that we have quoted is regarding the development of the human embryo. When we read the words of Imam, we find them in absolute consonance with the Qur'an. Moreover they are in the language of a common man easily understood by all.

Dr. Keith Moore of the University of Toronto was amazed to find that many modern discoveries in the field of embryology must have been known to the author of the Qur'an, for these facts are either hinted at or stated explicitly in the Qur'an. This is particularly significant because the Qur'an claims to be the verbatim word of God.

How could these facts have been known to any human being living in the 7th century? The presence of these in the Qur'an is proof enough that the Qur'an did not come from the mind of any human but must have been revealed from God whose knowledge is perfect and who therefore, knew what scientists will discover in the 20th century.

Dr. Moore is not the only scientist to have discussed the Qur'anic verses we will look at in this article. But the fact that he is not a Muslim puts what he has to say in a different light. No one can accuse him of inventing things to defend Islam. His findings will have to be taken seriously by any seeker of truth. In what follows we shall draw from his article entitled "Highlights of Human Embryology in the Koran and the Hadith" which was presented at the Seventh Saudi Medical Meeting at King Faisal University on May 3-6, 1982. At the time, Dr. Moore was Professor of Anatomy and Chairman of the Department, Faculty of Medicine, at the University of Toronto.

In tracing the history of ideas in the field of embryology, Dr. Moore observed that the absence of knowledge in this field and the "dominating influence of superstition resulted in a non-scientific approach to human development." He noted, for instance, that while Aristotle made some contributions to the study of embryology, he also promoted "the incorrect idea that the human embryo developed from a formless mass that resulted from the union of semen with menstrual blood."

Knowledge in this field could not progress significantly until the microscope was discovered in the 17th century. "After it was possible to examine cells under the microscope, it was reasoned in the 18th century that development resulted from growth and differentiation of embryonic cells." In view of the above, after Dr. Moore had the opportunity to study certain statements
in the Qur'an and statements of the Prophet (on whom be peace) in the Hadith literature, he remarked, "I was amazed at the scientific accuracy of these statements which were made in the 7th century A.D."

He created you (all) from a single person: then created, of like nature, his mate; and he sent down for you eight head of cattle in pairs: He makes you, in the wombs of your mothers, in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness. Holy Qur'an (39:6) Referring to above verse in the Quran, Dr. Moore says: "This verse from the Koran states that God makes you in the wombs of your mothers in stages, one after another, within three veils of darkness." Then he explains his amazement: "The realization that the embryo develops in stages in the uterus was not discussed or illustrated until the
15th century A.D. "The staging of human embryos was not proposed until the 1940's, and the stages used nowadays were not adopted worldwide until a few years ago."

It is reasonable to interpret the three veils of darkness mentioned in the Koran as: the mother's abdominal wall; the wall of the uterus; and the amniochorionic membrane composed of the fused amnion and chorion. These three anatomical layers protect the embryo from external injury." And certainly We created man of an extract of clay, Then We made him a small seed in a firm resting-place, Then We made the seed a clot, then We made the clot a lump of flesh, then We made (in) the lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, then We caused it to grow into another creation, so blessed be Allah, the best of the creators. Then after that you will most surely die. Then surely on the day of resurrection you shall be raised. Holy Qur'an (23:12-16) Referring to the above verses in the Qur'an,

Dr. Keith Moore says:

"This verse from the Koran states that God made you from a drop and then changed the drop into a leech-like structure which soon changed into a chewed like substance that then took the shape of bone and was clothed with flesh."

To illustrate his point about the accuracy of the Qur'an, Dr. Moore lined up a picture of a leech and a picture of a human embryo at 24 days old to show the striking similarity between the two. Similarly, he compared the human embryo at 28 days with a plasticine model of the embryo with teeth marks deliberately impressed on it and found the two to be quite Similar.

Then did he become a leech-like clot; then did (Allah) make and fashion (him) in due proportion. Holy Qur'an (75:38) And made his progeny from a quintessence of the nature of a fluid despised: Holy Qur'an (32:8) Dr. Moore then turns his attention to the mention in the Qur'an (75:38) that humans
are created from a nutfa, a tiny drop of fluid, which gushed forth, and that God made the progeny of men from "an extraction of despised fluid (32:8)." He also refers to a hadith, which says: "Not from all secretions is the child made."

Then he comments: "It is well established that only a few hundred of the several million sperms in the semen are able to pass through the uterus and surround the ovum in the uterine tube." Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: So We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight. Holy Qur'an (76:2) Surah (76:2) says that a human being is created from a mixed drop. Dr. Moore comments: "The mixed drop mentioned in the Koran could refer to the mixture of small quantity of sperms with the oocyte and its associated follicular fluid.

There are the other references in the Koran to the origin of man from a small quantity of 'mingled fluids', undoubtedly the male and female sexual secretions. As we know a secondary oocyte is expelled from the ovary during a process known as ovulation. The oocyte and the follicular fluid pass into the uterine tube, where, if coitus has occurred, they are mixed with several hundred sperms. The resulting mixture (drop) composed of the ovum and the penetrating sperm, becomes the zygote or primordium of the embryo."

Whereas the Qur'an had already mentioned this truth in the 7th century, Dr. Moore noted that one thousand years later, as late as the 17th century, scientists held on to two misconceptions. Some believed that a tiny human being is contained in the sperm; others believed that it was contained in the ovum, and in either case that the tiny human just simply grew larger. The scientist proved both of these ideas wrong.

Spallanzani in the 18th century when he "showed experimentally that both male and female sex products were necessary for the initiation of development." From a sperm-drop: He hath created him, and then mouldeth him in due proportions; Holy Qur'an (80:19) Turning to a new subject, Dr. Moore refers to Surah (80:19) and comments: "This verse from the Koran states that from this drop He (God) created him and soon planned his future characteristics and features." Then he explained his amazement:

"The idea that development results from a genetic plan contained in the chromosomes of the zygote was not discovered until the end of 19th century. The verse from the Koran clearly implies that the nutfa contains the plan or blueprint for the future characteristics and features of the developing human being."

That He did create in pairs, male and female, From a seed when lodged (in its place); Holy Qur'an (53:45-46) Then he mentions Surah (53:45-46) and says: "This verse states that either a male or a female will be created from the nutfa and that the sex of the embryo is determined at the beginning." This piece of information in the Qur'an is way ahead of its time. "The
realization that sex was determined at fertilization was established about 60 years ago when the sex chromosomes were discovered," he says.

Your wives are a tilth for you, so go into your tilth when you like, and do good
beforehand for yourselves, and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, and know that you will meet Him, and give good news to the believers. Holy Qur'an (2:223) There is more to marvel at. Dr. Moore explains that the blastocyst (the early embryo) implants in the uterus about 10 days after fertilization. Then he compares this knowledge with what he finds in the Qur'an. "An understanding of the implantation process of the human blastocyst is also implied in the Koran."

Here Dr. Moore refers to Surah (2:223) where the act of sex is compared with cultivation. He says: "A tilth refers to the cultivation of land and the comparison of implantation of the blastocyst to the planting of a seed is a very appropriate one. Just as soil covers the seed, the uterine
epithelium covers the implanted blastocyst. The blastocyst soon develops chrionic villi for acquiring nourishment from the maternal blood. Similarly the embryo formed from the seed develops roots for acquiring nourishment from the soil."

And certainly We created man of an extract of clay, Then We made him a small seed in a firm resting-place, Then We made the seed a clot, then We made the clot a lump of flesh, then We made (in) the lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, then We caused it to grow into another creation, so blessed be Allah, the best of the creators. Then after that you will most surely die. Then surely on the day of resurrection you shall be raised.

Holy Qur'an (23:12-16) Looking again at Surah (23:12-16), Dr. Moore points out that the article thumma (meaning furthermore) "indicates that there is a lag or gap between the nutfa stage and the leech like stage." How does that compare with modern scientific knowledge?

Remarkably! Says Dr. Moore: "It is well established that there is a lag or delay in the development of the embryo during the implantation...The agreement between the lag or gap in the development mentioned in the Koran and the slow rate of change occurring during the second and third weeks is amazing. These details of human development were not described until about 40 years ago."

O mankind! if ye have a doubt about the Resurrection, (consider) that We created you out of dust, then out of sperm, then out of a leech-like clot, then out of a morsel of flesh, partly formed and partly unformed, in order that We may manifest (our power) to you; and We cause whom We will to rest in the wombs for an appointed term, then do We bring you out as babes, then (foster you) that ye may reach your age of full strength; Holy Qur'an (22:5)
Moving to Surah (22:5)

Dr. Moore says: "this verse states that you are created from a chewed lump which is both differentiated and undifferentiated." Then he says: "It is
well established that the brain and the heart are only partially differentiated at the end of the fourth week when the embryo resembles a chewed substance." Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create! Holy Qur'an (23:14)

The sequence of stages mentioned in Surah (23:14) is strikingly accurate. "This verse states that out of the chewed lump, bones are made which are clothed with muscles." Dr. Moore relates the conclusion of modern science: "After the chewed-like appearance, bones develop which are soon clothed with muscles." A hadith too is found to be remarkably accurate. The hadith states that God sends an angel to the developing child "to create its hearing, vision, skin, flesh and bones." "The ears and the eyes begin to form in the fourth week", says Dr. Moore, "and are clearly visible at six weeks, 42 days after the zygote or nutfa forms. Noting that in the hadith the angel asks God whether the child is male or female, Dr. Moore points out that the
sex of the child is not distinguishable at this stage.

Males and females look alike at this stage and become clearly distinguishable only in the 12th week. This he has clearly documented with the help of a diagram culled from his book the Developing Human:

Clinically Oriented Embryology, 3rd edn., 1982. Finally, Dr. Moore concludes "The agreement I have found between statements in the Koran and sayings in the Hadith may help to close the gap between science and
religion which has existed for so many years." All of this go to show that the Qur'an could not have been the product of the mind of Muhammad (on whom be peace) or any other human being living in the 7th century.

How could he access information that will not be discovered until the 18th-2Oth century? How could he or anyone else study the human embryo in its very early stages without using a microscope? Impossible. But then the Qur'an must be from God as it claims. The Qur'an says that you and every human being should consider this book with care. Had it been from anyone other than God, you would have found much discrepancy in it.

Do they not consider the Qur'an (with care)? Had it been from other Than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy. Holy Qur'an (4:82) .......


Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a.s.) on the development of a Human being. "The embryo in the world is adjusted, though it is confined within three distinct kinds of coverings- the outer wall, the womb and the placenta. This is a time when the embryo can neither manage its nutrition nor ward off any
harm from itself. The menstrual flow is diverted to serve him as a nutriment, just as water carries nutriments to the plants, so this process goes on till such time as its constitution is perfected, its skin over its body gets tough enough to stand the atmosphere and its eyes get the capacity to stand light.

When all this gets accomplished, its mother gets labor pangs, which shake her severely, culminating in the birth of the infant. With the birth of the infant, the menstrual flow ... is diverted to its mother's breasts. Its taste is altered, so is its color ... it becomes a nutriment of the first order ...till such time as his body remains delicate, his organs and bowels soft and weak. As he begins to move about and requires tougher nutriment to build up a stronger constitution, his molars appear to masticate food to facilitate digestion.

He carries on such nutriment till puberty ... Who then created man from nothingness and Who becomes the architect of his worth? Who is ever vigilant to supply his needs from time to time ..."

Finally, we may note that the Qur'an is not a Science textbook. Its purpose is not to teach us science, but to teach us guidance - the guidance that will lead us to everlasting life in Paradise, which God has prepared for those who believe in Him and do right. You can be one of those. The evidence is before
you, and the decision is yours.
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(1) بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

1 - شروع خدا کا نام لے کر جو بڑا مہربان نہایت رحم والا ہے

(2) الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

2 - سب طرح کی تعریف خدا ہی کو (سزاوار) ہے جو تمام مخلوقات کا پروردگار ہے

(3) الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ

3 - بڑا مہربان نہایت رحم والا

(4) مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

4 - انصاف کے دن کا حاکم

(5) إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

5 - (اے پروردگار) ہم تیری ہی عبادت کرتے ہیں اور تجھ ہی سے مدد مانگتے ہیں

(6) اهدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ

6 - ہم کو سیدھے رستے چلا

(7) صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ

7 - ان لوگوں کے رستے جن پر تو اپنا فضل وکرم کرتا رہا نہ ان کے جن پر غصے ہوتا رہا اور نہ گمراہوں کے
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(1) قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ

1 - کہو کہ میں لوگوں کے پروردگار کی پناہ مانگتا ہوں

(2) مَلِكِ النَّاسِ

2 - (یعنی) لوگوں کے حقیقی بادشاہ کی

(3) إِلَهِ النَّاسِ

3 - لوگوں کے معبود برحق کی

(4) مِن شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ

4 - (شیطان) وسوسہ انداز کی برائی سے جو (خدا کا نام سن کر) پیچھے ہٹ جاتا ہے

(5) الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

5 - جو لوگوں کے دلوں میں وسوسے ڈالتا ہے

(6) مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَ النَّاسِ

6 - (خواہ) وہ جنّات میں سے (ہو) یا انسانوں میں سے
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1) قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ

1 - کہو کہ میں صبح کے پروردگار کی پناہ مانگتا ہوں

(2) مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

2 - ہر چیز کی بدی سے جو اس نے پیدا کی

(3) وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ

3 - اور شب تاریکی کی برائی سے جب اس کااندھیرا چھا جائے

(4) وَمِن شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ

4 - اور گنڈوں پر (پڑھ پڑھ کر) پھونکنے والیوں کی برائی سے

(5) وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ

5 - اور حسد کرنے والے کی برائی سے جب حسد کرنے لگے
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